Angina
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...Angina Definition Angina is a symptom occurring as a result of myocardial ischemia caused by an imbalance between myocardial blood supply and oxygen demand. It usually manifests as chest pain (Alaeddini, 2006). Symptoms The most common symptom in angina is retrosternal chest discomfort rather than frank pain (Alaeddini, 2006). The patient may describe the discomfort as pressure, heaviness, squeezing, burning, or choking sensation. The pain may or may not radiate. If it radiates it typically radiates to the left arm. It can also radiate to the epigastrium, back, neck, jaw, or shoulders. The discomfort can be precipitated by physical...
Angina Pectoris
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...Angina Pectoris Angina Pectoris Introduction There are instances whereby the blood supply to the heart’s muscles becomes interrupted by various reasons. In effect, a person may experience pain in the chest that is normally associated with squeezing, chocking, heaviness, pressure, tightness, and suffocation. Usually, the discomfort usually spreads to the sub-sternum area (Siegenthaler 222). In line with this, it is important to point out that the attack by angina usually occurs when a person is undergoing stressful conditions with a rest playing an instrumental role in relieving the person of the pain. Hence, angina may occur due to incidents of fright, shock, anger, and any other activity... ...
Stable Angina Pectoris
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...Angina Pectoris: Symptoms and Diagnosis The term angina pectoris was introduced in 1772 by William Heberden to refer to a syndrome characterized by a strangling sensation and anxiety in the chest area during or after exercise. He was not able to correlate it to cardiac conditions which other experts accomplished through identification of its association by necropsy with patients who suffered coronary heart disease (Christensen 10; Fox et al. 3-9; Crea & Gaspardone 3767). At present angina pectoris is generally used to include conditions such as myocardial ischaemia, esophagus, lung or chest wall disorders. An extensive description for angina pectoris includes discomfort in the jaw, shoulder...
How Is Angina Diagnosed?
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...Angina Diagnosis of Unstable Angina Unstable angina is one of the most dangerous cardiovascular pathologies that can occur. It is a medical emergency which can lead to myocardial infarction. The core defect in angina arises when an atheromatous plaque ruptures. Rupture or erosion of the plaque is a bad sign for the person, as this event leads to a chain of other pathological events. Platelet activation and aggregation starts soon after the rupture. Vasoconstriction of the vessels starts to occur due to which the person has compromised blood flow and may lead to infarction. Thrombosis also occurs. Prior to the management of unstable angina it is crucial to diagnose the problem... Diagnosis of Unstable...
Prevention and Management of Unstable Angina.
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...Angina: Unstable angina is a condition in which your heart doesnt get enough blood flow and oxygen. It may prompt a heart attack. Angina isa kind of discomfort felt in the chest which is brought on by poor blood flow through the blood vessels (coronary vessels) of the heart muscle (myocardium). (Dugdale, 2012). Some of the other names given to Unstable Angina include: “Accelerating angina; New-onset angina; Angina - unstable; Progressive angina” (Dugdale, Unstable angina, 2014) Unstable angina does not follow any patterns. It may happen more frequently and be more extreme than stable angina. (NIH, 2011) Unstable angina additionally can happen with or without physical effort, and rest... Unstable Angina: ...
unstable angina and hyperosmolar hypoglycaemic nontetotic syndrome
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...angina and Hyperosmolar hypoglycaemic nontetotic syndrome Question one Of the five problems (Dehydration, Tachycardia, Decreased level of consciousness, Hyperglycemia, and Hyperkalemia), Hyperglycemia should be given first priority. Hyperglycemia is defined as a condition in whereby there is an excessive circulation of glucose in the blood. This refers to a glucose level that is above 11.1mmol/l or 200 mg/dl. Hyperglycemia is the main characteristic of diabetes mellitus, and it occurs due to reduced levels of insulin. Reduced levels of insulin make it hard for the body to convert glucose into glycogen resulting into excess levels in the blood (Hu, Pan, & Sun, 2012... Nursing Case Study: Unstable angina...
