Paracetamol solubility in cosolvants
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...alcohol (in an aqueous system) not linear? One of thefactors influencing the solubility in water is the presence of co-solvents besides the impact of temperature, salinity, pH, and dissolved organic matter (DOM). It is found that different co-solvents behave differently depending on certain characteristics especially polarity and miscibility with water in an aqueous setting. Generally, the addition of co-solvent is capable of increasing the solubility of hydrophobic substances such as the paracetamol drug according to recent studies. Organic solvents like alcohols are completely miscible with water... and given this condition, the solubility is enhanced exponentially with an increase in the...
Victimology: Analysis of law
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...alcohol or drug. In addition, to the random testing, this strict law would allow the judges to identify the criminals and provide them with adequate surveillance. This developed method of surveillance would help to curtail down the risk that this types of criminals... Victimology: Analysis of Law Victimology: Analysis of Law Amelia’s Law was passed by the of Tennessee on July 1st, This law was passed after Amelia, who died in a road accident by a convict. The convict was released from prison before the expiry of his tenure of service in the jail. The law that has been passed by the Tennessee state provides the judges to survey the criminals who are convicted of committing crimes after the consumption of...
Chemistry and uses of carbohydrates
1 pages (250 words) , Research Paper
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...alcohols In presence of acids they react with alcohols... CARBOHYDRATES Chemistry & Uses Carbohydrates are the most abundant of the biomolecules though they form a smaller part of the human body. The term carbohydrate originates from German word Kohlenhydrate; meaning hydrates of water. They were originally thought to comprise of carbon and water in 1:1 ratio. Today chemistry of carbohydtaes is better known, the generic term is still in use (Lichtenthaler, 1). A carbohydrate is a polyhydroxy aldehyde/ketone, with the empirical formula CnH2nOn (Stoker, 593). Figure 1: Glucose to Fructose Isomerization On the basis of molecular size or the number of polyhydroxy aldehyde or polyhydroxy ketone units, carbohy...
Introduction
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...alcohol An ester is a form of organic compound formed by the reaction involving an alcohol and an acid. In case the acid is a carboxylic is a carboxylic acid, esters have the general formula R1COOR2, where R1 and R2 are alkyl or aryl groups. This type of reaction is known as esterification and is reversible (Daintith 85). Alcohols (e.g. ethanol) react reversibly with carboxylic acids (e.g. Propionic acid) to produce esters (e.g. ethyl propionate) and water (H2O). The reaction mechanism: involves protonation of the oxygen of the carbonyl group, allowing nucleophilic attack by alcohol or water at the carbon atom or carbonyl group (Dalton 655). Ethanol + Propanoic acid... Synthesis of esters from...
Torts CD week 9
1 pages (250 words) , Research Paper
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...alcohol to drunken individuals who later on cause injury or death to third-parties due to the crashes related to alcohol. These laws reduce crashes related to alcohols and vary from one state to another (Anonymous, 2008). One of the cases in a Delaware state regarding the dram shop liability is “Shea v. Matassa.” Facts Mr. Philip Healy consumed alcohol two times before the crash; first he consumed alcohol while he was at his sister’s home to attend the family gathering, and later on Healy consumed more alcohol when he was in a bar located at Rehoboth Beach. Later he left the bar... Torts CD Week 9 of Torts CD Week 9 Introduction Dram shop law establishes liability take place because of the sale of...
Williamson Ether Synthesis- Preparation of Methyl p-ethylphenyl ether
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...alcohol to produce ether. Actually, this experiment seeks to demonstrate the practical side of William ether synthesis procedure. Through the experiment, the applicability of SN2 reaction in product synthesis can be demonstrated. Independent procedures of the Williamson ether synthesis method involved cleaning of reactants, production of intermediate compounds, isolation of products, and characterization of the resultant products through analytical techniques like nuclear magnetic resonance... but not limited to dissolution of organic compounds, and formation of organic linkages. This experiment involves a practical examination of ether synthesis. Williamson ether synthesis is the most widely...
Current Applications And Development Of Catalyst For The Synthesis Of Highly Functional Organic Carbonates.
