In China, the one child policy that was introduced in 1979 to control the number of children in the country has not only been criticized but also found some difficulty in the implementation. Though the people in China have been given incentives and rewards for adherence and…
On the other hand, the policy allows people who have their first babies as girls to have another child but, regardless of the gender of the second child, the parents are not allowed to have a third one. For rural Chinese, access to different services is limited and the different family planning attempts are not popular in such place of China, which make 60 percent of the total population of China. The one child policy in China has negative effects and can be subjected to critical ethical consideration to find whether it is effective and any alternative step to be taken.
This policy by the Chinese government has been aimed at reducing the country’s population growth rate. China is factually one of the most populated countries in the world, with an estimated population of 1,354,040,000, which is 100 million more than the world’s second largest country, India. Culturally, the Chinese community believes in the tradition of having many children. Whilst the government is concerned about the demographics of the country and planning on the resources distribution to its ever rising population, the people are concerned with how they need to maintain their culture. As a result of the ever growing population, the government has increasingly strengthened its policies and measures to a point of introducing the one child policy. This is a strict measure by the government which is aimed at reducing the number of the young generation and subsequently increasing the number of the aging population. Data available on the Chinese population is worrying even to the government itself. The figure 1,354,040,000 does not include the island of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau which are governed as administrative districts of China.
One child policy in China also called the family planning policy was designed to limit the number of children couple in different areas can get and the different conditions of that can allow different people to have more than ...
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The policy was enforced stringently in urban areas while allowing some exceptions for rural areas and for families where the couple were the single child of their respective families or parents whose child was disabled or dead. There was the huge penalty for violating the policy norm of one child in urban areas. The family was charged for having the second child, all welfare amenities were withdrawn and the promotion of working parents withheld.
Apart from the government’s initiative to implement the one-child policy, a major section of the educated class of people in these countries has started to consider the advantages and the drawbacks of the one-child policy (Nayak 26). By controlling the birth rate, the government aimed to achieve social and economic balance by matching the supply level with the potential demand in the economies.
Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746).
Beginning in 1972, the US has viewed the region through its One-China policy (Sutter 11). This policy, according to the United States State Department, that both the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan maintain the existence of only one China, in addition to, the people of Taiwan being part of China.
This policy takes effect during 1979 and requires all couples in mainland China to have no more than one child. However, this policy is somehow misconceived. Contrary to the common knowledge that One Child Policy is implemented in the entire China, the Economic and Social Commissions for Asia and the Pacific states that "the actual location varies from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female.
The policy, which limits couples to one child, was designated as a 'temporary measure', but it is yet practiced in the nation today, even after a quarter-century since its establishment. "China's one child family policy, which was first announced in 1979, has remained in place despite the extraordinary political and social changes that have occurred over the past two decades.
Al, “The Eﬀect of the One-Child Policy on Fertility in China: Identiﬁcation Based on the Diﬀerences-in-Diﬀerences”). The law was introduced by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child.
Population growth rate is critical to social and economic development. High population growth affects the rate at which an economy grows and/or develops. On the same note, overpopulation results in poor social standards and/or lifestyles. In this respect, China formulated and subsequently implemented the one-child policy in early 1980s.
The statistic shows that expenditures on health care sector rose from 580 million dollars to 2,400 million dollars after the introduction of the policy in question (Crabbe, 2014, p. 50). That is why might point out that
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