Enzyme Amylase Lab Report
5 pages (1250 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase is affected by parameters such as temperature, pH and concentration. It measured how changing levels of the parameters led to changes in enzyme activity. It proved that high enzyme concentrations and optimum pH levels and temperatures increased enzyme activity. Introduction: Amylase is an enzyme that helps in breaking down starch to form sugars such as maltose and glucose. In human beings it is found in the saliva. An enzyme is a protein-based catalyst that raises the reaction rate of a reaction by lowering the activation energy needed for that reaction... . It is not used up in the process. It is hypothesized that the enzyme activity changes when various parameters such as...
Biology lap report
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...Amylase” Enzymes are biological catalysts, that are present in the body to carryout various metabolic activities. They are basically made up of protein molecules which are very sensitive to temperature fluctuations in the surrounding where they accomplish biological reactions. Our daily diet encompasses great quantity of starch. Hydrolysis of starch is executed by amylase, an enzyme that acts on starch to break it down into maltose, maltriose, short oligosaccharides. This paper determines the enzymatic activity of amylase over a range of temperature and thus brings a close look on the optimal temperature for amylase activities... A Study to Examine the Effect of Temperature on Enzymatic Activity of...
The Effects of Temp & PH on Enzymes
6 pages (1500 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase that was labeled A, B or C. The tube with enzyme was kept on ice. Each group performed part 1 and 2 of the experiment. Part 1: The effect of temperature on -amylase Activity. First, -amylase preparation C was recorded and then one test tube was labeled "blank" and five others as 40C, 230C, 370C, 650C and 1000C. 1ml of 1% starch solution at pH 7 was added to each test tube, whereby the starch was the substrate for the reaction. Each tube was placed in a water bath that was set as one of the indicated temperatures. The blank and the 230C were placed at room temperatures while the 40C on ice. All the tubes were allowed to equilibrate to the desired temperatures for ten minutes... College: The...
Temperature Effect
9 pages (2250 words) , Essay
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...Amylase Hydrolysis of both Fungial Aspergillus_Oryzae and Bacterial Bacillus_Lichenifornis at Different Time Periods Professor Student Name: February 23, 2015 Group Member: (2) Abstract A laboratory experiment was conducted. The enzyme experiment focused on amylase hydrolysis from fungial Aspergillus_Oryzae and amylase hydrolysis from Bacterial Bacillus_Lichenifornis using starch hydrolysis. The procedures centered on both fungal amylase and bacterial amylase on four different temperatures levels and different time periods. Amylase hydrolysis includes soluble maltose (sugar) procedures. The findings... Effect of Temperature on...
Enzymes
12 pages (3000 words) , Essay
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...Amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of the polysaccharide starch (Amylose) to the disaccharide maltose. It is readily abundant in saliva, but somewhat unpleasant to obtain in large quantities. It is widely distributed in plant tissues, but is most abundant in seeds, where it apparently functions in initiating the breakdown of stored starch to glucose which is needed in large amounts during germination period. The point of the experiment is to find which seed Amylase is most abundant in, and if the circumstances affect... The human body carries out many metabolic activities to maintain homeostasis as well as provide energy for that given body. To catalyze this energy and organic necessities ...
Explain the structure of enzymes and discuss their role in metabolic reactions.
6 pages (1500 words) , Assignment
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...Amylase: For this particular study, amylase has been selected, which is an enzyme available in the human body. The amylase enables the digestion of carbohydrates in the body. The pancreas and the glands that are generally responsible for the creation of saliva are also responsible for the production of amylases. With the inflammation of the pancreas, the amylases get released in the blood within the body (Amylase – blood, 2012). The amylases produced in the pancreas enable conversion of polysaccharides into disaccharide maltose. It is found in its active form. This is primarily because the secretory cells are not endangered when the amylases are in their active forms... Structure of Enzymes and Their...