13 pages (3250 words) , Essay
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...alcohols, and epoxides. Recent catalysts... ? Current Applications and Development of Catalyst for the Synthesis of Highly Functional Organic Carbonates no Abstract Organic compounds obtained by carbonic acid and hydroxyl compound diesterification are called organic carbonates. These have diverse industrial, medical and biological applications as intermediates and solvents during lubricant, herbicide, pesticide, plastic synthesis, etc. An exhaustive review on the catalytic production of organic carbonates is lacking. The conventional procedure for synthesis of organic carbonates earlier involved toxic halogen compounds or phosgene, and later on moved to non toxic compounds such as carbon dioxide,...
Organic Chemistry "Testing Markovnikov's Rule"
3 pages (750 words) , Lab Report
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...alcohol that involves the carbocations formation as the ultimate result. Arguably, the group of hydroxyl (OH) combines with the atom of carbon with the highest amount of carbon-carbon bonds, with the hydrogen bonding to the carbon possessing on high carbon-hydrogen bonds. Certainly, it is apparent that for Markovnikov Rule, the chemical basis is the establishment of a carbocation often considered most stable during the process of addition. As widely cited, the hydrogen ion addition to a unit atom of carbon within the alkene establishes a charge... Testing Markovnikov’s Rule. Introduction. Markovnokov’s Rule is a common rule that is often used in describing the results of most addition reactions in...
Product Formulation Portfolio; Evaluation pro-forma 4 (PFPE4)
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...alcohols to form acetic acid and hydrogen chloride (1). Lastly, the irritating liquid readily fumes in the air. Acts as a high quality acetylation agent due to its high reactivity and ability to produce irreversible reactions with weak acids such as salicylic acid. 85% Phosphoric acid Pyridine The old catalyst (85% Phosphoric acid) is replaced with a new catalyst (Pyridine) because Pyridine serves both as a catalyst for the acetylation reaction as well as a base for neutralizing the resulting... Product Formulation Portfolio; Evaluation pro-forma 4 (PFPE4) Table4. New formula (including new ingredients/replacement ingredients) formula evaluation ...
Needs Assessment
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...alcohol use. Though limited to some extent, our budget has catered to ensure those... number The Budget Information and Theory for the Program In the program, we have budgeted for at least 10% of the total school population amounting to 1537, indicating around 160 students under the age of 21 years. The committee has set aside some funds that will get used in the process of questionnaire production and the cost of administering them as well. To reduce the costs, the committee has been able to reach out on some volunteers who will assist in the process of administering the questionnaires, as well as contributing ideas and creation awareness. The committee has also set aside some funds that will get used f...
Organic chemistry
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...alcohol No reaction on the addition of sodium hydrogen carbonate clears... ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Muhammad Shoaib Shakir Academia Research 29th May 2009 Compound A Percentage of Carbon as calculated is: 62 Dividing thesepercentages by their respective relative molecular masses we get the Ratio by mole as: 62.1/12 Percentage of Hydrogen is calculated as: 10.3% Ratio by mole is: 10.3/1 Percentage of Oxygen is: 27.6% Ratio by mole of oxygen is: 27.5/16 Solution obtained from these calculations show that the compound has a chemical formula of C3H6O Classes of organic compounds which give positive test when treated with silver nitrate are aldehydes but since this does not it can either be a ketone or an alcohol ...
Organic Chemistry Aricle Critique - New Compound Synthesized
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...alcohols. The statement in the article is arguable because reduction and not oxidation occurs with either compound yielding a secondary alcohol. Catalytic hydrogenation or reduction by hydrogen is synonymous names for the same reaction; which is valid. Tollen's reagent is a reagent used to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones. Ketones do not react with the reagent which the author failed to demonstrate. P-methyacetophenone reacts... Synthesizing new organic compounds is a task which requires excessive amounts of time and has always been valued among chemists. The synthesized compound, P-methylacetophenone, belongs to the ketone functional group because it has the RCOR' arrangement. The mode of...
