gh evidence, most black families in the United States are too reluctant and more cautious in advising their children to be careful when dealing with police officers. While making a flashback, there is often a disturbing experience of either black men or women having suffered under mysterious circumstances in the hands of police. Therefore, how does the level of mistrust hinder the relationship between police and the black society in the United States?
As illustrated by Smith and Malcolm (1036), there is a growing concern that the majority of the black community has always been the target of police brutality. Besides, several questions of mistrust between police and black community within the United States have been left unanswered. Consequently, it is not possible to re-examine the relationship between black Americans within the context of policing depending on how the offenders would be awarded judgments from the crime committed.
It is very important to understand that there is very minimal American police education concerning cultural and historical injustices. As such, the above has contributed into poor handling of the black community by the police. It is also vital for the police officers to embrace a proper communicative style that is meant to harmonize relationship between members of the community in regard to restoration of law and order. According to Smith and Malcolm (1036), embracing accountability among police officers while dealing with the black minority is considered to be a very important subject. Moreover, it would lead to the incorporation of the spirit of competency and harmonization of trustworthiness between the law enforcers and the community. As a result, it would lead into corporation while ensuring that there is presence of security organs at all levels of the society (Smith and Malcolm 1036)
Tipton (54), a chief security analyst from Texas argues that, it is important for the black community to understand `elements of policing and ...
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But while many are absorbed into thinking that money alone has been the yardstick of evolution, matters such as growing population, increase in crime rate, rapid decline of literacy rate, increase in unemployment and underemployment rates and the apparent proliferation of poverty-related crimes and diseases have been abundant as well.
Met.police.uk (2011) quotes Richard Mayne’s 1829 writing that ‘crime prevention is the primary aim of an effectual police, the next aim being crime detection and punishment of criminals. Police must direct all their efforts to these ends. Richard Mayne further states that whether those efforts by the police have been effective or not and whether the police have achieved the purposes for which were appointed will only be proven by the absence of crime, protection of property and life, as well as the protection of public calm.’ Community policing, also referred to as problem-oriented policing or community-oriented policing has to do with re-identifying the role of the police as a facilit
The core element of the community policing concept was the establishment of a cooperative crime fighting coalition between the citizen and the police to reduce the rising crime problem (Goldsmith, 2005). According to Robinson and Scaglion (1987: 115), "… the police institution is unique to the English people, originates from the people, is dependent on them for their support, and without that support, its effectiveness and even its existence would be in doubt." Bayley (1994: 1 02) has recognized that the "police cannot solve society's crime problems alone.
This seems to be a good fit with the reinventing government concept of the 1990s where there was a greater emphasis on customer service by public administrators to treat the customer right (Bach, 2009).
Comparison and contrast and relation of policing vi. Challenges police departments face in policy implementation Community Policing Abstract Community-oriented policing (COP) involves the public during the resolution of crime while Problem-oriented policing (POP) has a professional scanning and analysis of problems in achieving a similar feat.
It also looks at the goal and objectives, benefits and the challenges that are pulling it back. Introduction Community policing is a concept that has been used to establish the possible effectiveness of community involvement in combating crime and disorder.
Community and Traditional Policing
Conventionally, the response of police to crime is expected after the occurrence of the scene due to the structure for supporting the routine patrol, speedy response to calls, arresting criminals and following up the investigations.
losophies, approaches and orientations, but there are constants: An emphasis on local communities and their participation in the process; experimentation and the use of local communities as a policy laboratory; a focus on creating solutions for a particular circumstances; a
The concept of community policing originated in 1827 with the passage of the Metropolitan Police Act in London, England (Greene, 2010). The core element of the community policing concept was the establishment of a cooperative crime fighting coalition between the citizen and the police to reduce the rising crime problem (Goldsmith, 2005).