Unstable angina and Hyperosmolar hypoglycaemic nontetotic
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...angina and Hyperosmolar hypoglycaemic nontetotic syndrome Question one Of the five problems (Dehydration, Tachycardia, Decreased level of consciousness, Hyperglycemia, and Hyperkalemia), Hyperglycemia should be given first priority. Hyperglycemia is defined as a condition in whereby there is an excessive circulation of glucose in the blood. This refers to a glucose level that is above 11.1mmol/l or 200 mg/dl. Hyperglycemia is the main characteristic of diabetes mellitus, and it occurs due to reduced levels of insulin. Reduced levels of insulin make it hard for the body to convert glucose into glycogen resulting into excess levels in the blood (Hu, Pan, & Sun, 2012... ?Nursing Case Study: Unstable angina...
Pathophysiology Case Analysis Angina Pectoris or Myocardial Infarction
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...Angina Pectoris or Myocardial Infarction What are the patients problems? Basically, the patient had experienced the effects of not having taken antihypertensive medication during the past year and such complacency resulted to exhibiting shortness of breath (dyspnea) while going up a staircase and getting easily fatigued after work. As mentioned, he went through a bout of severe nose bleeding (epistaxis) with dizziness and registered pathophysiological signs of abnormalities on heart pump and blood vessel functions causing him a 180/110 reading in blood pressure. Based on the case description, the patient encountered ‘angina pectoris’ which reflects through chest... Pathophysiology Case Analysis --...
Factors in primary care that influence the recognition and evolution of stable angina into acute myocardial infarction
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...angina pectoris 1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=myocardial%20infarction%20first 2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=stabile+angina 3. 14302 results KEYWORD: gender angina pectoris 1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=gender+angina+pectoris 2. 1043 results KEYWORD: aspirin stabile angina 1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=aspirin%20angina%20pectoris 2. 1187 results Factors in primary care... ?In this study we used National library of medicine (NCBI) website (http www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and its subcategory - PubMed Central: free, full text journal articles located online at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/. We present the keywords and results from our research: KEYWORD: stabile...
Nursing acutely ill patient
14 pages (3500 words) , Essay
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...Angina. It also focuses on the treatment, pathophysiology, monitoring, and reassurance. Angina can also be referred to as Angina Pectoris1. Angina is condition causes a severe pain in the chest that often spreads to the arms, shoulders and neck. This condition is mainly caused by inadequate blood supply to the heart muscles. Angina is discomfort or chest pain that is caused when the heart section is deprived of oxygen2. It is also subjected to a symptom of heart disease like the Coronary artery disease. There are three main types of angina. They include, variant angina, stable and unstable angina. Variant angina is a type of angina that occurs... ? Nursing Acutely ill patient Health s and health...
Case Presentation Pathophysiology
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...angina, heart failure, myocardial infarction, arrhythmias and sudden death. Of these angina and myocardial infarction are common. Angina occurs due to imbalance between oxygen demand and blood supply to the heart muscle. The most common manifestation of angina is chest pain (Alaeddini and Shirani, 2006). Angina is caused due to chemical and mechanical stimulation of the sensory afferent nerve endings in the myocardium and coronary arteries. The main mediator of angina is adenosine (Alaeddini and Shirani, 2006). Whenever atherosclerotic plaque decreases the lumen by atleast 50 percent, angina manifests whenever there is increased... ?Pathophysiology of Ischemic Heart Disease Ischemic heart disease, also...
HEART DIESAES
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...Angina pectoris, Congestive heart failure, Cardiomyopathy, Congenital heart disease, Arrhythmias, and Myocarditis. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the treatment, causes, and effects, in addition to symptoms... ?Introduction There are several types of diseases affecting the heart and collectively they are called ‘heart diseases’ or cardiovascular diseases, broad terms denoting all the different sicknesses touching on the different components of the heart. Heart diseases are the major causes of death, especially in the US where over 700,000 heart disease allied deaths occurred in 1978 (Ottoboni and Ottoboni 2002, p.7). Types of heart diseases include the Coronary heart disease (CHD), Angina ...