Enzymes Lab Report
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...Amylase Activity Experiment on Factors Affecting Enzyme Amylase Activity In this experiment, the enzyme amylase was used. It was responsible for starch hydrolysis. A sample of starch was hydrolyzed in the presence of amylase, to shorter polysaccharides, glucose, maltose and dextrins. The extent of hydrolysis was based on the time of reaction. The product is glucose if starch was completely hydrolyzed. The absence or presence of starch in the solutions was tested using iodine. Iodine never reacts with glucose, instead, forms a blue to black complex with starch. Following addition of iodine to a solution of glucose, the only color observed was red or yellow (iodine color... ). Therefore, the...
Medical Report for Pancreatitis
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...amylase, serum blood amylase, and urine amylase levels, as well as confirming the patients report of hyperlipidemia and hypertriglycerdemia. An abdominal CT scan returned positive results of an inflammation of the pancreas, and ERCP was used to conclusively confirm the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. The scan eliminated pancreas divisum as a cause for the condition. CT scan was inconclusive in determining if gallstones have formed as a result of the condition, so an endoscopic ultrasound or ERCP of the gallbladder will be performed. Patient was admitted to in-patient care and given pain medication and an IV drip. Patient... Pancreatitis Middle-aged male patient presented with nausea, vomiting, and pain ...
IB Biology Substrate Specificity of Digestive Enzymes Planning Investigation
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Amylase 2. Introduction: Enzymes are a biological catalyst which helps in increase the rate of reaction and thus accelerate the conversion of reactant to product in given reaction. Increase in the rate of reaction in mainly due to decrease in the activation energy by formation of enzyme-substrate complex which is energetically favorable compared to the substrate alone. Most of the enzymes are proteins with some exceptions of RNA enzymes known as ribozymes. Substrate specificity of an enzyme is one of the primary requirements for effective catalysis since at a given time, there will be thousands... 1. Aim: Investigation on substrate specifi and control variable of an enzyme using digestive enzyme Amylase...
Teaching Document
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...amylase enzyme, gluco-amylase enzyme... and carbon which is used in the adsorbers as a decolorizer. The process occurs in five main stages; two hydrolysis processes that convert about 100% of the starch in the slurry into glucose and three evaporation processes to dry up the glucose. The starch slurry first flows into the first hydrolyser, R1, which converts 25% of the starch into glucose using alpha-amylase enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis process. After the first hydrolysis process, the viscosity of the slurry is reduced, and the slurry is then passed through a centrifuge, PS-1, which removes any proteins and oils present. The slurry is then passed through the second...
Digestion, From Beginning to End
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0 , Essay
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...amylase, maltase, lactase, urease, pepsin, trypsin, nucleases, and DNA polymerases such as act as biological catalysts in the human body. In general, mechanical digestion occurs in the mouth and mastication occurs when a person starts to chew and grinds the food using the molars and premolars. As the tongue moves around the food inside the mouth when chewing, the soft palate closes the nasal passages and airway so that the food stays inside the mouth. Located on the anterior part of the hard palate, the rugae... facilitate the movement of food backwards towards the pharynx. (See Appendix I to IV – Nutritional Contents of Double Cheeseburger, French Fries, Chocolate Shake and Apple Pie on...
Digestion Lab Protocol
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase cleaves it to its component monosaccharide’s at the β-1,4 glycosidic linkage. The protocol was followed as suggested. Color of Solution: Reddish orange The breakdown efficiency... of amylase is it directly proportional to the color change it produces in the solution. Thus a reddish orange indicates good efficiency Had it been green or yellow, indicates that the enzyme is old, lost activity or not stored properly provided the substrate is consistent. Cellulose is NOT digested by humans. The appendix initially harboured bacteria which aided in fermentation of cellulytic sugars. Over the course of evolution, appendix has become vestigial as reliance on meat increased...
Culinary Class-Difference Between Starch Potato and WaxyPotato
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...amylase molecule (26%).Both amylase and amylopectin are polysaccharide which acts as forms of storage of glucose. Starchy potatoes are best used for deep frying, because they are low in sugar and can be fried long enough for them to cook... Differences between starchy and waxy potatoes A potato is a starchy, tuberous crop. The word potato could refer toplant itself or the edible tuber. For the purposes of this essay we are going to stick with the latter. Starchy potatoes (russets, purple) as the name suggests are rich in starch and have a thick skin, but are low in moisture and sugar. Waxy potatoes (red, new) are low in starch with a thin skin and are rich in both moisture and sugar. A waxy cooked potato...