Biological Science in the News #4
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...alcohols. Resolve Will the presented strategy permit to get huge amounts of gasoline? What are the prospects for the increasing of product yield? Is it possible to pass from the laboratory experiments to the industrial use of this technology in the nearest time? What are the mains renewable sources for obtaining gasoline? What are the waste products of such technology? What amounts of waste products will be derived? What approaches could be used for the waste management? What amounts of energy are used for obtaining of 1 liter of gasoline? Was energy consumption for production of gasoline by metabolically-engineered... Created: 05-13 5:30 AM Level: Undergraduate Grade: Guaranteed 2 Standard (Normal...
Markovnikovs Rule
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 2 , Lab Report
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...alcohol that involves the carbocations formation as the ultimate result. Arguably, the group of hydroxyl (OH) combines with the atom of carbon with the highest amount of carbon-carbon bonds, with the hydrogen bonding to the carbon possessing high carbon-hydrogen bonds. Certainly, it is apparent that for Markovnikov Rule, the chemical basis is the establishment of a carbocation often considered most stable during the process of addition. As widely cited, the hydrogen ion addition to a unit atom of carbon within the alkene establishes a charge that is positive... Testing Markovnikov’s Rule. Introduction. Markovnokov’s Rule is a common rule that is often used in describing the results of most addition...
Organic compound boiling points
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...alcohol and has a boiling point of 428-432 K. 3-Methyl-1-Butanol is also known as isoamyl alcohol and has a boiling point of 404K. 1-Pentanol, also known as n-pentanol, has a boiling point of 410-412 K while 3-Methyl-2-Butanone has a boiling point of 367-368K. Thus, in descending order, the boiling points are: 1-Hexanol> 1-Pentanol > 3-Methyl-1-Butanol > 3-Methyl-2-Butanone Boiling points are temperatures at which the vapour pressure of the liquid, equals that of the gas pressure above it (Hill & John, 2011: p32). In order to figure out the order of organic compound boiling point, it is important... ? Organic Compound Boiling Points ORGANIC COMPOUND BOILING POINTS hexanol is a 6 carbon chain organic...
Topics in pharmacology and biomedical science
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...alcohols act by reducing the solubility of the protein molecules and disrupts the hydrophobic bonds that is essential for the tertiary structure of the proteins. Thus the alcohols precipitates proteins. Common examples are ethanol and methanol. They are used to preserve blood films but cannot be used to preserve the nuclear and the cytoplasmic details. They are used to preserve glycogen. (Carson,2009) Acetone: Is used like... ?Choice of Fixatives Background Fixation is a chemical process through which the biological tissues are preserved from decaying , thus preventing autolysis and putrefaction. Fixation helps to terminate any ongoing biological reaction and also increases the mechanical strength or...
Enhancing Occupational Safety Health While Adapting to Biodiesel As An Alternative fuels
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...alcohols... in the presence of a catalyst, while the alcohols are usually ethanol or methanol. For the purification of the bio-diesel and removal of the phospholipids, the ultra-shear mixers or the De-gumming process is used, as they can efficiently blend and mix the acid or water into the oil for the formation of bio-diesel. The other processes of bio-diesel production involve the following (Dub, Marc A, et al. 2007). When the high shear mixing action is applied, it neutralizes the sodium; this neutralization improves the refining yield and minimizes the production of soap in the refined oil. Faster Bleaching -by using the Inline Powder / Liquid high-shear Mixer the...
Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
3 pages (750 words) , Lab Report
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...Alcohol Dehydrogenase s Experiments were conducted to elaborate the mechanisms involved in alcoholic fermentation of glucose by estimation of 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-y)-2,5-diphenylformazan (aka MTT formazan). This serves as an important marker for alcohol dehydrogenase activity. Cellular lysates of baker’s yeast were prepared and used for fermentation reactions in cuvettes. The first experiment measured the effect of time on the recovery by stopping the reaction at intervals of 5 minutes. Maximal values of MTT formazan, at an absorbance of 570 nm were obtained at 15-30 minutes of the reaction initiation, which indicated maximum alcohol dehydrogenase activity. A similar... Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast...
