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The 50th anniversary of the 1963 march on Washington. focus: The civil rights movement 1954-1968 - Research Paper Example

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Date 3 Major Events that Led to the 1963 March on Washington Introduction Civil rights movement was a movement in the United States of America that fought against discrimination and racial segregation. They also fought for African Americans to be able to participate in the voting systems in the United States of America…
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The 50th anniversary of the 1963 march on Washington. Research focus: The civil rights movement 1954-1968
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The 50th anniversary of the 1963 march on Washington. focus: The civil rights movement 1954-1968

Brown vs. board of education, 1954 Brown vs. Board of education was a landmark case in the United States of America which declared that separate public education for the whites and Blacks was unconstitutional. This amendment made in 1954 about public schools over ruled the fourteenth Amendment in the United States constitution that stated that, the whites and blacks should be segregated in public school so long as they had equal educational facilities. Brown vs. Board of education case in the Supreme court in the United States of America declared this unconstitutional and said that, the blacks and whites should not be segregated in any case (Bell 1). This constitutional amendment paved the way for the integration between the whites and the blacks and the civil rights movement saw this as a form of victory because their grievances were looking into by the government through the Supreme court. This constitutional amendment paved way for making sure that, racial segregation was done away with within the United States of America especially in aspects of education and public facilities. Mr. Brown filed a case because his daughter used to walk a mile to go to school while there were schools in her locality. The lawyers in this case confessed that, racial segregation was a national issue and should be done away with (Bell 94). They emphasized that, Topeka which was Linda Brown’s school should focus on destroying the law of segregation of blacks and whites as long as they had equal facilities rather than enforcing that law. The Supreme court in the United States of America said that, segregation of the black and white children had detrimental effects especially on the children. This is because it would affect the children in their education especially the children of color because they felt inferior. This constitutional amendment was of great importance to the blacks. To show this importance, in one of Martin Luther speeches in an annual luncheon of the National Committee for Rural Schools he said that, the decision made by the Supreme court in this case was an end to a long night of the captivity of humanity. Additionally he said that, it was an end to a sociological deathblow to a sociological evil that had dominated the people in America. Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955-56 Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign against social segregation on bases of public transit system in Alabama. The campaign started as a result of the arrest of Rosa Parks who refused to surrender her seat to a white man (Garrow 22) . The law required the African American to yield their seats to the white men if there was no vacant seat available for the white men. In addition, the law required the African American to the seat from behind while the whites occupied the front seats. Montgomery’s Women Political council was an organization which was founded to work against segregation on the city buses before they started the boycott. Rose Parks was not the only one who was arrested for not surrendering her seat to the whites. On one of the occasions, 15 years old Claudette Colvin for challenging the segregation which dominated in the Alabama buses. In the same year Mary Louise Smith was also arrested for not yielding her seat to a whi ... Read More
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