NUTRITION (FOOD TEST PRACTICAL/DIGESTIVE ENZYMES
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...amylase) and eventually stops as soon as the partially digested starches could reach the stomach. First, it is important to know that digestion of food nutrients can occur using either mechanical digestion or chemical enzymes and that starch is a polysaccharide that can be digested only via chemical reactions (Eliasson, 2006, p. 475; Sullivan and Cooley, 2004, p. 45). Second, the stomach is responsible... Nutrition: Food Tests and Digestive Enzyme Experiment Short Introduction This laboratory test aims to examine which among the three (3) types of food (i.e. break, milk, and potato) contains glucose, protein, starch, and fat. For the digestive enzyme experiment, the test will seek to determine the...
Assessment (Portfolio): 2 x 250 word peer-review critique posters.
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...amylase and cortisol concentration. Cortisol is a critical hormone within the regulation of the stress response along the HPA axis and salivary cortisol employed as a measure of free circulating cortisol levels. The differences in amylase and cortisol responsiveness may be the outcome of the differences in the two stress response systems. The study on stress levels and the consequent effect on performance found that competition mean anxiety scores are higher relative to training... Critique Posters Critique Posters Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) represent neurodevelopment disorders typified by difficulties in social interaction, repetitive behaviors, restricted interests, and communication problems. ...
Acute Pancreatits
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...amylase and lipase in the body. Amylase is an enzyme created in the pancreas and salivary glands that breaks down carbohydrates. Lipase is produced in the pancreas... Acute Pancreatitis Acute Pancreatitis xxx xxx Acute Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the Pancreas that creates severe abdominal pain. According to Sargeant ( 2006 ) pancreatitis can either be acute or chronic in origin, but in both cases they can be alcohol-induced. Aside from alcohol use, stones in the gallbladder, or other biliary diseases can also cause pancreatitis. There are lesser causes though, among which are viral infections, surgery done to the pancreas, constant bil...
Medical Report
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...amylase and lipase. Techniques like therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography( ERCP) and endoscopy are done to view organs involved. Prognosis is good if the cause is eliminated. However, for patients with complicated conditions can recover under intensive care. References P G Lankisch, P., Droge, M., & Gottesleben. F., (1995). Drug induced acute pancreatitis: incidence and severity, Gut. 37:565-567 Oreily, D.A., & Kingsnorth, A.N., (2001). A brief history of pancreatitis. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 94. Print Stein, A., & Miller., J. ( 2000). NCLEC-RN Review. Thomson Learning. ISBN: 981-240-165-2... ?PANCREATITIS Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas with...
Human Digestion
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...amylase which breaks the food starch into smaller molecules. In the oral cavity, lingual lipase is also secreted which has a very small impact on fat digestion. Saliva mixes... Human Digestion Human Digestion The nutrients present in the food are contained within a variety of food structures and compositions. The process of breaking down the food structures so that the nutrients can be released and absorbed by the body is called as digestion. The human gastrointestinal tract is an open ended muscular tube that starts with the oral cavity and ends at the anus. The other structures forming the part of the gastrointestinal system are the esophagus, the stomach, the small intestine and the large intestine....
PH Indicators
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...Amylase is used in starch hydrolysis. Now gluco-amylase functions at pH 4.5 whereas fungal amylase at pH 5.5. Lactose hydrolysis is carried out by lactase for Aspergillus niger and A.oryzae at pH optima (pH 4.5-6.0 and 3.0-4.0, respectively) 2. Is the example you've located better suited to the use of pH indicators and their somewhat imprecise measurement, or better suited to a pH meter Enzyme industry would better employ a pH... pH Indicators Report Form Part I: Acidic Indicators Complete the following Tables. - Remember the mean molar concentrations. An easy way to calculate concentration after dilution is M1V1 = M2V2 Indicator: Bromothymol Blue Test Tube Color After Adding the Indicator [H+] pH 1 ...
