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Ar.iclo p824
Ar.iclo p824
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic nature of some bacteria, it is not advisable to take... disinfection as the last resort and not consider it as an effective way of eradicating bacteria. In most cases, these bacteria will stay on surfaces even after disinfecting the object. Objects such as bib clips are a good example of perfect hideouts for oral bacteria, and anaerobic bacteria that reside in oral cavity (Kelsch, 2013). Besides, Kelsch (2013) adds that some anaerobic bacteria that are isolated from the skin and those residing in the upper respiratory tract can never be eliminated by disinfection. In such situations, it is advisable to use disposable bib holders in order to prevent...
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Physiological Aspects of Exercise and Sport
Physiological Aspects of Exercise and Sport
8 pages (2000 words)
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...anaerobically while the third needs O2, derived from respiratory intake of air and subsequent flow through blood stream for breakdown of food stuffs. All the systems can simultaneously operate or, depending on the exercise regime... Physiological Aspects of Exercise and Sport Introduction ATP is the ultimate source of energy for all living forms. Numerous pathways lead to continuous and uninterrupted production of this chemical 'store-house' of energy. The chemical energy of food material is stored in the terminal phosphate bond of ATP and enzymatic (hydrolytic) cleavage of ATP to ADP and inorganic phosphate by action of membrane-bound enzyme complex, termed ATPase, yields high energy (ca. 30.5 kJ per...
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Photosynthesis, respiration, and enzymes
Photosynthesis, respiration, and enzymes
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic respiration. In the next step of respiration, these pyruvate molecules are rearranged in a cycle and in the process produce carbon dioxide where electrons are pulled off and passed and generate ATP for the plant to use for it to grow called aerobic respiration (UCSB, nd). 2. In the absence of oxygen some cells... 1. Explain how photosynthesis and respiration are linked in order to provide you with energy from the food you eat. Photosynthesis is the process where the plant converts the energy from the sun into glucose. Glucose is a sugar molecule made up of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. When this is made by the plant, it sources its carbon and oxygen from carbon dioxide in the air to make...
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Sports medicine/science
Sports medicine/science
10 pages (2500 words)
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...anaerobic glycolysis), involves the rapid breakdown of muscle glycogen (glycolysis) under anaerobic conditions. ATP... Introduction: All sporting events require an athlete to adhere to certain training principles and guidelines. However, the training methods and requirements will vary. The training principles of a marathon runner will differ from that of a sprint runner. A knowledge of the body’s physiology and its application in the training regimen is thus very vital. In the past few decades, the disciplines of exercise science and exercise medicine have also evolved greatly to help sportspersons achieve their goal. SPORT AND EXERCISE MEDICINE “Sport and exercise medicine is a discipline, which draws...
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Biology (u2 ip&db)
Biology (u2 ip&db)
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic conditions, the absence of oxygen, pyruvic acid can be routed by the organism into one of three pathways: lactic acid... Photosynthesis Aerobic Cellular Respiration Full balanced equation 6CO2 + 6H2O + Light Energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2 Reactants “The process of photosynthesis is broken up into two main groups of reactions: the "light reactions" which require light energy to operate, and the "Calvin cycle" which specifically takes carbon dioxide and turns it into organic molecules” (GlobalChange, 2008, pg. 1) “In respiration, glucose is oxidized and thus releases energy. Oxygen is reduced to form water. The carbon atoms of the sugar molecule are released as carbon dioxide (CO2). The complete breakdow...
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Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic fermentation. Chemically, Alcohol dehydrogenase... is a homotetrameric enzyme of approximately 150 kDA size which catalyses the reversible oxidation of alcohols. It is responsible for converting ethanal to ethanol and other alcohols during fermentation. Fermentation is the process in which glucose, a major constituent of all carbohydrates, undergoes glycolysis under anaerobic conditions with the resultant production of alcohol. The reaction is characterized by the regeneration of oxidized nicotinamide dinucleotide (NAD+), which is essential for maintenance of glycolysis under anaerobic conditions with resultant seizure of mitochondrial respiration....