Case Study Essay
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...Angina which occurs as a result of inadequate supply of oxygen to the parts of the heart. The patient experiences acute pain on the chest which lasts for about fifteen minutes a characteristic common with the patients of Angina. The patient also has a history of hypertension and she experiences stress from her current job as an executive (Warburton 2007). The two priority problems in Mrs. Brown’s case are; the acute pain on the patient’s chest which she rates it at 9 in a scale of 10 that relates to Angina and the patient’s lack of tolerance to activity which emanates from various... ? Assessment 2: Case study Essay of Assessment 2: Case study Essay Mrs. Brown is suffering from a condition known as...
Complex Care Assignment
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...Angina pectoris (or simply Angina) is a medical condition brought about by decreased supply of blood to the heart because of the reduced size of coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart. It is a major sign of coronary artery disease presented as acute chest pain. MI is caused by arteries through blood clot thereby inhibiting blood from getting to a certain muscle of the heart (Mommersteeg et al., 2013). There are numerous similarities in the presentation of both Angina and myocardial infarction. Angina and MI share symptoms (Mommersteeg et al., 2013). This makes diagnosis between the two a bit challenging since on can be mistaken for the other... Complex Care Assignment al Affiliation Question...
Learning Points
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...angina, diaphoretic, coronary heart disease, and cholecystitis. In addition, the previous medication history of the patient in this case indicates that he underwent through two surgeries with one for Cholecysectomy... Care Plan: Cardiology Clinical Case Task Care Plan: Cardiology Clinical Case The Learning Points for Clinical Case In order to find the right cause and remedy of an illness, it is necessary to examine the patient’s infection history- it is vital that the medical practitioner assesses the previous diagnosis of the patient in order to find out the likelihood of similar infections and/or new infections. For this case, it was clear that the previous diagnosis of this patient were hypertension,...
Pharmacology
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...angina and other precipitation-related... ?Pharmacology Question 1. Glyceryl trinitrate is a vasodilator that has an effect on both veins and arteries. Nitro lingual Pump spray is a dose spray that is metered and contains Glyceryl trinitrate. Each metered dose has a delivery of 400µg for every spray emission and the product conveys Glyceryl trinitrate as spray droplets below the tongue. No inhalation of the spray should take place. An initial one-metered dose ought to be sprayed below the tongue at an attack’s onset, followed by another metered dose within a period of five minutes should pain relief not occur. It is recommended that it should not exceed two metered doses. To prevent exercise-induced...
Congestive Heart Failure
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Case Study
...angina pectoris. Congestive Heart Failure is a pathological condition of the heart where the heart is unable to pump... ? Case Study: Congestive Heart Failure Case Study: Congestive Heart Failure The case Ms. Fischer came to the hospital with three presenting complaints of increased shortness of breath, weight gain and chest pain. She has a history of congestive heart failure (CHF), atrial fibrillation, hypertension and four incidences of hospitalization for aggravation of CHF symptoms. On the basis of her symptoms, her current medications and the past medical history, four major underlying pathologies can be identified which include; congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, hypertension and angina ...
MANAGEMENT OF CORONARY HEART DISEASE, EXPLORING KEY CONCEPTS IN CARE DELIVERY
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...angina or heart attack or chest pain, heart failure and arrhythmias. It can also be connected to other diseases such as diabetes. Due to the said relationship, increase in cases lead to the being the leading cause of Death in the US for both sexes (National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, 2008). Objectives The study undertaken is aimed to present a study in the care delivery and management of patients with CHD. Upon the achievement of the said goal, the analysis of the different concepts that are related... Management of Coronary Heart Disease Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the diseases that are needed to be given attention due to the effects on the population. The study undertaken is aimed...
An evaluation of the planning and delivery of nursing care. Acute management of patient with NSTEMI.
