Parade of Organisms and Cell Identification
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...Cell Identification The difference between the bacterial cell from the plant and animal cells is that the bacterial cell is prokaryotic meaning there is no nucleus, unlike plant and animal cells that are eukaryotic, made up of cells. Animal cell... Parade of Organisms and Cell Identification Parade of Organisms and Cell Identification Parade of organisms- Mushroom The mushroom is a spore-bearing fleshy fruiting body of the fungus. Typically, it is produced in the soil or any food source like the bark of a trunk. The organisms in the division bear a stem referred to as Stipe, cap called the pileus and the gills that are called lamella underside the cap. The gills produce spores that are microscopic...
Cell Structure
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Cells and Animal Cells The most significant similarity between plant cells and animal cells is that they are both eukaryotic. Ofthe two classes of cell types eukaryotic and prokaryotic, all plants and animals are composed of cells from the former group while all bacteria and cyanobacteria fall into the later group. The macromolecular components of the prokaryotic cell are relatively basic compared to their eukaryotic counterparts. Eukaryotic cells in contrast are much more complex and take a longer time to replicate during cellular division. One defining feature of the eukaryotic cell type is the presence of abundant organelles, microscopic structures which serve as partitioned... Comparison of Plant...
Cell Components
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...Cell Components Affiliation A plant consists of many thousands of cells that are used as building blocks (Bowes, 1996). However, as with a house, different types of building blocks are used in different places. Groups of similar cells form a tissue (Bowes, 1996). Cell in a plant, which, like all cells, has a cell membrane, cytoplasm, and a nucleus, but which differs from an animal cell by having a cell wall outside the cell surface membrane and a large vacuole. They may also have chloroplasts in the cytoplasm (Bowes, 1996). Cell Components Introduction Living things are constructed of cells. Living things may be unicellular or multicellular. Cell structure is diverse but all... INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY...
Cell Culture
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...cells and their role in cardiovascular diseases can also be studied by the same culture instead of culturing the cells separately. Also, the culture permits the sole role of fibroblasts to be studied without the influence of other cells on them (Jenkins et al., 2007). The limitation of this cell line is that they have not been studied much before (Jenkins et al., 2007), so their response to different stimuli has not yet been fully determined (Jenkins et al., 2007); therefore, they might show unexpected behavior during culture....
Idea of the cell first assignment MAM
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...animal cells don’t have cell wall (Roy, 169). Their cell theories have also explained the nature of single-celled organisms called protozoa. The image below shows the cell that were examined by Schleiden and Schwann during the 19th century (refer to Figure 1.1.). Historical Context of Schleiden and Schwann’s Cell Theory Schleiden and Schwann’s Cell Theory started from the scientists’ strong refusal to accept the ‘Preformationists’ perspective. Preformationists state that organisms have pre-existing form and its characteristics are inherited from their previous cells (Cantor et al., 360). Instead, Schleiden, Schwann and the other scientists sorted to epigenesist – the belief... The Cell Theory...
Biomedical tecneque and cell biology
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...Cell Biology 1 Biomedical Technique and cell Biology Cell Biology 2 Three application of mammalian cell culture in bio-medical science . Cells are micro organisms comprises a nucleus, and other nutrients. An...
The structure of a typical plant cell
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...cell The Structure of a Plant Cell Introduction Just like in animals, plant cells are unique in nature, whose membranes are covered with nuclear organelle giving plants potentiality to process their own food. With the aid of chlorophyll the green coloring on the leaves, plants utilize the natural sunlight together with water and carbon dioxide to produce carbohydrates and sugar contents necessary for their sustainability. In contrast to animal cells, plant cells are enclosed by a protective cell wall structures, which constitutes of nuclear and other diverse components (cell organelles) found within the protective wall otherwise known as the membrane (Liu 2011). Point... ? The structure of a plant cell...
Assignment 5, Biology
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...Cells Chapter Assignment – Eukaryotic cell structure In Chapter 5, we discussed the structure and function of eukaryotic cells. These exercises will help you understand and remember this information. Note that there is another file for this assignment (BSC1005_Ch05_Asnmt_IMAGES.pdf) which contains images of an animal and plant cells. 1. Organelles. One characteristic of eukaryotic cells is that they contain organelles, which each have a specific structure and function. Use your text, the Assignment 5 image file, and Internet or other resources to complete the table below to show details of the main organelles. Organelle Shape Function Nucleus Round, nuclear... Chapter 5. The Next Step: Eukaryotic Cells ...