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Respiration
Respiration
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...anaerobic respiration. For aerobic respiration to take place, oxygen must be present to facilitate this process. This fact explains the reason why human ventilate. On the other hand, anaerobic respiration only occurs when there is the absence or reduced amount of oxygen in the cells (Starr & McMillan 2012, p.55). Aerobic respiration Aerobic respiration is the process through which energy is obtained from food for cellular use using oxygen... . The electron transport chain comprises of a network of electron carrying protein located on the inner membrane of the mitochondria. It is in this stage where electrons and protons are added to oxygen to produce water. Production of ATP occurs when...
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Sustainability Video Assignment
Sustainability Video Assignment
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic digestion, producing bio-methane that they use as a power source. They also cut off 33% of the white of the glass bottle to minimize the number of vehicles needed for package hence reduction of fuel used. Bioenergy has reduced dependence on fossil fuels by the company. According... First Sustainability Adnams brewery, established in 1872, manufactures beer and spirits and distributes them tocustomers. Andy Wood, the executive manager at Adnams, note that financial managers encounter a lot of challenges in the implementation of the sustainability business project. However, at Adnams brewery, they have put efficient measures to ensure the project succeeds. Before investing in these sustainable...
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Genetics
Genetics
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic which is heterotrophic prokaryote taking in a small aerobic prokaryote. In step 2, the aerobic endosymbiont evolves into a mitochondrion. This step is followed by step 3... Evolution of Eukaryotes Eukaryotic cells are believed to have evolved from certain organelles, mitochondria and chloroplasts,in the prokaryotic cells that were residing in the cytoplasm of a bigger host cell. This hypothesis by Lynn Margulis is known to as endosymbiont theory since is expounds on how a single “composite” cell of higher complexity “evolved from more separate simpler cells living in a symbiotic relationship with one another” (Karp, 2009, p.25). The evolution of eukaryotic cells begins in step 1; a large...
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Nitrogen Recovery in WasteWater Treatment
Nitrogen Recovery in WasteWater Treatment
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobic, and anoxic) and timing (Jeyanayagam, 2005). Although the exact configurations of each system differ, BNR systems designed to remove TN must have an aerobic zone for nitrification and an anoxic zone for denitrification, and BNR systems designed to remove TP must have an anaerobic zone free of dissolved oxygen and nitrate. Often, sand or other media filtration is used as a polishing step to remove particulate matter when low TN and TP effluent concentrations are required. Sand filtration can also be combined with attached growth denitrification filters to further reduce soluble nitrates and effluent TN... ?Nitrogen Recovery in WasteWater Treatment Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plants and ...
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Site analysis
Site analysis
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...anaerobic soil bacteria, both the facultative and obligate bacteria do exist in saturated areas of this kind of grounds. By law, the land is wetland when the wetland features are present on or near the surface of the ground. When soils are saturated, and the air removed from soil pores, anaerobic bacteria become the dominant in the microbic community of the soil. These bacteria use the non-oxygen substances as their electron acceptors. When organisms respire, they transfer electrons linearly from one molecule to another. From every transfer of electron... Site Analysis of Okefenokee Swamp Site Analysis of Okefenokee Swamp The existence, size and functions of wetlands in Okefenokee Swamp are in continuous ...
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Rationale for Work Placement
Rationale for Work Placement
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Anaerobic Training Aerobic training involves the improvement of flexibility, strength and cardiovascular system integrity for sporting needs. Stretching exercises for certain duration of time enable flow of blood into the various body parts, ensuring supply of air and nutrients through blood. Circulation is very important in the general health status of the players. Music accompaniment enhances concentration and morale... Rationale for Work Placement Based on personal interests, attributes and skills, sport therapy is a bit off the required practices that a fitness instructor and trainer does best. Although sport therapy is an interesting field as well, an instructor for the same would appear to duplicat...
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Training for Health, Fitness and Sport
Training for Health, Fitness and Sport
8 pages (2000 words)
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...anaerobic endurance, muscular endurance, agility, flexibility, power, balance speed and coordination. For the purpose of this assignment the few that are of particular importance are aerobic endurance, anaerobic endurance, muscular endurance and flexibility because they enhance players’ effectiveness in the field leading to better performance. In addition, the discussed fitness would also reduce their chances of acquiring injuries and ensure quick recovery in case they get injuries (Spade & Valentine 2010). Aerobic endurance Aerobic endurance is the engagement of an individual in the sport... Introduction Training is a consistent progression of exercises meant for improving the health status of an...
