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United Nations and Human Ritghs - Research Paper Example

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United Nations and Human Ritghs
United Nations and Human Rights Franklin D. Roosevelt president of the United States of America gave the name United Nation which was initially known as League of Nations. …
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United Nations and Human Ritghs

The purpose of establishing this organization by Kofi Annan is "Preventing conflicts so that we can live in a world free of fear." (Role of United Nations) United Nation is playing a great role in tackling the catastrophes and mass murders that are taking place all around the world. The role of United Nations has however been criticized by many individuals in certain instances. It is believed that they have not fully come up to fulfill the roles that were assigned to the organization when it came into existence. These nations which had joined hands together initially decided to take organizations which had hold internationally to help them out on certain matters concerning welfare. Through this effort various agencies which specialized in various areas were established. In the year 1865 the ' International Telecommunication Union' which was initially the 'International telegraph union' was formed. Apart from that the 'universal postal union' also came into existence in the year 1874. (History of United Nations) A conference was organized in The Hague in the year 1899 in order to discuss and draft their stance on how to settle problems peacefully and to overcome prevailing crisis. The reason behind this conference was to prevent wars and to generate the basic rules that governed warfare. The major achievement of this conference was that it developed the 'Permanent Court of Arbitration' which started to function in the year 1902. This court was majorly influenced by the 'Pacific Settlement of International Disputes'. The United Nation takes its existence from the League of Nations which was established during the First World War to overcome the massacre that took place. This organization was not successful and therefore was dissolved. It was also formed with the purpose of maintaining peace and security as well as to establish cooperation internationally. This organization that is the United Nations was established in the year 1945 on 24th of October. This organization was formed by the consent of veto powers such as China, United Kingdom, United States of America, Soviet Union and other member countries who signed the resolution. Every year the 'United Nations Day' is celebrated on 24 of October. After this organization was established it was realized that a code of conduct needs to be derived so that the rights of human beings remains protected and no human is a victim of ill treatment what so ever. Therefore realizing this United Nations developed a charter which contained the basic rights which are the inborn right of each and every individual of the signatories as well as the countries that come under their jurisdiction. This law was formerly known as the 'The Universal Declaration of Human Rights'. This declaration was passed so that the wrong that was being done to humans previously like they were being deprived of their basic necessities. Power was being exercised unjustly; slavery was at its peak. Considering all these circumstances where human beings were being treated worse than animals then it was realized that certain initiates need to be taken that would protect the sovereignty and dignity of individuals and no individual would have the right to oppress any human irrespective of power, position etc. In simpler words this organization was established with the following motto, "Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human ... Read More
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