The Anatomical Gift Act, drafted in 1968 was the initial effort made in an attempt to give a tissue and organ donation policy (Talbot, 2012). It created a uniform legal procedure for people who wished to donate organs to medical institutions. In this act that is operational in up to fifty states, it states that a person of sound mind and 18 years of age can donate part or all of his body. The donor may put his wish to donate a body part in a will that is operational only upon his death. This act forbade the sale of body parts, but the recipient of the donated body part is to pay for the transportation of the donated organ or body part. Organs and tissues can only be received by surgeons, hospitals, physicians and educational institutions in medical or dental research. There is also a National Organ Transplant Act of 1984 that provides funds for the establishment of organ procurement organization. The act also banned the sale of organs between states and established a task force to enforce policy issues regarding organ transplantation. The following body parts can be donated in the United States. They include the heart, kidney, lungs, skin, eyes and the liver. These parts of the body get harvested as soon as one passes on and become implanted onto someone else. Despite the medical and legal mechanisms that encourage organ donation, demand exceeds supply. It gets estimated that there are daily reports of deaths of up to 8 people as a result of waiting for a transplant that never came. On medical conditions associated with each body part to be donated, it is up to the doctor to decide if the body part if fit for transplanting. Regardless of one’s illness when they die, some parts of their body may still get transplanted. Some infectious diseases, drug abuse history and general health of the donor become considered before acceptance of any donation. The lungs of a tobacco smoker may be turned down as chances of them being helpful are so minimal. To avoid such a scenario where body parts get rejected, it is crucial to note that an individual has to be healthy and medically fit to allow any of his body part donations. He or she should not have any history of drug use or abuses as this are contributory to rejection of a body part donation (Talbot, 2012). If one has kidney failure, he or she has to go through a process for the acquisition of a donated kidney to be transplanted. Kidney transplantation is the process where there is fixation of a healthy kidney from one person to another. The new kidney replaces the failed kidney. The process of acquisition of a transplant begins as soon as one’s kidney fails. Transplantation as a result of failure depends on one’s condition (Talbot, 2012). Some conditions make it impossible for implants. If implantation is possible, then the patient undergoes medical evaluation at the transplant center. The pre transplant process involves several weeks or even months. X-rays and blood samples get carried out to ascertain one’s compatibility with the available donated kidneys. Evaluation of one’s health and also of the donor gets done at this stage. Once the patient passes the medical evaluation and is a suitable recipient, but without a donor, then he or she is put on a waiting list for as long as a kidney is there from a dead donor. The length of one’s wait depends on one’s location and the donor’s region (Petersen & Freckelton,2006). The length of
Ethics on Sale of Body Parts Name Institution There has been numerous legislation to provide guidelines or rather the ethical conduct in the sale of body parts. The sale of body parts only gets allowed in instances where there is urgency to a medical treatment…
Sociology: An Essay on Work Ethics Name: Presented to: Date: Overview Work has been synonymous with human beings as a way of life for many years, regardless of whether it is paid, unpaid or any other form. Work has evolved over the history of mankind to acquire different meanings especially in modern times.
In the United States, slight variations of the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act of 1968 are in force in all the 50 states. According to this act, individuals are at liberty to donate some parts as well as their entire bodies once they die. The 1968 version does not, however, prohibit or allow the sale of the human body parts.
According to Andre et al. (2011), “In response to the shortage, proposals have come forth advocating the sale of non-vital human organs” (pgh. 2). On one hand, people have an ethical responsibility to prevent suffering and death. On the other hand, people also have to maintain their dignity and values.
Research has indicated over 30 000 patients in the U.S require transplantation procedures. However, organs for transplantation are not readily available. Federal government laws do not permit the sale of body parts for medical purposes. This has led to the enactment of national and state laws that regulate the distribution and donation of body organs (parts).
A surgical procedure is engaged in the harvest of the organs following an examination and determination based on the history of the donor in medical and social fields for transplantation suitability (Thaler 1). These procedures are called allotransplants whereas that of transplantation of animal organs into human bodies is referred to as xenotransplantation.
Many tissues are also able to be donated such as the cornea, connective tissues, bone marrow and heart valves (Organ Donation, 2004). Advancements are made in the field of organ donation at a rapid pace; expanding or improving the quality of life for many.
Technology and innovations in medicine have made possible many alternatives to alleviate if not totally cure ailing patients through replacements of body parts or organ transplants. Handwerk (2004) reported that in 2002 alone, the U. S. doctors performed 24,900 life-saving organ transplants.
Technology and innovations in medicine have made possible many alternatives to alleviate if not totally cure ailing patients through replacements of body parts or organ transplants. Handwerk (2004) reported that in 2002 alone, the U. S. doctors performed 24,900
Making the desired impression on a target audience is a concept that has developed profoundly since the prehistoric times. Firstly, the different audiences have unique characteristics and autonomy that makes them a target
2. Many of these body organs are crucial for their lives and nothing can replace it hence sale of body organ is a highly useful process. There are no enough available organs, and the only solution is to make more available in order to save
3 pages (750 words)Essay
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