Acids and bases
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Acids and bases Introduction Daily interaction with substances exhibits difference in properties that can be detected through either the sense of taste or touch. While some substances such as lemon juice are sour, others such as soap have bitter taste. Similarly, some fluids, especially in industrial set ups, are corrosive. These are some of the characteristics of acids and bases. An acid is a substance that reacts with water to generate hydrogen ions while a base is a substance that reacts with water to generate hydroxide ions (Files, p. 1). This paper seeks to discuss the topic, ‘acid, and bases.’ The paper will explore properties of the two classes of substances and reaction between acids... ...
Specific fatty acids and disease
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...Acids and Disease Humans have been consuming a diet that contains about equal amounts of n-6 and n-3 needed fatty acids. Over the last 100 to 150 years, there has been an increase in consumption of n-6 fatty acids due to an increased intake of vegetable oil from sunflower seeds, vegetable oil, cottonseed and soya beans (Simopoulos 23). Studies have shown a high intake of n-6 fatty acids shifts the physiologic state to a prothrombotic and proaggregatory with a symptom of increase in blood viscosity, vasoconstriction, vasospasm and decrease in bleeding time which is shorter on patience with myocardial infarction, forms of atherosclerotic diseases, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. However... Specific Fatty...
Acids' Alkalis and PH
4 pages (1000 words) , Term Paper
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...acid-base reaction). This will lead to a decrease in the concentration of H+(aq). According to Le Chatelier's principle, the reaction will shift to the side that opposes this change. This means that the reaction will shift to the right. (d) the temperature of an equilibrium mixture of 1 (d) is decreased 3Fe(s) + 4H2O(g... CHEMISTRY A ASSIGNMENT 4 DUE WEEK BEGINNING 12.05.08 For each of the equilibria given below: write the expression for Kc and calculate its units. (a) CO(g) + Br2(g) COBr2(g) [COBr2(g)] Kc = ; unit: mol-1 dm3 [CO(g)] [Br2(g)] (b) Sn2+(aq) + 2Fe3+(aq) Sn4+(aq) ...
Trans Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease
1 pages (250 words) , Article
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...acids consumed when they are obtained from partially hydrogenated oils yield no nutritional benefits but are harmful for health. Eliminating the use of partially hydrogenated oils from the food products is not easy for the food manufacturers in America, though other countries provide examples of successful replacement of the use of trans fatty acids in partially hydrogenated oils with the use of cis unsaturated fats because this helps the food manufacturers make foods healthier without bearing more cost or compromising upon the quality or quantity of the food products. Health care providers should advocate limiting of the use of trans fats. Reduced intake...
Summary of Molecule bonds, Amino and Nucleic Acids, Proteins
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...Acids, and Proteins Chemical Bonds Chemical bonds result from an attraction between atoms and can result in molecules (hence the alternate use of the word “molecular” in the term). The bond will not be broken until a sufficient transfer of energy occurs. There are several types of chemical bonds that differ in aspects such as the strength of the bond. Strong bonds include covalent (electron sharing) and ionic (positive to negative attraction and vice versa), while some weaker types are dipole-dipole interactions (intermolecular, or between molecules), London dispersion force (weak quantum effect), and hydrogen bonding (covalent... Here Here Here Here Summary of Molecular Bonds, Amino and Nucleic Acids,...
Omega 3 fatty acids (and their role) in Nutrition
3 pages (750 words) , Research Paper
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...Acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids which are mandatory for good health but cannot by synthesized by the body. They perform several important physiological functions. Rich dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids include flaxseeds and cold water fishes. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency leads to adverse health conditions. These fatty acids are used in the treatment of several diseases. Further studies on the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on health conditions are necessary. Nutrition: Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Based on their chemical structure, polyunsaturated fatty acids are classified into omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These are termed essential fatty acids... Nutrition: Omega-3 Fatty Acids. ...
