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Cardiovascular Diseases
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...hypertension lowering blood pressure will in turn lower major events in the progression of cardiovascular diseases. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have been shown as possible candidates in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases (Schomig et al., 2008). Dyslipedaemia, ratio of apolipoprotein B to apolipoprotein A-1, accounts for more than 50% of risks attributed to myocardial infarction (Yusuf et al., 2004). Statins are the drug for choice in the treatment of dyslipidemia where they lower levels of low density lipoprotein... ? Human anatomy   Topic:  Cardiovascular Diseases Cardiovascular diseases are a collection of diseases affecting the circulatory system which include the heart...
Diabetes as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor
6 pages (1500 words)
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...blood sugars in his case would induce a large number of alterations in the vascular tissue that would promote accelerated atherosclerotic process consequentially. These effects are often irreversible and they lead to progressive endothelial cell dysfunction. Once established, they progress over time, and reversal of hyperglycemia to normoglycaemic ranges would not reverse the pathology back to normal. Moreover, in his case associated overweight, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension, all independently promote... Diabetes as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor - A Case Study Introduction: This case study is about John, whose and identity will remainundisclosed due to ethical reasons. John is a middle-aged HGV driver...
LITERATURE REVIEW
7 pages (1750 words)
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...blood pressure. BMI... Articles Review al Affiliation) Articles Review Citation: Ribeiro, A. G., Ribeiro, S. M., Dias, C. M., Robeiro, A. Q., Castro, F. A., Varela, M. M. S. & Cotta, R. M. (2011). Non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension in primary health care: A comparative clinical trial of two education strategies in health and nutrition. Biomed Central Public Health, 11(637), 1-10. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-637. Authors: Ribeiro, A. G., Ribeiro, S. M., Dias, C. M., Robeiro, A. Q., Castro, F. A., Varela, M. M. S. & Cotta, R. M. (2011). Title: Non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension in primary health care: A comparative clinical trial of two education strategies in health and nutrition. Jour...
Describe the constructs of Health Belief Model apply to how to reduce stress in life
2 pages (500 words)
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...blood pressure. I am aware of my tendency to be stressed easily over things that take place around me, and I also know that stress has a health consequence. Furthermore, there is a history of high blood pressure in my maternal side of the family; all these mark my perceived susceptibility (King et al., 2012). With respect to perceived severity, I am aware that if I fail to control my behavior of getting stressed easily, it can result into serious health problems, that is, I may develop depression related disorder, stomach ulcers, or at worst high blood pressure. This leaves... Health Belief Model and Stress Reduction in Drug Abuse After identifying and describing my unhealthy behavior,as well as...
A statical review and analysis of the effects of Coca and Tea Intake on Blood Pressure
3 pages (750 words)
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...blood pressure. Selection of studies. Prospective articles for the meta-analysis were selected from the results of searches performed on major electronic medical databases (SCOPUS, EMBASE, and MEDLINE), the Science Citation Index, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry. Matches were found using the search items “chocolate,” “cocoa,” “tea,” “blood pressure,” “cardiovascular,” “endothelium” and “hypertension.” From the search, 3106 articles were screened for relevance, but only 454 were retrieved for assessment... Article Effect of Cocoa and Tea Intake on Blood Pressure (Taubert, Roesen and Schomig) The paper is a meta-analysis of published articles from 1966 to 2006 on studies involving 10 or...
Concept of health (dementia)
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Blood pressure called Hypertension and high levels of Cholesterol which are the well-documented risk factors of heart diseases while smoking is the most common and preventable reason for cardio-vascular diseases in women younger than 45. It is very deadly because there is no big symptom in the early stage of the disease except for some occasional chest pain which people normally ignore mistaking it for gastric trouble. More important... 12 Feb. 2008 Concept of Health Introduction "When wealth is lost, nothing is lost; when character is lost, something is lost; when Health is lost, everything is lost" is a famous saying. Heart is the most important organ in maintaining this all important health by...