15 pages (3750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...angina and Non ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) (Cannon & O’Gara 2006). On the same context, in 2000 it was estimated that 1.4 million people in England suffer from angina. 300,000 of which have heart attacks, and it is estimated that more than 110,000 die every year. Although much has improved in terms of treatment and modalities when it comes... ?Case study-An evaluation of the planning and delivery of nursing care I. Acute management of patient with NSTEMI Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the United States with an estimated cost of approximate­ly $142.5 billion just in 2006, but certainly not all people who arrive in every ED with the complaint of chest pain are...
Coronary Artery Disease
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...angina with incidence of 600 per 100,000 men in the age group of 30 to 69 and 200 per 100,000 women with increase in incidence with age. As in this individual, heart attack resulting from coronary artery disease occurs more with increasing age in men, although a larger number of people of both sexes suffer from angina, which results from reversible ischemia of the cardiac muscle. Prevalence of the disease is currently 7.4% in men and 4.5% women, with the highest findings... Coronary Artery Disease is Epidemic within Western Cultures Introduction: This is the story of a 60-year-old man diagnosed with severe coronary artery disease, which is the typical picture of older men of the Western world. They live...
Coronary Artery Disease
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...Angina. Angina shows up in heaviness, feeling of pressure, discomfort, tightness, weight, squeezing, or the feeling of burning in the chest. In order to describe the pain, most patients put their fist onto the chest. However, the patient can not exactly locate the region of pain. The chest pain is mild in the start, but becomes intense in a matter of minutes. Although it starts in the chest, Angina gradually spreads to various other parts of the body including left arm, lower jaw, neck, left shoulder, mid-back, or lower region of the right arm. Angina may cause numbness in one or more of these organs. Angina is fundamentally instigated by activities that cause the heart to do... ?Coronary Artery Disease...
Physician Query
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...angina” is a non specific term. It requires further physician clarification to ensure accurate coding. From a coding perspective “angina” may mean “angina pectoris” OR “prinzmetal’s angina”. 2. It has been mentioned in the discharge summary that the patient underwent dual isotope stress test. The discharge summary does not include the diagnosis that followed this test. Please respond... ASSIGNMENT Topic: PHYSICIAN QUERY Tracy R. Submitted on: 16th January, 2009 PHYSICIAN QUERY FORM - I Medical Record No A32CPM4 Date: 14 February, 2009 Patient Name: Ms. Alice Hu Admit Date: 10th January, 2009 Discharge Date: 14th January, 2009 Coder Name: Ms...
Community Needs
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...Angina can bother you when you are doing activities like walking, climbing stairs, exercising or cleaning. The pain of angina may make you sweat or make it hard to catch your breath. You may feel pain in your arm, neck, jaw or shoulder as well as in your... Community Needs Community Needs Assessment Paper 614: Healthy People Scottie Shelley University of Southern Indiana Community Needs 2 Abstract Health is all wealth. An age old saying that we have been hearing from our parents who heard it from their parents and so on and so forth. But in honest meanings of the word, have we understood what it's trying to imply In 1948, when World Health Organization (WHO) was established, the word 'he...
Anatomy and Phisiology II Heart Disease
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...angina pectoris. This disease is characterized with chest pain irradiating (spreading) into the left arm, jaw and other organs. Sometimes the patients characterize their sensations as not pain but discomfort. Nevertheless the retrosternal localization of chest pain or discomfort, its relationship to the physical efforts or stress, the effectiveness of anti-anginal medications (e.g. nitroglycerin) is very suspicious for angina pectoris (Braunwald et al., 2004). Stable form of angina has predictable character - heart attacks occur after vigorous physical... The group of cardiovascular diseases is the permanent leader amongst the causes of deaths. By the assessment of CDC (Center of Disease Control)...
Heart Rate Lowering Drug: Ivabradine
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...angina symptoms with efficacy and with rapid onset. I.6.2 Ivabradine in combination with ?-blockers: a synergistic advantage 1.7 Advances in cardiovascular prognosis by ivabradine II. Results III. Discussion III.1 Comparison of ?-blockers with Ivabradine III.2... ? Heart Rate Lowering Drug: Ivabradine Table of content I. Introduction I Basic physiology of heart rate I.2 Action Potential in Nodal Tissues (SA Node and AV Node) I.2.1 If Current I.2.2 HCN Channels I.3 Basic problem in Congestive Heart Failure I.4 Pharmacodynamics of Ivabradine I.5 If current as a pharmacological target of ivabradine I.6 Improvement in cardiovascular prognosis with ivabradine I.6.1 Ivabradine tones down ischemia and improves...