Omega 3 fatty acids and their correlation to mental health
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...Acids: The Benefit to Mental Health Science has forever understood that a healthy diet is required for good health and that a correct balance of nutrients and vitamins is essential for maintaining our strength and wellness. Yet, it has only been in the recent years that the diet has been correlated to our mental health. Recent changes in the American diet has been suspected at being the cause of the increase in the incidence of depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. In the past 100 years our diet has radically shifted from fresh game and wild plants to a menu of processed foods, and has resulted in a significant decrease in the amount of omega-3 fatty acids consumed in America... Omega 3 Fatty...
A New Method for the Preparation of an Intermediate for the Synthesis of Mycolic Acids
20 pages (5000 words) , Dissertation
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...acids which are present in M. tuberculosis. The hydroxyl group in the target molecule will be protected with methyl or siliyl group followed by reduction with sodium borohydride and hydrogen peroxide to get the alcohol. The alcohol then oxidized and chain extension. This pure intermediate will be used for the preparation of different mycolic acids. Notably, it is worth stating the above experiment can be conducted in different ways including the old method and the recently deduced method. Nonetheless, the products... ?RESULTS AND DISCUSSION The aim of the project The main aims study is to prepare an enantiomerically pure sample of a key intermediate in the synthesis of methoxy- and keto- mycolic acids...
Nutritional quality of rapeseed oil and health benefits of omega fatty acids
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...Acids Introduction Recent research has thrown light on the importance of omega fatty acids in reducing the risk of sudden cardiac death. The fatty acids decrease the bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels and thus decrease the risk of coronary artery disease. One of the sources of omega fatty acids is rapeseed oil. In this essay, the nutritional quality of rapeseed oil and the health benefits of omega fatty acids will be discussed through review of appropriate literature pertaining to the topic. Nutritional Quality of Rapeseed Oil Rapeseed or Brassica napus belongs to the family Brassicaceae to which mustard and cabbage... Nutritional Quality of Rapeseed Oil and Health Benefits of Omega Fatty...
Critical discussion of the otential role of Omega-3 fatty acids in neurodegenerative disorders
8 pages (2000 words) , Literature review
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...Acids in Neurodegenerative Disorders Omega-3 essential fatty acids belong to the ofpolyunsaturated fatty acids and their role in context of neurodegenerative disorders has been widely debated around the world. This literature review aims at contemplating the potential role played by these fatty acids in tackling neurodegenerative diseases in particular because it is suggested that they have astounding neurological benefits and likewise, exert a neuroprotective action to a certain extent against such diseases. It is strongly recommended by physicians and nutritionists to increase the amount of dietary omega-3 fatty acids taken daily because... ?Critical Discussion of the Potential Role of Omega-3 Fatty...
Effects of Omega-3/Omega-6 fatty acids Supplemented Diet to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...acids Supplemented Diet to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Here and Heather Walen-Frederick Walden University Date Goes Here Abstract The study aims to assess the effectiveness of an Omega-3/Omega-6 Fatty Acids supplemented diet in relieving patients of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms. Participants in the trial were subjected to a placebo-controlled test over a period of three months and tested by an investigator in terms of their ADHD symptoms. T test was used to test for significant differences between the control and treatment groups. Results of the study show significant promise in alleviating some ADHD symptoms among patients... of normal students and those...
Discuss the potential role of omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of inflammatory diseases
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...acids for survival. This may come in the form of Omega 3 or Omega 6. Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and Omega 6 fatty acids often compete with one another in the body even though Omega 3 has more beneficial health benefits than the latter. Most western diets contain more Omega 6 fatty acids than Omega 3. It is for this reason that when compared to their Eastern counterparts, Westerners have high incidences of inflammatory disorders. Eskimos have little to no reports of autoimmune and inflammation-related disorders owing to their omega 3- rich diet. The latter... Effect of Omega 3 on Inflammatory Diseases Introduction Inflammation may be understood as the process by which the body responds to...