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The Forensicality of Human Death
The Forensicality of Human Death
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic metabolism occurs with “the accumulation of gases such as hydrogen sulphide, carbon dioxide, and methane” (Stevens 1996, pg. 636). It is the accumulation of these gases that fills various bodily cavities and results in the body’s bloated appearance. This process also results in the body’s liquids to take on a froth like composition. Internal pressure with the corpse during this period results in these internal liquids leaving the body through the various bodily orifices. These liquids also can cause tears in the skin. It’s also noted that, “intestinal anaerobic bacteria transform haemoglobin... ?Forensicality of Death In terms of the forensicality of human death there are a number of stage of...
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CLINICAL CASE STUDY- Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology
CLINICAL CASE STUDY- Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Anaerobic Agar No growth detected. Question 3: Description of Clinical Pathology Tests Basic Observations Using a sputum culture, as a core bacterial determinant pathology test, Klebsiella pneumonia was determined to be characterized as a gram-negative, non-motile, lactose fermenting, encapsulated, rod shaped, facultative anaerobic bacterium belonging to the family enterobacteriacease and detected... ? Diagnostic Techniques in Pathology Department: Question Explanation of the patient history History and Physical Examination Comments Patient Name: Date: Referral Source: Data Source: Patient Chief Complaint & ID: A twenty year old female patient who has suffered from a problem of productive cough for...
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Scientific Lab
Scientific Lab
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic, encapsulated and non-motile. For the unknown B: It was likely to be Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria which is a typical nonspore... Identification of unknown Bacteria from Mixed Culture #18 The purpose of the experiment was to identify unknown bacteria from mixed culture #18 using biochemical and morphological test: The tests done include: Culturing and Gram staining for Morphology. The biochemical tests were: Lactose fermentation, Tryptophan digestion (Indole), Orinithine, methyl red and mannitol test. Basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative...
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Sport and exercise in health science
Sport and exercise in health science
9 pages (2250 words)
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...anaerobic energy (30 seconds to 2 minutes) and aerobic energy systems (which are normally longer, above 4 minutes) (Hendler, 2012). However, for the client (who is a track sprinter), anaerobic system is the most utilized system. This systems in useful in the sense that the client requires more power and has to be fast. It is the anaerobic systems which can ensure these two. In respect of the cardiovascular system, it is where we talk of the highest heart rate of the client, under the maximum exertion. This is commonly referred to as the Maximum Heart Rate (MHR). Anaerobic threshold (AT) or the Lactate... ?Sport and Exercise in Health Science Sport and Exercise in Health Science Client: Stuart Houltham...
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Alcoholic Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobic condition. The two types...  Alcoholic Fermentation Introduction Fermentation is a microbiological reaction that takes place in the absence of oxygen. The reaction aids in the conversion of sugars to alcohol or lactic acid. Specifically the process of fermentation refers to the conversion of sugar into alcohol by the use of yeast or use of bacteria in creating lactic acid in certain foods. Under the right conditions, the process of fermentation occurs naturally in many foods. In this case, the process of decomposition of carbohydrates occurs under the influence of microorganisms. The energy needed for this process results from oxidation and reduction reactions undertaken by these microorganis...
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Man made Surface water drainage settling lagoon
Man made Surface water drainage settling lagoon
13 pages (3250 words) , Download 1
...anaerobic, facultative, and aerobic maturation pond. Wastewater stabilisation ponds have the advantage of costing less for Operation and Maintenance (O & M) as well as for Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD). Moreover, pathogen removal is of a high efficiency. The disadvantages are that large surface areas are required, along with expert design for maximum sustainability. The effluent continues to retain its nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus; therefore it is suitable for reuse in agricultural irrigation, building constructions, industry and in aquaculture in fish or macrophyte ponds... ?MAN-MADE LAGOONS FOR SETTLING SURFACE WATER DRAINAGE Introduction Surface water is the “precipitation falling on...