Reflective Journal for the (chest pain)
2 pages (500 words) , Assignment
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...angina? a. Fever and anemia b. Tachycardia and Thyrotoxicosis c. Hypotension and Hypoxemia d. All of the above 2. From the risk factors of ACS, which one causes 8% of ACS)? a. Hypertension b. Obese c. Lipids and Cholesterol d. None of the above... Today’s Your number Your email PARA1006 Topic section: Chest Pain Marc Colbeck 06 RLJ1 first last – Apart from the assigned reading, I also referenced the following sources to learn about this section. The ones I found most useful (that I would recommend to others) are marked with an asterisk (*) 1. Acute Coronary Syndrome * at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1910735-overview (Coven & al, 2011) 2. Acute Coronary Syndromes * at http://www.merckmanuals.com/...
acute Myocardial Infarction/ Stroke
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...angina, atypical angina or non-anginal chest pain. Recognizing AMI and its severity cannot be done without an electro-cardiogram (ECG). This means an ECG needs to be done immediately on a patient presenting with chest pain. In patients with new or typical chest pain ST elevation of more than 1mm in two or more contiguous limb leads, or equal to 2mm or more precordial leads these findings show that they need to be considered as having AMI. Patients that show new or presumably new left bundle branch block (LBBB); the treatment mode is the same as that which is given to patients with ST-segment elevation. This is despite the fact that some of the patients... Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)...
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG)
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...angina. One way in which CHD is treated is through CABG, whereby a cardiothoracic surgeon grafts/connects a healthy vein/artery from the body to the obstructed coronary artery. The grafted vein/artery bypasses the coronary artery’s obstructed portion, which forms a new passage, and the surgeon routs oxygenated blood around the obstruction to the heart muscle (Nih.gov, 2010). Parks explains that a bypass usually involves open-chest surgery as well as making use of a heart-lung bypass machine for circulating blood and oxygenating it. He gives a number of newer, bypass surgery methods that are less invasive... and that can be used in place of open-chest surgery in some cases. One such technique...
Physiology and Pharmacology.
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...angina and acute hypertension. Calcium channels blockers are another class of drugs which are used to relax smooth muscles of all types. These drugs prevent the entry of calcium in the intracellular compartment and thus lead to relaxation of the smooth muscles. Their main function is for the purpose of vasodilation of the vessels and verapamil and diltiazem are examples of these classes of drugs. Drugs that lead to the opening of potassium channels also have a relaxation effect on the smooth muscle. This is because this leads to making the membrane stable and hyperpolarized. These drugs are either used as vasodilators for the cure of high blood pressure... ? PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY Physiology and...
Why are L-type calcium channels valid targets for the treatment of hypertension?
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...angina... ?Why are L-type calcium channels valid targets for the treatment of hypertension? Hypertension is a common problem world wide with devastating complications. Several classes of antihypertensives are available for use and they include ACE inhibitors, thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin II receptor antagonists and calcium channel blockers. Which is the most ideal antihypertensive agent has been the subject of several large studies and to date, no ideal antihypertensive agent has been declared. The main goal of antihypertensive therapy is to decrease the risk of endpoints of hypertension, namely stroke, heart failure and myocardial ischemia. The type of medication administered depends...
Nitrates tolerance
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...angina, chronic congestive heart failure, unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction. Per se, the chronic efficiency of nitrates may be blunted due to the development of nitrate tolerance. Reference List Antman, E. M... Nitrates Tolerance Introduction Nitrate tolerance is a complex pharmaceutical phenomenon that involves a collective neurohormonal counter-regulation. In the past century’s clinical field, nitro-glycerine has been the most effective and commonly used antiischemic and antinational agent. Unfortunately, nitrate tolerance emerged in clinical evidence-based practice due to its nature of therapeutic efficacy rapid vanish after its continuous application (Vanhoutte, 2010, p.167)....