Annotated Soap Note
3 pages (750 words)
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...blood in the urine. She describes the pain as a severe throbbing pain that is intermittent and is worse on the left side. The pain extends from the ribs to the ilium. She experiences a burning pain while urinating, pressure in the lower back and bad smell from the urine. The pain is rated at 5 out 10. She insists that apart from this experience, she lives a ‘healthy’ life and do not have a past occurrence of urinary tract infection. Pertinent medical: She has received immunizations up to date (last TD March 2015). Current medications: 650mg TID Tylenol Allergies: NKDA Surgical history: None Family history: Both father and mother is living... Annotated Soap due: Annotated Soap Nurse practitioner: WA the...
Concept of health (dementia)
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Blood pressure called Hypertension and high levels of Cholesterol which are the well-documented risk factors of heart diseases while smoking is the most common and preventable reason for cardio-vascular diseases in women younger than 45. It is very deadly because there is no big symptom in the early stage of the disease except for some occasional chest pain which people normally ignore mistaking it for gastric trouble. More important... 12 Feb. 2008 Concept of Health Introduction “When wealth is lost, nothing is lost; when character is lost, something is lost; when Health is lost, everything is lost” is a famous saying. Heart is the most important organ in maintaining this all important health by...
Chronic Kidney Disease
8 pages (2000 words)
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...blood pressure, red blood cells production, and calcium uptake. They also help the body excrete poisonous waste products like urea and creatinine resulting from protein breakdown in the body. They filter these wastes and excess fluid in the blood, which are then excreted through urine. Chronic Kidney Disease is the gradual loss of kidney function. When kidney failure reaches an advanced stage, there might be accumulation of wastes and electrolytes and dangerous fluid levels in the body. Chronic Kidney Disease... Chronic Kidney Disease Introduction Kidneys are important organs in the body, which help in various body functions. Normal kidneys produce hormones which help in regulating body functions like...
Gerontic Nursing Practice
17 pages (4250 words)
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...Hypertension. Mrs. John is five foot three, 125 pounds; She has Diabetes M Type II with a Hemoglobin A1C of 7% and a Fasting blood sugar of 165. Clinical Examination: Blood group: 'A' positive Blood pressure of 170 over 100 Fasting blood sugar: 165 PP blood sugar: 244 Lipids profile: Total cholesterol: 264 S.Triglycerides: 346 HDL: 57 LDL: 173 SGPT: 52 SGGTP: 99 S. Uric acid: 7.9 Impression: 1. Diabetes Mellitus Type II (FBG-165/ PPBG- 244, Hb1AC-7%) 2... Gerontology and Gerontic Nursing Practice Case Study: 76 years old Female with Diabetes and Hypertension Mrs. John Age/Sex: 76/F ID No.: A...
Effects of different breathing paces on haemodynamics in human subjects: comparison of supine and standing positions
6 pages (1500 words)
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...blood gases in postoperative cardiac surgery patients’, American Journal of Critical Care ,Vol. 5, July, pp. 121- 126. Bernardi, L. et al (2001) ‘Slow breathing reduces chemoreflex response to hypoxia and hypercapnia, and increases baroreflex sensitivity’, Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 19, July, pp. 2221- 2229. Bernardi, L. et al. (2002) ‘Slow Breathing Increases Arterial Baroreflex Sensitivity in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure’, Circulation,Vol. 105, August, pp. 143- 145. ‘Orthostatic blood pressure control before and after spaceflight, determined by time-domain... Effects of different breathing paces on hemodynamic in human s: comparison of supine and standing positions CHAPTER 4:...
Nutrition and fitness (answer the questions)
2 pages (500 words)
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...Blood pressure varies significantly during the day as the body is exposed to different exercise. An isometric exercise leads to increased heart rate, systolic and diastolic, therefore, not advised to persons suffering from hypertension. A physical unit of work is estimated differently in both dynamic... Nutrition and Fitness Question Dynamic exercise causes the contractions of concentric and eccentric muscles and the exercises may include swigging the leg, arm circles, jogging, and stretches among others. Isometric exercises cause the contraction of a muscle for a given duration of time and they include wall squat hold, holding a plank for 15 seconds among others (Simic, Sarabon and Markovic 136).The...