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Homeostasis
Homeostasis
1 pages (250 words) , Download 1
...anaerobic oxidation starts which causes the breathing rate to increase further and this causes an oxygen deficit and lactic acid build up (Sherwood, 2008). Once you stop running and rest, your body’s negative feedback loop works to regain stability and remove the Lactic Acid by oxidizing it. This is known as post exercise oxygen consumption which would explain why Farah was still breathing heavily during the interview. It was because the negative feedback loop was working to ensure an increased amount of oxygen uptake to remove the oxygen deficit and oxidize the Lactic Acid (Sherwood, 2008). Works Cited Kelliher, S. & Media, D., 2011... Homeostasis and Negative Feedback by :________________ [Department...
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Summary
Summary
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic process into ethanol (a form of alcohol) by the action of yeast enzymes. However, the yeast enyzmes are often susceptible and very sensitive to ethanol toxicity that limits industrial production. The research study done by Caspeta et al. was intended to solve this problem by use and selection of specific yeast strains through laboratory evolution that are tolerant at the ≥40°C temperature at which ethanol... full Making Yeast more Tolerant at higher temperatures (article summary) 06 November The two articles on yeast fermentation and bio-fuel production are entitled “Altered sterol composition renders yeast thermotolerant” by Caspeta et al. and a second one is that of “Engineering alcohol...
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SUMMARY
SUMMARY
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic exercise performance in judo athletes, continuing their usual training. The results that obtained showed that the fasting had a small impact on aerobic performance. It was also observed that experienced athletes can preserve enough energy and train normal during the fasting period. Kumar & Kaur (2013) conducted a research on how dietary restriction negatively affected reproduction. The study was intended to explore the effects of negative energy occasioned by intermittent fasting on young female and male rats. It was noted that, changes in body weight, testeron and blood glucose showed the negative role of diet restriction... Summary: Effects of Diet Restriction on Health Affiliation Summary:...
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Biology of food
Biology of food
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Anaerobic respiration is carried out; glucose is broken down to lactic acid ATP is formed. Third step: Aerobic respiration is carried out, glucose, fats, amino acids, and glycogen is broken down in the existence of oxygen to create ATP. Energy obtained from ATP is used to reorganize the myosin cross- bridge protein head and liberate the actin filaments. The force of contraction in a muscle cell is generated by the cyclic interaction of two proteins, namely actin and myosin. The free energy that drives... ?Yiting Liu Oct 26 Biology of food Speaking of tough-and-stringy beef, If a cow (or a person) eats more calories than they use, what happens to the "excess?" If a person eats more calories than they use, ...
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Benefits of Exercise
Benefits of Exercise
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1
...anaerobic exercises. In aerobic exercise, the aim of the exercise is to increase the oxygen consumption of the body. The exercises are usually of moderate intensity and involve large muscle groups. It involves warming up and exercise for 20 minutes, followed by cooling down. A simple example for aerobic exercise is running for 20 minutes and playing badminton for 30 minutes. On the other hand, in anaerobic exercise, the muscles are exercised at high intensities for short durations, which are less than 2 minutes. Oxygen is not used during these exercises and hence they use fewer calories than aerobic exercises (Christian, Medical NewsToday). Benefits of exercise on general health Benefits... ?Exercise:...
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Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0
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...anaerobic or aerobic. Anaerobic respiration takes place without oxygen. This process generates less oxygen than the aerobic respiration pathway, as only glucosis takes place. The Krebs and electron transport phases are obstructed... ? The effect of different Sugar Type on the speed of Energy Production in Yeast Fermentation Respiration is the metabolic process, through which carbohydrates are converted into energy for synthesis by cells. The process is important, as it allows for the breakdown of food compounds, especially sugar – which are then absorbed by cells. The materials required during the study include four 100 ml beakers labeled as 1-4, a 200 ml beaker, deionized water; 5% glucose, fructose and ...
