Students from both Japan and Austria were interviewed and data taken. The findings were made accordingly. Therefore, this section will explain the method used to collect relevant data.
2.1 A group of thirty students were selected for interview from Austria and Japan. These countries were chosen because they are situated in different continents: Japan in eastern Asia and Austria in central Europe. Thus, it was important to determine whether their cultures also differed due to their different geographical locations. Students were asked a number of questions using structured questions to provide an opportunity for wider answers. The reason for this is that the questionnaires had definite and very concrete questions, and were well prepared in advance to ensure that nothing was left out in terms of the cultural differences. A mixture of both open and close ended questions were used to ensure that every aspect of the emerging cultural difference between the two countries.
The purpose of this research is to establish whether there exists a cultural difference between Austria and Japan countries. Students from both countries were interviewed using structured questionnaires to come up with the required data.
3.1 The data shows that Austria and Japan have differing cultural beliefs. Austria has the family as the basic unit. Their families are quite small due to the fact that they do not migrate. They devote weekends to family activities including various outdoor activities. They only believe in inviting only the close people to their groups meaning that they conduct informal communications here. Japanese also has the family as their basic society unit. They have high respect for their elders with the group being more important than the individual. This indicates that Japan is a collectivist culture since they believe in