Personal Wellness Living Plan
2 pages (500 words)
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...blood pressure can easily be controlled if proper lifestyle is adopted. Eating healthy foods and doing some exercise can go a long way in reducing deaths that result from such chronic diseases. It’s always advisable for one to have a plan for any activity aimed at achieving a healthy lifestyle. I explicitly consider doing exercise as crucial in trying to reduce body weight. Researches have shown that high blood pressure and other conditions... transformation process, offering moral support and guidance. Despite all the challenges I am likely to face in my dream to lower my body weight, my motivation is to reduce the risks of getting high blood pressure and...
Polypharmacy and compliance in diabetc patients
7 pages (1750 words)
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...blood pressure: a meta-analysis of individual data from 61 prospective studies with 55,000 vascular deaths. Lancet, 370(9602), pp. 1829-1839. Lincoff, A., Wolski, K., Nicholls, S. and Nissen, S. (2007). Pioglitazone and risk of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. JAMA, 298(10), pp. 1180-1188. Mancia, G., De Backer, G., Dominiczak, A., et al. (2007). 2007 guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: the Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Blood Pressure, 16(3), pp. 135-232. McDougall, C., McKay, G... ? Polypharmacy...
Cardiovascular Disease: Case Study
4 pages (1000 words)
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...blood system. It leads to deposit and scorching by carbon in the capillary system hence affecting etiological blood flow (Langrish JP, 2008). Hypertension CVD is characterized by high blood pressure which needs to be checked to help avert severe conditions of heart failure without notice. Cutting... Cardiovascular Disease: Case Study Introduction A 54-years of age man under nursing care follow-up has been diagnosed with a condition regarding cardiovascular disease (CVD). Reports illustrate how he portrayed an abnormal behavior as examined by the treadmill test. In addition, he is a victim of smoking and experiences difficulties due to diet with high-fat content. The conditions affecting normal body...
Heart Failure
7 pages (1750 words)
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...pressure built-up will be too much. In addition, it brings about clotting of blood, which limits the blood flow in the body. As the disease progresses, it will be ultimately fatal, since the arteries will undergo near blockage. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Primarily, blood pressure entails the energy that pushes the blood through the body vessels. If the blood vessels become narrow, it is difficult for blood to move through the veins (Krum and Gilbert 148). Increase of blood pressure illustrates that the heart has to pump harder to circulate the blood. In essence, this implies the heart... Task: Heart Failure Introduction Heart failure is a leading diagnostic condition common with the ages of 65...
Coronary heart disease in the UK
5 pages (1250 words)
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...blood pressure and cholesterol and assist an individual to have a healthy weight. A doctor may recommend the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension eating plan if a person has high blood pressure (Liu et al. 2002). The program concentrates... CORONARY HEART DISEASE By Location Introduction The WHO defines coronary heart disease “as an acute or chronically impaired performance of the heart caused by a reduction or complete interruption of myocardial blood supply resulting from atherosclerosis of the cardiac arteries” (Lohe 2003). This paper examines the prevalence of the disease in the UK and why it requires the attention of every person. Many causes of CHD are related to the lifestyle of the affected...
CAD summary
1 pages (250 words)
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...blood to the heart. The coronary artery disease is exhibited by pains in the chest as well as shortness of breath (Adam, 2015). The discussion that follows is going to give a brief overview of one local prevention program this disease. A variety of scientific research studies indicate that regular bodily activity is significant in promoting the health of people, whether old or young (Karjalainen, 2015). When... CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE Affiliation CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE The disease is also referred to as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (Shipe, 2012). It is characterized by an obstruction or a constricting of the coronary arteries which are responsible for the transmission of oxygen as well as...
