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Engineering - Anaerobic Digestion
8 pages (2000 words)
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...ANAEROBIC DIGESTION Lecturer: Address: Anaerobic Digestion Introduction Energy is a requirement for every living thing. It can be found in many forms, some in their primary state and others are converted into secondary resources for easier use. Fuel happens to be one of the most popular forms of energy in the world for it is used for numerous applications. Fuel itself can be generated from numerous resources, some renewable such as the sun and others scarce such as naturally occurring oil. Energy from waste is one of the revolutions that is currently going on as the world attempts to Go Green and counter the effects of overdependence on fossil fuels, which has choked the atmosphere. Leading... ?...
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Estimation of Anaerobic Power and Demonstration of Blood Lactate Testing
7 pages (1750 words)
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...ANAEROBIC POWER AND DEMONSTRATION OF BLOOD LACTATE TESTING College Introduction Anaerobic power is an expression used for the maximal exercise up to a maximum of a few minutes and the energy consumed during the exercise given in large measure without necessitating oxygen, since glycogen and the stored phosphagenesin the muscles would only last for the few minutes. At the beginning of a physical exercise, ready energy material is used and therefore no formation of lactate happens. After the exercise has lasted for some time, lactate formed by the breakdown of glycogen without oxygen. When no complete elimination of lactate occurs by buffer systems of the body, lactate production becomes... ?ESTIMATION OF...
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Nitrogen removal from wastewater using anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) process
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation, also referred to as ANAMMOX is a new and revolutionary nitrogen cycle whereby NH4+ oxidation is coupled to the reduction of NO2... hitherto unknown to engineering (Dong & Sun, 2007). While there is very little, that is known about the ecology, genetics, or even the physiology of the bacteria, this research project will be very important in shedding some light on the community structure of the Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation bacterial and all their involvement in environmental parameters that include nitrate, ammonium, and the salinity levels. This project discusses the effects of pH and salinity on the anammox process with results showing that the...
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Anaerobic capacity/power endurance and fatigue index using a repeated jump test on a force platform
2 pages (500 words)
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...Anaerobic Capa 2. The mean power across the four blocks exhibited a gradual reduction from the value in the second block to the fourth block. Block 1 value was not considered because it contained the lowest values recorded during the test. The mean jump height was directly proportional top the mean power, as the values gradually reduced across the blocks. This phenomenon shows the relationship between mean power used by the participant and the mean jump height achieved. This proves that an athlete will achieve less jump height with time because of the reduction in the power exerted during the subsequent jumps or activities (Wilmore, 2010 Pg. 26). 3. The jump test is most...
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The Krebs Cycle And Its relationship to Aerobic and Anaerobic Metabolism & Acid base balance
2 pages (500 words)
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...Anaerobic Metabolism & Acid base balance All cells are required to generate energy for survival, be it a eukaryotic or prokaryotic cell. The process involved in the production of cellular energy was defined by Hans A. Krebs in the year 1937. He proposed that the production of cellular energy is association with a particular metabolic pathway in the cells. This is called the Krebs cycle or the citric acid cycle which defines the oxidation of carbohydrates in animal tissues. Consequent to this finding it was later found that the acetyl derivation (a compound produced during fat degradation) has identical properties to the compound produced when... The Krebs cycle and its relationship to Aerobic and...
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Technologies for Treating Hazardous Waste
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic digestors. Oxidation or stabilization ponds or lagoons use heterotrophic bacteria which transform the organic components of the sewage to cellular material and minerals. Another method used for liquid waste such as sewage is the activated sludge which is used from previous cycle to be able to activate microorganism after being processed in the aeration tank. The introduction of the sludge can consume the new biomass produced after aeration. Another type of method for liquid waste is the use of anaerobic... Hazardous Waste Management Hazardous Waste Management Due to the vast manufacture of different products and the use of different naturally occurring materials and chemical, it is...
