...AGENCIES All human societies have been socially stratified, and this stratification is on the foundation of clan, caste, community, creed, gender, race, ethnicity, religion, age-group and socioeconomic status since ever. Social stratification, Macionis submits, is found everywhere; yet what is unequal and how unequal varies from one society to the other. (2007: 255) In the beginning, the individuals used to live in clans and tribes, where they acted and behaved on the stimulus of their minds. The communities grew largely, which aggravated the differences between the individuals. It created a state of rivalry and conflict and paved the way towards torture, crimes, clashes, violence... ADMINISTRATIVE...