Basic Tissue Processing for Routine Light Microscopy
1 pages (250 words) , Download 1 , Assignment
...Alcohols, Oxidizing agents and Picrates. Formaldehyde is a good immonoperoxidase technique as the tissues are fixed by cross linkages formed by proteins and the cross links does not harm... the protein structure and the standard solution is 10% neutral buffered formalin. Glutaraldehyde is also used for fixation and the standard solution is 2% buffered glutaraldehyde. This causes deformations in protein structure and penetrates very slowly but provides overall cytoplasmic and nuclear detail. Alcohols are usually not used for tissues as contain protein denaturants and cause brittleness. Oxidizing agents such as potassium permanganate is also not used frequently as they cross...
Research Paper
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...alcohol during pregnancy? How does the message of this ad convey differently to pregnant women, youth and men. When one ties the knot and becomes responsible, they adhere to the need of having a family. The concept of having a family is very pure and divine. Men and women consent to involve in each other physically resulting in pregnancy. There are certainly a lot of things that a couple should know before starting a family and tying the knot forever of which partying time is one of those precautionary problems; drinking effects the health of a female and the child which she will carry in the future so every women who plans to start... Are print ads convincible enough to prevent the consumption of...
Grignard arylation
3 pages (750 words) , Lab Report
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...alcohol, whose characteristics were then determined after IR and NMR analysis. Introduction: The aim of this experiment is to characterize (by IR and NMR) the product formed from the reaction of a Grignard reagent (phenyl magnesium bromide) and a ketone (cyclopentanone). Grignard reagents are prepared by the reaction of magnesium with a halogenoalkane (alkyl halide) in the presence of ether. Grignard reagents are carbanions with counterions of Mg2+ and Br-. This reaction was discovered by Victor Grignard and follows the following basic scheme (Clayden, Geeves and Warren): Grignard reagents undergo... Grignard Arylation A Grignard reagent was synthesized and reacted with cyclopentanone to yield...
Punishment Philosophy in the Criminal Justice System
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...alcohols and the like. The deterrence principle raises... Philosophies of Punishment Philosophies of Punishment Punishment refers to the imposition of a penalty as vengeance for wrongdoing. It is the universal response to crime and deviance in all communities. Philosophies of punishment serve diverse social control functions justifiable through the principles of retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and restoration. The retribution theory explains that similar offenses should have similar charges. The analogy of retaliation features in the principle. Aspects of revenge are relevant to the principle because individuals may attack their opponents in the retaliatory act. Lawyers sometimes ...
Determination Of The Kinetic Constants
18 pages (4500 words) , Lab Report
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...alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) with three alcohol substrates (ethanol, propan ol and butan-1-ol Yeast alcohol dehydrogenase (E.C.1.1.1.1) is an NAD-linked enzyme with a molecular weight of 150,000. The enzyme oxidises a number of alcohols, exhibiting classical Michaelis-Menten kinetics, with KM equal to KS, the dissociation constant for the enzyme-alcohol complex. The polypeptide structure of the enzyme protein comprises four identical subunits each containing a Zn2+ ion which facilitates the transfer of a hydride ion from the alcohol to NAD+. The latter must bind to the enzyme before the alcohol; NADH leaves the enzyme after... to room temperature; coenzyme NAD+ solution (15mM); yeast...
Alcoholism among Teenagers in the US
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...alcohol among teenagers is on the rise in the United States of America. It is the most frequently used drug among teenagers. It is estimated that over half of juniors and seniors in the U.S. used alcohol at least once a month (Medicine, 2011). Alcohol is a gateway drug that can lead to the use harsher drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, crack, and heroin. Teenagers that use alcohol regularly often fall behind on their class work. The use of alcohol is responsible for over half the deaths of teenagers in America. Teenagers are not responsible and often drive under the influence of alcohol. Last year 2000 teenagers died in car crashes (Medicine, 2011). Teens that drink are often more...  The use of alcohol...