Nutrition project 1
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...amylase and ptyalin begins the digestion of starch in mouth. Pancreatic amylase further digests it into small intestine. Starch than breaks down into alpha dextrin which then digested by gluco-amylase into maltose and maltotriose. Disaccharides are also hydrolyzing to monosaccharides by enzymes like maltose, isomaltase, sucrase and lactase which are present in brush boarder of the small intestine. The absorption occurs through the brush boarder epithelium covering villi. Protein: Chicken has highest level of protein in it. Where milk and rice also have some amount of protein.Protein... DIET CHART FOR TEENAGERS AND THEIR ABSORPTION IN VARIOUS PART OF DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Part A: The objective of this project...
Digestion
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...amylase which helps in breaking down the bonds found in the molecule of starch. The carbohydrates then reach the stomach where the process of digestion stops because of the acidic environment found there. These molecules are then pushed into the small intestine where the pancreatic juice neutralizes the hydrochloric acid of the stomach so that the enzymes can work on these molecules. Pancreatic amylase and salivary amylase start working in the small intestine and hydrolyze the large... ?Module 5 Trace the path of digestion through Jane from beginning to end. Include the nutrients the food contained and are broken down into, where digestion begins, what nutrients are broken into their components at each...
Anatomy & physiology/My fantastic voyage
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...amylase. The starch is broken into two monosaccharide units called disaccharides. Maltose is the disaccharide formed. A small amount of the starch is digested... Anatomy and Physiology/My Fantastic Voyage The first major structure to pass through is the mouth. At the mouth, we find teeth and there is a lot of mechanical digestion and mixing of food with the saliva. Teeth help in the mechanical digestion and tongue assists in the mixing of food with saliva. The first digestion starts in the mouth. Starch is the only component that begins its digestion in the mouth. The food molecule (starch) is digested by enzymes from the salivary secretions. The enzyme responsible for the digestion of starch is amylase. ...
Essay questions
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...amylase Proteins -- pepsin Lipids -- lingual lipase and pancreatic lipase b) Identify the gland or organ that produces each of these enzymes. Salivary glands produce the enzyme salivary amylase while gastric glands indirectly generate the pepsin. On the other hand, serous glands secrete lingual lipase whereas pancreatic juice is responsible for producing the pancreatic lipase. c) In what part of the digestive system are these enzymes active? (i.e stomach, small intestine, etc). Mouth -- for salivary amylase or ptyalin Stomach... Digestion is an important process in the human body. a) Identify the enzymes involved in the digestion of starch, proteins and lipids. Starch -- salivary amyla...
Biochem question and answer
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...amylase into maltose. Digestion continues in the duodenum by the enzyme maltase, which breaks the maltose into glucose, and absorption of the monosaccharide glucose happens in the small intestines. Sodium ions aid in the absorption of glucose. Yoghurt contains fats, sugars (sucrose) and milk proteins (casein). Milk proteins are digested... BIOCHEMISTRY QUESTION AND ANSWER Assignment 25 November Question Whole wheat bread contains the carbohydrates amylose and amylopectin, which form starch. It also contains fiber, which is completely indigestible and goes through the GI tract undigested, i.e. unable to be broken down by any enzyme. Starch, conversely, is digested in the mouth by the enzyme salivary...
Biochemistry lab report
10 pages (2500 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase at room temperature. 1cm3 of 3,5-dinitrosalicylate reagent was pipetted in several tubes labeled with regular time interval required. This reagent even stops the reaction. The reaction mixture was pipetted to these labeled tubes at regular time interval. Upon dilution with water, the color is read at 540 nm. Results: Table 1: Absorbance readings for the glucose standard curve Concentration g/ dm3 Absorbance 540 nm 0 0.0 2 0.34 4 0.58 6 0.78 8 1.2... hydrolysis as a function of time. Figure 3: Graph showing % hydrolysis of glycogen by acid and enzyme Figure 2 shows that the concentration of the reducing sugar released by the acid is much more than that released by the enzyme. It...