Head-to-Toe Assessment
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure readings remain consistently over 140mmHg for systolic and 90mmHg for diastolic blood pressure. It may result from the excess consumption of caffeine and in excessively cold environments. Hypotension occurs when the blood pressure readings fall below 100mmHg for systolic and 60mmHg for diastolic blood pressure (Talley & O’Connor, 2009). It may result because of shock, pulmonary embolus and cardiac failure (LeMone et al 2012). Nursing Plan in abnormal findings: The plan taken will be primarily... Physical Assessment Physical Assessment Introduction Physical assessment is necessary as it helps to estimate the extent of the patient’s state of well-being in order...
Obstructive sleep apnea
12 pages (3000 words)
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...blood increases. This raises sympathetic nerve activity to send a message to the brain, which in return sends a distress massage to the body organs causing vasoconstriction of blood vessels. When vasoconstriction occurs blood pressure rises and hypertension develops. Impaired coagulation and platelet function mechanism gets involved. Impaired coagulation leads to development of an occlusive thrombus in the coronary artery thus, blocking the blood flow to the heart hence resulting in ischemic heart disease (Davidson’s 2007, p. 1202). Similarly, severe obstructive sleep apnea results to with tachyarrthmia and atrial... ? Obstructive Sleep Apnea 0 Background This essay seeks to discuss the disease,...
Case Study Critique
1 pages (250 words)
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...Hypertension case study In the case study in question, the has began with a presentation of the problem, an important aspect in any piece of work, as it serves to inform the reader about what to expect in the entire piece. She portrays TK going for a PCP check-up where occasional sinus drainage has been detected. An indication of the risk factors that cause hypertension also allows the reader to be predisposed to the causative agents of the same. Notable examples include HTN x8 years, smoking, obesity cases, an increased intake of salt, and minimal exercises. The author also presents a case of a 61 year old who suffers from hypertension, with symptoms... such as BP of 155/86, heart rate of...
Ischaemic heart disease is epidemic within western cultures
10 pages (2500 words)
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...blood are above healthy levels. This is usually involves high levels of low-density lipoprotein(LDL), the bad cholesterol, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein(HDL) the good cholesterol. . Tobacco abuse: This includes not only smoking any form of tobacco (cigarettes, cigars, pipes) but also chewing tobacco. . High blood pressure (hypertension) . Diabetes . Obesity . Physical inactivity . High-fat diet . Emotional stress . Type A personality (impatient, aggressive, and competitive) [2] Risk factors often occur in clusters and may feed one another, such as obesity... Coronary Artery Disease Introduction The coronary arteries supply the heart muscle (myocardium) with blood rich in oxygen and...
Solution Description Research Paper
3 pages (750 words)
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...blood pressure due to diabetes mellitus and hypertension in their medical history. The dietary factors that need to be considered by this group are reduced amount of salt intake and saturated fat contents. Adherence to these controls helps in managing hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Besides dietary changes, these individuals need to be encouraged not to smoke and also shun environmental smoke (Mosca et al., 2007). Compliance with lifestyle modification improves the patient’s quality of life via... ? Solution s Solution Coronary artery disease is the most common disease among the population. It is caused as a result of heaping up of fatty plagues in the walls of the artery causing the thinning of the...
Angina
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...blood supply and oxygen demand. It usually manifests as chest pain (Alaeddini, 2006). Symptoms The most common symptom in angina is retrosternal chest discomfort rather than frank pain (Alaeddini, 2006). The patient may describe the discomfort as pressure, heaviness, squeezing, burning, or choking sensation. The pain may or may not radiate. If it radiates it typically radiates to the left arm. It can also radiate to the epigastrium, back, neck, jaw, or shoulders. The discomfort can be precipitated by physical exertion, eating, exposure to cold, or emotional stress... Angina Definition Angina is a symptom occurring as a result of myocardial ischemia caused by an imbalance between myocardial blood...
SMOKING AS A HEART DISEASE FACTOR
6 pages (1500 words)
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...blood vessels and artery hardening (Black 1992). Smoking raises blood levels of fibrinogen which is a clotting agent that causes blood platelets to stick together, increasing the risk of blood clots and blockages in the vascular system (Black 1992). Nicotine raises blood pressure and the heart rate which results in the heart working harder. It also constricts the coronary arteries which results in less supply of blood and oxygen to the heart (Black 1992). However, it is important to be aware of the nature of the various forms of heart disease, as this will increase our... Introduction The heart is the central organ of the cardiovascular system which is an elaborate network that performs two...