Ionic liquid and multicomponent reaction
3 pages (750 words) , Thesis
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...alcohols. Ionic liquids oxidize alcohols faster than conventional solvents, (7), (14) and are useful for both α,β-unsaturated ketones, (15) and diketone derivatives. (16), (17), (18) , (19) Of course, multi-component reactions involving these, or aldehydes, amines, carboxylic acids... Chemical Reviews 79 (7) 543 ± 583 (2010). DOI 0.1070/RC2010v079n07ABEH004156 14.) Jiang, N. Ragauskas, A.J. (2007) Selective Aerobic Oxidation of Activated Alcohols into Acids or Aldehydes in Ionic Liquids. J. Org. Chem., 2007, 72, 7030-7033. DOI: 10.1021/jo0707737 15.) Brindaban, Ranu C. and Banerjee, Subhash. 2005.Org. Lett., 2005, 7 (14), pp 3049–3052 DOI: 10.1021/ol051004h Publication...
Summary
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...alcohols. With the availability of good buddies, children develop in the right direction. The approach also promotes knowledge of parenting, child development and concrete support in times of need. It provides parents with relevant information that regulates raising of the children. In addition, it gives them appropriate expectations for the child behavior. In this case, the child is well taken care of and well behaved to cope with life challenges as they grow. Reference Rosenbaum, Dennis P., Arthur J. Lurigio, & Robert C. Davis (1998). The Prevention of Crime: Social and Situational Strategies (1ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.... History and political science Solution to juvenile crimes...
Alternative Fuels for the Automobiles of Tomorrow
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...alcohols, hydrogen, biodiesel, etc... Alternative Fuels for the Automobiles of Tomorrow U.S Department of Energy. "Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy". Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center. 2 February 2009 . This is a US government sight pertaining to energy efficiency and alternative fuels. This sight is comprehensive and holistic in its approach and loaded with the information pertaining to variegated alternative energy fuels, latest data analysis and trends and AFDC tools. Photos, data sources, and latest news make the sight interesting and engrossing. All the articles and information given is credible and reliable. The sight is easy to navigate and understand. There were no dead links found. This sight is updated on a regular basis. Infact...
Marketing Communication
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...alcohols. These two factors are very crucial in case of today’s young generation. It has been found that a major section of today’s youth is drug and alcohol addicted and this is a major cause of worry in the western world... Marketing Communication Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Identify and discuss the specific challenges of communicating with today’s youth 4 Marketing communication strategies for London 2012 Games 7 Conclusion 9 References 11 Introduction Communication is simply the process of exchanging meaningful information, opinions or thoughts in the form of writing, speech or even signs (Robbins, Judge, 2007). Marketing comprises of identifying the target market, developing ...
One Subject Infographic
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...alcoholic drugs, Alcohol and Alcohol& other drugs. The first comparison was done to assess how many people aged 12years and above use Marijuana against other drugs like Cocaine, Illicit drugs, psychotherapeutics, hallucinogens... Legalization of Marijuana drug in USA The quickest and simplest way to convey large information from large datasets is to use graphs to present the information. This technique is referred to as Info-graphic. Simply put, the information presented in forms of graphs. My research used the Infographic technique to present the information on how harmless Marijuana is despite the allegations of most people that the drug is harmful to body health. My topic therefore was safety of using...
Impacts of Rising Production of Biofuels on Economy
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...alcohols. Biofuel generation often leads to produce byproduct along original products including soaps, alcohol, glycerin, and trace amount of water. This study investigates the significance of microeconomics fundamental principles with respect to Biofuel production. Hence, the author of study is interested to determine production influence of Biofeul on corps. This study would analyze the effects of increased competition between participants in the oil market n the impacts of indentified Biofeul demand. Furthermore, this study would analyze the price influence of corps on single person income... ?Introduction Biofuel involves reacting vegetable oils, animal facts catalytically with short chain aliphatic...
How Does Social Context Contribute to the Definition of Value in Music?
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...alcohols and tobaccos. Music aids the students in understanding the world around in a broader way. Some scholars have also pointed out the negative contributions of music in our society such as the pop music which according to them is an imposed music and greatly discourages creativity. However, such matters are simply topics of debates. It is music which gives shape to the characteristic of any culture or society by exhibiting its unique authenticity. For instance, the pop... Certain perspectives of “value” that are fundamentally defined by the social conditions in which music is made, performed and consumed Introduction Music is an integral part of our society and culture. Ever since the dawn of ...