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Minimising the emission of CO2
Minimising the emission of CO2
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic bio reactors were buried outside the green house. Due to absence of oxygen in waste water the growth of anaerobic and facultative bacterial population is promoted. Waste matter from the anaerobic tanks flows into a closed aerobic tank in the greenhouse. Air is introduced through fine bubble... Minimising the emission of CO2 To control and assess CO2 emissions, information on energy used for heating and hot water is taken and added to a calculation to estimate the energy consumption from lights and appliances. This provides a more comprehensive figure for overall CO2 emissions than the Carbon Index in the Building Regulations. To control the consumption, of energy low energy lights can be used i...
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Identification of unknown Bacteria
Identification of unknown Bacteria
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic, encapsulated and non-motile. For the unknown B: It was likely to be Salmonella Typhimurium bacteria which is a typical nonspore-forming rods, facultative... Identification of unknown Bacteria The purpose of the experiment was to identify unknown bacteria from mixed culture #18 using biochemical and morphological test: The tests done include: Culturing and Gram staining for Morphology. The biochemical tests were: Lactose fermentation, Tryptophan digestion (Indole), Orinithine, methyl red and mannitol test. Basing on the results the most likely bacteria were: for the unknown A, was Klebsiella pneumoniae which is a typical rod shaped bacterium, a Gram-negative, lactose fermenting, facultative...
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Ecology task 3
Ecology task 3
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic decomposition of plants and animals which died and got buried deep underground many years ago. The process takes place over millions of years in which heat and pressure converts the carbon inside... Running Head: The Carbon Cycle and Climate Change What are the main carbon stores on our planet? a. Living things b. Ocean c. Soil d. Atmosphere. 2. Carbon is found in the atmosphere in the form of a gas called Carbon dioxide. 3. Which natural process involves the uptake of Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere? . Photosynthesis. 4. List three ways in which CO2 is added to the atmosphere. a. Decomposition b. Volcanoes c. Wild fires. 5. How is fossil fuel formed? Fossil fuels are formed through anaerobic...
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Much has been written in popular magazines about aerobic training and how it is the only way one can burn fat. Explain this belief, evaluate it and tell why it may or may not be appropriate. Are there other ways to burn fat If so, what are some of them
Much has been written in popular magazines about aerobic training and how it is the only way one can burn fat. Explain this belief, evaluate it and tell why it may or may not be appropriate. Are there other ways to burn fat If so, what are some of them
1 pages (250 words) , Download 2
...anaerobic routines have to be combined. And instead of always performing aerobic exercises in air conditioned environments, one can go out and do them in natural settings like a park. In other words, indoor regimens can be supplemented with outdoor regimens to gain maximum benefits. Activities such as trekking and skiing can also be effective alternatives to aerobics. Swimming is also known to aid in fat burning, and which can serve as an alternative to regular aerobic routines prescribed in a gymnasium.... has been written in popular magazines about aerobic training and how it is the only way one can burn fat. Explain this belief, evaluate it and tell why it may or may not be appropriate. Are there ...
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Discuss the geochemical cycle of the element sulfur
'Discuss the geochemical cycle of the element sulfur'
13 pages (3250 words)
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...anaerobic photosynthesis may have provided the sulfate necessary to promote the evolution of sulfate-reducing bacteria (Schidlowski, 1989). Sulfur occurs in nature and it is also present in coal, crude oil, natural gas, oil... GEO-CHEMICAL CYCLE OF THE ELEMENT SULFUR INTRODUCTION The studies on the evolution of sulfur cycle show that some of the earliest organisms on earth gained energy from the metabolism of sulfur compounds (Stetter, 1996). Organism evolution led to innovations in metabolic pathways, many of which certainly modified the surface chemistry of the Earth. Such changes in surface chemistry provided new metabolic opportunities that promoted further evolutionary innovations. For example,...
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Content analysis
Content analysis
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic digestion abridged greenhouse gas release and improved the net energy ratio. Implications of research: The research found that instead of being controlled by the customary models to measuring intangibles, through modern greenhouse gas coverage frameworks, a better open method is established which would advance the suitability and apply the worth of use and gas renewal techniques. References Neuman, W. L. (2009). Understanding research. Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.... Content analysis Research article analysis of Article:  Improvements in the life cycle energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions of corn ethanol Name of Journal:  Journal of Industrial Ecology Date of Research:  ...
