Case study of nutritional biochemistry (with clinical implications).
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...amylase breaks down some of the carbohydrates into its smaller components. The bolus then passes the esophagus, which undergo peristaltic movement to allow the bolus to reach the stomach. The organ contains pepsinogen-secreting chief cells and acid-secreting parietal cells, making it the most suitable area for protein digestion. After 40 minutes to a few hours, the stomach will release chyme into the small intestine, where the ultimate degradation of food occurs. The pancreas produces carbohydrate-, protein-, and lipid-catabolizing enzymes... ?Introduction One of the main identifying characteristics of heterotrophs is the ability make use of other living things, which are made up of basically the same...
Enzyme Amylase Lab Report
5 pages (1250 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase is affected by parameters such as temperature, pH and concentration. It measured how changing levels of the parameters led to changes in enzyme activity. It proved that high enzyme concentrations and optimum pH levels and temperatures increased enzyme activity. Introduction: Amylase is an enzyme that helps in breaking down starch to form sugars such as maltose and glucose. In human beings it is found in the saliva. An enzyme is a protein-based catalyst that raises the reaction rate of a reaction by lowering the activation energy needed for that reaction... . It is not used up in the process. It is hypothesized that the enzyme activity changes when various parameters such as...
Enzymes
12 pages (3000 words) , Essay
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...amylase is a major digestive enzyme in animals. It is said to operate faster than its isomers (i.e. beta and gamma- amylase). In beta-amylase, the catalytic activity yields sweetness in any given apparatus, such as fruit. Bacteria, Fungi, and plants synthesize this type of enzyme. It usually present in cereals containing malt. Microbes utilize this enzyme to break down Animals do not possess this type of enzyme although many mutualistic organisms that reside within the animal (e.g., micro organisms within the digestive track.) may possess it. Furthermore, Gamma-amylase continues the decomposition of starch after alpha-amylase molecules disappear or worn away inept to finish the job...
Tax Breaks as Spending
3 pages (750 words) , Article
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...Breaks as Spending discusses the way the United s government utilizes the tax to hide the fact they are spending money in the economy. For a typical family income and spending are clearly identified. Income comes from the salary a person earns, while spending occurs when money is used to buy goods or services. Spending for the federal government is not as simple as for a regular family. Spending for the federal government can occur through a variety of taxing strategies that reduce the burden on American families. President Barack Obama is currently in a fiscal standoff with Republican Senators. The President and the Democratic Party want to reduce the deficit... ? The article U.S. News -CAPITAL: Tax...
The California labor issue-meals and breaks
9 pages (2250 words) , Research Paper
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...Breaks College: California Laws on Meals and Breaks The employee rights are factors that havebecome critically important within the contemporary work environment. The Labor laws in different countries stipulate specific responsibilities that an employer must comply with during ordinary work days. In California, Labor laws provide specific work standards that must be applied in both private and public employment sector. The meals and Break laws is one of the important laws that have sparked a lot of attention in the recent past. This law requires employers provide the employees with 30 minutes break after every 5 hours of work. In the recent past, there is evidence... California Laws on Meals and Breaks...
Report about Cedar Breaks Park
9 pages (2250 words) , Term Paper
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...Breaks Park Introduction-Step into the mesmerizing world! The moment I stepped into the Cedar Breaks Park, it felt as if I am in Paradise. Cedar Breaks Park located in Cedar City near the south side of Lake Georgetown is a place which soothed my nerves and demonstrated the beauty of nature. This report will take you into the beautiful world of this lush green park which will compel you to visit this place as soon as possible. From its amazing history to its jaw-dropping descriptions, from its interesting geology to the services it provides to the enthusiasts, everything will be reported here. It feels as which you are touching the sky as this park is 10,000 feet above... ? Number] Report about Cedar...