Biochemistry Assessment
10 pages (2500 words) , Assignment
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...alcohol? Alcohols are the compounds which are formed from alkanes; this happens when at least one hydrogen atom is replaced by OH. Alcohols are further divided into three types based on the positioning of OH at carbon atom. Actually, this is more dependent on the carbon to which OH attaches that how many carbon atoms/alkyl groups are attached to that carbon with OH group. Thus, primary alcohols... Comprehension Assessment Exercise ify each of the following compounds as organic or inorganic, explaining your ification of each: a.H₂Ob.CH₃-NH₂ Organic compounds are those which contain carbons in their formula, with some exceptions such as: carbon dioxide, carbonates etc. As H2O (water) does not have carbo...
The Effects of Alcohol Consumption
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...Alcohol Consumption Alcohol is a form of an intoxicating substance, which is found in wine, beer and liquor, and it is obtained from carbohydrate through metabolisms of microorganisms in the absence of oxygen, in fact, the process is referred to fermentation. There is different amount is alcohol levels in various dinks such as beer, wine and liquor; thus resent studies have indicated that moderate intake of alcohol is valuable to the human health especially on the coronary system (Alcohol and Drug Information Service,1). Nevertheless, moderate drinking refers to taking a maximum of two drinks in a day, though there is a notion that the amount of alcohol that is moderate... English The Effects of Alcohol ...
Narcosis ciliates
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...ALCOHOL-INDUCED CILIARY NARCOSIS OF Tetrahymena pyriformis INTRODUCTION Cilia, flagella and microvilli are cellular appendages with different characteristics and functions. Cilia are 6- to 10-µm cellular structures studding the membrane to allow movement. It is more than ten times smaller than the flagellum, which is 150 µm in length. In cross section, the characteristic 9 + 2 motif of microtubule arrangement can be appreciated. It has a characteristic oscillation motion in which they are relatively straight in forward stroke, but curved during the return stroke. This movement propels the cell perpendicular to the orientation of the cilia. In contrast, the longer... ?STUDY OF MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY USING...
Humanity and climate change
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...alcohols, biodiesel, boron, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, p-series, and solar fuels (Balat, 2005). These fuels can substitute petroleum fuels with fewer costs than hydrogen fuel cells systems, particularly because they can be mixed with petroleum and can also be used in gasoline engines with comparatively less modifications (Balat, 2005). Alcohols have been traditionally employed as fuels since the invention... May 26, Humanity and climate change One of the most pressing issues of modern civilization is climate change. According to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the evidence of climate change are: rising sea levels and global temperatures, warming oceans, melting...
Pathology
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...alcohols (Drury and Wallington 2009, p. 51). Dehydration Dehydration in tissue processing entails eliminating fluid and water that is contained in body tissue. The removal of water in the tissue enhances effective embedding process. In this stage, body tissues are dissolved in dehydrating fluid for dehydration. For instance, lipids are in most cases dissolved in lower aqueous alcohols. Other commonly use chemicals in dehydration include diethoxyproprane and dimethoxypropane (Taylor,Shi, Chen, Young, Yang, Cote 2007, p. 245). Clearing This is the transition step between infiltration and dehydration. Some of the common used chemicals in this stage are wax... ?DISCUSS THE RATIONALE FOR THE STEPS USED IN...
American Indians Alcoholism
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...Alcoholism Introduction Also known as Native Americans, American Indians are members of any of the aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere; however, the term often connote only those groups whose original territories were in present-day Canada and United States (Encyclop?dia Britannica). The United States Census Bureau defines American Indian as “a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. This category includes people who indicated their race(s) as “American Indian or Alaska Native” or reported their enrolled or prin­cipal tribe, such as Navajo... ?American Indians...
CHEMICAL USE ASSESSMENT/HISTORY and TREATMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...alcohol abuse: The case of Jay W Treatment of alcohol abuse: The case of Jay W There are rising concerns about the numbers of people who are resorting to taking alcohol. Whereas alcohol is associated with far reaching implications, especially those that touch on human health, number of people joining alcohol abuse group has been on the increase. This comes despite the adoption of various anti-alcohol policies. Globally, alcohol abuse is among the most serious threat to human health. Alcohol is to blame for 5 percent of the global disease burden and 3.4 percent of all premature deaths. This translates into 59.5 million disability-adjusted life years with 1.9 million deaths (Babo, 2003... ? Treatment of...
