Name Tutor Course Date It is fundamental for patients, clinicians to understand the role of psychology in the assessment and treatment of pain otherwise, pain diagnosis, and treatment does not meet optimum results. Successful pain management can be achieved by addressing pain management from a biopsychosocial point view, which integrates multifaceted nature of pain…
In the past when pain was entirely addressed from a biomedical perspective, the realm of psychology was not considered key in pain management. This model was inefficient in situations whereby a patient complained of pain that was beyond diagnosis through observable pathology. In fact, clinical observations are indicative of the shortcomings of the biomedical model in diagnosis and prediction of chronic pain. This “disconnect” is universal in cases of chronic pain conditions such as headache, back pain, headache and fibromyalgia. Consequently, it became known that there are other considerable factors, which heavily contribute to the pain experience as well as the outcome of treatment. In this scenario, the likely causes were social and psychological factors. The developments in comprehensive pain models being incorporated in a biopsychosocial approach has advanced over the decades. However, it is noteworthy that in recent times, more efficient models have been implemented to integrate multiple dimensions of pain management acknowledging the numerous factors that contribute to pain experience such as cognitions, beliefs, sociocultural variables, learning, emotional reactivity and personality that influence a patient’s perception of pain (Patricia, Benner, Victoria, Leonard & Molly Sutphen 124).. In essence, modern comprehensive pain management models are characterized of three dissimilar, but interrelated dimensions: 1. Discriminative/sensory, which recognizes the essential physical pathology and integrates nervous system pathways 2. Affective-emotional dimension that depicts emotional responses to pain 3. Cognitive evaluative dimension that addresses individual beliefs and attributes implication of pain experience Thus, treatment based on such biopsychocosocial angles not only address the biological basis of symptoms, but also incorporates the entire range of social and psychological factors, which affect a patient’s pain, disability and distress. Essentially, the role of psychology in pain management partially depends on the degree of a patient’s acceptance, adherence and commitment to a strictly biopsychosocial approach in pain management and conceptualization. Clearly, the psychologist an play a substantial role in working with clinician to assess, identify, examine and treat non-physiological aspects that contribute to a patient’s pain complaints. Therefore, pain treatment and management should involve cooperation between clinicians and psychologist. In addition, psychologists should not only be consulted in extreme cases where there role in treatment is viewed as “a last result” but also in the early stage of pain diagnosis. To emphasize the significance and role of psychology in pain management, I took keen interest in CNS competencies. Patients with cardiac problems can be treated either with a help of drug therapy, regular outpatient consultations, day-care, hospital admissions, pacemaker insertions, or, in extreme cases, both minor and major surgeries are used (Bethann, 2008). In most cases the cardiac field, ailments impose burdens to the family and society of the affected patients. The costs of managing and treating such diseases as well as the inability of such people to do all activities by ...
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(Position Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Position Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/76523-position-essay.
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