United Airlines Breaks Guitars Case
4 pages (1000 words) , Case Study
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...Breaks Guitar.” Harvard Business School. Schermerhorn, J., Hunt, J., Osborn, R. 2003. Organizational Behavior (8th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.... United Airlines is one of largest companies in the airline industry. The airline industry is an oligopoly. Despite its experience the firm has been going through some harsh times. In order to reduce costs the company has been implementing a series of initiatives that are hurting the customer service the company offers. Recently the firm encountered a problem with a young musician which escalated because the company did not satisfy the customer’s needs. The bad press the company received hurt the public image of the company which devalued the price of...
Digestion, From Beginning to End
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0 , Essay
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...amylase. On the other hand, the intestinal mucosa secretes maltase and lactase enzymes which are responsible in converting maltose to glucose, and lactose to glucose and galactose respectively. For easy swallowing, the saliva contains mucin which acts as a lubricant. When swallowing the food, the epiglottis prevents the food from entering into the trachea. Eventually, the bolus will pass through the esophagus before entering the stomach. A double cheeseburger, French fries, apple pie, and double thick chocolate shake are also rich in fats and protein. As part of the chemical digestion that takes place inside the stomach, the enzyme known as the gastric lipase...
Saving our surf breaks in California
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0 , Research Paper
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...Breaks Number Introduction Being a surfer means being one with nature, more specifically, “Mother Nature” (Taylor, 2010, p. 116). Aside from having the right equipment and developing proper skills, surfing relies first and foremost on the condition of the ocean and the waves it produces for “without waves, the concept of being a surfer would be totally meaningless” (Butt, 2009). Hence, since the 1960s, surfing environmentalism—which aims to preserve surf spots and the oceans of the world in general—arose; because where would surfers be without the environment (Kampion, 2009, p. 117)? With the advent of surfing environmentalism also came the task of educating the both... ? Saving California’s Surf Breaks...
Design Process Technical Research Paper (car breaks)
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0 , Research Paper
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...breaks) Design Process Technical Research Paper (car breaks) Braking systems for most, if not all modern cars use hydraulic systems. This system transports the required power to make the braking system frictional surfaces to come into contact with individual wheels of the car. In simple terms, the fluid is subjected to pressure transmits a force to all car parts through small pipes and flexible hoses without using large volumes which may pose regular problems. The process is aided by a great mechanical advantage via the system’s brake pedal. This foot pressure is necessary in order to actuate brakes. Typically, this can be reduced by making the master... ? Design Process Technical Research Paper (car...
Human Digestion
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...breaks food into smaller protions. Saliva also contains the enzyme salivary amylase which breaks the food starch into smaller molecules. In the oral cavity, lingual lipase is also secreted which has a very small impact on fat digestion. Saliva mixes... Human Digestion Human Digestion The nutrients present in the food are contained within a variety of food structures and compositions. The process of breaking down the food structures so that the nutrients can be released and absorbed by the body is called as digestion. The human gastrointestinal tract is an open ended muscular tube that starts with the oral cavity and ends at the anus. The other structures forming the part of the gastrointestinal system...
Nutrition project 1
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...amylase and ptyalin begins the digestion of starch in mouth. Pancreatic amylase further digests it into small intestine. Starch than breaks down into alpha dextrin which then digested by gluco-amylase into maltose and maltotriose. Disaccharides are also hydrolyzing to monosaccharides by enzymes like maltose, isomaltase, sucrase and lactase which are present in brush boarder of the small intestine. The absorption occurs through the brush boarder epithelium covering villi. Protein: Chicken has highest level of protein in it. Where milk and rice also have some amount of protein.Protein... DIET CHART FOR TEENAGERS AND THEIR ABSORPTION IN VARIOUS PART OF DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Part A: The objective of this project...
Biochem question and answer
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...amylase into maltose. Digestion continues in the duodenum by the enzyme maltase, which breaks the maltose into glucose, and absorption of the monosaccharide glucose happens in the small intestines. Sodium ions aid in the absorption of glucose. Yoghurt contains fats, sugars (sucrose) and milk proteins (casein). Milk proteins are digested... BIOCHEMISTRY QUESTION AND ANSWER Assignment 25 November Question Whole wheat bread contains the carbohydrates amylose and amylopectin, which form starch. It also contains fiber, which is completely indigestible and goes through the GI tract undigested, i.e. unable to be broken down by any enzyme. Starch, conversely, is digested in the mouth by the enzyme salivary...