Urban Planning / Plan Analysis
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...alcohols or ethers produced from biomass can be blended... 24th November Urban Planning Plan Analysis Many countries around the world are coming up with a strategic plan for their cities so that they can accommodate the large population in cities. Environmental, zoning, land use and transportation planning are some of the major issues that are considered very carefully while planning cities. One of the cities that have come up with an effective plan is Asheville in North Carolina. This paper will evaluate the comprehensive plan for the City of Asheville, North Carolina. The vision of the plan Following the desires of the community concerning the future growth of the city, a strategic plan was drafted to...
Imposition of the Pigouvin Taxes
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...alcohols and cigarettes. However, many economists wonder whether taxing of junk food will make sense to the government. In the United States, the support for a tax on junk food is now spreading and as a result, the Congress are considering to tax sugary drinks in order to help pay for planned expansion of health-care coverage1. It is not clear whether a tax on junk food will make sense because most people have junk food as part of a well-balanced diet as well as active lifestyle. Therefore, it may... cigarettes, gambling as well as alcohol. Today, research shows that many people are today suffering from mental disorders as a result of tobacco and alcohol...
PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE PAPER
3 pages (750 words) , Term Paper
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...alcohols... ? Personal Perspectives Paper After reading the required references, the essay aims to describe what one hopes to gain from the course and how it is believed that one may be able to use the course content in one’s daily life. Personal Perspectives Paper Introduction Emotions are the wild card in human intelligence, and one of the major factors that distinguishes our thinking from even the most sophisticated machine intelligence. Emotions can result from thoughts, memories, or from sensory perceptions. In the book entitled ABC’s of the Human Mind, it was revealed that “although some philosophers have cast emotions as villains that represent what is most irrational and animal in human nature,...
Aldehydes:C2H4O
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...alcohols through dehydrogenation (the process of removal of hydrogen). It is this process that the name aldehyde originated. The paper looks at aldehydes, their structures, some examples of aldehydes and their use. A detailed... Aldehydes: C2H4O Molecule Monmouth Aldehydes: C2H4O Molecule Aldehyde is any organic compounds where the carbon atom shares a double bond with another oxygen atom, one bond with a group/ single atom or one bond with any hydrogen atom (Lewis, 2007). The double bond existing between the oxygen and carbon is a primary characteristic of all the aldehydes and is commonly referred to as carbonyl group. Most of the aldehydes feature a pleasant odour. Principally, they are derived from...
Preventing the spread of Clostridium difficile through Systems Change: Improving Handhygiene
2 pages (500 words) , Research Proposal
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...alcohols, chlorhexidine, PCMX, and triclosan) is effective against virulent strain. Washing hands with soap and water may help to physically remove spores from the surface, however, rigorous regimen of hand hygiene is required. Hand washing (soap washing and water), contact precaution and meticulous environmental cleaning with an EPA-registered disinfectant are effective in preventing the spread of the organism (McFarland et al. 1989). Places with high endemic C.difficile infection rates or in an outbreak setting, use of dilute solutions of 5.25-6.15% sodium hypochlorite... Preventing the Spread of Clostridium difficile through Systems Change: Improving Hand Hygiene C. difficile accounts for 20% -30% of...
Treatments for Alcoholism
1 pages (250 words) , Annotated Bibliography
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...Alcoholism Task Tsai, Y., Tsai, M., Lin, Y. Weng, C. Chen, C., & Chen, M. (Jul . Facilitators and barriers to intervening for problem alcohol use. Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p1459-1468, 10p, 5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05299.x The article is a report of study carried out to explore the barriers in conducting the various interventions in the treatment of the alcohol problem. The study has been carried out based on the legal, health and social problems that are associated with extreme alcohol consumption. . According to the article the nurse have found out that the biggest facilitator to the intervention against alcohol use have relations to their illnesses... Treatments for...
