Ar Stem Cell Research Author 10/09/2011 Stem Cell Research In the world today different ethical issues have arose in all the technical aspects of life such as medicine, health, engineering, and accounting. One such ethical issue which has raised controversies these days is the stem cell research…
Thus stem cells are the basic root for the existence of the multicellular organisms. These stem cells previously were not given enough heed to be researched upon, but recently as the world of medicine has improved research on the stem cells have become an important breakthrough in the world of science (Solo & Pressberg 2007). Stem cells can be of two types which are embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are retrieved from human embryos whereas adult stem cells are retrieved from the organs of adults. Because of the stem cells to proliferate rapidly and form organs it is important for the medical experts to discover the inner functioning of these stem cells. And thus it has become important to retrieve these stem cells from the embryo and adults. The ethical issue arises in the concept of retrieving the stem cells from human embryos. In the process of retrieving the stem cells the scientists have to destroy the human embryo and in this process a death of a human being may be caused as believed by the opponents of stem cell research. However the proponents believe that the embryo has yet not developed enough to be called a human being and thus a life is not being taken. This essay would further revolve around both these view points and would provide with a definite conclusion as to which view point is more convincing (Newton 2007). According to the scientists stem cell research can be a breakthrough in the medical world to cure many of the diseases which are causing deaths. These stem cells give birth to the organs in the body and it is because of these stem cells that a systemic way of functioning is observed in the human beings. Thus the very reason of the existence of these organs can help to transform many medical researches into success. The exact functioning of these stem cells can help the doctors to replace organs which have become dead or diseased due to any condition in the human being and they can further provide ways to complete healing in a human being. It is believed that successful research on the stem cells can provide a way for breakthrough in the cure of genetic and nervous disorders. Stem cells can help to replace the neurons placed in the body if the research is successful and the parts of brain which are not functioning may be able to function because of these stem cells (Newton 2007; Solo & Pressberg 2007). The question now arises as to why these stem cells are not being used for research by the medical experts. The answer is given by the controversial debates of the moral thinkers. Human Embryonic Stem Cells can be retrieved from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst. As a human embryo begins to develop a blastocyst is formed which consists of an inner cell mass and an outer cell mass which is known as trophoblast. Acquiring the stem cells requires the destruction of the outer cell mass of trophoblast and thus the immediate death of the embryo (Thomas et al 1998). This death of the embryo has caused many arguments to be raised against the stem cell research. According to the opponents the killing of embryo is just like killing an innocent citizen and depriving him of his rights. These opponents argue that a life emerges the very moment a zygote is formed because of fertilization and after this process the killing of the child would be unethical and against the rules of this world. (George & Gomez-Lobo 2002, 258). However the proponents for stem cell research ...
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(Stem Cell Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1)
“Stem Cell Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/46729-organ-donation.
In that aspect, this paper is going to present in-depth research on stem cells and facts surrounding the stem cells. The paper will also analyze legal views of various countries concerning the stem-cell research. In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the stem-cell research alongside advantages and disadvantages of adopting stem cell research in the contemporary societies.
Stem cell research is particularly useful for patients suffering from hemophilia. Hemophilia is very complicated and stem cell research helps in curing it, there are other blood related diseases which can also be cured using stem cells this goes to show that we have made tremendous progress in the field of science and research.
The origin and development of stem cell research has elicited different reactions from many quarters. It has come to be known over the years as the stem cell research controversy. Many people do not agree with the research carried out on different organism cells (Pollack, 2012).
Many are relying on stem cells as a new miracle medicine and a “great hope”. (Khan 2008) Which ever stance one may take regarding stem cells and whether or not research is morally worth it is important to consider when forming an opinion. With stem cells it is important to look at facts regarding stem cell research.
Advocates for stem cell research highlight its benefits and they support the laws which have been suggested in its favor. Others are however not highly enthusiastic about its application within the current health system. As a result, many laws and versions of stem cell research legislation have been suggested throughout the years.
In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the issue of stem-cell research and analyze the merits and demerits of stem-cell research. The paper will conclude with an elaborate conclusion bearing personal view with regard to the stem-cell research.
It was in the year 1998 that the University of Wisconsin scientists developed the first human embryonic stem cell lines. The medical field is eager to explore this field because of the possibility of generating replacement tissues for cells and organs that are not functioning.
Stem cell research began during the 19th century when it was found that certain cells in the body had the potential to transform into other cells and by the early 20th century greater research was being carried out on these potential cells. Stem cell research have been conducted on human as well as animal cells, and in general, stem cells are of 3 types namely, totipotent cells, pluripotent cells and multipotent cells.
Science and technology has developed so much that in the recent years scientists hope to use these cells to develop new tissues, treatments and potentially even organs for transplanting into a patient. First and foremost argument made by the scientific community is that human stem cell research is said to promise new life changing treatments and possible cures for many devastating diseases and injuries, such as Parkinson's disease, diabetes, heart disease, multiple sclerosis, burns and spinal cord injuries (Young 2-16).