Animal Use in Medical Research
9 pages (2250 words) , Essay
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...animal experiments and testing (Neyt, Buckwalter & Carrol, 1998). The table above shows the major advancements of medical research based on the experiments done on the animals. However, the medical researchers are asked to follow the three sets of principles in order to avoid the adverse effects on animals. They are Reduction, Refinement and Replacement (3Rs). This helps in the improvement of experiments used on animals, availability of better medical facilities and use of cell cultures instead of using full body of animals (Liljestrom & Garoff, 1991). Ethics related to...
Animal Use In Medical Research
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...animal experiments and testing (Neyt, Buckwalter & Carrol, 1998). The table above shows the major advancements of medical research based on the experiments done on the animals. However, the medical researchers are asked to follow the three sets of principles to avoid the adverse effects on animals. They are Reduction, Refinement, and Replacement (3Rs). This helps in the improvement of experiments used on animals, availability of better medical facilities and use of cell cultures instead of using full body of animals (Liljestrom & Garoff, 1991). Ethics related to Animal use in Medical Research The current constitution pinpoints the varied views and ethics of the people regarding animal... Animal Use...
Legislation on Stem Cell Research & Related Issues
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...Cell Research & Related Issues Number School Legislation on Stem Cell Research & Related Issues History of stem cell research laws in the US Stem cell research was actually initiated during the later part of the 19th Century as it was discovered that stem cells had the ability to transform into other cell types and hence could be used in tissue/organ regeneration. By the early part of the 20th century, full-time research was taken on using these cells. Initially stem cells began on animal cell lines and later switched to human cells. Stem cells are of 3 main times including totipotent cells, pluripotent cells and multipotent cells. The actual research on stem cells began after... ? Legislation on Stem...
MLT1 Task 8
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...cell in isotonic solution, the rate of water inflow into the cell and out flow equalizes. Sodium chloride solution of 0.9 is isotonic to animal cell. On the other hand, hypotonic is a term used to describe a solution with more water and less solutes compared to that that of a cell or another solution (Excerpta medica foundation, 2007). When a cell is in hypotonic solution, water moves into the cell. Finally, hypertonic refers to a solution with more solutes and less water compared to that of a cell or another solution. % of sodium chloride solution Staphylococcus epidermidis Saccharomyces cerevisiae 1% No growth growth 7% Growth No growth 15% Growth No growth Staphylococcus... Effects of Salt...
Comparison and Contrast Essay
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...Animal and Plant Cell Similarities and Differences Introduction Animals and plants form the large percentage of organisms in the world. Just as a house is made up of many stones that are put together arranged and joined to form the completed house, plants and animals are made up of small units which are called cells. The cells in the two classes of organisms (plants and animals) possess a number of similarities and differences. For the cell to perform its tasks it undergoes a number of processes. First there is the process... Peiyao Wen William Boozang ENG 1004 Comparison and Contrast Essay In our day to day situations we encounter situations where we are supposed to compare things and contrast them....
Biology - DB 1
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...cell membrane can be compared to the security system in an organization that helps in controlling the entry of substances in an out of the cell. A vacuole could be like a store room in an organization that helps in the storage of surplus. Part 2 Energy is the utmost requirement for the functionality of an organism. Unlike plant cells that can manufacture their energy through the process of photosynthesis, animal cells can only acquire their energy supplies through the consumption of other energy sources. The core benefit that would accrue in case animals can manufacture their energy would be a reduction in the depletion of the ecosystem by the human... Biology - DB Part A cell being the fundamental...
Animal Research
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...animals as experimental tools in the laboratory and seek for alternatives. Alternative research methods Alternative methods of research have been identified to be cheaper, relevant and faster to humans than those irrelevant and cruel animal tests. Tissue based and human cell research methods allow experimenters to test the effectiveness and safety of vaccines, new drugs and chemical compound. The result found is usually relevant since the cells used are of the same species. Hurel biochip for instance utilizes the cells from the human body to identify drug effects on various organs in the body (Singer, 2011). Non animal methods such as human tissue based method have been utilized by Harvard...
Cell phone
3 pages (750 words) , Research Paper
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...cell phones delivered to their brains than adults” (Black cited in Doheny 2). Researchers studying the effects of cell phone use on human body have already determined negative effect of the cell phone radiation on the animal body. Swedish researchers who conducted the research upon rats found a relationship between Alzheimer’s disease and the use of cell phone (“Disadvantages of Cell Phones”). In their research, rats were exposed to the cell phone radiation just for two hours. After fifty days of the experiment, when the rats’ brains were examined, the researchers found a lot of dead cells. From their research... ? 5 July, Effects of cell phone on the human body: With the globalization of world and the...
