According to the paper the main barriers that are playing a notable hand in terms of making any measures which are taken in order to prevent AIDS ineffective include lack of public awareness, low literacy rate, no system for sex education, and unsupportive behavior of the government and ethical disintegration of the society. The barriers are originating from one source that is lack of awareness which is fueled by low literacy rate. The people are unaware because they never received any information about the disease and therefore consider it as a myth until and unless it shows up with all of its symptoms and signs. In addition, the sex education is also not common in the country and because of this reason, the people engage in the sexual relations without succumbing to protective measures. The sexual needs are highly volatile in the uneducated people and they usually got carried away with the emotions and they often come to realize that they made a grave mistake but it is usually too late to say the least. The government’s inaction in this regard is a question mark as well. The holistic approach is required to get the demon under control. The steps needed to be taken to control the disease are difficult and time consuming. The skills needed to implement the plan include strong communication capabilities and access to mass communication infrastructure.
From this paper it is clear that the disease of HIV and AIDS is spreading throughout the country of Nigeria. The key reasons of the trend include unsafe sex, bad blood transfusion and unclean surgical units and equipment. The sources of disease are present in the society because of lacking public awareness. The significant amount of reported cases is caused by careless sexual relations.