Biochemistry lab report
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...amylase solution at room temperature... Practical Chromatographic Separation of amino acids Introduction Different proteins in the body carry out specific biological processes in the body. The specific activities of the proteins are mainly determined by the proteins three dimensional structure which is dependent on the chemical structure of the said protein. Proteins contain long polypeptides containing amino acids linked together by peptide bonds. All the polymers are made of one or more of the twenty amino acids in different sequences and numbers. Chromatography can be used to distinguish between different biomolecules based on their chemical properties and weight of the molecule. Paper chromatography ...
Assignmentbiology questions to answer
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...Amylase acts specifically upon alpha acetal linkage (present in starch). The linkages in celluloses are beta-acetal on which amylase cant act. 2. a- tick mark b- cross mark 3. Calcium- gives strength to the bones Iron- Is an important element in hemoglobin, responsible for oxygen transfer. Phosphate- necessary element in energy transferring molecule like ATP, NADP etc. Nicotinic acid- Vitamin B3, Its derivatives, NADH, NAD, NAD+, and NADP play essential roles in energy metabolism in the living cell... 1.a.i. Epimer A.ii. In -glucose, the -OH group on the first (anomeric) carbon is in the direction opposite the methylene group. In -glucose, the -OH group is oriented in the same direction as the...
Digestive system
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase catalyzes breakdown of starch into sugars (trisaccharides and disaccharides); these sugars are later converted to glucose which supply energy to the body in form of ATP. 2. Enzyme pepsin helps in degradation of food proteins into peptides. Gastric gland also secretes other substances, such as enzyme rennin that curdles milk. Hydrochloric acid (HCL) produced by parietal cells activates enzymes that are in inactive form to active form: for instance pepsinogen (inactive form) to pepsin (active form); mucus... Human Anatomy Lab Report Topic: Digestive Systems Saliva aids in formation of food boluses in addition to lubricating, protecting, and cleansing the pharyngeal and esophageal mucosa. Enzyme...
Differentiation of microorganisms
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...Amylase, Caseinase, Gelatinase, and Catalase. The organisms used in this experiment include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus , Enterococcus faecalis, and Esherichia coli. All the organisms recorded a negative result with Oxidase except Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In amylase, all the organisms recorded a negative result except Bacillus subtilis. Additionally, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis recorded positive results with Caseinase, Gelatinase, and Catalase. From the result, Staphylococcus aureus, reacted positively with Gelatinase and Catalase tests only. All the other tests were negative. Enterococcus faecalis , recorded a negative... Differentiation of...
Physiology and Function
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...amylase enzyme that helps in starch digestion, whereas mucus plays an important role in lubricating the food bolus and reducing mechanical friction. Saliva also has one important function of protecting oral cavity from invading pathogens. It is a well known fact that many pathogens such as invading bacteria resides in mouth but still they are not able to ulcerate of infect the oral tissues. Many immunological ingredients... Physiology and Function Physiology and Function Cholecystokinin Cholecystokinin or CCK is a hormone secreted from duodenum in response to presence of fatty foods in the duodenal lumen. CCK plays a role in stimulating the parietal cells in the gastric mucosa to secrete more acid. But...
Biochemistry discussions
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...amylase that breaks down carbohydrates, pancreatic lipase that breaks down fats... BIOCHEMISTRY DISCUSSIONS Assignment 10 November The Central Dogma of Biochemistry and How it Affects Humans The central dogma of biochemistry states that the stream of information in living organisms starts from DNA to RNA and finally to proteins (Mikulecky, Gilman & Peterson, 2008). This means that the existence of information relies on its movement from the genetic material (DNA) to RNA (coded genetic information) and finally to proteins. The three steps involved in the central dogma are replication, transcription, and translation. Replication is the copying of genetic material, which leads to the establishment of more...