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Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
16 pages (4000 words)
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...anaerobic system of glycolisys and aerobic system or mitochondrial respiration. End product of all systems is ATP (adenosine three phosphate) which is the main energy source for the cell metabolism. During low level exercises human muscles almost exclusively use aerobic mitochondrial metabolism as for energy production. It is much more effective process of energy production because from one molecule of glucose it produces 30... ? Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes Professional cycling is among the most physically demanding sports with a combination of extreme duration, intensity and frequency of the physical demand. Professional cyclists have approximately 100...
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Book Review
Book Review
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic level does not burn extra fat...  Book Review There is minimal health risk when an individual is slightly overweight. On the other hand, when a person is overweight or obese, he or she can suffer from diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Being overweight not only causes psychological stress because of low self confidence and anxiety, but can lower a person’s life expectancy. It is unfortunate that many people who are overweight want to lose weight mostly by dieting. Many of the individuals perceive this to be the best method because it entails product consumption or following the instructions and then the weight is lost. This method is further reinforced by a huge number...
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C-Difficile Research Paper
C-Difficile Research Paper
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic bacterium that can cause gastrointestinal symptoms ranging from milddiarrhea to very intense and severe colon infections. Hall and O’Toole were the first scientists who described Bacillus difficilis in 1935 as an important part of the bacterial family, isolated from the feces and meconium of infants. According to the studies made by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimate of 336,000 cases had been diagnosed positively with C. difficile infection in the year 2009. The 2009 report has shown an increase in the C. difficile spread as compared to the 139,000 diagnosed cases in the year 2000. Moreover, outbreaks of C... ? C- Difficile C-Difficile Clostridium difficile is an...
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Sports Medicine
Sports Medicine
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic process is much lesser (2 ATP) than that by aerobic respiration in which complete breakdown of glucose molecule takes place leading to fatigue. 5. Explain in your own words what the fatigue index is and why it is relevant to performance A. Fatigue index is decrease is power divided by time interval between the peak power and minimum power. In athletes it's of utmost importance as it determines the nature of their performance. Many factors contribute to fatigue index like functioning of heart and lungs, muscle strength, level of glucose in the muscles etc. Long distance runners tend to have a lower fatigue index as they rely on aerobic respiration as compared to...
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Relationship between Lung and Tooth Abscess
Relationship between Lung and Tooth Abscess
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic bacteria found in dental plaques (Li, 2000). The study... Relationship between Lung and Tooth Abscess Abstract An abscess can be defined as a swollen and infected area on an individual’s skin or body, full of a thick yellowish liquid called pus. A tooth abscess is one of the abscesses found in the human body and it is normally caused by periodontal disease (gum disease) and dental carries (cavities). A lung abscess is another kind of abscess found in the human body. It affects the respiratory tract and is normally caused by seizure disorders, drug abuse and poor oral hygiene. To prevent a tooth abscess one should remember to brush and floss every day and also keep away from cigarettes and alco...
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Kinesiology
Kinesiology
2 pages (500 words) , Download 2
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...anaerobic), flexibility and coordination... ?Kinesiology Chad. Golf is a game that requires both strength and flexibility. Strength is required to increase the power of the drive while flexibility determines the speed of the swing. Although golf is not an athletic sport in the sense that there is no running involved in the game, yet the heart of a golfer needs conditioning which is provided by aerobic exercises. Chad has already been doing aerobic exercises for 8 years. A good golf swing puts enormous stress on the shoulders while the twisting of the body required to execute the swing can cause back injury. Therefore, golfers are prone to suffer problems connected with the back, shoulders, elbows,...
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Clostridium Botulinum
Clostridium Botulinum
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic organism that grows best in environments with absent or low oxygen (United States Department of Agriculture). Commonly, because of their anaerobic nature, they often thrive in canned foods since they provide conditions that favor their growth. In addition, Clostridium botulinum usually forms spores that help them survive conditions that do not favor their growth. Furthermore, these spores may at times get into the human gastrointestinal system and can... Clostridium Botulinum The micro-organism Clostridium botulinum is known to be a gram positive bacterium shaped like a rod. It is commonly found in the soil hence making its distribution in the world enormous. These rod shaped bacterium is an...
