Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: A Critical Evaluation of the Validity Locke’s Postulations Pertaining to Property Ownership and an Assessment of the Applicability of His Arguments in Modern Property Ownership Locke in the fifth chapter of his Second Treatise, highlights a number of key issues pertaining to an individual’s right to property ownership…
While Locke presents a number of viable suggestions in regards to property ownership it is nevertheless to conduct a critical evaluation of the validity Locke’s postulations pertaining to property ownership and an assessment of the applicability of his arguments in modern property ownership. In Locke’s argument pertaining to property he argues that a person’s body happens to be his own property and any work that it undertakes is thus seen to essentially be owned by it. Locke postulates that by mixing labor with the various available resources availed by nature essentially causes results in the removal of these natural resources from common ownership and makes these resources our very own. He points out that this is the premise that is granted for property ownership as provided for in the bible and is in line with Adam’s means of obtaining dominion over the entire earth and its creatures (Locke Sec. 36). Locke’s use of the bible is seen to be an attempt to try and essentially justify his position on the general formula that was used in the acquisition of land. In my opinion this supposition as provided by Locke essentially makes sense as it is primarily through our own individual labor activity that we can be able to cause the various natural resources to obtain their innate true value. However in my opinion, I think that Locke did not take into careful consideration aspects such as communal labor that see individuals undertake a number of labor activities not for their own individual gain, but primarily for the benefit of the entire community. Locke also seem to overlook the fact that it is nowadays quite common for individuals to desire to own land not for their own mere self-gratification but primarily for ecological stewardship purposes where their attempts are mainly geared at the general conservation of nature. To some extent, Locke’s position can arguable seen to not be justifiable as although the original premise of land acquisition in which the entire world was according to Locke America and there was a lot of land which was seemingly unowned, and hence the acquisition of land by an individual did not in any way tend to infringe on another individual’s capacity to acquire land as there was no evident scarcity of land to own (Locke Sec. 36), this supposition can be seen to not hold true in the modern day world as the rapid population increase that has been experienced around the world has caused there to be numerous persons across the world who despite their engagement in labor activities, still cannot be able to own any land or own any housing property. This is despite there being some individuals happen to own thousands of acres of land or various properties that remain vacant for very long stretches of time without having any human habitation. It is primarily in respect to this that I strongly support the argument that the current unequal possession of the earth has essentially been imposed by most men by those that happen to be stronger than them. My current perception is that if all men were to be granted equal opportunity and resources, all men would desire to and eventually own land. Locke points out that money has been of great aid in the promotion of the unequal and disproportionate possession of the ...
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John Locke’s Natural Rights in The Second Treatise of Government In The Second Treatise of Government, by John Locke (1679-1682), Locke presents his views on the natural rights of man. These rights encompass one’s rights to one’s body/person, right of survival or preservation, the right to property, the right to labour, the right to freedom, the right to punishment, the right to society and the right to self-defence in war.
As such, a natural right exists for individuals even when no other right exists, and is exchanged with legal rights for the protection of one’s property and material interests. Locke advocates civil liberties and their sustenance. In the first regard he maintains that natural rights are omnipotent and all human beings are expected to be conversant with them which paves way for their respect amongst individuals.
This alternative family system is the conjugal family system which consists of men and women, their relationship with each other in marriage and the allowance their children are given to move out of the control of their parents once they attain adequate levels of reason, since only with reason can they exercise their right of equality (Parker 138).
He always believed in the notion that a leader should be able to do anything in order to protect state protocol. This is inclusive of corruption and other forms of injustices as long as his kingdom remains controlled effectively. He also argues that injustices shaped the perception of people towards respect of authority.
Locke attempted to explain the reasons King James II was overthrown justifiably and why he was ascended by William III. He as well wanted to define the legal role of the civil government. He defined the role of the civil government as the political power and a right of law making.
He was brought up in a period of crisis in England and, therefore, experienced political struggles for power and the revolution in England. Being attracted to politics he put forward a political theory concerned with the concept of true sovereignty in his second treatise of government, communicating to the society and mankind over their capability to institute a government, and even created a civil society by their will and consent.
Despite the fact that resources on earth are by nature without prior claim by an individual and in common ownership, Locke argues that, labor is required in order to utilize the resources (Locke 34). Labor, in this sense, can be defined as application of lawful and natural effort by an individual to own what was previously common property without any individual owner.
To possess this property in common, every individual in the society should be accorded with the right to that property. Therefore, an individual has to have a way of earning all of his properties, in order to possess individual property which is to be used by only by a sole individual.
From his early childhood, Locke was inspired by the ideals of his Puritanical father. Locke was a keen observer and a fast learner and had a deep interest in exploring philosophical and Biblical questions.
From 1646 to 1652, Locke studied at the Westminster School in London.
The thesis of this paper based on the alcoholic-philosophy discussed in the book is; the dimension one enters when under the influence of alcohol is not a delusion, if it’s better than the so called reality, there is no harm in visiting that place.
Writing while drunk is
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