Bei Wu Jensen Valerie English 101 21 Feb 2013 Scientists and medical researchers have been using animal testing in laboratories for a very long time. To ensure many medicines, cosmetics and food additive are safe for humans they are tested on non-human animals…
Since the Roman Church had burned dissecting of human beings, researchers opted to go the animal way as they provided the best alternatives to human being and indeed, animal testing should not be forbidden considering that animal testing is beneficial for science field. One of the primary reasons of performing animal experiment is that animal testing is beneficial for science field. Scientists and doctors argue that every achievement in medical field in 20th century has relied on the use of animals in some way. Thus, scientists have prior knowledge and experience of using animal testing in carrying out experiments for many years (“National Academics Press” 12.) First, animal testing plays an essential role in developing the surgical field. According to Cooke (18), toxicologists have the responsibility of determining the level of exposure that is either safe or harmful to human health, animals as well as to the environment. Certain reasons make it necessary to use animals in scientific research and testing. By the fact that the composition of all organisms is chemical, introduction of a substance into the animal interacts in various parts of the body and effects of one process could bring unexpected consequences in others. It is important to understand the relationship between dosages given to a person and those administered to different organs and body tissues. Studies conducted on a whole animal are very important for ensuring proper use of beneficial chemicals to avoid causing harmful effects to receiving organs. Laboratory tools such as tests and computers cannot make a duplicate of the phenomena and thus the only sure method of testing is the use of animals. A study on chemical interaction with living organisms normally helps scientists to unveil some of the most fascinating mysteries of living organisms functioning. There is a dynamic relationship between plants, environment, and animals. According to McCally (1), the physiological processes allow living systems process chemicals that are in constant balance with the world. Scarce information relating to these fundamental processes is available. When disturbed by increasing levels of one substance, the measure of available toxic level becomes credible (Connel, et al. 102). Toxicologists in understanding chemical toxicity of substances have developed critical knowledge. The knowledge is important in protecting human beings, animals as well as the environment from both artificial and natural exposures. Animal testing is an important procedure in ensuring drug`s safety and efficiency. All chemicals, whether harmful or otherwise, have harmful effects to people if administered in wrong proportions. Any small amount of a useful or harmful substance when administered hardly causes a detectable significance in the body of a human. According to Cooke (18), toxicologists have the responsibility of determining the level of exposure that is either safe or harmful to human health, animals as well as to the environment. It is important to understand the relationship between dosages given to a person and those administered to different organs and body tissues. Studies conducted on a whole animal are very important for ensuring proper use of beneficial chemicals to avoid causing harmful effects to receiving organs. The process of making medicines, beauty products, foodstuffs, and chemicals for use in the environment requires mixing of different kinds of chemicals in ...
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Vivisection has been around the times of Gaelen in the Common Era and formed the basis of empirical research in medicine. Animal vivisection, according to some researchers, is of extreme importance to us because it assists in finding cures for diseases and study chemical interactions in cells etc.
Test Essay Name: Institution: Test Essay Testing/User Testing Testing (software) is an analysis carried out to present stakeholders with facts concerning the quality of the product or service under investigation (Ammann & Offutt, 2008). Software testing can also give an objective, sovereign view of the software to permit the business to understand and acknowledge the risks of software realization.
In the 1620s, William Harvey, an English physician, conducted his well-known experiment on animals, which was considered later to be the first experiment to provide a full demonstration of blood circulation. The William Harvey’s experiment empowered the use of animals in medical investigation by showing the significance of vivisection in comparative physiological investigation ().
Many alternatives have been supported by the anti-test supporters including computer simulation model but they have been declined due to their inability to calculate all the variables that show up when an animal is used. As shown below there are many reasons why animal testing is still a practice more so in the cosmetic field in spite the criticism.
Farmers and veterinarians view animal welfare as the physical environment and the body, and if the animal is faring well that is it is healthy and producing well (Hewson 496).
Animal research in regards to the animal welfare has primarily focused on the body and
Advancement in such vital sectors of the modern society as health arises from the success of animal testing. Before introducing any drug in the market for human use, medical researchers try such drugs on various animals
According to the report animals are used the world over by scientists in their efforts at developing new medicines and testing both efficacy and safety of their medicines. In majority of the experiments, animals have to suffer excruciating pains while at the same time their quality of life is significantly affected in the negative.
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