Lab 4
3 pages (750 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase whose function is to breakdown starch into simpler sugars that are later broken to produce energy Response to Question 2 The control experiment should make use of water instead of the starch solution following the same procedure. This is because water has no starch. Response to Question 3 Five minutes period allows the salivary amylase to work... ? Lab 4: Enzyme Experiment Effect of enzyme concentration Data Table Effect of enzyme concentration on the production of gas Response to Question 1 Enzyme-Catalase produced by the yeast Substrate-Hydrogen peroxide Response to Question 2 The rate of reaction in tube 1 was rapid followed by tube 2 and in tube 3 it was the slowest. This difference was...
The acid and enzymatic hydrolysis of glycogen
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...amylase (a(1® 4) glucan, 4-glucanohydrolase, E.C.3.2.1.1) cleaves the alpha 1 4 linkage in the glycogen molecule yielding a mixture of glucose, maltose and dextrin at the end. (Barbour, 1929). The alpha 1 6 hydrolysis does not takes place as the enzyme is specific for the alpha 1 4 cleavage. As the hydrolysis occurs in a random... The acid and enzymatic hydrolysis of glycogen Introduction: Polysaccharides are the high molecular weight molecules formed by joining the monosaccharide units using the glycosidic bonds. Some important polysaccharides are starch, cellulose and glycogen. They are the polymers of the glucose. This is proved by the acid hydrolysis of these polysaccharides, which yields the...
Nutrition for Health and Social Care (DISCUSSION)
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...amylase which breaks down the polysaccharides in the food. The saliva also assists in moistening of the food to allow it go down the stomach easily. From here the food is moved down to the stomach and is referred to as a chime. Here the stomach produces acids that kills bacteria in the food and stops the action of salivary amylase. In the pancreas... Nutrition for health and social care Macronutrients and their benefits to the human body. It is essential that we get enough nutrients in our daily diets to remain healthy and strong. They are the basic chemical that the health of some living thing demands for survival. Macronutrients are essential since they provide the fuel that keeps the body running....
A harmful impact of acid rain
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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...amylase, in a latosol and concluded that acid rain had adverse environmental impacts on soil enzyme activities in the latosol Latosol is an acidic red soil and forms in the tropical rainforest biome. In general, the catalase, acid phosphatase, and urease activities increased... Acid Rain “Acid rain is a worldwide environmental issue that has seriously destroyed forest ecosystems” (Liu et al). When rain waterconsists of excessive acid content, we call it as acid rain. The development of industries, power plants and the increased use of automobiles have polluted the atmosphere immensely and as a result of that the normal structure of the atmosphere has been changed a lot. Nitrogen compounds and Sulfur...
Acid Rain
6 pages (1500 words) , Research Paper
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...amylase, in a latosol and concluded that acid rain had adverse environmental impacts on soil enzyme activities in the latosol Latosol is an acidic red soil and forms in the tropical rainforest biome. In general, the catalase, acid... Acid Rain “Acid rain is a worldwide environmental issue that has seriously destroyed forest ecosystems” (Liu et al). When rain water consists of excessive acid content, we call it as acid rain. The development of industries, power plants and the increased use of automobiles have polluted the atmosphere immensely and as a result of that the normal structure of the atmosphere has been changed a lot. Nitrogen compounds and Sulfur oxides are some of the major gases which are...
Digestion and Enzymes
6 pages (1500 words) , Assignment
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...amylase and lysozyme. The lysozyme annihilates several types of bacteria such as staphylococcus and streptococcus which can result in infections. Lysozyme also, along with the washing... Digestion and Enzymes Number Department Task Recommended Dietary (Daily) Allowance (RDA) tables give the amount of nutrients an individual of a particular age group, gender, occupation or health condition needs if they are to maintain sound health and reduce the risks of diet associated ailments. Nutritional requirements are different for each nutrient and also vary between individuals and life stages. Some nutrients are required in larger quantities than in others, for example, protein is needed in grams while vitamin...
Enzymes
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...amylase, which is responsible for breaking down carbohydrates. As a result of a lack of this enzyme, this leads to another host of physiological problems. Body aches and stiffness result in multiple muscle groups and places on the body, with the pain ranging from moderate to severe. The pain is not the result... ?Enzymes as a Catalyst There are many important organic reactions, which govern both the biological and physiological world. Within our body, hundreds of chemical processes occur simultaneously under a variety of conditions. Many of these processes are interconnected, meaning that there are biochemical pathways, which require the activation of multiple enzymes in order to achieve a desired...
