Authoritarian and Authoritative Parenting Styles It is undeniable that parental influence especially at early stages of child development plays a pivotal role in growth of a child. How a parent brings up a child will determine the kind of a person the child will become in maturity…
Largely, parenting affects school performance of a child and more significantly, the temperament of a child. Additionally, sexual activeness, alcoholism and substance abuse and self-perception primarily depend on the quality of upbringing. This paper discusses the authoritarian and the authoritative of parenting styles. Authoritarian parenting style also known as dictatorial or harsh parenting is a style of parenting where a parent does not compromise in the disciplining of the child by warmth or nurturance. The parent is more inclined towards parent-to-child communication channel, and totally opposed to child-to-parent channel of communication (Cherry web). High expectations are bestowed by the parent on the child, with the parent expecting excellent performance of the child in every sphere of life. An authoritarian parent has little affection towards the child, is emotionally and physically distant and detached, and shows signs of reservation and remoteness from the child. In this style of parenting, parents are instructive of their children and mostly order them. They ignore the opinions of children as a group, and oppose verbal exchanges between the parent and the child (Sarac 1). These types of parents highly value obedience, respect and tradition. Such a parent is always right, and hardly respects the opinion of a child, physically punishing a child in the event of a mistake. The obedience of the child to the parent is of course the fear of punishment, making them passive. Such a style is passed downwards to the child by the parent and adopts it as an adult, where it is likely to be the mode of parenting the child adopts (Benson and Marshall 283). Authoritative parenting style on its part is high on warmth and the parent is friendlier to the child. The parent is moderate on discipline and the level of communication between the child and the parent is high. The parent is actually moderate on the future expectations of the child, focusing on nurturing the child more, with a lot of compassion by creating a loving home environment, and providing a high degree of emotional support. These parents are more firm on their children, show consistency and are fairness in dealing with their children (Benson and Marshall 282). The mode of disciplining their children takes the form of rational and issue oriented strategies in order to allow conformity to group standards of the child. Such parents are keen in establishing behaviour standards for the children to follow. The family structure in the case is democratic and dictatorial as parents mostly use reason, allow for negotiations and persuasion rather than force to the children. This style of parenting operates on a level ground of demands and listening. Children who grow up under authoritative style of parenting are given alternatives, with the parents encouraging them to be decisive, while teaching them to accept the responsibility for their actions and decisions (Hoder web). The resultant of this style is self-empowerment since the views and opinions of the children are respected. An authoritative parent sets standards and appropriate modes of behaviour to encourage the development of the child. The parents are also ready and willing to help their children and forgive them for a mistake if the parents’ standards are met. The two styles of parenting are very different from each other and ...
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(Research Essay - Child Development ( Parenting Style )
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