Acute Pancreatits
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...amylase and lipase in the body. Amylase is an enzyme created in the pancreas and salivary glands that breaks down carbohydrates. Lipase is produced in the pancreas... Acute Pancreatitis Acute Pancreatitis xxx xxx Acute Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the Pancreas that creates severe abdominal pain. According to Sargeant ( 2006 ) pancreatitis can either be acute or chronic in origin, but in both cases they can be alcohol-induced. Aside from alcohol use, stones in the gallbladder, or other biliary diseases can also cause pancreatitis. There are lesser causes though, among which are viral infections, surgery done to the pancreas, constant bil...
Do we learn more from work that follows or breaks with accepted conventions
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...Breaks With Accepted Conventions: An account of views from art and science There has been plenty of research, since the inception of human understanding of nature, on the methods of learning that are easy to follow as well as easy to teach. With the advancement in science and technology, there has been a lot of progress in every subject. As it follows from study, there are certain laws which govern every field of work. We assume certain conditions which can only be true if the mentioned laws of governance are satisfied, these are the rules, methods or practices established by usage i.e. a custom. Similarly, a convention... Guide's Do We Learn More From Work That Follows Or...
Anatomy & physiology/My fantastic voyage
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...amylase act on starch and break them into disaccharides. The disaccharides (maltose, sucrose and lactose) are acted upon by carbohydrate digesting enzymes (maltase, sucrose and lactase... Anatomy and Physiology/My Fantastic Voyage The first major structure to pass through is the mouth. At the mouth, we find teeth and there is a lot of mechanical digestion and mixing of food with the saliva. Teeth help in the mechanical digestion and tongue assists in the mixing of food with saliva. The first digestion starts in the mouth. Starch is the only component that begins its digestion in the mouth. The food molecule (starch) is digested by enzymes from the salivary secretions. The enzyme responsible for the...
Essay questions
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...amylase Proteins -- pepsin Lipids -- lingual lipase and pancreatic lipase b) Identify the gland or organ that produces each of these enzymes. Salivary glands produce the enzyme salivary amylase while gastric glands indirectly generate the pepsin. On the other hand, serous glands secrete lingual lipase whereas pancreatic juice is responsible for producing the pancreatic lipase. c) In what part of the digestive system are these enzymes active? (i.e stomach, small intestine, etc). Mouth -- for salivary amylase or ptyalin Stomach... Digestion is an important process in the human body. a) Identify the enzymes involved in the digestion of starch, proteins and lipids. Starch -- salivary amyla...
Biochemistry discussions
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...amylase that breaks down carbohydrates, pancreatic lipase that breaks down fats... BIOCHEMISTRY DISCUSSIONS Assignment 10 November The Central Dogma of Biochemistry and How it Affects Humans The central dogma of biochemistry states that the stream of information in living organisms starts from DNA to RNA and finally to proteins (Mikulecky, Gilman & Peterson, 2008). This means that the existence of information relies on its movement from the genetic material (DNA) to RNA (coded genetic information) and finally to proteins. The three steps involved in the central dogma are replication, transcription, and translation. Replication is the copying of genetic material, which leads to the establishment of more...
Should we give tax breaks to companies developing drugs for rare diseases?
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Breaks to Companies Developing Drugs For Rare Diseases? There are minor diseases which get “orphaned” because only a small portion of the worlds population suffers from it. However, because of the miniscule size of afflicted, the companies decline to do so. It will not be financially conducive for them to delve into it because of the small return on investment on something that could cost the company billions of dollars to produce. Which is why the government should offer taxpayer support for the research and development of these drugs. Pretending the illness does not exist, will not magically create a cure for the afflicted. It will only hasten their death. Since it is within... Should We Give Tax...