Food chemistry
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...alcohols or esters. When applied to oils and fats, it is a reaction between different triglycerides with rearrangements of the acryl groups within and between different triglycerides. The process does... Interestification and Partial Hydrogenation Interesterification and partial hydrogenation Fatty acids contain a carbonyl group and one or more double bonds. The chemistry of fatty acids involves either or both of these functional groups. 90% of the chemistry of fatty acids and their esters are concerned with the acid ester group, while the double is only to a minor extent. Interesterification is reactions in which fatty acid compound esterified to a glycerol backbone is reacted with fatty acids, alcohols...
Diabetes
12 pages (3000 words) , Case Study
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...alcohols in the diabetic diet. Sugar alcohols can create bloating and diarrhea, especially in children. Having said that, there is some use for sugar alcohols in the diet of someone with diabetes as they are somewhat more natural than other sweeteners, but the problem is that they might still have as much carbohydrates or more in a product to make up the difference in flavor between the lowered level through the use of the sugar alcohol... ?Running Head: QUESTIONS Questions for Questions for Diabetes type Questions for Diabetes type 1. Discuss the latest information in detail regarding the etiology and genetics of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which requires insulin and is...
Preventing the spread of Clostridium difficile through Systems Change: Improving Handhygiene
2 pages (500 words) , Research Proposal
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...alcohols, chlorhexidine, PCMX, and triclosan) is effective against virulent strain. Washing hands with soap and water may help to physically remove spores from the surface, however, rigorous regimen of hand hygiene is required. Hand washing (soap washing and water), contact precaution and meticulous environmental cleaning with an EPA-registered disinfectant are effective in preventing the spread of the organism (McFarland et al. 1989). Places with high endemic C.difficile infection rates or in an outbreak setting, use of dilute solutions of 5.25-6.15% sodium hypochlorite... ? Preventing the Spread of Clostridium difficile through Systems Change: Improving Hand Hygiene C. difficile accounts for 20% -30%...
Coursework assignment 12525/W1 GCSE Biology
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...alcohols. H2O2 + RH2   to   2H2O + R (http://www.seps.org/cvoracle/faq/catalase.html) Catalase was one of the first enzymes to be purified to homogeneity, and has been the subject... of enzyme catalase on hydrogen peroxide The aim is to find out the effect of the enzyme catalase found in liver on hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) a poison.. Catalase is an enzyme present in the cells of plants, animals and aerobic (oxygen requiring) bacteria. It promotes the conversion of hydrogen peroxide, a powerful and potentially harmful oxidizing agent, to water and molecular oxygen. 2H2O2   to   2H2O + O2 Catalase also uses hydrogen peroxide to oxidize toxins including phenols, formic acid, formaldehyde and alcohols. H2O2 +...
Action Of Enzyme Catalase On Hydrogen Peroxide
5 pages (1250 words) , Lab Report
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...alcohols. H2O2 + RH2 to 2H2O + R (http://www.seps.org/cvoracle/faq/catalase.html) Catalase was one of the first enzymes to be purified to homogeneity, and has been the subject of intense study... Action of enzyme catalase on hydrogen peroxide The aim is to find out the effect of the enzymecatalase found in liver on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) a poison.. Catalase is an enzyme present in the cells of plants, animals and aerobic (oxygen requiring) bacteria. It promotes the conversion of hydrogen peroxide, a powerful and potentially harmful oxidizing agent, to water and molecular oxygen. 2H2O2 to 2H2O + O2 Catalase also uses hydrogen peroxide to oxidize toxins including phenols, formic acid, formaldehyde and a...
Brain-Behaviour relationship
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...alcohol". According to Volkow and Li (2004), there are legal and illegal drugs. Examples of legal drugs include alcohol and nicotine while cocaine and heroin are good examples of illegal drugs. Cannabis is legal in some states in the United States. It is important to posit that drugs are misused for a number of reasons ranging from for medical reasons to enjoyment or recreational purposes. Misuse of drugs is dangerous as it negatively affects the general health of individuals. This paper evaluates the evidence supporting... the Presidents claim with particular reference to low dose, and recreational use of each drug. Chronic consumption of alcohol consumption has been...
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