StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Clinical Engineering Practice - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Clinical Engineering Practice

It is also evident that, scientific studies on FES have not extensively focused on navigating their research outside persons with stroke (Enderle and Bronzino 2012). There is some research gap that needs to be covered in order for FES to be used in other areas. The use of FES for the hemiplegic shoulder have been proved to be troublesome to some patients since some cutaneous pain receptors get stimulated, and this has been cited to affect tolerance and compliance (Fred, et al 2009). In this regard, it is crucial for the Bio-medical Engineering practitioners to broaden the spectrum of the application and use of FES to other medical practitioners such as psychiatrics in order to help in advising and counselling person with stroke before and after the use of FES devices (Bronzino 2000). Introduction Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is an area of modern rehabilitation engineering and method that is used to generate contractions in paralysed muscles through the application of small pulses of electrical stimulation to nerves present in the paralysed muscle (Peng, et al 2010). This process is controlled in regard to the proper functioning of the muscle. FES as an application revolves around orthotics, which aids walking in addition to practising functional movements that are related to therapeutic benefit. It is important to note that the application of FES is mostly used in clinical engineering in treating nerves and muscles. Besides, the stimulator used in this process must be substantially tiny to allow it to merge with the patient (Grill, et al 2001). Notably, efficiency of FES is best demonstrated when the nerves supplied by muscle appear not to be damaged. Hence, this application has been used in Clinical Engineering in conditions such as spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, head injury and stroke among other nerves and muscles relates conditions. Similarly, the application could be used in orthopaedic condition where there is weakness of the muscle as a result of disuse or inhibition. Conversely, Functional Electrical Stimulation is not recommended for lower motor neurone conditions such as polio, guillain-barre syndrome, as well as, other conditions that are related to low motor neurone (Sheffler and Chae 2007) Majority of the patients who are involved with this application are known to use to FES in their daily activities. With time, patients continuously become less acquainted to the device resulting to an ultimate control of their limb. According to a recent research conducted by a scientist in the medical field, therapeutic effect of FES is crucial in ensuring that there are means that brings back function to those patients who suffer from upper motor neuron lesions. In fact, over the past fifty years, FES has been widely used on individuals with leg muscle dysfunction and spinal injuries. This application is used to evoke movements in individuals who are experiencing dysfunction in their joints, and spinal injuries. The electrical currents are mostly used through application on the skin surface into the individual’s paralysis (Dollar 2007). Apparently, FES is used for alternative functions such as generating hand grasps in patients who might be suffering from tetraplegia, as well as, causing an upright posture and locomotion especially in patients who are suffering from paraplegia. ...Show more

Summary

Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Clinical Engineering Practice (Name) (Institution) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Abstract This paper discusses clinical engineering as one of the most important branches in biomedical engineering. In clinical engineering there is a sub-field that deals with functional electrical stimulation (FES)…
Author : chyna03
Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Clinical Engineering Practice essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Challenges of Functional Electrical Stimulation in Clinical Engineering Practice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

HNC Electrical Engineering Project
Project Introduction : The original building of the Royal Lancaster Infirmary site was built in 1996. Since then there had been plans of further expansion of the hospital services at that location. The proposed expansion of the building did not account for the standby electrical layout.
40 pages (10000 words) Essay
Electrical Engineering in Telecommunications
Information is coded into a carter mode (such as a wave) to transfer the information into a carrier frequency fit for transmission, a process termed modulation. Either the amplitude or frequency of the transmission medium can be modulated. The type of modulation adopted affects the cost implications of the whole system [1].
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Electrical Stimulation of Brain Boosts Birth of New Cells
The cognitive domain encompasses how our mental skills develop and how an individual acquires knowledge. It refers to an individual’s knowledge, comprehension, and application, their ability to analyze things and their synthesis as well as evaluation of concepts.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Electrical engineering
I wrecked a few electronic items in the house and got in trouble; however, as I grew older I was a regular hand around the house and I did most of the repairs on electronic stuff. In high school, I researched about engineering and one of my mentors and uncle who works as an electrical engineer encouraged me to major in the sciences.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Monitoring pain response in DBS patients
The technique uses electrode also referred to as lead, which is implanted in the area of the brain that has pain. Though the technique is common, there is no clear and precise mechanism of action that illustrates how DBS functions in the body and the brain.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Electrical computer Engineering
The essay will focus on the Mazurczyk et al. article on “4 New Ways to Smuggle Messages across the Internet” retrieved from IEEE's Spectrum Magazine website. Therefore, in the essay I will summarize the technological issues addressed in Mazurczyk et al.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
Also pain is a symptom which greatly varies from individual to individual and its severity is often related to the psychological, cognitive and emotional responses of an individual towards tissue damage. As a result, use of complementary, non-pharmacological therapies for management of pain appears to be an effective and safe option (Zollman & Vickers, 1999).
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
HNC Electrical Engineering
The changeover to the unity magnitude of 120-degree phase angle revolutionized the power generation to three phase connections. As this offered the symmetry in components, it offered the ability to calculate in an unbalanced three-phase power system. The
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
HNC Electrical Engineering Project
building extension is to be progressed beyond the feasibility stage, this project proposal has been requested by the Estates and Facilities Department within the Trust to examine the proposals for the upgrading of the existing standby electricity generation provision in order
40 pages (10000 words) Essay
Talk about Electrical Engineering
Since then, numerous development in the field has been realized leading to the production of more sophisticated electrical devices. Until recently, the field has had limited number of subfields. Currently, the field has received appreciation by various
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us