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Protein and Amino Acid
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Proteins are the building blocks of human body and are very essential nutrient. Amino acids and the basic units of proteins and are called the building blocks of protein. In general proteins are obtained food sources, such as meats and other animal products such as eggs, cheese and milk.… A lack of amino acids in daily diet will have a greater impact on all…
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How the 22nd amino acid is produced
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Running head: Amino acid. (Name): (University): (Course): (Tutor): (Date): Introduction The discovery of the extra amino acid in the history of science has sparked heated debate on the validity of the long standing central dogma that argued that the number of amino acids is discrete at twenty, courtesy of the molecular and cell biologists.… Even though it’s…
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Ing-minske procedure/ amino acid protection/ nucleotide analogues/ stereochemistry/ regioselectivity
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However, these organic compounds contain multiple amino acids which are bound together via “peptide” bonds; also known as amide bonds. Synthesis of peptides involves the coupling of carboxyl… The protecting groups are used to prevent polymerization of amino acids, in which each amino acid is not protected. Polymerization is a common reaction, due to excessive…
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The Role of Amino Acid R-groups to the Structure and Function of Ligand-Protein Complexes
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Their rate to front also differs and varies from one amino acid to another. The best procedure used in differentiating amino acids is by determining their rate to front, which is mainly established… Biologically proteins functions well when stable hence the need for enzymes that helps in maintaining their stability (Bruylants). The folding of proteins takes…
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The Role of Amino Acid R-groups to the Structure and Function of Ligand-Protein Complexes
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The Role of Amino Acid R-groups to the Structure and Function of Ligand-Protein Complexes Abstract This paper aims at discussing the molecular structure, the Rf and the binding of various amino acids. The paper discusses also the molecular formula.… This process is also distinguished by the intensity of colors on the chromatogram. 1. Amino acid names,…
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High Protein Diets: Metabolic Poison for those with Inborn Errors of Amino Acid Metabolism
8 pages (2000 words)
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Introduction A genetic disorder is caused by a defect in a persons DNA. The defect can vary from a single gene mutation to an addition or deletion of the total chromosome or set of chromosomes. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins but a diet high in protein can also lead to other problems like nephrolithiasis and osteoporosis.… This defect is…
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The Roles of Amino Acid R-groups in the Structures and Functions of Transmembrane Ion Channels
4 pages (1000 words)
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Name Professor Course Date The Roles of Amino Acid R-groups in the Structures and Functions of Transmembrane Ion Channels Introduction Amino acids refer to molecules with a group called amine. Each of these groups also contains two other groups known as carboxylic acid and the other side-chain connected to each of the amino acid.… The figure above shows the…
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What is meant by conservative vs. non-conservative amino acid substitutions in a protein, what are the possible implications of each, including a possible impact upon nutrition
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A conservative amino acid substitution is where an amino acid is replaced with another amino acid that has a chemical structure like the one being replaced. It causes little or absolutely no change in shape or any other attribute of the protein in which the substitution is… On the other hand a non conservative amino acid substitution brings about a change in…
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Describe the roles of amino acid R-groups to the transmembrane channels that allow passage of molecules and ions across lipid bilayers
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The R group protein is identified as amino acid side chain, which holds an amine operational group thus producing a basic solution because of the additional amine group that remains un-neutralized by the acid group. The most common R-group protein is arginine while others that… On the other hand, the hydrophilic amino acids are usually established on the…
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Toxicology
1 pages (250 words)
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Methylation is the addition of a methyl group to a substrate or the substitution of an atom or a group of atoms by a methyl group. A methyl group, CH3, is an alkyl group derived from methane, CH4, by lost of one hydrogen. The methylation process converts inorganic (metal) mercury, Hg, to methyl mercury, CH3Hg+.… Methyl mercury can coordinate (bond) to more…
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Amino Acide
7 pages (1750 words)
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Production of peptides in known as "peptide synthesis", in organic chemistry. However, these organic compounds contain multiple amino acids which are bound together via "peptide" bonds; also known as amide bonds. Synthesis of peptides involves the coupling of carboxyl group or C-terminus of one amino acid to the amino group or N-terminus of another amino acid.…
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Protein Diet in Athletes
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An author of this paper "Protein Diet in Athletes" aims to represent a discussion about protein dietary requirement for athletes, the importance of protein anabolism and catabolism in muscle building activities and amino acid supplementation and impact the athlete’s performance.… The muscle growth depends on the balance between protein synthesis (anabolism)…
