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...Action as an Imperfect Social Program As a social program that attempts to help those in society that have been unfairly discriminated against, affirmative action has a long, controversial history. In order to talk about it, a direct definition is necessary: ““Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded” (Fullinwinder, 2005). In part, the reason for this is multi-faceted. First, it informs caucasians that racism still exists, though many would like to act as though it has been eradicated. Secondly, non-minorities have perceived... Affirmative Action ...