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Respiration and Photosynthesis Cycle
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic respiration. Aerobic respiration uses oxygen while anaerobic respiration takes place in the absence of oxygen. In both aerobic and anaerobic respirations, the process takes place in the cytoplasm and mitochondria cells. In addition, both aerobic and anaerobic forms of respiration result to production of energy and ATP (Jerome, 2008). The difference between the two forms is that in aerobic respiration, combustion is always... Respiration and Photosynthesis Processes al Affiliation Part ATP as the energy currency of the cell Respiration refers to the process in which living organisms inhale and exhale desirable gases (Jerome, 2008). The two forms of respiration include aerobic respiration and...
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Metabolic Changes
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic exercises. In this regard, this expose will discuss the differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercises and the types of exercises involved in aerobic and anaerobic exercises. Finally, this discussion will not be complete without a discussion on the physical changes that take place in muscle fibers during exercising. Martin identified the most visible change in an individual’s respiratory system during exercises as increased minute ventilation. In this regard, it is common knowledge that the body exchanges more carbon dioxide... Metabolic Changes Physical exercises, whether high-intensity or low intensity, affect the metabolic system of an individual. In line with this, metabolic changes...
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Metabolic Changes
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic exercises. In this regard, this expose will discuss the differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercises and the types of exercises involved in aerobic and anaerobic exercises. Finally, this discussion will not be complete without a discussion on the physical changes that take place in muscle fibers during exercising. Martin identified the most visible change in an individual’s respiratory system during exercises as increased minute ventilation. In this regard, it is common knowledge that the body exchanges more carbon dioxide... Metabolic Changes Physical exercises, whether high-intensity or low intensity, affect the metabolic system of an individual. In line with this, metabolic changes...
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Microbial Physiology
2 pages (500 words)
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...Anaerobic plating: 1.22X 105 cfu/ml Viable count in heat treated bottle Aerobic plating: 2.15X105 cfu/ml Anaerobic plating: 0 cfu/ml b) Here if we closely look at the data and compare the viable count of aerobic culture it indicates reduction of 1.3X105 cfu/ml when bottle heated at 80C for 10 min. Similarly, for untreated... Ans 1a Ans b Answer b: Glucose is preferred over lactose for growth and metabolism, as it is clearly indicated in data the activity of -galactosidase induced after 10 h of growth. At this time -galactosidase will cleaved lactose to make glucose. E.coli prefers glucose over lactose and start utilizing glucose in initial stage. Once glucose gets...
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Exercise Psychology Assignment
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic energy system is contrasted from the aerobic energy system. One considers that there are two types of anaerobic energy systems. The first type is the high-energy phosphates, ATP adenosine triphosphate and CP creatine phosphate system (Mohn 1988, p. 12). The second form of anaerobic energy system is anaerobic glycolysis. Within... ?Exercise Psychology The heart pumps oxygen around the body in a variety of ways. The cardiovascular system is responsible for delivering oxygen and nutrients throughout the body. It’s noted that, “the heart is the pump of the cardiovascular system” and that “it consists of two main pumping chambers, the ventricles, and atria” (‘What is Exercise’, p. 1). These elements ...
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Biology BSc third year biotech project; Manipulating Biomass and PHA Production in batch and continuous cultures of Paracoccus denitrificans
14 pages (3500 words)
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...Anaerobic culture of P.denitrificans with acetate substrate The growth of the bacteria was found to increase gradually. Graph 5: Comparison of the Continuous and anaerobic culture of P.denitrificans utilizing Acetate Substrate When the growth curve of P.denitrificans was observed in both continuous and anaerobic culture, it was found that the growth was higher in continuous culture. Comparatively the growth was 10 fold higher in the continuous culture Graph 6: Comparison of Continuous... Determination of the specific Growth rate and rate constant for the Succinate substrate S V 0 11.9 0.05 12.05 0.033 71.43 0.03 47.62 0.02 43.48 The Equation is y= 2173.9X - 2.588 Hence the slope is m = 2173.9 Therfore ...
