Alzheimer’s disease Name: University: Abstract: Alzheimer is a neurological disorder caused by death of brain cells. The disease is common among aged citizens and is the sixth largest cause of death in the US. The beta-amyloid plaque in brains cells hinders neurotransmission processes and leads to decline in memory abilities…
Some symptoms include decline in memory and cognitive abilities of the affected individual. This paper will discuss the causes of Alzheimer, its prevalence, the risk factors, signs and symptoms of the disease. The paper will also look at the prevention and treatment options available to the affected people. Alzheimer’s disease Introduction Ballenger (2006) asserts that Alzheimer is the most common form of dementia that leads to memory loss and cognitive decline. Alzheimer is a neurological disorder associated with degeneration of brain cells among individuals aged 65 years and above. The gradual loss of brain cells results from tangles in nerve cells and beta-amyloid plaques that develop in the brain. Some risk factors that contribute to the disease include having a history of high blood pressure, trauma and stress. Ballenger (2006) asserts that “some symptoms of the disease as memory loss, impaired thinking, changes in personality and disorientation thus ultimately contributes to decline in cognitive functioning and damage of brain cells in the cerebral cortex, p 89. Medical scientists assert that Alzheimer is caused by a combination of lifestyle, genetic and environmental factors that impair the brain over time. However, less than 5 percent of the cases result from genetic changes. In the US, more than 5 million people aged 65 years and above are believed to be living with the disease. According to the 2013 statistical report of Alzheimer’s Association, one-tenth of the citizens aged 65 years and above suffer from the disease while one-third of the citizens aged 85 years and above are living with the disease. According to the Association, the disease accounts for over 60 percent of all cases of dementia (Morgan & Carrasquillo, 2013). Alzheimer disease statistics It is estimated than 5 million Americans of all ages are suffering from the disease with an approximately 200,000 under the age of 65 suffering from the disease. One-tenth of people aged 65 years and above is suffering from the disease while one-third of the people aged more than 85 years old have Alzheimer’s disease (Morgan & Carrasquillo, 2013). The prevalence of the disease among women is high than in men since two-thirds of the individuals suffering from the disease are women (Morgan & Carrasquillo, 2013). The deaths attributed to the disease increased by 68 percent between 2000 and 2010 while those attributed to other heart-related diseases declined by 16 percent. The number of people living with Alzheimer is estimated to increase by 40 percent to 7.1 million by 2050 (Morgan & Carrasquillo, 2013). Currently, the disease is the sixth largest cause of death in the US. The causes of Alzheimer disease Alzheimer is a neurodegenerative disease that is caused by death of brain cells that happens over a long period of time. According to Dash and Villemarette-Pittman (2005), the postmortem or autopsies of victims of the disease often show tiny inclusions of in the nerve tissue thus suggesting the disease leads to death of the brain cells. Genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors that lead to death of brain cells thus leading to memory loss and decline in cognitive functioning of the individual (Welsh, 2006). Risk factors One of the risk factors that lead to Alzheimer is family history and genetics of an individual. Risk genes and deterministic genes influence the likelihood of developing the disease (Welsh, 2006). The risk genes is the apolipoprotein E-e4 ...
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(Alzheimer Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Alzheimer Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/110428-alzheimer-disease.
The purpose of this research is to investigate the following: prevention as the basis for effective home care; management and home based care for Alzheimer patients; Alzheimer caregiver and home based care; skilled home care agencies; supporting and caring for the care givers. The new methods of diagnosing Alzheimer have made it possible for early diagnosis.
Dementia is one of the most severe progressive irreversible impairment in the intellect that progresses with age and illustrates a serious concern in public health (Yamasaki, et al, 2012). Anderson (2011) noted that economically, dementia is identified as the major public health problem in the United States (US).
A new project, the Cognitive Fitness and Innovative Therapies, or CFIT, is trying to keep people at risk for Alzheimer's intellectually and physically fit with quizzes and other cognitive challenges to see if onset of the disease can be delayed, perhaps indefinitely.
The paper also throws light on the various contributing factors which are responsible for mediating the behavioral patterns considered as agitation in patients of AD. Moreover, the paper provides a brief introduction on Alzheimer disease and describes the significance of agitation.
It first discovery was by Doctor Alois Alzheimer in the year 1906 a German neuropathologist and psychiatrist hence the name of the disease. Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis is mostly in older people especially those aged about 65 years and above. Although this is true, the onset of less prevalent early Alzheimer’s can occur earlier in life.
Approximately 5 million Americans have Alzheimer’s disease and because more people are living to their 80s and 90s that number is expected to quadruple by 2060.Although there is no cure for AD some people wish to get tested for it earlier for various reasons including a family history of AD.
Cerebral Cortex is a part of the brain which primarily is related to intelligence and cognitive abilities of an individual. Several diseases may arise if this part of the brain is affected and one such disease is Alzheimer
which is being advised by many famous names in Alzheimers research and treatment, also promotes diet changes and maintaining a social life to try to slow cognitive decline and lower the risk for Alzheimers.
Kenneth S. Kosik, co-director of the Neuroscience Research Institute at
To add to this growing list of diseases is Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), which mostly affects the elderly population from sixty years and above. However, there have been reported cases of early onset, affecting younger adults. The families and
Method: The paper used identified and used eight peer reviewed articles on Alzheimer and examined them comprehensively. The peer reviewed articles focus mainly on the risk of suffering from Alzheimer disease.
Conclusion: Physical activity on cognitive
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
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