Design a management plan for a patient
9 pages (2250 words) , Essay
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...angina pectoris. John... Assignment: Design a Management Plan for a Patient who Smokes and has recently been diagnosed with heart disease Identify at least two core Health Issues Outline at least two nursing interventions for each issue identified Identify potential and actual health problems Describe relevant primary and secondary interventions and their effectiveness Identify any legal or ethical issues relevant to your scenario April 27, 2008 Scenario John is a 47-year old divorced construction worker who visits his local health centre complaining of chest pains. He reports a history of smoking a pack of cigarettes per day since age seventeen. Diagnostic investigations confirm that John has angina p...
The history and developmental advances of beta blockers
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...angina and hypertension. It was however, a non selective beta blocker i.e. it blocked... The history and developmental advances of beta blockers The animal and human bodies are governed by actions some of which are in the conscious control, known as voluntary actions, and some, which are not in conscious control and are influenced by endogenous biochemical and electric activities, known as the involuntary actions. The latter is a mystery which has been unraveled up to some extent and the research till date has suggested that the involuntary actions are under autonomic nervous control which has been broadly classified into the Sympathetic and the Parasympathetic nervous systems. The main neurotransmitter ...
Advanced nursing consultation and decision making in Acute Coronary Syndrome: A case study
16 pages (4000 words) , Essay
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...angina to myocardial infarction (M.I.). In the case of an M.I. the case is complicated since in some cases, the smaller branches of the coronary artery are blocked. However, it may be sudden or take a long time. The artery also can suddenly get blocked. There are several types of M.I. which are designated according to the tracing obtained from an electrocardiogram (E.C.G.). The two main types are where there is non-ST elevation (NSTEMI). The next type is where ST elevation is present (STEMI). In the case... Advanced nursing consultation and decision making in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS A case study Introduction This is a case study that involved the diagnosis and treatment of a 42 year Old Mr. Ali...
Unit III Assessment #2 Systemic Effects
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...angina and hypertension are in increase globally due to air pollution. In 1997, pollution-related respiratory diseases caused 8.5% deaths while cardiovascular contributed 39.5% of the total deaths in the United States. Compared to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular ailments are important causative of death due to exposure to polluted air. In urban India, risks and deaths due... SYSTEMATIC EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION IN URBAN INDIA SUMMARY of Human activities cause global air pollution leading to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in urban India. Cardiovascular changes The changes experienced in the cardiovascular and air pollution relate intimately. Cardiac inefficiency, myocardial infarction, angina ...
Transfusion reaction in a case with the rare Bombay blood group
1 pages (250 words) , Case Study
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...angina. Further angiography revealed a three-vessel arterial disease. The case represents a classical instance of misdiagnosis in determining the patient’s blood group occasioning transfusion with the wrong blood group. The patient had Bombay blood phenotype instead of the usual blood group O. The focus, in this case, is to determine the blood group of the patients and phenotypes in an accurate manner. Bombay phenotype belongs to the ABO blood group... Reaction in a Case with the Rare Bombay Blood Group Transfusion Reaction in a Case with the Rare Bombay Blood Group The case is about a 62-year-old female patient that initially suffered from chest pains. Diagnosis indicated unstable angina. Further...
Role of the kidney and urinary pH in aspirin poisoning
1 pages (250 words) , Download 0 , Research Paper
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...angina or following a minor stroke or heart attack. Long-term use of low dose of aspirin is reported to lower the risk of colon cancer in some persons and is associated with a reduced risk of death from several types of cancer, including certain forms of colon cancer as well as lung cancer and esophageal cancer (Marx, 2006). Intake of over dose of aspirin, known as aspirin poisoning, leads to severe side effects such as mild nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, lethargy, dizziness, cerebral edema or even death (Marx, 2006). Aspirin is absorbed rapidly in the gastrointestinal tract when administered as a solution but more slowly when taken as a tablet. While in the body... ?Role of the kidney and urinary pH...