Journal Article Critique (Recognizing Heart Failure (ACEIs) )
2 pages (500 words)
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...hypertension. Controlling high blood pressure is crucial in preventing heart failure in the long run. Suggestions such as exercising regularly and eating healthy is enforced. The second stage known as stage B presents the condition wherein the patients disease is progressing slowly. At this stage, patients must already take some medications as part of their therapy. Most... The article is about management of heart failure which was written by Donna Chovnowski for a Nursing Center. In the article, the provided practical guidelines that would enable nurses to explain in layman’s term the condition to their patients. The basis of the article was the guideline for the management of heart failure were...
Public Health Assessment
12 pages (3000 words)
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...blood pressure recorded shows a higher trend in the population, which is definitely in the hypertensive range. Thus, the population demonstrates indication for future hypertensive heart disease (Jensen et al., 2000, 898-903). This is a matter of concern, and this assignment explores the possibility of this risk modification through... Health Need Assessment Nursing care plan: Based on Epidemiological Model Introduction In this assignment the community and public health of Crawleyin West Sussex will be assessed in order to develop a community nursing care plan with the expectation that it would promote and protect the health of the populations of this community. It will be accomplished using knowledge...
Case Presentation Pathophysiology
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...blood flow through the vessel. Rarely, the rupture of vessel can cause complete occlusion of the artery resulting in acute coronary artery syndrome (Zevitz, 2006). There are several risk factors which can cause ischemic heart disease, the most which is advanced age. This is because; as the age progresses, the size and the number of plaques increase. Other risk factors include male sex, family history of ischemic heart disease, hypercholesterolemia, hyperlipidemia, smoking, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperfibrinogenemia, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, hypertension, low levels of antioxidants, and poor eating habits (Zevitz, 2006... ?Pathophysiology of Ischemic Heart Disease Ischemic heart disease,...
Diabetes and Evidence-based Nursing
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...blood sugar levels, and blood pressure. Since the patient’s blood sugar levels were not sufficiently being lowered by the oral medications, the nursing role extends to patient advocacy – helping protect the rights of patients and ensuring that they receive the best possible care. Since the PCP was not giving enough medical attention to the patient and with the knowledge that the patient may need more medical care, it is proper for the nurse to advice the patient to seek specialist care. This situation may... ?Running head: Diabetes and Evidence-based Nursing Diabetes and Evidence based Nursing (school) Diabetes and Evidence based Nursing A. Introduction of patient and situation This study will focus on...
Exercise Health
3 pages (750 words)
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...Hypertension and obesity are the initial manifestations of disease as the body starts accumulating fats due to the lack of physical activity. Soon the blood vessels become clogged due to the deposition of fibrous plaques, leading to increased blood pressure. Canlas describes hypertension as the silent killer, because it causes extensive damage internally long before the external... ? EXERCISE HEALTH Institute Exercise Health John Welsh once said, “A man’s health can be judged by which he takes two at a time – pills or stairs”. World Health Organization defines health as the state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The evidences in favor...
Research paper on metebolic syndrome
3 pages (750 words)
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...pressure exceeding 130/185 mmHg, fasting blood glucose equal or higher than 100mg/dl, large waist circumference (length around the waist) for men 40 inches or more, women 35 inches or more. Moreover, triglycerides levels may rise to 150mg/dl or more. The authors argue that the relationship between type 2 diabetes and dairy product intake is not clear. At the same time, the authors articulate that weny from milk appeared insulin tropic when taken in a single meal, but not when it is taken in a long term intervention. Several studies show that there are beneficial effects of milk intake in persons diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. However, a report...