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Cellular Respiration II review packet - General Biology I
1 pages (250 words)
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...Anaerobic respiration as well as in fermentation of carbon dioxide is used while oxygen is released while in aerobic respiration oxygen is used and carbon dioxide is released 2. Anaerobic metabolism is more energy efficient because it helps in consuming the less useful carbon dioxide gas from the atmosphere. Anaerobic respiration can cause suffocation 3. Two ATP are produced at glycolysis stage a process known as substrate-level phosphorylation 4. When fermentation occurs in a sealed container, it means that there is no supply of oxygen and the process will be anaerobic. The substance produced under this condition is the lactic acid that traps the bubbles. 5... Cellular Respiration Questions Section A...
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Challenge of treatment low to medium strength municipal wastewater from ambient to low temperature by using UASB reactors
20 pages (5000 words)
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...anaerobic treatment. Belgium. This book describes wastewater and sewage treatment in the Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) digester. This is based on a new treatment system developed by a lecturer in the Agricultural University of Wageningen by the name Lettinga. The process is very appropriate for use in the subtropical and tropical regions. In the previous past, the process has been widely used in high strength to medium strength industrial wastes. A, Boncz 2001, "Anaerobic Digestion Congress." Belgium... ? CHALLENGE OF TREATMENT LOW TO MEDIUM STRENGTH MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER FROM AMBIENT TO LOW TEMPERATURE BY USING UASB REACTORS Professor Institution Date Literature Reviews 2001. Intergrated...
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Im not sure about the topic
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic training action aimed at improving the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Exercise is among one of the factors used as requlation mechanism for elevated blood pressure, it keeps both the blood glucose, and cholesterol levels controlled. Exercise decreases the threat of suffering a stroke and experiencing cardiovascular diseases. Half -hour exercise daily reduces the chances of experiencing heart failure. Aerobic work out takes place when the respiratory and the cardiovascular systems are working... at the same time. Cardio-respiratory exercise engages and relies on the type of exercise, period, concentration and the speed. Examples of aerobic training...
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Article about increase of heart rate after doing pushups
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic essentials because they rely on endurance. During performing pushups, the heart rate increases significantly. Pushups demand that you lift your body weight up using shoulders, chest, arms and muscles to make the body stable. This movement is done... Article about increase of heart rate after doing pushups Pushups are strength exercising activities that build body muscles and strength. The intensity of pushups is guided towards certain muscles such as triceps, arms, chest and shoulders. When performing pushups the heart rate increases because of increase in blood pressure and narrowing of blood vessels that take place when performing pushups. Pushups are an effective work out embracing...
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QUESTIONS FOR AN EXAM
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic respiration. The anaerobic respiration is not a viable option for organisms to respire as it restricts the generation of FAD+ and NAD+ and may result in halting the whole process of respiration. However, for a limited time the pyruvate may accept electrons from NADH and thus form lactic acid but respiration can’t be continued for a long time in organisms (Starr 85). Works Cited Starr, Cecie. et al. Volume 1 - Cell Biology and Genetics. Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.... Questions for an Exam Answer The chromosome mutations result when the genetic information isaltered during the critical phases of fertilization that can be fatal or have negative influences on the resulting organism. Chromosome...
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Physiological Factors that Limit Sport Performance
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity. The conversion of the stored ATP into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a phosphate (P) ensures consumption of energy and resultant mechanical movement that facilitates the movement of the legs (Adams & Caplan, 2007). The performance of bench press test seeks to measure the strength of a person’s pushing muscles. Consistent... Physiological Factors that Limit Sport Performance Sports performance is depend on many factors that include biological, genetic, physiological, and other external factors. Indeed, factors like oxygen consumption, hydration, adequate fuel provision, and genetics may limit the sporting performance that relies on multiple physiological functions. ...
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Bacterial Cure for Cancer
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic conditions. These anaerobic bacteria form highly resistant spores when exposed to oxygen rich conditions. However, the bacteria cannot grow or multiply within these highly resistant spores. Several experiments in animals revealed that preferential proliferation in necrotic areas of tumor was shown... ? Bacterial Cure for Cancer 16-09-11 Bacterial Cure for Cancer Introduction: Today, in developing countries cancer is one of the leading causes of death. The incidence of cancer as a cause of death is rapidly increasing. Cancer cells originate due to mutation of a host cell in response to chemical carcinogens, viruses or radiation. Regardless, of their origin most cancerous cells have certain...
