Name: Course: College: Tutor: Date: Literature Review on IQ Intelligence quotient, IQ, is a score resulting from one of the numerous different standardized tests that try to measure intelligence i.e. IQ may be defined as an attempt to determine the mental ability of a person…
In Stephen Ceci’s IQ to the Test. Psychology today, he explains that the history of IQ testing first started technically in 1905 by Alfred Binet and later it evolved into different methods. Now over 100 years old, IQ testing is now one of the primary tools that are used for identifying children who have mental retardation and also learning disabilities. IQ testing has also helped many governments, companies, and organizations all over the world today place their new recruits in positions which suit their skills and abilities (Ceci 11). Malcolm Gladwell, in his book Outliers, weighs in on nature versus nurture debate and tries to argue that all the other things i.e. our cultural legacy, our parents, our time of birth and where we come from help to shape our success. The book deals with the societal and cultural forces which bring about opportunistic individuals. By using a series of case studies, Gladwell argues that most people believe in the myth that successful individuals are self made but instead, he says that they are always the beneficiaries of extraordinary opportunities, cultural legacies and hidden advantages which makes them able to learn and work hard in ways that others cannot. He defines an outlier as somebody out of the ordinary i.e. one who does not fit into our ordinary understanding of achievement (Gladwell 16). Gladwell tells us that once a person reaches a certain IQ, then he is likely to be successful just like somebody with a much higher IQ score. It turns out from his argument that IQ is a minor gauge of success since most successful people usually have an IQ that is above average but IQ alone cannot predict success. There are other factors such as creativity that may come into play. Gladwell shows this using several examples like a creative test that is given to two children and it occurred that the child who scored high marks on an IQ test was in fact much less creative than the other child i.e. the child with a high IQ gave correct answers but they didn’t have the glimmer of creativity that the other child provided in his answers (Gladwell 84). This is to say that IQ is just one small piece of the solutions that make someone to succeed and that having a high IQ does not necessarily mean one will succeed, though there may be a lowest amount IQ threshold required for success. Gladwell suggests that the connection between success and IQ only works up to a certain point and that once somebody has attained an IQ of about 120 then having extra IQ points does not translate into any advantage.Here,I believe the author makes two incorrect inferences (Gladwell 86). Gladwell argues that great men and women are beneficiaries of collaboration, time, specialization, culture and place. An outlier’s way for success isn’t personal myth but it is the combination of time and opportunity on task. Outliers is divided into two parts i.e. part one and part two. In Part one, which is entitled opportunity, Gladwell tries to discredit several notions that geniuses are born not made, that people succeed mostly through their own ideas, and that courage trumps luck when explaining life outcomes. This part Contains five chapters which are organized around stories based on unsystematic research intended to prove that outliers, including geniuses are mainly products of one or another kind of ...
Cite this document
(“Literature Review on IQ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/english/50293-literature-review-on-iq
(Literature Review on IQ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Literature Review on IQ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/50293-literature-review-on-iq.
However, both are critical in research papers and thesis and their choice depend on the requirements (Larocque, 2009). This paper will analyze the difference and similarities between annotated bibliographies and literature reviews. The paper will also look at the experiences of preparing a literature review.
The research was meant to do a pilot survey on skin hypersensitivity as a result of exposure to cyanobacteria. The study was carried out on volunteers mainly between the ages of 18 to 65 years. The use of a wide age range expanded the research and ensured reliable data was got.
This has not always been an easy task, yet society has continued to function one way or another for thousands of years. It is quite fascinating to define and describe culture because there are so many different ideas as to what constitutes a given group of people.
2008). This review of literature will therefore, adopt the relevant studies, through which the researcher will be able to identify the issues that have been addressed and those that have not been addressed on the study topic. a) Purpose and Importance of Study The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate the Indian business negotiation styles, and various factors that shape these negotiation styles.
Organizational culture has an influence on how the members of an organization conduct themselves in almost every aspect of their lives, especially when related to their work, to create a good image. This behaviour affect how employees interact with their fellow employees, all their clients, and those people who have an interest in the organization like the shareholders and stakeholders.
Different forms of negotiation are recommended for different disputes. Therefore, negotiation skills can be learnt and applied to help resolve these differences. Indeed, disagreement and misunderstandings are inevitable in our society due to the presence of individuals and their interrelationships.
ective for some students to learn multiplication through memorization while the others may find it easier to acquire the knowledge through systemic reasoning and logical thinking.
In order to bridge the gap between learning the multiplication table and problem-solving of
Thus alcohol manufacturers used such celebrities to endorse their products. Murad Cigarettes used comedians Fatty Arbuckle and Harry Bulger in its ads (Clark & Horstmann, 2005). Nipper the dog listening to “His Master’s Voice” has
The range of drugs covered by this Act stretches from medicinal drugs to harmful substances such as the ones listed above. This Act spells out what qualifies as an offence in the use of drugs (McVicar & Polanski, 2012, pg 11).
The effects of drug use in
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Literature Review on IQ for FREE!