See attachment SCIN132
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...Angina or a sharp pain in the chest. Angina occurs at times of increased physical activity like exercising, walking or running. The increased physical activities demand an increased supply of oxygen; however, the presence of plaque on the arterial walls fails... ? Coronary Heart Disease s Heart ailments and cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of death in the U.S. It is acommon myth that heart problems target the old and the obese only, but in reality; just about anyone is prone to develop heart problems. The most common type of heart problem is the narrowing of the coronary blood vessels. This disease is known as Coronary Heart diseases and is the main cause of heart attacks. Coronary...
Composer report
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...angina pectoris, asthmatic bronchitis and nervous disorder... Antonio Vivaldi Teacher I chose Antonio Vivaldi as the composer to write about because I love his violin concert en d The Four Seasons. I am not really into classical music but I make an exception to Vivaldi’s Four Season. This particular violin work of Vivaldi is so beautiful and sounded contemporary had been made a soundtrack of the film The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (2003). Antonio Vivaldi was born of professional violinist father in Venice on March 4 1678 who may have influenced the young Vivaldi’s love for violin. He was ordained as a priest in 1703 although he was excused to hold mass due to his various illness ranging from...
The physiological basis of pharmacology
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...angina, hypertension and myocardial infarction. It competes with catecholamines for binding at ?1 adrenergic receptors in the heart, thereby inhibiting sympathetic stimulation. The molecular targets for drugs 2. Complete the following table. For each drug, identify its primary molecular target and explain briefly the normal physiological function(s... ?Clinical Pharmacology Faculty of Health Sciences Flinders Medical Science & Technology FLINDERS School of Medicine ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET– External Topic Topic Code: PARA3006 Topic Title: Applied Pharmacology Topic Coordinator: Dr Tim Rayner By submitting my assignment electronically to Flinders Learning Online, I certify that, in accordance with...
Cardiovascular Disease
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...angina pectoris of effort, myocardial infarction, irregularities of the heart, cardiac failure and even sudden death. Rheumatic heart disease and cardiomyopathy are potential sources of diagnostic confusion. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) includes dysfunctional conditions... Cardio vascular disease has been defined as "impairment of heart function due to inadequate blood flow to the heart compared to its needs, caused by obstructive changes in the coronary circulation to the heart". It is the cause of 20 to 30 percent of deaths in most industrialized countries. The WHO has drawn attention to the fact that CVD or coronary artery disease is our "modern epidemic". The disease has many manifestations - angina...
Diagnosis
3 pages (750 words) , Case Study
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...angina pectoris are prone to develop acute MI. Pain is most common presenting complaint; usually it is a heavy, squeezing, crushing pain. It is similar in character to the discomfort of anginal pectoris, but usually is more severe and lasts longer. The pain may start at rest and may radiate to the arm and neck. It is often accompanied by profound weakness, nausea, vomiting, and sweating. This picture... Answers to Case History This hematology results signifies high white cell count, normal platelet count, reduction in haemoglobin level, reductionin serum iron concentration, reduction in mean corpuscular haemoglobin, and reduction in mean corpuscular volume. This picture suggests there is anemia as a...
Angioplasty
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...angina attack rate. While considering the efficacy of a procedure such as angioplasty, there must be serious scrutiny of economic issues and its ability to alleviate symptoms on a time scale (Hannan et al., 1997). These indicated a controversial nature of the findings, although still in hospitals, a primary... Angioplasty Introduction With the rising burden of atherosclerotic vascular diseases specially cardiovascular diseases worldwide and given the established morbidity and mortality associated with this disease, since its introduction angioplasty did experience an astronomical growth. Throughout the world, angioplasty remains the most frequently performed procedure performed in the hospitals as well...
Acute coronary syndrome
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...angina (UA), ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non- ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (Noble, 2011). Nearly 1.5 million people are hospitalized with ACS annually, out of which more than two-thirds suffer from UA and NSTEMI (Lloyd-Jones et al. 2009). Globally, ACS is a leading cause of death in pre hospital setting as well as in hospitalized patients. Thus, it is imperative that identification of patients with ACS is quick... Acute Coronary Syndrome: A review of the Literature of the Nursing of the June 24, Acute Coronary Syndrome Introduction Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the acute presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD) which is manifested as unstable angina...