Discuss the potential role of omega-3 fatty acids in the treatment of inflammatory diseases
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...ACIDS IN THE TREATMENT OF INFLAMATORY DISEASES The effects of omega-3 PUFA on inflammation in genera Omega-3 fatty acids are composed of a unit of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The family of Omega-3 fatty acids have a comparable chemical arrangement. Three omega-3 fatty acids are known; these are essential components in human diet. These include eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), alpha linolenic acid (ALA), as well as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (Fernandes 2004). According to Weber et al. (2006), the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) obtained from fish oil, that is EAP and DHA possess the most potent immunomodulatory activities; hence it is more organically powerful... THE ROLE OF OMEGA 3 FATTY...
Effects of Omega-3/Omega-6 fatty acids Supplement Diet to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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...acids Supplemented Diet to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Here and Heather Walen-Frederick Walden University Date Goes Here Abstract The study aims to assess the effectiveness of an Omega-3/Omega-6 Fatty Acids supplemented diet in relieving patients of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms. Participants in the trial were subjected to a placebo-controlled test over a period of three months and tested by an investigator in terms of their ADHD symptoms. T test was used to test for significant differences between the control and treatment groups. Results of the study show significant promise in alleviating some ADHD symptoms among patients... of normal students and those...
Recent biotechnological approaches that have been used to enhance the yield and diversity of amino acids, vitamins, antibiotics
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...acids and growth factors etc... ? Recent biotechnological advancements The process of production and enrichment of biological materials for the welfare of the mankind from the naturally available sources is the main task of biotechnology. Biotechnology combines the life science with the technology to derive many useful products. The knowledge of science mixed with the engineering concepts lead to the production of biotechnological products. Biotechnology is a part of our life. In every day activity we use many biotechnological products such as bread, curd, yoghurt, cheese, rice cakes, wine, beer etc., Nowadays we can see many products being advertised as being enriched with vitamins, minerals, amino...
In this weeks lecture that membrane fluidity is a function of the kinds of fatty acids and the cholesterol content within that membrane. Is there any evidence that hyperlipidemia, for example, could change membrane composition? If that is the ca
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1 , Assignment
...acids. These increased free fatty acids are taken up by cell membranes of many ells of the body, the most important of which are erythrocytes, immune cells... Hyperlipidemia and Membrane Composition Lipids are an important source of energy to our body in the absence of glucose. They are stored in the body in the form fat and circulate in the form of Low, intermediate and high density lipoproteins. Hyperlipidemia is a condition in which there is an increase in the amount of these circulating lipoproteins. Hyperlipidemias are divided into different classes according to the increase in the amount of specific lipoproteins and the pathology behind it. The mammalian cell membrane is a lipid bilayer membrane....
Investigating the effects of mutation on active site amino acids of beta-lactamase
11 pages (2750 words) , Lab Report
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...?Intro The synthesis of altered proteins with new binding sited, designed to target specific groups of molecules, is one of the major tasks of modernprotein engineering. Significant efforts in this area were highlighted by limitations of natural proteins in both biomedical and analytical applications. Generally, there are two ways of producing modified proteins. Usually, turns and loops are the first areas of interest while considering engineering of new binding sites. Modifications are done either by creating new binding sites introducing random mutations on the surface of strands, helices or randomization of already existing regions that connect secondary structures. Using these two... The synthesis...
Protein
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...acids, acids that are necessary for life to function as we know it. While it is true that our bodies can make amino acids by itself, it cannot make all of the amino acids that are needed for life, and must get some of them from the food it consumes. These amino acids thus come from proteins, which should be staples in everybody’s diet. Proteins can come from many different varieties of food, such as meat, egg, grains, and other diary products. These foods are essential to our diet as it is vital to our existence to take these proteins into our bodies so we can use the amino acids they are made up of. Body... Intro: It seems most people today are overly concerned about how they look, how much they weight, ...
