Theory of Strain
Robert Merton developed the strain theory with the aim of explaining why there was deviant behavior within the society. Robert argued that the society can be set up in a manner that encourages too much deviance for example, when socially accepted norms put pressure on an individual to conform, they force the individual to work within the societal structure or become deviant in an attempt to achieve the societal norms (Adler, Laufer & Mueller,2011). According to Merton, there are certain modes of adaptation for example, conformity, ritualism, innovation, and retreatism. Conformity involves following cultural goals using approved means. Innovation involves people adapting... to...