SPARTA VS ATHENS: POLITYCAL SYSTEMS
...city-states turned out to be the key in understanding ancient Greek history.
Cartledge, Paul & Spawforth, Antony. Hellenistic and Roman Sparta: A Tale of Two Cities. New York: Routledge, 2002.
Finely, Moses. The Legacy of Greece: A New Appraisal. New York: Oxford, 1981.
Grote, George et al... The reason that we study the two dominant Greek s, Athens and Sparta, in ancient Greece is an outcome in part of the domestic stability which each attained. In a Greek civilization where civil conflict leaned to direct power inwards, the distinctive form of oligarchy of Sparta triumphed in putting off vicious overthrow in Lakonia for hundreds of years, whereas the Athenian charter in the ancient period...