War and the Threat of External Violence War is Peace. Orwell, G. 1984. George Orwell’s novel 1984 is a dystopia of a wide international fame, dystopia with a very clear warning. Along with the political satire of Animal Farm, 1984 was an important choice step of the Western intellectual elite on the way to further development of civilization…
For the presentation of his statement George Orwell chose the art form of social science fiction. The novel just describes a few months of Winston Smith’s life – life of an ordinary member of society, which is built on the principles of Ingsoc (English Socialism), in the fictional superpower Oceania in 1984 (future). A prototype of the future socialist society can be seen quite clear – it was the Soviet Union of the 30-40’s. The mustachioed leader, Big Brother, privileged comrades of the Inner Party, the Thought Police, great cleansings, forced labor camps, a hysterical search for internal enemies, headed by a mythical traitor Goldstein -Trotsky, gloomy atmosphere of general suspicion, squalid life – these are the familiar elements of Stalin’s dictatorship. However, the technologies and methods of society control and suppression of dissent in the book surpass the Soviet realias. Orwell developed the idea of surveillance and brainwashing with more and more sophisticated technical means to manipulate information on a large scale, as it makes impossible any appearance of unauthorized thoughts. The geographic location of the novel is Air Strip One – a huge faceless province of the totalitarian Oceania, which is the allusion of the former UK. The author shows that even the bastion of European democracy with a long tradition of political freedom, which did not surrender to foreign or domestic fascism, can turn into a giant grim prison in 35 years, if people lose their watchfulness. Now, in the atomic age, the world lives in a state of apocalyptic terror. This is the reason why people are so concerned about the motives of the Apocalypse in literature. However, not the Big Brother unleashed atomic and hydrogen apocalyptic monsters. The main problem of the modern society is that it still has not learned how to adapt its lifestyles, social and political institutions to the great achievements of the technical knowledge. We do not know how the atomic and hydrogen bombs influenced consciousness of millions of people living in the East, where pain and fear can be hidden behind the facade of official optimism. This book is an attempt of a geopolitical prognosis. The world in the novel, after World War II and a small period of peace, is engaged in a nuclear war, which started in the 50’s between the former allies. As a result, the territories of Continental Europe go to the USSR; Britain and America are horror-struck by socialist revolutions. The possibility of such a war is historically justified. The allies, members of the anti-fascist coalition had very different geopolitical interests and united only in the face of fascist aggression. Variants of the further division of the world among the great powers, after Germany’s fall, were considered by Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt as well. The military machine of the Red Army gained an unprecedented power by the end of the war and could “liberate” the whole Europe easily and only the Second Front opening forced Stalin to confine himself to the Eastern half only. The Allies, in turn, were not averse to kill the “communist contagion.” Actually, after World War II, two superpowers arouse - the USSR and the USA and by the early 50’s they had nuclear weapons and struggled for world domination. But in the real world nuclear arsenals have grown too quickly, making it impossible to win a nuclear war. Moreover, Stalin’ ...
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Even fought for some noble cause, war invites dreadful consequences and subsequently forces the rival factions to come to terms for the peaceful solution of the conflict. Since no group, faction, state or country can remain indulged into any endless war for a long period of time, the wise and prudent leadership always tries its best to escape the possibility of hostility and invasion, so that the energies and resources of the nation could be allocated into positive and constructive purposes for the best interest of the country at large.
Thus price war is a phenomenon in which organizations compete each other by reducing the prices of their products to increase their market share. Even though price wars are good for the consumers, it is not so for the organizations. As a result of reduction of prices, profits of the organizations may come down.
The activities of violence were seen as instruments to further consolidate the existence, governance and the administration of the states. The plan behind adoption of activities of violence by the Europeans developed from the idea that war makes states. The violence and war in Europe led to the promotion of modern thinking, politics, economy and the society.
As a consequence, theories of human inequality were spread by the scientists of that time as being scientific fact. The educated professionals, who formed Germany’s elite class, largely warmed up to the ideology that human beings were not equal. During that era, it was widely accepted that there existed a casual correlation between human intelligence, and the size of the human brain.
Another issue raised by the news article was the presence of 130,000 troops in Iraq. Whether or not there is an immediate need to pull them out. Their presence could not at all guarantee "to quell the violence at that point. At a minimum, we'd have to pull back certain military bases and try to keep working the politics," as Larry Diamond, senior fellow at Hoover Institution at Stanford University in California advised.
bally, be it in Iraq and Syria in the Far East, against the Kurds; or in Australia against the ethnic minorities – the Aborigines; or in America against the blacks, Hispanics and those of Asian origin. Historically it has been observed that violence or use of threat and / or
re States through their armed forces, for the purpose of overpowering each other and imposing such conditions of peace as the victor pleases” (Dinstein 5). Clausewitz defines war as an “act of violence anticipated to force an opponent to fulfill their will” (Clausewitz
eats, such as high costs of living, health care concerns, deterioration of academic performance, water security problems, the imposition of high levels of taxation, the high cost of maintaining the army, threats from the Arab population of the West Bank and Gaza to Israel and
If violently attacked, for instance, in a riot, it is necessary to use violence because it is a life and death situation for both parties. Law enforcers are empowered to use any necessary means to quell violent demonstrations such as the 2011 Egyptian revolution. A tear gas is a form of police violence that is necessary for crowd dispersal.
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