The Triplet Genetic Code
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...acids (codons) within the standardized codon arrangement table is additionally non-unsystematic. The theories are central to the evolution and the code’s origin concepts. The commonly used theory is the Stereochemical Theory that states that codon tasks are influenced by the physiochemical similarities amongst anticodons (cognate codons) and amino acids. The second theory is the Coevolution Theory that asserts that amino acids biosynthesis conduits and the code structure coevolved. The third... is the "error minimization theory" that posits that the selectiveness to reduce the negative effects of point mutations and errors of translation comprised a big part of the evolution of the code. The...
Article Review(Mirror Molecules)
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...acids as the rule in the general make-up of protein in all living organisms. The new discoveries brought about by the most unlikely occurrences have challenged our understanding of right-handed amino acids and their role in the biological composition of some species, and most importantly, of the human physiology. As the building blocks of protein, left-handed amino acids... ? Section: of Publication: Scientific American Publication: May, of Article: Mirror Molecules Page Numbers of Article: 78-81 Name of the Author: Sarah Everts Synopsis of the Article The article “Mirror Molecules” by Sarah Everts discusses the recent developments in the scientific understanding of the dominance of left-handed amino...
Protein and Amino Acid
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Acid Proteins are the building blocks of human body and are very essential nutrient. Amino acids and the basic units of proteins and are called the building blocks of protein. In general proteins are obtained food sources, such as meats and other animal products such as eggs, cheese and milk. Proteins are broken down into simpler constituents to make it easily for digestion. Amino acids are critical for the proper functioning of the body. Some of the common functions of proteins include repairing muscles, organs, nails, hair, skin, ligaments, and glands (NutraSanus, n.pag, 2004). A lack of amino acids in daily diet will have a greater impact on all cellular development, respiration... Protein and Amino...
The bovine protein
1 pages (250 words) , Book Report/Review
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...acids and proteins are integral in maintaining the mood of a person and their mental health. Understanding the fact, that lack of a diverse diet can lead to problems regarding the mood of the person at that particular moment. People do not realize that it is appropriate to eat diverse foods; for not only the taste but also that, it offers an alley of important body requirements. When a diet is manipulated, the blood measures are also affected this thus leads to the need to eat several foods. This is what brings about cravings and it is important for the person to take the required amino acids or proteins. Lack of Amino acids and proteins brings stress into the body and the person just... Summary Amino...
Buffer, acid and base
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...acidic. The solutions whose pH is greater than 7 are alkaline or basic in nature while the solutions having less than 7 pH are acidic in nature. pH scale is based from 0 to 14 numbers and the distilled water has pH of 7. Our everyday foods should have 7 pH; it can be a little up or down. A strong battery acid has less than one pH while a strong base has... such as drain cleaner has about 14 pH (Lynnette, 2009). On the other side pOH is a measure of the concentration of hydroxide ions, alkalinity or OH-. It measures the basicity of a solution according to the dictionary of Chemistry. pOH is not measured independently rather it is derived from pH. The difference between the two...
Thin Layer Chromatography
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...acids and their order figured out by the resemblance of the unknown mixtures and the identified amino acids are as shown below; M1 and M2 are mixtures of the known reference amino acids M1 consists of three reference amino acids: Spot 1 Lysine Spot 2 Aspartic Spot 3 Phenylalanine M2 consists of three reference amino acids: Spot 1 Glycine Spot 2 praline Spot 3 Tryptophan B) Amino acids structures list: Aspartic acid (asp) Polar Glycine (gly) Non polar Leucine (leu) Non polar Lysine HCl (lys) Polar Phenylalanine (phe) Non polar Proline (pro) Non polar Tryptophan (trp... Nina Assignment Disccussion Based on the outcome that i found on the plate, the space travelled by the familiar amino...
Effects of omega 3 vs 6 on the metabolism and development of diseases
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...acids, namely – alpha-linolenic acid (ALA; omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (LA; omega-6 fatty acid) are extremely vital for the normal physiological functioning, growth and development of mammals. They are termed as essential fatty acids as they cannot be synthesized in the body and can only be obtained through diet. Both these polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) utilize the same enzymes during metabolism, and hence, compete for enzyme availability (Simopoulos, 2010). Therefore, the ratio... ? June Effects of Omega-3 versus Omega-6 on Metabolism And their Role in Development of Diseases Introduction In mammals, dietary fat is an important source of energy. Studies have shown that certain fatty...