Explain the legal position of cohabitees whose relationship breaks down. Consider whether the law (statutory or otherwise) provi
16 pages (4000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...breaking up after cohabiting together, and ordinary property law principles are applied in such cases.26 In divorce cases, the property is presumed to be the property of both partners in the marriage. In this case, the property is divided between them in an equitable manner, which would mean that the property is divided in a fair manner, as decided by the court.27 However, this is not the case with property law... ?Essay Table of Contents Introduction Issues Surrounding Cohabitation 2 Law Regarding Cohabitation 5 Solution 10 Conclusion 12 Introduction Many couples choose to live together without benefit of marriage. This is an inescapable fact. However, it is also an inescapable fact that, at least in...
Unit 7 paper biochem
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...breaks it down into small pieces as saliva lubricates it. Chemical digestion of carbohydrates begins... UNIT 7 BIOCHEMISTRY PAPER Nutritional Biochemistry 29 December Question The above-mentioned activities are a combination of aerobic and anaerobic activities. This is because they involve both short and prolonged exercises. According to Smith, there are three basic energy systems (n.d.). The phosphagen system is active during extremely short exercises that involve highest short gusts of energy. The phosphagen system depends on stored ATP to provide immediate energy. The glycolytic energy system (anaerobic) involves partial breakdown of glucose into pyruvate to give small amounts of energy. This pathway...
Nutrition for Health and Social Care (DISCUSSION)
4 pages (1000 words) , Assignment
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...breaks peptides into smaller chains finally resulting into dipeptides and tripeptides (Protein Digestion & Absorption 2005). Individual amino acids that are yielded at the end of the digestion are absorbed through the cell lining the small intestines into the blood stream. After digestion, proteins are used in the body for various functions. About 20 amino acids are yielded after digestions are used to construct proteins for different functions in the body. Proteins are basically used to produce antibodies, for body tissues (production and repair), production of enzymes and storage of products including amino acids. Fats Most of the fats consumed... Task Characteristics of macronutrients and their...
Biochemistry lab report
10 pages (2500 words) , Lab Report
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...breaks the glycosidic linkages of the glycogen. Glycogen is present in all cells of the body, except neurons. Its metabolism is different and important in liver and muscles. Glycogen is not only important for glucose storage in muscles, but is medically important as well. Glycogen storage disease is commonly seen and there are 7 different types of this disease. These are inborn metabolic disorders involving enzymes of glycogen metabolism. Due to this reason, enzymatic kinetics of hydrolysis of glycogen is also important to study... Biochemistry Laboratory Reports: A Practical Portfolio by SID # and # Practical Chromatographic Separation of amino acids Introduction: Chromatographic separation technique emp...
Nutrition for Health and Social Care (DISCUSSION)
4 pages (1000 words) , Assignment
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...amylase which breaks down the polysaccharides in the food. The saliva also assists in moistening of the food to allow it go down the stomach easily. From here the food is moved down to the stomach and is referred to as a chime. Here the stomach produces acids that kills bacteria in the food and stops the action of salivary amylase. In the pancreas... Nutrition for health and social care Macronutrients and their benefits to the human body. It is essential that we get enough nutrients in our daily diets to remain healthy and strong. They are the basic chemical that the health of some living thing demands for survival. Macronutrients are essential since they provide the fuel that keeps the body running....
The Anatomy of Human Digestive System
11 pages (2750 words) , Download 2 , Term Paper
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...break down with mastication (chewing). Chemical digestion uses enzymes and substances secreted by the salivary glands. The saliva contains amylase that digests starch and mucin that lubricates food for easy swallowing. It also has buffer system that balances the pH and antibacterial chemicals that kill bacteria from the food. Deglutination Deglutination constists of sequence of three stages: voluntary stage ,pharyngeal stage and esophageal stage. The voluntary stage push back the food back to the mouth before swallowing. The pharyngeal stage raises the soft palate and the esophageal stage contracts the pharyngeal muscles, open the esophagus and start peristalsis. The Esophagus... ?The Anatomy of Human...