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Forensic test
Forensic test
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic respiration takes place and this leads to formation of lactic acid which makes the body to decompose a condition referred to as necrosis (Cengage, 2006). High temperature conditions increases the rate of reactions and this increases the rate of decomposition of a body. This is because energy is available for the decomposition process. A body placed in a cold media like freezing ice or water undergoes decomposition at a lower rate due to deactivation of bacteria... B 11 C 21 C 31 A 41 D 2 D 12 B 22 E 32 D 42 D 3 C 13 C 23 B 33 B 43 B 4 D 14 A 24 C 34 C 44 D 5 D 15 E 25 A 35 A 45 A 6A 16 A 26 E 36 E 46 A 7 C 17 D 27 A 37 D 47 B 8 A 18 A 28 B 38 B 48 E 9 E 19 A 29 A 39 E 49 B 10 C 20 A 30 A 40 C...
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Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobe that has the ability to generate hydrogen to combine with oxygen to create an anaerobic environment. It often accompanies bacterial vaginosis, which can be diagnosed in as many as 60% of patients with Trichomonas vaginitis (Cates, Jr., 1999, S2-S7). Risk Factors: There are certain risk factors that are associated with Trichomoniasis. These include all the risk factors for sexually transmitted infection acquisition. These are multiple or new partners, non-use of barrier method of contraception, young age, minority member, lower socioeconomic status, and other sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydial... Trichomoniasis Introduction: Genitourinary tract infections are among the most frequent...
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An investigation into Sustainable waste and waste water management within Civil Engineering in the UK
An investigation into Sustainable waste and waste water management within Civil Engineering in the UK
40 pages (10000 words)
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...anaerobic sludge treatment, or chemical treatment units like coagulation techniques, filtration with ion exchange etc. These methods would not be adequate for complete elimination of the dissolved impurities. For example in the case of municipal wastewater, the secondary treatment would result... An investigation into Sustainable waste and wastewater management within Civil Engineering in the UK Submitted by Contents Particulars Page No 1 Introduction 5 1.1 Background for the study 6 1.2 Reuse of water as sustainable option 9 1.3 Innovative approaches for sewage treatment 9 1.4 Scope and objectives of research 12 2. Review of literature 2.1 Global Perceptions of Sustainability ...
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Civil Engineering in the UK
Civil Engineering in the UK
39 pages (9750 words)
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...anaerobic sludge treatment, or chemical treatment units like coagulation techniques, filtration with ion exchange etc. These methods would not be adequate for complete elimination of the dissolved impurities. For example in the case of municipal wastewater, the secondary treatment would... An investigation into Sustainable waste and wastewater management within Civil Engineering in the UK Submitted by Contents Particulars Page No 1 Introduction 5 1.1 Background for the study 6 1.2 Reuse of water as sustainable option 9 1.3 Innovative approaches for sewage treatment 9 1.4 Scope and objectives of research 12 2. Review of literature 2.1 Global Perceptions of Sustainabilit...
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Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobic microorganisms have often been implicated in this disease. The common predisposing factors that have been recognized are host factors, such as, emotional stress, tobacco use, poor oral hygiene, and local trauma. Recently, this is also encountered in patients infected with HIV. As the name suggests, clinically, this disease is characterized by ulceration and necrosis of the interdental papillae... Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis Introduction: Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis or acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis occurs most frequently in young adults of 16 to 30 years of age. The precise causative agents of this disease are unknown, but fusiform bacillus, Borrelia vincenti, and other...
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Physical exercise and stress
Physical exercise and stress
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic. Aerobic exercises encompass sustained activity where the body needs larger volumes of oxygen used to breakdown fats and glucose to give adenosine triphosphate, ATP that supplies the body with energy. On the contrary, muscles in anaerobic activities use energy from metabolism of muscle glycogen as opposed to reliance on oxygen. This paper seeks to link physical exercise to improved stress management. The Action of Physical Exercise There have been various studies that examine the impact of physical... ? Physical Exercise and Stress Psychosocial factors which include mood and chronic mental stress have beenacknowledged as determinants of wellbeing and longevity. With physical exercises noted to...