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Genes
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DNA is the basic form in which instructions and information on the characteristics of any organism is stored in the cells. This information and instructions for the synthesis of the proteins is stored in DNA molecule… The sequence of these four nucleotide bases on a DNA molecule determine the sequence of amino acids on a given protein, that is, the genetic…
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Translation of MRNA to Proteins
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The initiation proteins join to the smaller sub-units of the ribosome. The initiation proteins are of three types, which include IF1, IF2 and IF3. The tRNA and the preinitiation complex… This include the A(amino acid) site, where the aminoacyl-tRNA anticodon base combine with the mRNA codon ensuring the actual amino acid is included in the growing polypeptide…
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Cell Biology
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1. In Eukaryotes, RNA polymerase I / II makes RNAs that become mRNAs. RNA polymerase II 2. The start signal for RNA synthesis is the same / different as the start signal for protein synthesis. same… 1. In Eukaryotes, RNA polymerase I / II makes RNAs that become mRNAs. RNA polymerase II 2. The start signal for RNA synthesis is the same / different as…
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Bioinformatics assignment
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School of Health Science Techniques and Applications in Molecular Biology YOUR NAME (PRINT)………………………………………. YOUR STUDENT ID…………………………………………. YOUR PROGRAMME (circle): Biol / BMS / HNC / other…………….… Tasks 1-7 are related to the material in Section B. Task 8 is to be found in Section C and uses the peptide sequence that was allocated to you. Marks are shown in…
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Bioinformatics assignment
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The results show that the matches are all peptide sequences which code for transferrin protein, except for one match, ICA, which codes for an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase in pigs. The sequence matches code for different forms of transferrin proteins in various species. For… Extreme pH can denature the active site of the enzyme. pH also gives an idea of the…
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LOVE Chapter 17 Questions
1 pages (250 words)
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RNA is different from DNA in the sense that the 5 carbon sugar is ribose not deoxyribose; the nitrogen base is uracil not thymine. Question 2.mRNA takes information from DNA to tRNA later on translate this information into codons making… They are separated by space because translation of the RNA occurs in the cytoplasm but DNA is only located in the nucleus so…
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Protein
2 pages (500 words) , Download 2
Like glutamine, alanine is a very important resultant of amino acid degradation that is used in the body. Alanine is the product of transamination of pyruvate that… The enzyme which is required for these processes to occur is alanine amino transferase. Proteins have various functions. They are broken down to amino acids which then provide energy to the body.…
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Intellectual Property
3 pages (750 words)
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Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Intellectual Property Rights Pharmaceutical Composition for Treating Diabetes This invention was filed in the U.S in August 2008 by Zhou Yinjun, Jiand Meixiang, and Zeng Guangrao and the patent was issued in February 2011 under current U.S Classification numbers 424/725; 424/729; 424/752; 514/345; 424/758.… It is able to prevent…
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Cell Biology Essay
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There are four levels of protein structure namely, primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures. Primary structure is the linear arrangement of amino acids in a protein and the location of covalent linkages such as disulfide bonds between amino acids.… Secondary structure is areas of folding or coiling within a protein, which are stabilized by…
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Biochemistry Assignment
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Amino acid group contains the universal excitatory transmitter called Glutamate.Glutamate acid is the most dominant excitatory transmitter in the central nervous system. Neurons from glucose are responsible for the synthesis of glutamate. It plays its role by opening sodium Na… Glutamate transmits quick and precise signal in the primary significant sensory and…
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Learning Experiences 5 (Personal Training)
1 pages (250 words)
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Multivitamins are dietary supplements containing three or more vitamins, dietary minerals and other nutritional elements and does not contain hormones and/or drugs. Each vitamin and mineral in the compound does not present any risk to the user’s health. Multivitamins are… The supplements are made available in form of tablets, capsules, bulk powder, or liquid.…
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Checkpoint kinases (CHK2)
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This gene has 27 transcripts (splice variants).In this case, I considered Synonymous variant, a sequence variant where there is no resulting change to the amino acid that is encoded. The amino acid is at position 347. The Transcript has several SNPs but I selected T/C… According to the figure 3,the list indicates several transcripts from the same gene and…
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Thalassaemia
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Most of the syndromes of α-thalassaemia result from gene deletions or gene mutations in one or more of the four α-globin gene… Then there is the α-thalassaemia trait characterized by two affected α-globin genes. Hemoglobin H disease is the third type classification of α-thalassaemia which has three affected genes. Finally, there is the α-Thalassaemia Major…
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