2. Antigone and Isemene, and Expectations for women’s behavior in Greek Antigone is a tragic story told of the princess’ response to Creon’s (the Kings) decree on the burial of her brother. Her two brothers engaged in a struggle and both died. Polynieces wanted to be in charge of Thebes where his brother Eteocles was in control. Creon judgment that Polyneices body was not to receive a proper burial brought out different characters of Antigone and Isemene. Polyneices body would be left unburied and be consumed by birds or animals (Heaney 2). Antigone and Isemene are different in their conduct as exposed in their character. Wolf (6) highlights that; Antigone has strong convictions and chooses to follow them. In contrast, Isemene is complacent and reluctant to act upon her convictions. Antigone believes that their brother should receive a proper burial by performing apposite burial rites. Although Polyneices was the aggressor in Thebes struggle, Antigone considers that he should be buried since he was a member of the family. Antigone’s actions are visualized as a reflection of her will because she defies the king. Greek women did not enjoy freedom as the men did. This is why Creon’s determination to defeat Antigone is motivated because she is a woman. There were societal structures accompanied by rules that defined the place of woman in Greek. Men were placed higher in hierarchy than women. Antigone perspective repels the stipulated gender roles because she is rebellious. Antigone breaks the rules of Greek culture by refusing to be passive. Isemene chooses to be compliant with the rules of Greek culture to avoid displeasing her customs. Isemene’s perspective on men is that they are superior to women and women should be submissive. Cultural viewpoint on men as superior to women makes Isemene believe that men should be obeyed. Isemene realizes the short falls of the Greek’s perspective on women as problematic. Creon sees his mistake and cannot apologize to a woman, because he would go against his cultural practice. The outstanding behavior of Antigone as a woman is that she defies the kings decree, yet she is a woman. Even though disobedience punishment is death, Antigone chooses to disobey Creon who is also a member of her family as Varakis et al (121) mention. Greek women are expected to be away from the public taking care of households and children. Women are not involved in legislation and their participation in public is limited. Therefore, women choose to comply with the laws to remain secure (Anouilh 4). Women in Greek are expected to obey men. Isemene attempts to convince Antigone to agree to the king’s decree because they are women. Isemene argues that they should not dispute with the men because they are stronger; hence, should be obeyed. Isemene feels that little can be done. Isemene thinks that they can only pray for their brother to the gods to be pardoned. Antigone pours wine and earth on her brother’s body. Antigone’s actions are contrary to the culture because women are not allowed to perform a sacrifice (Heaney 48). When Creon discovers that someone had performed sacrifice, he announced that men who conducted the sacrifice would be punished. She is found completing her the sacrifice by Creon. Creon was not aware that a woman could have done the sacrifice. This is because women in Greek are supposed to watch as the men conduct rituals. Greek women are portrayed as inferior to men. Greek men make the decisions and women are expected
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Date Outline 1. Introduction 2. Antigone and Isemene, and Expectations for women’s behavior in Greek 3. Conclusion 4. Works Cited Antigone and Isemene 1. Introduction Antigone and Isemene are characters in a play Antigone…
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Antigone is a tragic story told of the princess’ response to Creon’s (the Kings) decree on the burial of her brother. Her two brothers engaged in a struggle and both died. Polynieces wanted to be in charge