Acute Myocardial Infarction
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...angina, persistent ischemia, or pulmonary edema. Caution should be used in those with right ventricular infarction, systolic blood pressure less than 90 mm Hg, or bradycardia. Nitrates act by dilating the capacitance veins, and coronary and peripheral arteries. Anginal pain is likely to be relieved by a combination of increasing myocardial blood flow, decreasing ventricular preload, and reducing left ventricular after-load (thus reducing myocardial O2 demand). Intravenous nitrates are preferred because they are easily titrated to effect and systolic blood pressure (Demir et al, 2009). Signs and Symptoms The clinical presentation is usually that of severe, oppressive chest pain accompanied... ?Acute...
Pharmacology case study
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...angina A higher dose may also be required for patients with previous ischemic disease and thus John requires a higher dose as he has a history of cardiovascular disease and CVA. any specific instructions you would give John after using this medication John needs to be advised to take this medication if he encounters a similar problem in future. Furthermore, if he plans to opt for some strenuous work, he needs to take this medicine before any such activity. John should... Clinical Pharmacology Faculty of Health Sciences Flinders Medical Science & Technology FLINDERS School of Medicine ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET – External Topic Topic Code: PARA3006 Topic Title: Applied Pharmacology Topic Coordinator: Dr Tim ...
Frequency, Outcome and Prevention of elevated Troponin Levels in Acute Ishemic Patients
3 pages (750 words) , Article
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...angina; for temporary time period and thus returning back to normal after some time. In case of myocardial damage troponin levels might not behave the way they have behaved in patient suffering from unstable angina. So it is emphasized upon that myocardial troponin is released after increased membrane permeability due to which fragments of troponin are induced in the systemic circulation... Thin filaments of skeletal muscles and myocardial muscles which are anchored at the Z lines, present in the I bands interdigitating with thick filaments forming an octagonal array which contains troponin along with actin and myosin. Troponin is basically a complex of three globular proteins. Troponin T attaches...
Central Chest Pain
11 pages (2750 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...angina pectoris is usually retrosternal; most patients do not localize the pain to any small area. The discomfort may radiate to the neck, jaw, teeth, arms, or shoulders, reflecting the common origin in the posterior horn of the spinal cord of sensory neurons supplying the heart and these areas. Some patients present with aching in sites of radiated pain as their only... Pain Management of Central Chest Pain of Patients in the Emergency Department Introduction Nursing staff working in the emergency setting frequently come across patients presenting with chest pain, many of which may be serious in nature. Although many of them are not serious in nature, the nursing care must target rapid resolution of the ...
Acute Coronary Syndrome
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...angina (UA), ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non- ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (Noble, 2011). Nearly 1.5 million people are hospitalized with ACS annually, out of which more than two-thirds suffer from UA and NSTEMI (Lloyd-Jones et al. 2009). Globally, ACS is a leading cause of death in pre hospital setting as well as in hospitalized patients. Thus, it is imperative that identification of patients with ACS is quick... ? Acute Coronary Syndrome: A review of the Literature of the Nursing of the June 24, Acute Coronary Syndrome Introduction Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the acute presentation of coronary artery disease (CAD) which is manifested as unstable...
Pain management of central chest pain of patients in the Emergency department
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...angina pectoris is usually retrosternal; most patients do not localize the pain to any small area. The discomfort may radiate to the neck, jaw, teeth, arms, or shoulders, reflecting the common origin in the posterior horn of the spinal cord of sensory neurons supplying the heart and these areas. Some patients present with aching in sites of radiated pain as their only... Pain Management of Central Chest Pain of Patients in the Emergency Department Introduction Nursing staff working in the emergency setting frequently come across patients presenting with chest pain, many of which may be serious in nature. Although many of them are not serious in nature, the nursing care must target rapid resolution of the ...
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