It is also evident that, scientific studies on FES have not extensively focused on navigating their research outside persons with stroke (Enderle and Bronzino 2012). There is some research gap that needs to be covered in order for FES to be used in other areas. The use of FES for the hemiplegic shoulder have been proved to be troublesome to some patients since some cutaneous pain receptors get stimulated, and this has been cited to affect tolerance and compliance (Fred, et al 2009). In this regard, it is crucial for the Bio-medical Engineering practitioners to broaden the spectrum of the application and use of FES to other medical practitioners such as psychiatrics in order to help in advising and counselling person with stroke before and after the use of FES devices (Bronzino 2000). Introduction Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is an area of modern rehabilitation engineering and method that is used to generate contractions in paralysed muscles through the application of small pulses of electrical stimulation to nerves present in the paralysed muscle (Peng, et al 2010). This process is controlled in regard to the proper functioning of the muscle. ...Show more
Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Clinical Engineering Practice (Name) (Institution) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Abstract This paper discusses clinical engineering as one of the most important branches in biomedical engineering. In clinical engineering there is a sub-field that deals with functional electrical stimulation (FES)…
Project Introduction : The original building of the Royal Lancaster Infirmary site was built in 1996. Since then there had been plans of further expansion of the hospital services at that location. The proposed expansion of the building did not account for the standby electrical layout.
Information is coded into a carter mode (such as a wave) to transfer the information into a carrier frequency fit for transmission, a process termed modulation. Either the amplitude or frequency of the transmission medium can be modulated. The type of modulation adopted affects the cost implications of the whole system .
The cognitive domain encompasses how our mental skills develop and how an individual acquires knowledge. It refers to an individual’s knowledge, comprehension, and application, their ability to analyze things and their synthesis as well as evaluation of concepts.
I wrecked a few electronic items in the house and got in trouble; however, as I grew older I was a regular hand around the house and I did most of the repairs on electronic stuff. In high school, I researched about engineering and one of my mentors and uncle who works as an electrical engineer encouraged me to major in the sciences.
The technique uses electrode also referred to as lead, which is implanted in the area of the brain that has pain. Though the technique is common, there is no clear and precise mechanism of action that illustrates how DBS functions in the body and the brain.
The essay will focus on the Mazurczyk et al. article on “4 New Ways to Smuggle Messages across the Internet” retrieved from IEEE's Spectrum Magazine website. Therefore, in the essay I will summarize the technological issues addressed in Mazurczyk et al.
Also pain is a symptom which greatly varies from individual to individual and its severity is often related to the psychological, cognitive and emotional responses of an individual towards tissue damage. As a result, use of complementary, non-pharmacological therapies for management of pain appears to be an effective and safe option (Zollman & Vickers, 1999).
The changeover to the unity magnitude of 120-degree phase angle revolutionized the power generation to three phase connections. As this offered the symmetry in components, it offered the ability to calculate in an unbalanced three-phase power system. The
building extension is to be progressed beyond the feasibility stage, this project proposal has been requested by the Estates and Facilities Department within the Trust to examine the proposals for the upgrading of the existing standby electricity generation provision in order
Since then, numerous development in the field has been realized leading to the production of more sophisticated electrical devices. Until recently, the field has had limited number of subfields.
Currently, the field has received appreciation by various
1 pages (250 words)Essay
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