The paper tells that some individuals are obnoxious by nature, and their abiding of law does not stop them from devising intrigues and creating troubles in society. The researcher vehemently holds up the nature theory, and declares humans either good or bad by birth. …
This research aims to evaluate and present the issue of human nature using studies of different philosophers. Distinguished Chinese philosopher of ancient era Mencius (372-289 BCE) strongly believes in the innate goodness of human nature, which humans inherit from their ancestors. It is therefore he vehemently advocates in favor of following the life patterns of the ancestors in order to achieve perfection in their character and personality ultimately. Moreover, according to him, if humans are provided with adequate education and training, their qualities could further be polished and improved. However, Hsün Tzu (298-238 BCE) does not find righteousness in human nature. On the contrary, he is of t.he view that human nature is evil and can be improved through socialization. Another eminent philosopher of ancient times, named Kao Tzu (420-350 BCE), aptly acknowledged to be one of the most talented thinkers in the history of China, refutes both the above-mentioned doctrines, and declares human nature as clean slate, which studies and follows only what it observes being practiced by others in its social and natural environment. Thus, human nature is neither good nor bad altogether, according to Kao Tzu, and follows the same which is taught to it. Eminent 19th century German philosopher Georg Hegel (1770—1831) has also made a comparative analysis of the doctrines presented by Hsun Tzu and Mencius while elucidating the concepts of innate evil and innate goodness respectively. Somehow, Hegel seeks further wisdom in both these theses, where both these doctrines serve as thesis and antithesis to each other. Hegel declares goodness and evil as occasional in nature and scope due to the very reality that absolute righteousness or complete wrong-doings do not prevail in any part of the globe. In other words, no one can be stated as completely sublime and righteous or absolutely monstrous and obnoxious. For instance, a robber could be harmful and destructive for society, though would be a kind and benevolent person in his domestic life, and may treat his children with great love and affection. Similarly, a pious person may commit genocide out of sheer feelings of revenge or abhorrence for his opponent or rival. Moreover, Otto von Bismarck (1815--1898) is regarded as a great German nationalist, though his name brings displeasure on the countenances of the French public at large. Since absolute goodness and evil do not exist in any part of the globe, declaring anyone as the representative of good or evil does not carry weight in the eyes of the philosophers, thinkers and intellectuals. Hegel alludes to the gallant deeds displayed by the soldiers while saving the boundaries of their country. (Austin, 624-25) Since they are also ...
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(Human Nature in Studies of Philosophers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Human Nature in Studies of Philosophers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/59773-human-nature-in-studies-of-philosophers.
Samuel I. Mintz suggests that the concept of state of nature is about the logical extreme of human society without law. 1 State of nature refers to the state all men are naturally in. 2 Men and women living in an environment that is close to the state of nature present their own measure of human nature to present good or evil without fear of any sanction arising out of operation of law.
These issues have specifically crucial insinuations in ethics, politics and theology. This is partially for the reason that human nature can be considered as both a foundation of standards of demeanor or manners of existence, as well as exhibiting impediments or limitations on having a virtuous life.
The question of what constitute these characteristics, their origin, and how they work including the static nature of the human forms the oldest and the most vital questions of the western philosophy. The questions are extremely valuable since they intend to investigate the implications politics, ethics, and theology.
However, for purposes of this brief essay, this author will do precisely that and compare and contrast the different views of human nature that both Plato and Karl Marx exhibited within their writings. Such an analysis will necessarily be a bit easier for Plato as opposed to Marx due to the fact that Plato specifically discussed the issue of human nature on a number of occasions as it was one of his favorite philosophical topics in helping to explain the actions and paths that mankind sought to take.
Taking into account that there are a lot of literary works and researches written on the topic of eternal life, every study, and especially each philosophic or religious doctrine, has its own unique explanation. In the life of every normal person, there is such a moment when a question about the end of individual existence on the planet arises.
NAME: COURSE: INSRUCTOR'S NAME: DATE OF SUBMISSION: Human nature vs. Human condition Human nature takes its origin from something relatable like reasoning, emotions, appetite etc. which can be analyzed in a scientific manner so as to evaluate how they existed and the mechanism they work on which is merely concerned with evolutionary biological studies, genetical studies or by neuroscience.
He is the person who famously said that a great man is he who does not lose his child's heart.
Based on the philosophy of human nature from Confucian school of thought, Mencius (c.371 - c.289 B.C) developed his philosophy rooted in the principle that man by nature is good and remains so, as long as his wishes are fulfilled.
s paper includes the elucidation of diverse viewpoints on the above-described topic on the one side, and presentation of personal critical opinion about the aspects associated with human nature. The study has been supported with the Islamic perspectives on human nature, while