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The natural ecosystems and regenerating bio-capacity of the earth are undergoing severe degradation, compromising the ability of the planet to sustain life. Environmental degradation involves damaging or destruction of the physical, chemical and biological ecosystems of the…
The most common types of environmental degradation include pollution, soil erosion, desertification, and deforestation. Pollution can be classified into air pollution, and water pollution. These types of environmental degradation are interdependent such that the presence of one type acts as a causative agent of the other. Causes of environmental degradation can either be natural and human factors. The dilemmas experienced in environmental conservation are caused by differences in interests and the necessity for survival of some environmental destruction activities. Regardless of the numerous causes of environmental destruction across the world, governments and citizens continuously strive to ensure environmental sustainability for future generations.
Environmentalists classify causes of environmental degradation into human causes and natural causes. Human causes include burning fossil fuels, industrial activities, construction of infrastructures, agriculture, oil spillage, and transport activities. Natural causes, on the other hand include natural disasters, global warming, and volcanicity.
The current trade generation is characterized by massive transportation of people, goods, and services. Cars, heavy-duty tracks, airplanes, trains, and shipping vessels burn a lot of fossil fuels to produce energy for their motion (Gautam, 2010). These emissions are major causes of air pollution, and they have proved difficult to manage and control. The reason for difficult management of these pollutants is that people depend heavily on vehicles and smoke-emitting engines for transportation of goods and services from production points to marketing areas. Fumes from car exhausts contain perilous gases such as carbon monoxide, particulates, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, which are extremely harmful to health when inhaled. Additionally, these emissions react with the gases in the environment to create gases that are even more toxic than direct emissions (Gianessi 19). A ...