Nutrition1
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...amylase is one of the enzymes, and it starts the chemical digestion of the carbohydrates into smaller molecules. After the food is well chewed, the tongue helps in rolling it up into a ball known as bolus for swallowing. The esophagus is a tube made of strong muscles that connect the mouth and the stomach. The bolus goes down to the stomach through it using peristaltic waves. The esophageal sphincter... A DAY’S MENU AND THE DIGESTIVE PROCESS By……………… City, State Date of Submission Below are the menus for a day where the recommended daily allowance of calories is 2,200. Other recommended allowances are 285g of carbohydrates, 55g of fat and 44g of protein. BREAKFAST MENU 2 fried eggs (2 servings...
Diet and Digestion
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...breaks down proteins into trypsin and chymotrypsin pancreatic lipase pancrease lipase breaks down fats into monoglyceride products colipase pancrease binds the lipase enzyme as it holds it onto the lipid droplet (NIX & NIX 2013, pg50). As the digestion begins in the mouth, saliva from the glands located in the head, drains into the bolus from a network of ducts. The saliva contains mucus which lubricates as well as moistens the food before swallowing. The enzyme amylase in the saliva helps in initializing the digestion of polysaccharides. Also, saliva helps in dissolving food molecules which react with chemoreceptors in the mouth and give...
Write human anatomy essay
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...Amylase secreted by the pancreas degrades starch into glycogen. The pancreas in addition secretes four enzymes that act on the disaccharides converting them into monosaccharide. Sucrase is responsible for breaking down sucrose into glucose... The Digestive System Introduction: The digestive system in the human body has the functions of ingesting food, digesting it and absorbing the required nutrients for the body. For this purpose it is made up of a long hollow tube that extends from the lips of the mouth to the anus between the two lower limbs, with other organs whose secretions assist in the digestive process. The Mouth: Ingested food enters the digestive system at the mouth or buccal cavity, which is ...
Final Project
7 pages (1750 words) , Research Paper
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...amylase in the mouth that breaks down monomeric units inherent in oligosaccharides and disaccharides while breaking complex starches into simpler ones. This occurs alongside mechanical breakdown of starches. In the stomach, pancreatic amylase... ? Healthy Eating Healthy Eating Connection between Nutrition and Disease There is a connection between nutrition and disease exhibited from infancy to adulthood. This is the reason why pregnant mothers face the compulsion of observing a balanced diet that can promote the growth of the unborn fetus. Mothers who lack sufficient knowledge risk giving birth to babies who are underweight. Such babies are susceptible to diseases since weight is the most critical...
Bacterial Transformation
4 pages (1000 words) , Term Paper
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...amylase and extra gene which breaks down beta lactamase or starches and eventually leads to a breakdown of antibiotic ampicillin. To this end, the growth of bacteria is evident even in places outside their natural setting. In the field of medicine, the ability naturally competent bacteria in acquiring plasmids that possess resistant antibiotic genes is deemed as critical. This has immensely influenced the development of new strains of bacteria that are resistant to common antibiotics. Evidently, genes that are encoded by plasmids are capable of spreading through bacterial populationst... Bacterial Transformation Historical Perspective The process of transformation was initially described by Fred...
Assessment of Lipase Activity in Pancreatic Extracts
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...amylase. The food is then chewed and swallowed and travels to the stomach. In the stomach, the fat separates from the other components in the aqueous environment and floats on the top of the medium. The fat globules do not mix with the stomach fluids. The fat globules are not digested in the stomach and they move into the small intestine. The floating immiscible fat molecules are digested with the help of the emulsifier bile. Bile is an amphiphilic molecule. (Sizer, Piche and Whitney 2011). It binds the fat molecules on one end and the watery compounds on the other end... ? ASSESSMENT OF LIPASE ACTIVITY IN PANCREATIC EXTRACTS Introduction: The food that we take in is first broken down by the salivary...
The consequences of Hortebort's syndrome
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...amylase will break down these carbohydrates into maltose. Disaccharide enzymes will break down sucrose, maltose and lactose into various forms of monosaccharides. Basically, all lipid digestions occur in the small intestine. Due to their solubility in water, these lipids will have to enter the small intestine in the forms of globules. The small intestine absorbs and average of 750g of nutrients a day and majority of the water intake, while the large intestine will absorb the rest of the excess water the small intestine was not able to absorb. The small intestine absorbs nutrients and has an internal surface area that is surprisingly large which plays a big factor... ?Majority of the digestion processes...