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Assignment
Assignment
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic energy production include the use of oxygen in aerobic but not anaerobic respiration, more energy is produced through aerobic respiration, and aerobic energy production results in the formation of water molecules. 3. The components reccommended by the ASCM are warm-up, endurance training, and cool down. FITT stands for frequency, intensity, time, and type. 4. Ten (of many) negative effects of anabolic steroid use are inhibited bone growth, acne, balding... Here Here Here Here Homework Answers Chapter 2 The biopsychological model of psychological health emphasizes the importance of both biological and psychological processes in the development of mental health. 2. Characteristics commonly demons...
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Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
16 pages (4000 words)
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...anaerobic system of glycolisys and aerobic system or mitochondrial respiration. End product of all systems is ATP (adenosine three phosphate) which is the main energy source for the cell metabolism. During low level exercises human muscles almost exclusively use aerobic mitochondrial metabolism as for energy production. It is much more effective process of energy production because from one molecule of glucose it produces 30... Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes Professional cycling is among the most physically demanding sports witha combination of extreme duration, intensity and frequency of the physical demand. Professional cyclists have approximately 100...
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The Glycolysis Process in Humans and in Yeast
The Glycolysis Process in Humans and in Yeast
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic condition in the presence of yeast, the yeast converts the pyruvate to ethanol (Audesirk, Audesirk, & Byers 2006 p.106). References Audesirk, T., Audesirk, G., & Byers, B. E. (2006). Life on earth (4th ed.).San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings. Campbell, N. A., & Reese, J. B. (2002). Biology (6th ed.). San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings. McMurry, J., & Castillion, M. E. (2003). General, organic, and biological chemistry (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.... Glycolysis Process in Humans and in Yeast Glycolysis is the reactive process that splits glucose into 2 molecules of pyruvate yielding 2 molecules of ATP for energy storage and 2 molecules of the NADH electron carrier known ...
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Biology
Biology
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...Anaerobic Respiration. Oxygen when take up from the atmosphere is utilized for production of energy and the process that take up oxygen from the atmosphere is called Cellular Respiration. The oxygen thus taken up is incorporated into oxy-haemoglobin for further transport. 2. During respiration the process of exchange has to be facilitated by exchange of another gas which is carbon dioxide. The processes that help in this exchange of gasses are called Cellular Respiration. 3. Daily metabolic activities for human beings require production... The process of respiration is divided into two kinds one that requires oxygen called as Aerobic Respiration and one that does not require oxygen called as Anaerobic...
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Microbial fuel cells and how cay they produce electricity
Microbial fuel cells and how cay they produce electricity
7 pages (1750 words)
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...anaerobic. Figure xx: The photo above shows the basic working of a microbial fuel cell. Bacteria is metabolizing substrates, that transfer the electrons to the anode. This is displayed through the membrane or redox shuttles. Shewanella is one of the most important bacteria because it has the ability to attach to the electrode and transfer electrons without a mediator (Surya G, Viva F, Bretschger O, Yang B, El-naggar M and Nealson K.2010). The genus Shewanella is capable of accepting electrons, from the organic matter. The metabolism of Shewanella is significant for carbon cycling, remediation of the environment and microbial fuel cells... ?"Microbial Fuel Cells" Electri has become the most vital...
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Week 3 Discussion-Environmental
Week 3 Discussion-Environmental
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic but also Gram- positive. These rod - like spores are resistant... Environmental – Food-borne Illness Botulism Order No. 308213 No. of pages: 2 6530 Botulism is a food borne disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins that is given off by ‘Clostridium Botulinum,’ which cause a lot of harm to the individual suffering from it. Its varied characteristics include vomiting, severe abdominal pain, disturbances to the motor system and other visual impairing difficulties. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention classify botulism into four types: (1) food-borne; (2) infants; (3) wounds and (4) indeterminate. The Clostridium Botulinum is a spore forming rod like structures that are not only anaero...
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