Protein Research
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...acids that are required by the body cells for structural formation, functioning and regulation of body tissues and organs( Whitford,2005). Every protein in the body has a unique role ranging from structural support and defense to bodily movement. Proteins are classified according to their body function (Whitford, 2005). Antibodies are specialized proteins that protect the body from foreign invaders in the blood stream, and they protect the body against bacteria and viruses by immobilizing antibodies that are immediately destroyed... Protein Research Protein Research Proteins are complex molecules in the body that perform many vital operations in the body cells. Proteins are made up of micro-amino acids...
The Iodine Number of an Oil or Fat
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...acids that they contain. The larger the number of carbon atoms, the higher the melting point; the larger the number of double bonds, the lower the melting point (Champe, 2008). Oils contain a higher percentage of unsaturated fatty acids than fats. Fats from animal sources tend to be solids and fats from vegetable sources tend to be liquids. There are a number of naturally occurring fatty acids. The fatty acids without carbon-carbon double bonds... Iodine Number of Oil or Fat I. Introduction Dietary fats and oils are both triglycerides. Fats are generally solids and oils are generally liquids atordinary room temperatures. The characteristics of fats and oils are related to the properties of the fatty...
The Iodine Number of Fats
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...acids that they contain. The larger the number of carbon atoms, the higher themelting point; the larger the number of double bonds, the lower the melting point (Champe, 2008). Oils contain a higher percentage of unsaturated fatty acids than fats. Fats from animal sources tend to be solids and fats from vegetable sources tend to be liquids. There are a number of naturally occurring fatty acids. The fatty acids without carbon-carbon double bonds... Iodine Number of Oil or Fat I. Introduction Dietary fats and oils are both triglycerides. Fats are generally solids and oils are generally liquids atordinary room temperatures. The characteristics of fats and oils are related to the properties of the fatty...
Fish oil
2 pages (500 words) , Assignment
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...acids that are required by the body. Salmons and sardines contain the two main types of omega 3 fatty acids, which are Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (Farooqui, 2009). Pumpkin and flax seeds are examples of plants that contain alpha-linolenic acid that the body converts from DHA and EPA (Farooqui, 2009). Benefits of fish oil Fish oil is very beneficial to health. Omega-3 is quite essential for good health of the heart. It reduces inflammation of the heart and promotes muscle growth through increase of protein synthesis (Sears, 2014). This effect is achievable when fish oil is consumed with amino acids... Fish oil Fish oil Fish is a food that is rich in omega-3-fatty acids...
'How proteins in the diet are disassembled and then reassembled to form useful proteins in the body'
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 3 , Essay
...acids, which are the building blocks. The body only has the potential to absorb amino acids, explaining why the body embarks on the digestive process. After entry of proteins in the mouth, the change that takes place in the stomach involves the mechanical breakage of solid proteins. After leaving the stomach, food goes through... the oesophagus into the stomach where the onset of protein digestion occurs. The hydrochloric acid is released in preparation for digestion, and plays a critical role in activating pepsinogen into pepsin, the enzyme that catalyses the breakdown of proteins. The HCl intrinsic factor also aids in the conversion of proteins into metaproteins, making the...
Resouces
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Acids and Mood Disorders The article... Magnesium in Depression The human body contains different type of minerals one of these minerals is Magnesium. Magnesium is important in the human body as it help in reducing the amount of stress and depression. Also, Magnesium helps to reduce different types of mental diseases such as migraine, alcoholism, asthma, heart diseases, arrhythmias, renal calcium stones, premenstrual tension syndrome just to name a few. Magnesium is used as a treatment for mental health problems because it increases the serotonin levels in the brain. This article will be used as an example of how different type of minerals can affect human mental health and mood. Academic stress l...