Cell Analogy
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...Cell Introduction Cells are the functional and structural units of life which provide the basis of biology and other related sciences. Cells can be structurally divided into two groups i.e. the prokaryotes and the eukaryotes. The basic difference between these two groups is that eukaryotes contain a nuclear membrane which surrounds the nucleus and the materials embedded in it whereas in prokaryotic cells the genetic material inside the nucleus is not surrounded by a membrane. The cells present in animals and plants are eukaryotic whereas the cells in bacteria,...
Animal Behaviour
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...animal’s suffering can be reduced, and by providing better health and living conditions. Replacement: Replacing animal testing to other alternative methods, such as living organism’s cell or tissue can be used instead of the whole animal, testing via computer modules or experimenting on human volunteers (BBC, 2014). It is a common misconception that animal testing is done to ensure that a certain drug is safe and effective for human beings, in fact animal testing is done just to ensure whether it can be tested on humans or not. In a way, it’s just a first step toward finding the cure, first a drug is tested on animals when it passed a test... Animal Behaviour ‘Ethical consideration for the laboratory...
Cell City
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...Cell Introduction Cells are the functional and structural units of life which provide the basis of biology and other related sciences. Cells can be structurally divided into two groups i.e. the prokaryotes and the eukaryotes. The basic difference between these two groups is that eukaryotes contain a nuclear membrane which surrounds the nucleus and the materials embedded in it whereas in prokaryotic cells the genetic material inside the nucleus is not surrounded by a membrane. The cells present in animals and plants are eukaryotic whereas the cells in bacteria,...
Animal Experimentation
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...animal testing. An extremely important one is the vaccine for polio, which was developed wrongly in a monkey cell culture and then later corrected in human cell culture. (Anderegg, 2006) Furthermore, due to differences in animal and human models, experts only tested parts that resembled those of humans without paying any heed to the overall anatomical, physiological and pathological variations. Because diseases usually have body-wide effects, these tests did not always appear to be reliable. (Anderegg, 2006) In addition, animal experimentation has uncovered a large range of lethal nonhuman viruses, which have caused... ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION (A CRITICAL ANALYSIS) Introduction: The practice of testing on...
Stem Cell
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
...Cell Research Eleanor Thornton Biology 100 January 15, Denise Mittelstaedt Outline Introduction Advantages and Applications of Stem Cells Treatment of genetic diseases Treatment of diseases that require organ transplant Understanding Human and Animal Development Arguments against the Use of Stem Cells Ethical considerations Flaws in the Use of Stem Cell Therapies Normal Development Interruption Personal Opinions Regarding Stem Cell Research and Use Conclusion References Stem Cell Research Introduction Stem cells are the cells found in multi-cellular organisms, both humans and animals. The cells have the ability to renew through miotic cell division where they differentiate into specialized... ? Stem-Cell ...
Eukaryotes/molecular biology
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...animals and human beings are eukaryotes. While a huge diversity in the living forms of eukaryotes can be seen by the naked eyes, there are millions of eukaryotes species that exist on earth but are not visible to the ordinary eyes. Eukaryotes can be defined as organisms whose cells are structurally and functionally complex, bound within a membrane and contain a nucleus. The various parts of eukaryote cells carry out specialized reactions and functions. Eukaryotes vary from single cell amoeba to multi-cellular creature like human-being and dinosaur, which is now extinct. Body... Introduction Everyone is familiar with eukaryotes primarily because most of the living and visible organisms like plants,...
Animal testing
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...animals being used for a test from 150 in 1974 to 8 in 2002. Use of cultured human cells for toxicity test has become a new strategy to terminate animal based medical research, which is a new hope for the freedom of animals. The stand of this article is that animal testing should be abolished and be replaced with more efficient and animal friendly methods. The dark side of this practice seems to be not only a hindrance for scientific development but also an oppressive, and whose end results can be achieved through alternative routes in medical practice. The heightened tension between the critics... that this practice be put to a halt. Works Cited Abbot, A. Animal Research:...
Animal Testing
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...cells, tissue or organs. The cost of undertaking a DNA testing in animals is $32,000, which is three times higher compared to the DNA testing using the in vitro technologies alternative, which costs an average of $11,000,yet gives similar and quick results than the animal testing procedures (PETA.org, n.p.). This would consume less time, while at the same time ensuring to give more reliable results that would not have caused harm to such a large number of animals. The cell... Animal testing should be prohibited Introduction The major difference between humans and animals is the level of intelligence, which in turn creates the self-awareness abilities in humans, which are missing in animals. However, the ...