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Physiological Factors that Limit Sport Performance
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...anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity. The conversion of the stored ATP into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a phosphate (P) ensures consumption of energy and resultant mechanical movement that facilitates the movement of the legs (Adams & Caplan, 2007). The performance of bench press test seeks to measure the strength of a person’s pushing muscles. Consistent... Physiological Factors that Limit Sport Performance Sports performance is depend on many factors that include biological, genetic, physiological, and other external factors. Indeed, factors like oxygen consumption, hydration, adequate fuel provision, and genetics may limit the sporting performance that relies on multiple physiological functions....
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Critically discuss the use of gas exchange (Vt1, VT2) and blood lactate threshold (LT, LTP) in the evaluation or pedicted perfor
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic threshold is much more reliable method for evaluating the physical endurance and fitness (McArdle, Katch and Katch 1996). In order to understand this we must first talk about the metabolism that is involved during physical exercise. The main systems of energy production... ? Critical discussion of the use of ventilatory (VT1, VT2) and blood lactate threshold (LTP) in the evaluation or predicted performance and training prescriptions and practicality The usage of the knowledge of the modern medicine in sports today is widely accepted practice. Methods for evaluating the fitness and physical condition and predisposition in one athlete are important in order to design the best model of training...
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Improving Waste Management Strategies for Small Livestock Farms
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic degradation. Anaerobic degradation involves the decline of composite organic compounds to a range of odorous VFAs by bacteria that form acids. These bacteria alter VFAs to odorless methane and carbon dioxide. If these anaerobic components are in equilibrium, most redolent compounds are removed. The governments ought... ? Improving Waste Management Strategies for Small Livestock Farms Over time, there have been a drastic shift in the in the agricultural sector specifically in the livestock sector. The major cattle farms have less than 500 cattle heads for beef alone; thus the significant production and contribution comes from small AFOs. It is of concern is the fact that these small farms do...
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Bacillus Subtilis
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic situations. Discussion The treatment under 100 degrees Celsius was useful... Bacillus subtilis In this lab, there was need to choose a particular bacterium which was then to beisolated. In the experiment, Bacillus Subtilis was used as the specimen for isolation. Isolating the bacterium required knowledge about gram reaction, oxygen requirements, biochemical characteristics. The best way to isolate the bacterium was through gram staining since it helped in identification of the genus and the extent. Considering the characteristics of the bacteria, gram staining method was important since it results to a unique attribute especially in identifying whether the organism is gram positive or...
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Physical Education
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic exercise. Another energy producing system known as anaerobic glycolysis comes in after the depletion of energy using the ATP-CP system. It produces the ATP needed to continue the muscular contraction during execution of water polo skills. The break down of glycogen takes place with little requirement of oxygen. The glycogen utilized for this process is found in the liver and in the muscles (storage form of sugars in the diet). Normally, if a water polo player swims at a fast pace after the first 8-10... Running Head: Energy Requirements among water polo players A study on the energy requirements to boost theoverall performance among water polo players in Grace Lutheran College Grace Lutheran Col...
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Bacillus Subtilis
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic situations. Discussion The treatment under 100 degrees Celsius was useful... Bacillus subtilis In this lab, there was need to choose a particular bacterium which was then to beisolated. In the experiment, Bacillus Subtilis was used as the specimen for isolation. Isolating the bacterium required knowledge about gram reaction, oxygen requirements, biochemical characteristics. The best way to isolate the bacterium was through gram staining since it helped in identification of the genus and the extent. Considering the characteristics of the bacteria, gram staining method was important since it results to a unique attribute especially in identifying whether the organism is gram positive or...