Nutrition for Health and Social Care (DISCUSSION)
4 pages (1000 words) , Assignment
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...amylase. The bulk of digestion takes place in the small intestines with aid of pancreatic amylase. Carbohydrates are absorbed through villi, and mainly function as a source of energy in the body. References Anon., 2005... Task Characteristics of macronutrients and their benefits to the body Macronutrients are divided into three es, and are basically described as the chemical compounds that are consumed by human beings in large quantities. Micronutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, and fats (Murray, et al., 2006). Proteins Proteins are defined as large biological molecules made of one or more chains of amino acids (Protein Digestion & Absorption , 2005). The structure of a protein is composed of a chai...
Learning Experience for Personal Trainer Certification
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Amylase, Bromelain, Lipase, Nattokinase, Papain Amino Acids & Specialty Nutrients: 5-HTP, Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), Alpha... Learning Experience for Personal Trainer Certification Two popular multi-vitamin formulations are found to be as under. Both brands have vitamins, minerals and herbs together in their formulations. They are kept together to offer a complete supplement for the need of the body and together they bring forth synergy for necessary bioactivity essential for nourishment of all cells and tissues of the body. 1. Xtend-life is a popular brand and has many ingredients of vitamins and supplements including herbs. It has seven versions to choose from. It has specific products for male a...
Unit 7 paper biochem
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...amylase (ptyalin) digests starch into maltose. In the stomach, waves of muscular contractions called peristalsis (mechanical digestion) further squeeze the food, aiding in mechanical digestion. The gastric cells in the stomach walls secrete acidic juices including hydrochloric acid that create a favourable environment for the enzyme pepsin, which digests proteins into peptides. The partially digested food passes to the duodenum where most of the enzymatic digestion takes place. The pancreas secretes pancreatic juices containing a mixture of enzymes such as the pancreatic amylase, which finalizes the digestion of starch to maltose. Pancreatic juice contains sodium... UNIT 7 BIOCHEMISTRY PAPER Nutritional ...
Lactic acid and ethanol fermentation
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...amylase that is present in germinated grain kernels. Vodka is produced by the fermentation of amylase-treated grains or potatoes, while the first step involved in the production of rum is the fermentation of cane sugar. In each and every process the fermentation must take place in a vessel that is specifically arranged to allow CO2 to escape, but at the same time preventing the external air from coming in, as formation of ethanol can only take place in absence of oxygen. The yet another use of yeast fermentation of various... ? Number] Lactic acid and ethanol fermentation Introduction The word Fermentation is derived from Latin verb “fever” which means “to boil”. It is the process through which energy is ...
Reflective account of clinical incident
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...amylase, serum osmolarity and serum triglycerides. Urine samples were sent for urine glucose and ketone bodies. Pregnancy was ruled out. The first therapy initiated after sending the blood samples was fluid and electrolyte therapy and insulin replacement. Two large bore venous lines, one in each arm, were placed; one was to facilitate fluid therapy, and the other to draw blood samples as and when required. The dehydration status of the patient was corrected over 24 hours after calculating the fluid deficit by clinical assessment. For initial... Reflective Practice of a Clinical Incident Reflective practice is an excellent tool to learn and acquire clinical skills. It provides a retrospective review of...
Medical Devices Decontamination
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...Amylase cleaning enzymes are used for starch, Carbohydrase Cleaning Enzymes used to remove high starches etc from medical devices and Protease Cleaning Enzymes are used for blood clots etc. Some other possible tests for Bioburden testing include Bioburden recovery prerequisite; Bioburden immunized product method, Bioburden, comprehensive rinse method, Bioburden Sample Item Portion (SIP), Bioburden Pooling and Bioburden aerobic... Running Head: MEDICAL DEVICES DECONTAMINATION Medical Devices Decontamination of the of the Medical Devices Decontamination Automated Washer Disinfector Automated Washer Disinfectors are the cleaners intended to make medical devices reusable and hygienic, by helping out in their...
