...Abelard, Albertus Magnus, and St. Thomas Aquinas. Ibn Rushd, born in 1126 in Spain, wrote about philosophy, mathematics, law... Groundwork in Islamic Philosophy By Macksood A. Aftab There is a naturaltendency to think of medieval philosophy as coterminous with the philosophical thought of medieval Islam. Relative to Western philosophy, Macksood in his scholarly article states, Islamic medieval philosophy has remained largely hidden. To put the matter in another way, the term "medieval philosophy" brings to mind, in the first instance at least, names such as Bacon, Aquinas, Ibn Sina, Al-Gazali, or Ibn Rushd.
Al-Farabi (Alpharabius), a Turk, combined the thought of Aristotle, Plato, and the Sufi Muslim mys...