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Enviromental engineering
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic zone. There is reduced efficiency... and Number of the Teacher’s ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Introduction Both nitrogen and phosphorus stimulateeutrophic conditions in receiving waters. Therefore these elements have to be removed from waste water effluents (Rose 349). It is vital that phosphorus should be removed from water bodies in order to curb the growth of aquatic plants and algae, and consequently to control eutrophication. Unlike nitrogen which is fixed from the atmosphere, phosphorus can come only downstream to aquatic systems, not including that deposited from the atmosphere. Appropriate fertilisation plans are required for controlling diffuse sources of phosphorus such as that from...
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Sports Nutrition
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic exercise. Another energy producing system known as anaerobic glycolysis comes in after the depletion of energy using the ATP-CP system. It produces the ATP needed to continue the muscular contraction during execution of water polo skills. The break down of glycogen takes place with little requirement of oxygen. The glycogen utilized for this process is found in the liver and in the muscles (storage form of sugars in the diet). Normally, if a water polo player swims at a fast pace after the first 8-10... Running Head: Energy Requirements among water polo players A study on the energy requirements toboost the overall performance among water polo players in Grace Lutheran College Grace Lutheran Col...
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The importanc of the NAD+/NADH ratio in determining the production of pyruvate vs. lactate. What do you think is the importance of the NAD+/NADP+ ratio Think
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic glycolysis though such lactic acid cycle is not representative of any net fixed production of acid requiring bodily excretion. Excess lactate is produced only by tissues with active glycolysis in a lactate dehydrogenase-catalyzed reaction which yields lactate from pyruvate. By stoichiometry, Pyruvate + NADH + H+ --- Lactate + NAD+ The kinetic reaction proceeds with such rapidity that equilibrium is maintained between... What do you think is the importance of the [NAD NADH] ratio? During a normal Cori cycle, internal muscle tissues generate excess lactate of about 20 mmols per kg per day from glucose as liver and kidney undergo metabolic activities in each event of anaerobic ...
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Physiology of Swimming
20 pages (5000 words)
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...Anaerobic Exercising When a person requires energy, the body converts carbohydrates into glucose, which is a high-energy sugar. This is further concentrated to Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP), the body's most significant energy source. (Hill, 1927, 67-69) Anaerobic system is the body's instant energy resource. The body uses ATP already available. This direct use of ATP can max out in 6 seconds. It provides energy for a burst of maximum effort; this is invariably followed by fatigue, which is shown in activities such as power lifting or short sprints. The anaerobic threshold, the point... Running Head: PHYSIOLOGY OF SWIMMING Physiology of Swimming [The [The of the Physiology of SwimmingBackground of...
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Energy, Metabolism and Cells
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...anaerobic bacteria do not have oxygen in their systems and therefore resort... ? Photosynthesis, Respiration and Enzymes                   Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are essential to both plants and animals. Photosynthesis is carried out by plants in order to produce glucose, C6H12O6, which is in turn used by all eukaryotes to produce ATP through aerobic respiration. If, however, there is a lack of oxygen in the organism, it resorts to fermentation in order to produce ATP, along with either ethanol or lactic acid. All throughout the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration enzymes are utilized. Enzymes catalyze reactions in different ways, and enzyme-substrate complexes are...
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Energy, Metabolism and Cells
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic bacteria do not have oxygen in their systems and therefore resort... Photosynthesis, Respiration and Enzymes                   Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are essential to both plants and animals. Photosynthesis is carried out by plants in order to produce glucose, C6H12O6, which is in turn used by all eukaryotes to produce ATP through aerobic respiration. If, however, there is a lack of oxygen in the organism, it resorts to fermentation in order to produce ATP, along with either ethanol or lactic acid. All throughout the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration enzymes are utilized. Enzymes catalyze reactions in different ways, and enzyme-substrate complexes are formed...
