The Tragedy of the Commons written by Garret Hardin is an extensive review of the overexploitation of common resources as done by human beings through generations. There have been a number of researches and arguments separately addressing issues of exploitation of various resources…
He has connected rise in population with the exploitation of resources. This has been stated as the core reason in the deterioration in the quality of the commons. All the other agents which affect the common resources are resultants of population explosion. Taking this approach into account, the arguments of Garret Hardin are holistic in terms of suggesting solutions in the management of the commons. The core argument that the paper makes is that there is no technical solution possible towards the problem of population. There are limitations to bringing in regulations to the rights of people in terms of utilizing resources. According to the author, what is important is to have mutually agreed understandings so that the limits of exploitation are maintained. The author begins the article by citing various proofs to the argument that technical solutions never solve certain problems. The thesis of the article is that the population problem is a task without a technical solution. The peripheral solution sought to tackle this problem has been thoroughly criticized by the author. He has quoted innovations like high yielding varieties of crops and large scale fishing as examples of technologies which was intended to cater for the increasing population but failed to do so. The gradual process of boundaries being created on the use of farmland and other resources has been described. The author refers to pollution as the counter reaction of over population. The arguments posed by the author are convincing as the observations made by him are proving to be true after more than forty years. It must be noted here that the article was written in 1968. The aftermaths of overexploitation of resources were not evidently observable in that period. Thus, in the event of climate change and all the other impacts caused on the environment due to overexploitation of resources, it can be stated that the author could foresee all that. It has been reported that as a consequence of over exploitation of resources, many mountain glaciers will be gone by mid-century; Glacier National Park, for example, will be likely to lose its glaciers by 2030 (Pew Center on Global Climate Change. Part 2, 2011) The basic thesis of the article is that the problem of population has relations with the freedom of breeding. Thus, the choice of people to have control over the usage of resources is the most feasible solution towards the equitable sharing of resources. A sense of mutual coercion has been recommended by the author in order to define to breed or not to breed. The decision to breed lies in the context of utilization of resources, in other terms, the decision to set one’s own limit in utilizing the resources of the nature. According to the author, it is the self-control which would regulate people in judicious use of common resources. The author has cited the case of cattle grazing on a pasture to explain this. Ideally, this is the right mechanism possible to regulate a community to maintain ethical boundaries. However, in the diverse and complicated social and economic setup of today’s world this policy may not be easy to follow. The basic issue here is that ethical understanding of various communities and regions towards the nature and optimal exploration of resources differs largely. It must be interesting to quote here that there are communities in the world which take a divine approach towards nature and use its resources with utmost care and ...
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(“Green House Emission Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
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(Green House Emission Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Green House Emission Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/56699-green-house-emission.
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