Animal System
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...breaks down the starch (salivary amylase) and fat... Animal Digestive System Introduction This essay focuses on the digestive system of ruminant animals like cattle, sheep, and goats. Ruminant animals are hoofed mammals that have a digestive system, which enables them to utilize energy produced by a fibrous plant more efficiently than other herbivores. Unlike monogastric animals such as pigs and poultry, the digestive system of ruminants is designed to ferment feedstuffs and avails all the precursors for energy for the animal to use. Ruminant Digestive system The digestive system of ruminants like cattle enables the animals to efficiently, use the high roughage feedstuffs, including forages. Their digest...
Acute pancreatitis
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...amylase. When these enzymes leak out of a malfunctioning pancreas, some is taken up into the blood, where high levels... ?While I was on a placement on an assessment unit a patient was admitted with severe upper abdominal pain radiating through her back, while her abdominal muscle had shown some sign of tender .She also had nausea and vomiting with anorexia. The patient was a 59-year-old woman and for the sake of upholding confidentiality, the patient will henceforth be referred to as Mrs A (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2010). The very first assessment involved collecting the patient’s blood sample for testing and the results indicated that she had increased levels of digestive enzymes known as serum...
Dental Public Health Prevention Plan
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Assignment
...amylase and provide a perfect environment for cariogenic bacteria to grow and flourish, which results in teeth demineralization (Touger-Decker & Loveren, 2003). Children, between the ages of 6 and 12 years consume soft drinks, fruit juices, cookies and sweet candy, all of which can result in high rates of dental caries. Hashim, Williams & Thomson (2009) found that children who ate snack food items more than three times a day had 33% higher DMFT (decayed, missing and filled teeth) scores than those who ate snacks only once a day. Children who ate snacks more frequently than three times a day had 49% higher DMFT... ? Dental Public Health Prevention Plan Alexander Heatrice DDS A.T. MPH736.4-Intro to Dental...
Issues paper
4 pages (1000 words) , Assignment
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...amylase and provide a perfect environment for cariogenic bacteria to grow and flourish, which results in teeth demineralization (Touger-Decker & Loveren, 2003). Children, between the ages of 6 and 12 years consume soft drinks, fruit juices, cookies and sweet candy, all of which can result in high rates of dental caries. Hashim, Williams & Thomson (2009) found that children who ate snack food items more than three times a day had 33% higher DMFT (decayed, missing and filled teeth) scores than those who ate snacks only once a day. Children who ate snacks more frequently than three times a day had 49% higher DMFT... Dental Public Health Prevention Plan Alexander Heatrice DDS A.T. MPH736.4-Intro to Dental...
How Unsuitable Diet Contributes to Illness & Diseases
16 pages (4000 words) , Assignment
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...Amylase, Lactase, Proteases, are prevalent. To breakdown carbohydrates, Amylase is needed. Saliva contains Amylase. Lactase breaks down sugar and lactose found in dairy products. Proteases can be in the form of Chymotrypsin, Pepsin, and Tripsin. Pepsin is found in the stomach. These enzymes break down other protein. Lipases are enzymes that break down fats. Enzymes are catalysts consisting of amino acids. Without the enzymes in the body, the benefits of nutrients cannot be absorbed for use of the body. Some enzymes need co-enzymes like Magnesium which works in more than 300 reactions. Gut Walls of the Digestive Tracts Figure 5 shows a close up picture... ?How Unsuitable Diet Contributes to Illness &...
Short Story A short story about somebody who visits their friends house and uses their computer. When their computer breaks down he blames his friend, before realising their was a fault with their computer.