Genes
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 0 , Essay
Free
...acids on a given protein, that is, the genetic information on the DNA molecule provides the basis for the synthesis of proteins in a given organism. Starr and Taggart (2006) point out that all living organisms... ? About Genes About Genes DNA is the basic form in which instructions and information on the characteristics of any organism is stored in the cells. This information and instructions for the synthesis of the proteins is stored in DNA molecule in form of a sequence of nucleotides, including Adenine, Thymine, guanine and cytosine; commonly abbreviated as A, T, G and C respectively, in a given order. The sequence of these four nucleotide bases on a DNA molecule determine the sequence of amino acids ...
Physiology and Function
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Acids The amino acids that the body cannot produce internally are essential amino acids. The body obtains these nutrients from proteins like meat, eggs, and beans are they are essential in a human being. In this case, dietary allocations of essential ammino acids increase muscle protein synthesis (Hulmi, Lockwood, & Stout, 2010). Metabolism Metabolism refers to the physical and chemical processes that take place... Psychology and Function Psychology and Function ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) Biologists consider adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as a high energy molecule that is the energy currency of life, which stores energy needed for all the body functions of a living organism. Physiological mechanisms use...
Chemical equations, enthalpy changes and chemical equilibrium, acid, base and pH, and chemical reactions, chirality, simple organic functional groups and their reactions
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...acid 3. Alcohol 4. Alkene (b)  Compound B, shown in Figure 2, is produced in the body from Compound A. Compound B works on several receptors in the brain. Figure 2 Compound B. Identify two different types of intermolecular interactions which could be involved in binding Compound B to a target receptor in the brain. State which functional... Lecturer “Organic Chemistry” (a)  Compound A, shown in Figure is a biologically important molecule that is produced naturally by many plants and animals. It is also used as a treatment for Parkinson’s disease. This molecule contains a chiral carbon atom. Figure 1 Compound A. 1. Explain what the terms chiral atom and chiral molecule mean. Chiral atom is an atom (most...
Relationship Between Food And Mood outline
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...acids on state of mood. Next, I will focus on impact of vegetables and fruits on state of mood. Finally, I will provide a conclusion to my speech. Body I. Carbohydrates And State Of Mood A. Individuals consume chocolates when they are depressed. 1. Chocolates contain heavy amount of carbohydrates when... Relationship Between Food And Mood Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the relationship between food and the mood of an individual. Thesis: The food an individual consumes has the ability to alter the mood of an individual because food contains ingredients to alter and stabilize the mood of the consumer. Introduction Attention-Getting Device: Do you know why we consume different f...
Saponification of Triglycerides
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Lab Report
...acids linked to glycerol by fatty acyl esters (-O-CO-R). The fatty acids, straight-chain monocarboxylic acids, may be saturated (no C=C double bonds) or unsaturated. Fats and oils are trigylcerides. They are distinctive from the fact that at room temperature fats are solid and oils are liquid. In other words, liquid triglycerides are oils, while solid triglycerides are fats (Fessenden et al., 1998). Soapis produced by the saponification (hydrolysis) of a triglyceride. In this process the triglyceride is reacted with a strong base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide to produce glycerol... Saponification of Triglycerides I. Introduction Triglycerides, or triacylglycerols, are composed of three fatty...
Disease
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...acid reflux disease or just asGERD is a lifestyle disease and always a long-lasting symptom of mucosal damage. The extensive damage of the mucus lining of the esophagus results from production of an excessive acid by the stomach most of which move backward to the esophagus. Whenever such movements of stomach acids likes the hydrochloric acid that help in the digestion of food leaks from the stomach back to the esophagus, the mucus lining of the wall prevent them from corroding the esophagus. Additionally, such backward movement of stomach and intestinal acids are rare since the digestion system has... ?Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Introduction Gastro esophageal reflux disease also known as acid ...
