Collins “Introduction to Poetry,” consist of seven stanzas. Collins opens the first stanza with the line, “I ask them to take a poem.” This sentence contains three objects: “I” – the writer or speaker, “them” – the listeners and “poem.” The poet urges to “take” the poem as an object and not just scan or read it. By comparing “poem” as an object, Collins uses the metaphor as the figurative language. Once “poem” is considered as an object; then it can be compared to any other objects. That is why one can notice abundant use of metaphor for “poem” throughout this work. In the second line, the speaker asks, “and hold it up to the light” instead of asking to read it. However, when this line is coupled with the third line, “like a color slide” everything becomes apparent. Collins uses figurative language simile - the object “poem” is a color slide. Of course, projection of a color slide has to be done using light. The poet creates a strong imagery in the first stanza that says one can see all seven colors of the rainbow in the poem if one knows how to hold it to the light and see it.
The second stanza consists of one line; Collins electrifies the reader with intrigue, “or press an ear against its hive.” He uses the metaphor and compares “poem” to a honey-drippy hive that produces a buzzing sound as well as conveys both danger and anticipation.
The third stanza, “I say drop a mouse into a poem, and watch him probe his way out” compares “poem” to a “labyrinth.” The preposition “into” instead of “onto” makes the stanza rigid defining “poem” as a three-dimensional object. Through this metaphor, the poet states that one has to understand the labyrinth of the poem to get out of it.
In the fourth stanza, Collins uses double metaphors; compares the “poem” to a three-dimensional room and content of