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...breaking my computer down?” “Hey, this wasn’t supposed to happen.” “Well, what was supposed to happen?” “I just figured... NetherScape Oscar rummages through his Facebook account, plighting on the vengeance of other users who use to be old time friends that rooted him out of their social circles. He pounds the keys with ruthless resentment as they grace their page with updated messages of new flings. If he feels desperate enough, he will segue back to the ghetto house of websites, MySpace. Oscar can waste five or six hours away on the Web with ease. He checks his email several times in one sitting, starting with his emails first, then scrolling down to MySpace on his favorites list, exiting out of that...
Asthma and nitric oxide
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...break up of DNA and oxidation action in lipids. This can lead to nitric oxide toxicity. Peroxynitrite causes mitochondrial respiratory chain (I-IV) and manganese super oxide dismutase (MnSOD) to generate suroxide anions and hydrogen peroxide, both of which can cause fatal cell damage ("Nitric Oxide Metabolism", 2006). Figure 1 illustrates nitric oxide actions in the body. Functions Nitric oxide serves various functions in the human body. It can act as a catalyst... Table of Contents Introduction 3 Nitric Oxide and the Human Body 3 Mechanism and Metabolism 4 Functions 5 Nitric Oxide and Asthma 7 Mechanism of Nitric Oxide and Asthmatic Attacks 8 Nitric Oxide and Treatment of Asthma 9 Conclus...
Biology lap report
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...Amylase” Enzymes are biological catalysts, that are present in the body to carryout various metabolic activities. They are basically made up of protein molecules which are very sensitive to temperature fluctuations in the surrounding where they accomplish biological reactions. Our daily diet encompasses great quantity of starch. Hydrolysis of starch is executed by amylase, an enzyme that acts on starch to break it down into maltose, maltriose, short oligosaccharides. This paper determines the enzymatic activity of amylase over a range of temperature and thus brings a close look on the optimal temperature for amylase activities... A Study to Examine the Effect of Temperature on Enzymatic Activity of...
The Effects of Temp & PH on Enzymes
6 pages (1500 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase that was labeled A, B or C. The tube with enzyme was kept on ice. Each group performed part 1 and 2 of the experiment. Part 1: The effect of temperature on -amylase Activity. First, -amylase preparation C was recorded and then one test tube was labeled "blank" and five others as 40C, 230C, 370C, 650C and 1000C. 1ml of 1% starch solution at pH 7 was added to each test tube, whereby the starch was the substrate for the reaction. Each tube was placed in a water bath that was set as one of the indicated temperatures. The blank and the 230C were placed at room temperatures while the 40C on ice. All the tubes were allowed to equilibrate to the desired temperatures for ten minutes... College: The...
Temperature Effect
9 pages (2250 words) , Essay
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...amylase output. The group members can acquire the amylase in one of many forms, powder form. However, the liquid form can be used if the power form is not available. Supino (2012) explained the Hydrolysis can be defined as the effect of water on the chemical bonds’ cleavage. For example, hydrolysis is the breaking down of the carbohydrate compound into its sugar parts (molecules). Specifically, the experiment is likened to separating one compound into its different parts with the use of water. Hydro means water. Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction that occurs between the one ion of the compound reacts when water is introduced... Effect of Temperature on Amylase Hydrolysis of both Fungial...
Explain the structure of enzymes and discuss their role in metabolic reactions.
6 pages (1500 words) , Assignment
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...break down molecules of starch and glycogen. However it cannot break down plant polysaccharides like cellulose, primarily because of their fibrous nature. Thus these molecules that cannot be broken down in the small intestine cannot get digested here and instead have to move to the large intestine thereby providing most amount of the food. In general, the salivary and pancreatic amylases in their active states generate dextrin that is a compound containing glucose molecules in the form of short chains (McDowell, 2010, p.127). Human pancreatic alpha-amylase (HPA), HPA-AI03 is a pseudo-hexasaccharide that consists of a unit of acarviosine glucose attached... , p.30). Enzyme and Its Role:...
