However, the primary mindset that has traditionally governed the relief efforts made by the relief agencies is to extend medical assistance and supply basic necessities like food, medicines, clothing, drinking water and shelter to the disaster survivors. It would not be wrong to say that hitherto the relief efforts made by the relief agencies tended to focus on the external needs of the disaster survivors. The relief agencies till very recent times totally ignored the mental distress and the resultant mental health issues faced by the disaster survivors. For example it was only in 1989 that the Red Cross recognized the need for extending mental health services to the survivors in the disaster hit areas. Many government agencies and the policy makers deployed in important relief agencies believe that the visible and material needs and requirements of the people in the disaster hit areas should take precedence over the less obvious aspects such as the mental trauma and distress faced by them. However, this approach towards disaster relief is utterly narrow and short sighted. Ignoring the mental health needs of the survivors in the disaster hit areas is indeed callous and in a way cruel. Disasters by their very nature happen to be instances that not only jeopardize the set way of life of the people in an area, but that also lead to the loss of the loved one’s and personal homes and possessions, acute physical injuries and physical trauma, and a total shattering of the social moral (McFarlane & Williams 1). Hence, a disaster is bound to cause much psychological and emotional distress to a significant proportion of the survivors in any impacted area. Hence, mental health services need to be an integral aspect of the relief extended to the survivors in the disaster hit areas so as to help the survivors cope up with the trauma and distress experienced by them, to ...
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(Cochrane HC, 1975,) The impending and critical requirement of clean and abundant energy has called for the use of further nuclear energy without addressing the safety concerns of this energy form or the operational stability of the facility. All these natural and artificial reasons have made humans a potential target for disasters to strike.
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Before disaster strikes, when possible as in the case of typhoons and hurricanes, and its resultant flooding, the government is there to issue warning and evacuate people from the danger zones. Immediately after disaster strikes, the government is there to
In its course of journey from southern Bahamas to Florida, the hurricane caused dramatic effects causing damage of more than 200,000 residences only in the state of New Orleans (Cashell & Labonte, 2005).
With due consideration towards the aspect of
The most recent one is the Hurricane Katrina which occurred in the year 2005 in the city of New Orleans Louisiana states causing large destruction and death of more than 1800 people (Rodger 2007).
In order to avert
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