Cell Biology Essay
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...acid _____. 12. sequence c) On heating, a protein will become _____. 4. denatured d) On removal of urea, an unfolded protein can become _____. 11. renatured e) The final folded conformation adopted by a protein is that of its ____ energy. 8. lowest f) The sheet are the most common folding motifs because they are formedhelix and the by hydrogen bonds between atoms of the _____. 10... . polypeptide backbone g) Any substance that will bind to a protein is known as its _____. 13. side chains h) Enzymes bind substrates at their _______. 1. active site i) Enzymes bind regulators at their ______. 2. allosteric site j) Enzymes catalyze chemical reactions by providing...
Clinical biochemistry and advanced assessment in nutrition
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...acid cycle to enhance cell respiration. Structurally... and functionally, pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is closely related to oxoglutarate dehydrogenase. On the other hand, branched –chain ketoacid dehydrogenease complex (BCKDC) is another critically significant enzyme complex that plays a critical role in the normal breakwdown of amino acids by catalyzing the oxidative decarboxylation of the branched short chain alpha ketoacids. In terms of their functionality, one of the most important similarities between the two enzymes is that just like the Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, (BCKDC) is also an intermitochondiarial enzyme complex that is primarily regulated by covalent...
Common household items (chemicals) found in cells
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...acids in a protein determine how it folds into a three-dimensional shape; this structure is, in turn, responsible for the proteins function. Proteins carry out almost all the functions needed for cells to live. A change to the DNA in a gene can change a proteins amino acids, changing its shape and function: this can have a dramatic effect in the cell and on the organism as a whole. Major metabolic reactions by which the cell obtains and stores energy is in the form of ATP. This metabolic energy is then used to accomplish various tasks, including the synthesis of macromolecules and other cell constituents like carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids... . Researchers believe that RNA...
Stanley Miller Paper
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1 , Coursework
...acids (glycine, alanine and aspartic acid) and simple sugars (Barton, Briggs and Eisen) V. a) Reason for turbidity- this was due to colloidal silica from the glass flask. It may also have been as a result of some organic substances dissolving into the water. b) Reason for red colour-this was due to organic substances adsorbed... Miller–Urey experiment Review of Stanley Miller Paper I. What was Stanley Miller’s hypothesis? Stanley miller hypothesized that the earth’s atmosphere had conditions that favored the formation of organic molecules from inorganic precursors such water (H2O), methane (CH4), ammonia (NH3), and hydrogen (H2). II. What did the different parts of his system mimic a) The water in the bo...
Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid in Dog Food
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...Acid in Dog Food on the Health and Intelligence of Dogs INTRODUCTION Dogs have a long history of co-habitation with humans. They are considered as man's best friend and have become the most common pet animals throughout the world. In developed countries, more and more people are having dogs as their pets. Parallel to this is the rise in the quality of welfare afforded to dogs. People are finding ways how to improve the health and conditions of dogs and are spending time and resources for this objective. Research has long been involved in shedding light in to the health and diseases of dogs. Products are being developed to cater to the needs and problems of these animals. Dog... Effect of Docosahexaenoic...
Biochemical identification-qualitative analysis
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...acids, nucleic acids and peptides tests were done using various methods which include diphenylamine test, biuret test, Ninhydrin test, Sudan dye test, Benedict’s test, I2 – KI test, and mineral tests. Introduction Different compounds contain different elements. Each of the element in these compounds has... Qualitative identification of biochemical elements present in various compounds Sunday, 11 September Qualitative identification of biochemical elements present in various compounds Abstract This experiment was aimed to identify various elements present in various compounds. In the experiment, present of calcium ions, chloride ions, reducing sugars, polysaccharides, lipids, carbohydrates, amino acids, n...
Maple Syrup Urine Disease
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...acid metabolism Maple syrup urine disease is an autosomal recessive inborn error due to defective activity of branched-chain -ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (Fauci et al, 2008: 2472; Leucine mildly to moderately elevated). This enzyme participates in the metabolism of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) namely leucine, isoleucine and valine. These amino acids have carbon arrangements not synthesized naturally by humans thus these are included in the list of essential amino acids. Because they are not fully metabolized, this leads to accumulation of these amino acids and their corresponding -ketoacids (Laygo, 2007:28). Branched-chain -ketoacid... MAPLE SYRUP URINE DISEASE An inherited disorder of amino...
