Hip Hop & Crisis in African American Commnity
, Research Paper
...Afrika Bambaataa, and Joseph Saddler, all with Jamaican roots (Fernando, 1999, p. 14-20). This "old school" era of hip-hop, as it is called, started in 1974 at these street parties or "hip-hop jams" (Perkins, 1996, pp. 5-6). Perkins (1996), George (1998), and Fernando (1999) identify Kool Herc, a young Jamaican immigrant, as significantly... ?Running Head: HIP HOP Hip Hop & Crisis in African American Community Hip Hop & Crisis in African American Community IntroductionHip-hop is an African-American, Afro-Caribbean, Latin American youth alternative culture that incorporates rap music, graffiti, and break-dancing as central to its cultural expression (George, 1998; Rose, 1994). Rose goes further to claim...