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Sport and exercise in health science
9 pages (2250 words)
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...anaerobic energy (30 seconds to 2 minutes) and aerobic energy systems (which are normally longer, above 4 minutes) (Hendler, 2012). However, for the client (who is a track sprinter), aerobic system ids the most utilized system. This systems in useful in zone 1 (recovery with an AT percentage of more than 71%) all through to zone 5 (the anaerobic phase whose AT percentage lies between 103% and 110%). In respect of the cardiovascular system, it is where we talk of the highest heart rate of the client, under the maximum exertion. This is commonly referred to as the Maximum Heart Rate (MHR). Anaerobic... Sport and Exercise in Health Science Sport and Exercise in Health Science Client: Stuart Houltham Age at ...
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Alcaligenes faecalis
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic respiration in the presence of nitrate or nitrite (Riemann and Cliver 343). Alcaligenes faecalis generally exists singly, and has a size of 0.5 – 1.0 x 0.5 – 2.6 um. The organism grows... ? Alcaligenes faecalis Module and Number Alcaligenes faecalis Introduction According to Feridun Kavuncuoglu, Aydin Unal, Nilufer Oguzhan, Bulent Tokgoz, Oktay Oymak and Cengiz Utas Alcaligenes faecalis was isolated in 1896 by Petruschky from stale beer. Subsequently, numerous strains of the organism have been discovered. Alcaligenes faecalis is a “motile, flagellated, slender, slightly curved, non spore-forming, slowly growing, nonfermenting, nonencapsulated gram-negative aerobe of the family Achromobacter”...
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Role of Hemoglobin
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic condition, it produces lactic acid and is highly inefficient. And this is the reason for the feeling of fatigue. When oxygen supply is scarce, only glucose... Role of Hemoglobin Hemoglobin is one of the most important content of blood and helps in carrying oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs for expulsion. As the name indicates hemoglobin has two major parts the heme and globin, indicating that each subunit of hemoglobin is a globular protein with an embedded heme group. Each heme group contains an iron atom which is responsible for the binding of oxygen and each heme group is able to bind one oxygen molecule, and therefore one hemoglobin molecule can bind...
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Haemoglobin plays a role in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Describe how this is accomplished at the molecular level. What happens to the relations
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...anaerobic condition, it produces lactic acid and is highly inefficient. And this is the reason for the feeling of fatigue. When oxygen supply is scarce, only glucose can be used to produce energy and it can be quickly get depleted. Muscles have adapted to this frequent imbalance between energy demand and supply by switching between fat and carbohydrate metabolism, based on oxygen availability. Initially, when a person starts to do some exercise, muscles generally work anaerobically... Role of Hemoglobin Hemoglobin is one of the most important content of blood and helps in carrying oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs for expulsion. As the name indicates hemoglobin has...
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Sterility Testing of the sodium cromoglycate Eye Drop Formulation
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic controls respectively (Regamey 2000). The control organisms of Clostridium sporogenes... Sterility Testing of the Sodium Cromoglycate Eye Drop Formulation Sterility Testing of the Sodium Cromoglycate Eye Drop Formulation Introduction: Sterile products are necessary within a pharmaceutical environment because they serve to ensure that the agents are free from any micro-organism contaminants. This assurance arises as a result of procedures conducted on the apparatus and equipment within the centre, enabling them to be safely used within a pharmaceutical setting. The environment of the pharmacy itself is most commonly associate with the activity of peering medications for sale to a customer who ...
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Cardiovascular Endurance and Spatial Orientation
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Anaerobic endurance: Anaerobic work refers to a very high level of effort... What is Cardiovascular Endurance Cardiovascular endurance has come to refer to a high level of aerobic fitness, which is maintained by persistent activity. It is the heart and lung's ability to pump oxygen to working muscles allowing a person to accomplish even strenuous activity throughout the day without much fatigue. As noted: 'Nutrition and fitness guru Dr. Phillip Maffatone considers endurance to be "a steady state level of activity where one can develop and sustain relatively high speeds at a sub maximum effort over time; the ability to develop higher speeds while remaining predominately aerobic; increasing the percent...