Nutrition for Health and Social Care (DISCUSSION)
4 pages (1000 words) , Assignment
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...acids (Protein Digestion & Absorption , 2005). The structure of a protein is composed of a chain of amino acids that are linked to each other by peptide bonds. The peptide bonds are formed between the carboxyl end of one amino acid and the amino end of another amino acid (Protein Digestion & Absorption , 2005... Task Characteristics of macronutrients and their benefits to the body Macronutrients are divided into three es, and are basically described as the chemical compounds that are consumed by human beings in large quantities. Micronutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, and fats (Murray, et al., 2006). Proteins Proteins are defined as large biological molecules made of one or more chains of amino acids...
Gastrointestinal Disorders I
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...acids is damaged. This permits stomach acids to penetratet the sensitive lining underneath, resulting in an ulcer. The chief precipitating factor for an ulcer is the presence of the infection-causing bacterium, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori infection is very common, but does not always result in ulcers. H. pylori is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and spreads through contact... Peptic Ulcers Peptic Ulcers. A peptic ulcer is an open sore in the lining of the stomach (gastric ulcer), the duodenum (duodenal ulcer), or sometimes in the oesophagus (esophageal ulcer). A peptic ulcer develops when the mucuos membrane which protects the alimentary canal from digestive juices and...
Common Chemicals in the home that cause toxicological poisoning
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...acids are one of the common chemicals in the home that risk poisoning. Acids can be found in polishes, cleaning agents, waxes, bleaches, disinfectants, preservatives amongst others. Since acids are soluble in water, they cause corrosion when in contact with the body... Common Chemicals in the home that cause toxicological poisoning affiliation Common Chemicals in the home that cause toxicological poisoning The home, as argued by Turkington & Mitchell (2010), is full of products that comprise of substances that contain household toxins. In this case, there are high chances that a lot of individuals will be predisposed to poisoning, mostly involuntarily. Turkington & Mitchell (2010) indicate that acids ...
In The News Week 3
1 pages (250 words) , Coursework
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...Acids, Amino Acids and Lipids. Major building blocks of life The building... Biology Summary of the Article The paper analyses the origin of life. The article announces a discovery that there were several compounds in the earth that enabled the reactions that produced biomolecules necessary for life. The contents try to solve the mystery of how genetic molecules such as DNA and RNA were formed (Service para. 1). The scientists outline that proteins are the essential components of life and that protein based molecules. The article dwells on the RNA World hypothesis that claims new evidence that RNA molecules were from reactions of then existing compounds; acetylene and formaldehyde. RNA World hypothesis T...
How the 22nd amino acid is produced
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...acid. Introduction The discovery of the extra amino acid in the history of science has sparked heated debate on the validity of the long standing central dogma that argued that the number of amino acids is discrete at twenty, courtesy of the molecular and cell biologists. The new Amino acid is termed as pyrrolysine; it’s synthesized through a chemical reaction that requires a total of three steps. Its precursor molecule is another amino acid called lysine. The process by which the cells make the amino acids has been along time paradox as the Ohio state University under the stewardship of their able scientists endeavored to identify the process of the amino acid synthesis... ? Running head: Amino acid....
The Role of Amino Acid R-groups to the Structure and Function of Ligand-Protein Complexes
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...Acid R-groups to the Structure and Function of Ligand-Protein Complexes This paper aims at discussing the molecular structure, the Rf and the binding of various amino acids. The paper discusses also the molecular formula. Introduction There are 20 basic amino acids, which have their molecular structure and bonding. Their rate to front also differs and varies from one amino acid to another. The best procedure used in differentiating amino acids is by determining their rate to front, which is mainly established through the process of chromatography. This process is also distinguished by the intensity of colors on the chromatogram. 1. Amino acid names, molecular weights, Rf values... The Role of Amino Acid ...
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