Critical care nursing
6 pages (1500 words)
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...blood vessel. Following the procedure she underwent 5 days of hospitalization after which she was considered fit enough to be discharged. Medications prescribed at the time of discharge were oral clopidgrel, aspirin, metoprolol, perindopril and atorvastatin as she had past history of hypertension coupled with diabetes type II. The woman had a body mass index of 35 which is considered as obese according to NIH (National Institute of Health, United States) (NIH Website). The drugs prescribed demonstrate... ?Clinical Vignette After establishing diagnosis of acute anterior septal myocardial infarction, a 68 year old woman was treated by implantation of a single metal stent in the appropriate coronary blood...
Case Study: A Patient with Altered Mental Status
2 pages (500 words)
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...hypertension prior to transient ischemic attack. Upon initial examination, Patient X is disoriented, confused, and a lethargic woman in pajamas. There were no evidence of trauma and focal signs or symptoms, vital signs are stable, and oxygen saturation is good. Fingerstick glucose was ordered followed... by the administration of 1 ampule of D50. Fingerstick glucose testing is the most commonly used method to determine blood glucose readings thus, are indicated for emergency instances requiring immediate determination of blood glucose (Medifocus.com, Inc., 2011, 24). Meanwhile, the administration of D50 intends to provide higher levels and substrates to combat...
Using Evidence from Research to Inform your Practice
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...blood pressure in the SCM ward are of course, to be monitored by human attention. This reduces the chances of manual error, while engaging the nursing staff at the same time. The presence of the SCM machines does not indicate a reason for the absence of manual readings and they can still be taken to either confirm extreme readings or to have a positive psychological effect on a traumatized patient. The presence of a dedicated ward for elderly patients would definitely help, since... Using the provided article, a comparative study of admitting Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients to a Stroke Care Monitoring Unit Versus a Conventional Stroke Unit, is undertaken. Using Evidence from Research to Inform your P...
Physiolocal principles For health and social care
12 pages (3000 words)
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...blood pressure readings, cardiac enzyme functions, pulse rates, and blood cholesterol levels. In most cases, any abnormalities in the reading recorded will signify possible pathology. For instance, elevated systolic blood pressure above 140 mm Hg is a possible indication of hypertension while elevated cardiac enzymes may indicate possible myocardial infarction. Elevated cholesterol levels indicate possible coronary heart disease. Early diagnosis is key to prevention and timely treatment. Respiratory... Health and Social Care Affiliation 1Features and functions of body systems Skeletal system; this system is made up of all bones and joints. Every bone is a composite of living organs made up of many...
Chronic Kidney Disease
4 pages (1000 words)
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...blood, however, when one suffers from loss of kidney function, this process takes time and the result can start showing after some time. When kidney function ceases, water, waste and toxic substances accumulate in the body. These are the substances that are excreted by a normal kidney, which a damaged kidney cannot handle. The major causes of chronic kidney failures are high blood pressure and diabetes, however, the choice of ones lifestyle can also lead to this disease. In Ali’s case, heavy consumption of alcohol and frequent smoking at his age is the main cause... Running head: Case Study: Chronic Kidney disease Insert Insert Grade Insert 23rd. September 2011 Outline Questions Provide a rationale for ...
Letter of Recommendation
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
...hypertension patient. This lady is an avid learner and a team player, keen on ways to improve herself to better suit both the patient’s and hospital needs. She is very dependable in her work, having impeccable case notes that are always up to date. She holds herself highly in matters regarding ethics and integrity. Her daily routine involved her interacting with patients, recording their medical history, performing physical examinations, checking vital signs including temperature, blood pressure and pulse, drawing blood and administering ejections, suturing wounds, diagnosing illnesses, performing minor surgeries and prescribing... 12th May TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN It is my pleasure to write a letter of...
Oxygen Cascade
13 pages (3250 words)
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...pressure of oxygen (PO2) at sea level is 159 mmHg. However, the PO2 at the level mitochondria in cells is as low as 3 mmHg (Neligan, 2002). Where have 156 mmHg gone The vast proportion of oxygen is either diluted or even lost altogether as it travels in to lungs and from the alveoli to blood in the circulatory system. The various stages by which the partial pressure of oxygen falls off are collectively known as the oxygen cascade. Life has evolved to deal with such colossal inefficiencies, and to maintain normal health at the same time. The transfer of oxygen from air to blood in the lungs, the transport of oxygen by blood to organs and to tissues, and the diffusion... Introduction Oxygen is central to...