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Case study - Physiological responses in cross-country sprint skiing; a study in regulation, control and homeostasis. (1500 words)
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic and aerobic systems The energy system that is likely to dominate the cross country race is the aerobic energy system. It does require oxygen. It operates the same way as the anaerobic since, the lactic anaerobic energy structure, the system of aerobic energy production must recruit straight the cellular respiration that is active... Exercise Exercise Sprint skiing During the exercise, there are a lot of psychological and physiological processes that take place in the body. It is important that the body recover from the abnormal functioning. However, the process of recovery entails a lot of factors and changes. The complications that involve as a result of the body trying to recovery depend on...
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Aerobic Respiration of germinating and non-germinating peas
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic germination. For aerobic germination the three elements are essential while for anaerobic air is not necessary (Bewley 1985). The experiment was aimed at determining the amount of CO2 gas produced during the germination of peas seeds under a room temperature. It entailed... Aerobic Respiration of Germinating and Non-Germinating Peas Introduction Germination refers to the scientific transition of a plant seed into a seedling. Naturally it requires certain basic environmental conditions in order to occur (Bewley 1985). Some of the conditions include air, warmth, and moisture. Generally studies have shown that there are two main types of seed germination that naturally occur that is aerobic and...
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Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobically (Hoffmeister et al, 2004). Anaerobically, these organisms store energy in the form of fatty acids (waxes) that are broken down when oxygen becomes available more plentifully (Hoffmeister et al, 2004). This makes these organisms so interesting. It is notable that both photosynthesis and cellular respiration in euglenoids with chloroplasts... www.academia-research.com Sumanta Sanyal d: 02/09/07 A Comparison: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Introduction: The first part of thispaper compares and contrasts two plant processes - photosynthesis and cellular respiration. While it is acknowledged that the former process precedes the latter one by a few billion years the two processes do have ...
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SUMMARY
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...anaerobic digesters that churn this kind of waste in the same way food is churned in the stomach of a cow. The author states that the food waste can even be dumped at composite sites where this waste along with other waste is transformed into compost and the compost does not smell as bad as raw waste. The author states that companies... Article Summary The article d Massachusetts Food Waste Ban Gains Broad Acceptance was published on the website of NPR during the period of 2014 (NPR.org 1). The article focuses on the recent ban that has been implemented by the states of Massachusetts. The ban is targeted towards food waste and the dumping of this food waste in landfills. According to the new law,...
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Introduction of crude oil biodegrading by some marine bacteria and reduce sulphur component
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic conditions due to oxygen uptake by heterotrophic organisms. Under such conditions mineralization of organic matter by processes such as sulphate reduction by marine-sulphate reducing bacteria can play a vital role. These anaerobic bacteria utilize sulphate as the final electron acceptor... Introduction The role of microorganisms in degradation of marine oil spills is being constantly investigated as the fate of petroleum compounds in marine environment depends on their transformation or degradation by microbes. More than hundred known species of bacteria and fungi play a role in the degradation of marine oil to usable components with the help of their enzymes (Patin, n.d). The hydrocarbons...
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Antiseptics ( 70%, 91% Isopropyl and Iodine) on Ecoli growth
3 pages (750 words)
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...Anaerobic bacteria These bacteria cannot thrive in an environment that has oxygen and cause food poisoning. Anaerobic bacteria live under deep waters where there is absence of oxygen. iii. Facultative... Lab Report Introduction on Antiseptics Concentration Effect on E Coli Bacteria Growth Research has deployed efforts to determine various organisms that contribute towards human infections such as bacteria. Bacteria have a variety of environmental and nutritive necessities for their survival and growth. There are three groups if bacteria that include- i. Aerobic bacteria These bacteria are favored by the presence of oxygen, which they require throughout for a progressive growth and existence. ii. Anaerob...
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Bioprocessing requirements to manufacture a specific product
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...anaerobic process occurs, providing the organism with the energy required, in an anaerobic manner. C6H12O6 CH3CHOHCOOH + C2H5OH + CO2 Before this process can occur, though, a molecule of glucose has to be split into two molecules of pyruvate. This is a process referred to as glycolysis. In homolactic fermentation, two moles of lactic acid are anaerobically formed from a single molecule of glucose. Nature When lactic acid... BIOPROCESSING REQUIREMENTS TO MANUFACTURE LACTIC ACID Introduction Fermentation of carbohydrates may lead to the formation of lactic acid. This process occurs in two steps. The first is fermentation and neutralization of the carbohydrates being used. The second step is the...
