PhD - Literature review Example

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PhD

..51 REFERENCES ……………………………………………………………..53 CHAPTER 2 2.1 WHAT IS FUEL ECONOMY? The fuel economy(FE) of any vehiclecan be calculated as a ratio of distance travelled per unit volume of fuel consumed or as the ratio of fuel consumption per distance travelled(GFEI,n.d.). An et al (2011,p4)note that fuel economy standards can be of various forms such as liters of fuel consumed per hundred kilometers of distance travelled or kilometers travelled per liter of vehicle fuel. The global average vehicle fuel consumption hoversaround 8L/100 km corresponding to 29.4 mpg and a global drive under the aegis of GFEI, whose partner organizations are the UNEP, IEA, ITF , ITCC and the FIA Foundation has been launched to bring it down to 4L/100km corresponding to 58.8 mpg by 2050(GFEI,n.d.).The regulations pertaining to fuel economy followed by the four largest automobile markets, namely, the US, the EU, Japan and China differ significantly from each other(An et al,2011,p4). The factors affecting Fuel Economy of a vehicle The seven parameters enumerated by Hilliard&Springer(1984,p9) as influencing the fuel consumption of any vehicle are Engine Characteristics, Drive-train Characteristics, Weight, Aerodynamics, Rolling Resistance, Driving Cycle and Driver Habits. ...Show more

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VALIDATION OF VEHICLE FUEL CONSUMPTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 2 2.1 What is Fuel Economy………………………………………….…… 3 2.2 Why is it Important ……………………………………………………9 2.3 How is it measured…………
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