Chronic Kidney disease
4 pages (1000 words)
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...blood, however, when one suffers from loss of kidney function, this process takes time and the result can start showing after some time. When kidney function ceases, water, waste and toxic substances accumulate in the body. These are the substances that are excreted by a normal kidney, which a damaged kidney cannot handle. The major causes of chronic kidney failures are high blood pressure and diabetes, however, the choice of ones lifestyle can also lead to this disease. In Ali’s case, heavy consumption of alcohol and frequent smoking at his age is the main cause to the kidney... ?Running head: Case Study: Chronic Kidney disease Insert Insert Grade Insert 23rd. September Outline Questions Provide a...
HOW DOES EXERCISE MODIFY NORMAL PHYSIOLOGY
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...hypertension, include daily exercises. The race produces serious effect on the nervous system in general, which is usually displayed though the blood pressure increase during the first stages of the race, followed by the decrease caused by the changes in blood calcium levels. As the athlete continues running, there are also certain changes, which take place in his gastrointestinal system. These changes usually display themselves through the nausea, abdomen and leg cramps. The rationale for these symptoms may lie in the fact, that while the person is subjected to active dynamic long... The work is designed in the form of real life situation analysis. The aim of the work is to show that the normal human ...
Fats - Details listed below
1 pages (250 words)
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...blood vessels which could clog blood flow. These also contribute to increased level of LDL and decreased level of HDL (Donatelle, 2005). Moreover, these fats can lead to hypertension. These would result to cardiovascular disease like atherosclerosis, plaque formation of even stroke. Saturated fats are found in most animal products... ?Most people today are very conscious about their consumption of fats. It is because we have the notion that intake of fats would cause harm to our health, especially in our cardiovascular system. However, we should be aware that not all kinds of fats increases risk for cardiovascular disease like atherosclerosis or stroke. Some kinds of fats are actually beneficial to our...
Utilizing the scenario to answer the following question Discuss strategies to support and empower the patient living with a long term condition (LTC) and their significant others when planning their discharge form hospital
8 pages (2000 words)
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...blood sugar level(Kirk et al., 2007). Leg ulcer – it can be defined as a chronic wound either on the leg or foot, which takes more than six (6) weeks to heal(Presho, 2008). Hypertension – it is a medical condition in which a person’s blood pressure remains above 140/90 mm/Hg for most of the time. It can simply be defined as abnormal high blood pressure(Williams et al., 2004) Case Presentation A 77-year-old woman has been admitted with leg ulcer infection and has had her right leg amputated below the knee. The woman also suffers from type 2 diabetes with poor glycaemia control, which has resulted in 3 previous admissions, within the last 18 months, for poor management of the diabetes... DISCHARGE...
Fetal Heart Abnormalities
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...hypertension and murmur. However cyanosis does not occur in the patients with ventricular septal defect as purified blood in the left ventricle does not mix with the deoxygenated blood as the pressure in the left ventricle is higher than that of the right ventricle and the shunt is always left to right. Diagnosis can be done by the similar procedures used in atrial septal defect. Treatments... ?Congenital heart defect Introduction Congenital heart defect is a group of structural abnormalities of the heart found at birth. These abnormalitiesinterfere with heart walls, valves, atrial or ventricular septum, electrical conduction and outflow tracks. The prevalence rate of congenital heart defect is 0.9% at...
Benefits of exercise on heart disease---(Physical Fitness and Nutrition)
3 pages (750 words)
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...blood pressure and plays a protective role in the development of hypertension and CHD. Training studies that were conducted revealed that heart rate and blood pressure levels had significantly decreased in individuals with psychological stress and who had undergone aerobic exercises. The study included testing... PHYSICAL FITNESS AND NUTRITION Benefits of exercise on Heart Disease Order no.-166658 No. of pages – 3 Introduction: Heart attack and strokeare life and death emergencies and as such need immediate attention – in fact every moment counts. According to statistics, America’s “No. one killer disease” is none other than “Coronary Heart Disease”. Different people suffer different symptoms before...