The Anatomy of Human Digestive System
11 pages (2750 words) , Download 2 , Term Paper
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...amylase that digests starch and mucin that lubricates food for easy swallowing. It also has buffer system that balances the pH and antibacterial chemicals that kill bacteria from the food. Deglutination Deglutination constists of sequence of three stages: voluntary stage ,pharyngeal stage and esophageal stage. The voluntary stage push back the food back to the mouth before swallowing. The pharyngeal stage raises the soft palate and the esophageal stage contracts the pharyngeal muscles, open the esophagus and start peristalsis. The Esophagus... ?The Anatomy of Human Digestive System Introduction Digestion is the process wherein food is mechanically and chemically breaks down into smaller pieces small...
Describle the signaling pathways responsible for regulating the release of the pancreatic zymogens from the pancreatic acinar ce
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...amylase, but do not alter the calcium ion mobilization. An additional protein family identified on some zymogens is the Rab group. Although... Regulation of Pancreatic Function The pancreas is an organ that performs both exocrine andendocrine functions. The endocrine functions include the production of insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptides by the islet cells. This research paper will focus on the regulation of the exocrine function. The exocrine function involves the release of digestive enzymes through the pancreatic duct. The research specifically handles the regulation of the acinar cells. These cells are responsible for the release of zymogens that play a critical role in...
Assignment1
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...amylase components do not dissolve in water while Amylopectin dissolves in water. Structurally, Amylose can appear in a pair of distinct helical forms or in a distorted amorphous confirmation. Amylopectin , however, has a non-random branching determined by enzymes... Questions a. Insulin is a protein hormone that is made p of protein chains linked in a disulfide bond and contains 51 amino acids. It is vital in the regulation of amino acids, lipids and carbohydrates and carbohydrates absorption. It hence increases the protein synthesis as well as DNA replication process. DNA, on the other hand is responsible for storing of genetic information during the insulin coding process. This can be distinguished...
Understanding food principle and preparation- study guide questions.
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...amylase. 4. What is the difference between short grain and long grain rice before cooking? After cooking? Long-grained rice has high amounts of amylase while short-grained rice has higher amounts of amylopectin. On cooking, long-grained rice tends to remain intact while short-grained rice becomes sticky. 5. What factors influence the cooking of grains? The form of grain, the pH of the water being used and the desired tenderness on cooking influences the cooking of grains. 6. What is pasta? Pasta is a noodle that is made from unleavened dough of durum wheat flour. 7. What method of preparation is used for pasta? The flour is mixed with water and formed...
Your thirst and hunger centers tell you that you are dehydrated and hungry.
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...amylase maltase, sucrase, lactase, etc. to digest carbohydrates and lipase to digest fats. By passing through the sections of the small intestine i.e. duodenum, jejunum and ileum, the food enters the large intestine. The large intestine functions to re-absorb water and in the further absorption of nutrients. The rectum... ?Situation: Your thirst and hunger centers tell you that you are dehydrated and hungry. You decide a cold water (or beer if you fancy) and chicken wings will satisfy such desires. You need to reach for your frosty beverage on the counter directly in front of you. Your starting point should be anatomical position. Instructions: (Part 1) Specify the movements, muscles, bones, and joints...
Nutrition1
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...amylase is one of the enzymes, and it starts the chemical digestion of the carbohydrates into smaller molecules. After the food is well chewed, the tongue helps in rolling it up into a ball known as bolus for swallowing. The esophagus is a tube made of strong muscles that connect the mouth and the stomach. The bolus goes down to the stomach through it using peristaltic waves. The esophageal sphincter... A DAY’S MENU AND THE DIGESTIVE PROCESS By……………… City, State Date of Submission Below are the menus for a day where the recommended daily allowance of calories is 2,200. Other recommended allowances are 285g of carbohydrates, 55g of fat and 44g of protein. BREAKFAST MENU 2 fried eggs (2 servings...
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