Enzymes Lab Report
5 pages (1250 words) , Lab Report
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...Amylase Activity Experiment on Factors Affecting Enzyme Amylase Activity In this experiment, the enzyme amylase was used. It was responsible for starch hydrolysis. A sample of starch was hydrolyzed in the presence of amylase, to shorter polysaccharides, glucose, maltose and dextrins. The extent of hydrolysis was based on the time of reaction. The product is glucose if starch was completely hydrolyzed. The absence or presence of starch in the solutions was tested using iodine. Iodine never reacts with glucose, instead, forms a blue to black complex with starch. Following addition of iodine to a solution of glucose, the only color observed was red or yellow (iodine color... ). Therefore, the...
Medical Report for Pancreatitis
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...amylase, serum blood amylase, and urine amylase levels, as well as confirming the patients report of hyperlipidemia and hypertriglycerdemia. An abdominal CT scan returned positive results of an inflammation of the pancreas, and ERCP was used to conclusively confirm the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. The scan eliminated pancreas divisum as a cause for the condition. CT scan was inconclusive in determining if gallstones have formed as a result of the condition, so an endoscopic ultrasound or ERCP of the gallbladder will be performed. Patient was admitted to in-patient care and given pain medication and an IV drip. Patient... Pancreatitis Middle-aged male patient presented with nausea, vomiting, and pain ...
IB Biology Substrate Specificity of Digestive Enzymes Planning Investigation
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Amylase 2. Introduction: Enzymes are a biological catalyst which helps in increase the rate of reaction and thus accelerate the conversion of reactant to product in given reaction. Increase in the rate of reaction in mainly due to decrease in the activation energy by formation of enzyme-substrate complex which is energetically favorable compared to the substrate alone. Most of the enzymes are proteins with some exceptions of RNA enzymes known as ribozymes. Substrate specificity of an enzyme is one of the primary requirements for effective catalysis since at a given time, there will be thousands... 1. Aim: Investigation on substrate specifi and control variable of an enzyme using digestive enzyme Amylase...
Teaching Document
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...amylase enzyme, gluco-amylase enzyme... and carbon which is used in the adsorbers as a decolorizer. The process occurs in five main stages; two hydrolysis processes that convert about 100% of the starch in the slurry into glucose and three evaporation processes to dry up the glucose. The starch slurry first flows into the first hydrolyser, R1, which converts 25% of the starch into glucose using alpha-amylase enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis process. After the first hydrolysis process, the viscosity of the slurry is reduced, and the slurry is then passed through a centrifuge, PS-1, which removes any proteins and oils present. The slurry is then passed through the second...
Digestion Lab Protocol
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...amylase cleaves it to its component monosaccharide’s at the β-1,4 glycosidic linkage. The protocol was followed as suggested. Color of Solution: Reddish orange The breakdown efficiency... of amylase is it directly proportional to the color change it produces in the solution. Thus a reddish orange indicates good efficiency Had it been green or yellow, indicates that the enzyme is old, lost activity or not stored properly provided the substrate is consistent. Cellulose is NOT digested by humans. The appendix initially harboured bacteria which aided in fermentation of cellulytic sugars. Over the course of evolution, appendix has become vestigial as reliance on meat increased...
Culinary Class-Difference Between Starch Potato and WaxyPotato
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...amylase molecule (26%).Both amylase and amylopectin are polysaccharide which acts as forms of storage of glucose. Starchy potatoes are best used for deep frying, because they are low in sugar and can be fried long enough for them to cook... Differences between starchy and waxy potatoes A potato is a starchy, tuberous crop. The word potato could refer toplant itself or the edible tuber. For the purposes of this essay we are going to stick with the latter. Starchy potatoes (russets, purple) as the name suggests are rich in starch and have a thick skin, but are low in moisture and sugar. Waxy potatoes (red, new) are low in starch with a thin skin and are rich in both moisture and sugar. A waxy cooked potato...
I prefer to the short break than a long break.
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Breaks As Opposed To Long Breaks Many are usually stressed when they have been given long holydays. Personally I prefer to have short breaks than long breaks. This is a criterion which most students prefer to fasten their study process. This paper briefly discusses on the advantages of short breaks over long breaks during schooling. Being committed for instance, having summer jobs is one of the stresses that most students on holydays develop. Roberts posits that researches by phsycologists show that “taking frequent short breaks is better for you than one long holiday”...
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