Management of Heart Failure
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...blood pressure through the decrease in the pulse rate and some changes in the heart rate and cardiac output. It acts by decreasing the angiotensin II and vasoconstrictor levels among other mechanisms of action. The rationale behind administering Metoprolol is that it lowers the demand of oxygen through the reduction of blood pressure, heart rate and the heart contractility. The morphine sulphate is administered to aid in relieving of breathlessness and also aids in ensuring rest and sleep (Lacey, 2009). Hypertension may lead... Management of Heart Failure al Affiliation Management of Heart Failure The case scenario is a description of Mrs. J. who is 63 years old with a history of chronic heart failure, ...
Two smillier articles
3 pages (750 words)
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...blood from the heart was collected to determine how the plasma functioned within the heart. Enzyme linked chemicals were used to detect the amount of TGF B-1 that was in each patient’s blood. The results were then compared to the amount of TGF B-1... Search ment: The functions of the heart are one of the most important aspects of organs and the pathology of humans. There are different observations that have been made with the heart, ranging from cardiac diseases to extra proteins and functions. Heart valves, the fetal heart and basics of heart disease are some of the widely studied alternatives for understanding this organ. The search consists of finding heart diseases and cardiac functions, with a...
HEART DIESAES
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...blood vessels increasingly become unable to supply sufficient blood and oxygen due to a blockage caused by plague deposits (Gregson 2001, p.16); eventually, this results in a reduced supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. In addition to that, the Coronary heart disease results in intense chest pains, angina, and could eventually trigger a heart attack or devastating injury to the heart muscle. In this regard, common symptoms for coronary heart diseases include angina, pressure on the chest and other places such as arms, neck, back and jaws, in addition... ?Introduction There are several types of diseases affecting the heart and collectively they are called ‘heart diseases’ or cardiovascular diseases,...
Cardiovascular system
10 pages (2500 words)
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...blood. Towards the end of the max test anaerobic activity occurs. Yu et al. said, "hypoxia induces pulmonary hypertension" (Impaired physiological responses, 1999). That means the pulmonary vascular resistance is increased and so is pressure on the right side of the heart. If this occurs on a regular, unregimented basis right ventricular hypertrophy may occur. This is not the case in an acute situation like a max test. In a max test the total pulmonary resistance decreases. Overall blood flow would increase due to the increase in heart rate as well as both systolic... 1. Demonstrate the adaptability of the cardiovascular system to autoregulate to two different, stressful conditions Max ...
Care Plan Genitourinary Clinical Case
3 pages (750 words)
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...hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. Patient is on medication to manage the existing hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. The patient presents with urinary flow and gradual worsening symptoms of nocturia, weak urinary stream, dysuria with burning, android obesity, blood in stool and an elevated PSA level with enlarged, boggy prostate that is tender to palpation. Diagnostic tests; The diagnostic test carried out included: Complex uroflowmetry Cysto-urethroscopy Pressure-flow voiding studies Video urodynamic testing Urinalysis, a urine culture EPS and BUN These tests are for analyzing the patient’s current state to...
Case study for nursing-heart disease-myocardial infarction
2 pages (500 words)
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...hypertension and cardiac insufficiency. He is in imminent danger of suffering an acute heart attack. This is the reason for the continuous monitoring of his heart rate and ECG on admission to the hospital. The ECG is suggestive of cardiac arrhythmias due to myocardial infarction as there is suppression of the P wave in the aVR, aVL, aVF & II leads at one stage although there is sign of recovery towards the end. This calls for immediate oxygen supplementation in order to prevent any damage to the cardiac tissue. The R-R interval and the QRS intervals appear OK and the patient needs stabilization of both heart rate and blood pressure. Intra venous administration of Morphine is indicated... Question In no...
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