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Unit 7 paper biochem
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic activities. This is because they involve both short and prolonged exercises. According to Smith, there are three basic energy systems (n.d.). The phosphagen system is active during extremely short exercises that involve highest short gusts of energy. The phosphagen system depends on stored ATP to provide immediate energy. The glycolytic energy system (anaerobic) involves partial breakdown of glucose into pyruvate to give small amounts of energy. This pathway is significant in providing small amounts of energy during exercises that last longer than two... UNIT 7 BIOCHEMISTRY PAPER Nutritional Biochemistry 29 December Question The above-mentioned activities are a combination of aerobic and...
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Running Economy
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobic thresholds. There has been little attention to the anaerobic performance ability in endurance events. It is well documented that explosive strength and speed training cause specific adaptation to the neuromuscular system improving explosive force production ability such as rate of force development, increased rate of activation of motor units, improved anaerobic energy production and neural adaptation. When endurance athletes (runners, cross-country skiers) have engaged in explosive strength and speed training... Swarnambika S Academia Research Running Economy August 29, 2007 Running Economy Running economy is the relationship between running speed and the amount of oxygen required to exercise...
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Biological energy production
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic respiration. So far as anaerobic respiration is concerned, pyruvate is not metabolized without oxygen by cellular respiration. In fact, it goes through a process of fermentation. Apart from the fact that the production of ATP in aerobic respiration necessitates oxygen while the anaerobic respiration does not require the presence of it, there is another difference between the two kinds of cellular respiration. In case... Biological energy production What are the biochemical processes involved in the breakdown (catabolism) of fatty acids' The breakdown of fatty acids or the catabolism of fatty acids is often referred to as beta oxidation. It is basically a biological process in which the fatty...
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He characterisationand identificationof your unknown bacteriu: s c i e n t i f i cp a p e
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...anaerobic test and motility test will also give us better idea regarding the nature of the bacterium. Then using the Bergey’s Manual of systematic Bacteriology Volume 1, we can identify the bacterium. (Shimeld and Rodgers 1999), (Harley 2004). AIM: To characterize and identify the given bacterium by studied staining and biochemical test methods. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Bacterial Characterization and Identification: 1. Colony Morphology: Colony morphology is an important tool in the identification of the bacterial cultures. The bacteria are classified based on their size, forms, cellular morphologies and Gram reactions. The colony morphology is the same for a given micro... ABSRACT: The bacteria that are...
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How Aerobic Exercises Influence
3 pages (750 words)
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...Anaerobic exercises – these weight lifting exercises lead to strengthening of muscles and increase body’s endurance. Purpose: ‘Aerobic’ refers to the use of oxygen in the body’s metabolic process and aerobic exercises are performed when rhythmic music at fast tempo is running... How Aerobic Exercises Influence Background: Someone has rightly said “A vigorous five-mile walk will do more good for an unhappy but otherwise healthy adult than all the medicine and psychology in the world,” the quote is indicative of the fact that from a certain perspective exercising can do wonders for our body and at times, these could be bigger than medicine. Extant peer-reviewed literature defines exercising as “the...
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A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic bacteria culture. The weapons and explosives are highly toxic and the burial ground should be a restricted site until completion of the bioremediation process... Bioremediation, Algal biofuel and Microcosm Bioremediation Plan Bioremediation is a viable option for a weapons and explosives (TNT, ammunition) burial ground. Nitroaromatic compounds such as 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) are xenobiotics that can undergo microbial degradation in the environment but the process is relatively slow. The plan is to carry out bioremediation in a two step process. The first step will comprise of microbial degradation by aerobic bacteria. In the second stage microbial degradation will be undertaken by...
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