English to Japanese Translation - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
English to Japanese Translation

David Watt, in his book ,"The Phonology and Semology of Intonation in English: An Instrumental and Systemic Perspective" has carried out an interesting study on intonation.He points out that a major difficulty of doing description of intonation is the inherently gradient characteristic of the spoken medium. Watt offers a revealing quote from Bolinger: 'The higher the rise, the greater the exasperation if it is a statement, the greater the surprise of curiosity if it is a question. The lower the fall the greater the certainty or finality if the utterance is a statement, and the greater the confidence if it is a question' [1986:240]. That is, in Watt's own words: '...the greater the degree of the rise, or the height of a given contour, the greater the strength of the contextual meaning assumed for that contour' (p. 109).
With regard to transfer, several proposals have been put forth, but evidence supporting a linear relationship with proficiency is lacking. Takahashi and Beebe (1987) first proposed that L2 proficiency positively correlated with pragmatic transfer, but their findings did not support this hypothesis. ...Show more


Many of the difficulties that Japanese learners have with English are not due to problems with the language itself but are more the result of cultural differences. Aspects such as age, sex, relationship and relative status heavily influence communication between any two people in Japan…
Author : leschericka
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"English to Japanese Translation"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Applied Linguistis - Structure of English - grammar
Grammar as an organisation of language enters into the body of TEXTS, which forms the spoken and written discussion. This study of adjectives in corpus based grammar materials used with L2 Arabic learners, first of all, analyses the meaning of grammar, leading to the rules of grammar imbibed by the native speakers.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Declaring english as the official language
Most of the critics blame the government for its lack of commitment to enact legislation to this effect and its continued provision of bilingual education and multicultural based curriculums despite the fact that approximately 98% of Americans speak fluent English.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Jokes in English
Aim: The purpose of this paper is to find out the background of English jokes and how they are utilized in today’s learning and social environment. Introduction Currently, English language is almost being learnt in most parts of the world. Following globalization, it has become a norm for most foreign countries to communicate and share information and ideas.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Food Translation
This essay describes the translation, that is a crucial activity within the realm of human communication because it allows people with different languages to understand each other. That translation is important in a globalising world is noticeable by the growing presence of local products in foreign shops and foreign products in local shops.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Article Errors among Japanese Students
In the process of learning English as a foreign language, it is quite common to the learners to find difficulty in certain particular areas of the language and in the case of Japanese learners of English, especially the learners of lower intermediate tertiary level, the use of definite and indefinite article provide with an area of difficulty, where it is common for the learners to make errors.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Development of English as a Global Language
It is a first language for 380 million, and a second language for 150 to 1,000 million (Wikipedia 2005). English has definitively taken on the status of the lingua franca of the world to some degree or the other. A digression to explain the terms we have mentioned is in order.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email