Animal Cruelty
10 pages (2500 words) , Research Paper
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...animals with other experimental techniques in research. Scientists are encouraged to replace whole animals with cell cultures, use computer models instead of animals and use human volunteer to conduct their studies. Another alternative to animals in scientific studies is to research on human populations through epidemiological studies. In order for this to be realized every person is supposed to participate by advocating for the welfare of animals. Scientists on their part are supposed to as much as possible use alternatives to animals in their experiments and where necessary apply the best welfare standards when using animals. Governments must... Animal Cruelty. A growing debate among animal rights ...
Stem Cell
6 pages (1500 words) , Term Paper
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...cell development allowed medical scientists to assess a particular health condition and to boost the recovery of the person who has it. For the purposes of research and treatment, stem cell donation and banking emerged to become the hottest trend in the medical world, though a number of objections were raised especially by those from the church and other moralists. Stem Cell 101 As opposed to the other human and animal types of cell, stem cells are those that “carry the potential to develop into some or many different cell types in the body” (National Institutes of Health, 2010). A simpler and more direct approach is to state that stem cells are cells... ?The Boon of Stem Cell Donation I. Introduction...
Substitute for Animal Testing
6 pages (1500 words) , Case Study
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...animal testing, advocate that the alternate methods of computer modeling and human cell cultures. However, computer models cannot predict the unknown variables that can occur while the drug is being tested in human. The cell cultures can only tell whether a molecule is efficacious or toxic at cellular level. The whole organism is so complex that a drug which was effective and nontoxic in-vitro may turn out to be ineffective or toxic when given to a human being (Singh, 2006). Drugs that are potent in cell cultures may not get absorbed, get degraded or may get converted into an inactive metabolite in the stomach or intestine after administration... Is there a substitute for Animal Testing' An argumentative ...
Stem Cell Research
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...cell line which will be in place for treatment of a number disease conditions and also research. Studying stem cells which are genetically matched to terminal diseases such as Parkinson’s diseases and type II diabetes will assist researchers to map out the complex medical conditions associated with these diseases. Therefore stem cell research provides, as envisioned by Hyun (2010), “disease-in-a-dish” model for understanding disease progression. Traditional methods such as observation of patients and use of animal models have been the benchmark of understanding complicated and life... ? Health sciences and medicine Topic: Stem Cell Research Introduction Stem cells may be described as cells with the...
ANIMAL SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTS
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...Animal Scientific Experiments Animal Scientific Experiments Efforts made by various scientists to understand functioning of the body can be attributed to the animal experiments, which are some of the traditional approaches (Collins, 2013, 1). In fact, identifying the functioning of the body focuses on the heath and during illness, and this can be helpful in testing products such as medicine and industrial chemicals. Moreover, numerous scientific objectives are achieved through animal experiments, though there are alternative methods such as computer models and cell cultures, thereby offering information that is needed in various studies. Animal experiments are considered very useful... ...
Membrane.
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...animal cells, when the solute concentration is equal on both sides of the membrane, there will be no movement of water molecules. Solutions... with this property are said to be isotonic. Hypertonic solutions have higher solute concentrations. When an animal cell is placed in this solution the water molecules will move out of the cell, causing it to shrink. On the other hand, placing an animal cell in hypotonic solutions will cause water molecules to move into the cell, causing it to swell. This is because hypotonic solutions have lower solute concentrations (Freeman, 2010). This forms the...
Lab 3
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...cell probably do different things than those closer to the cell membrane)  Yes, for most of the structures identified, location does affect their ability to function. Cell wall and plasma membrane are primary examples because they protect the contents of the cell from the external environment as well as harmful foreign bodies. A nucleus is the brain of a cell and so it tends to be located in the center of an animal cell. Similarly, the nucleoid region in the bacteria also tends to be located towards the center. In plant cells... Experiment Labeling   cilia Questions For each structure identified, do you think its location affects its ability to function? Why or why not?  (Hint: those buried deep in the c...
Cell Biology
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...Cell Biology ID Lecturer Cells are the most basic and fundamental units of life for any living organism. Every single function in the bodies of humans, animals and plants depends upon the formation and mobilization of these cells. Scientists and researchers estimate that our bodies comprise of somewhere around 75 to 100 trillion cells. The mechanisms of structuring, energy circulation and reproduction are all based on the formulation of various cells in our bodies. The study of cells is called Cell Biology. The organic cells are of such a...
Should Animal Experimentation Be Permitted?
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...animal testing assists in ensuring the wellbeing of medication taken by human beings or stuffs that human being are uncovered to frequently. Animals are used to test the dangers of these substances on humans thus lowering the potential harm and saving lives. Animal experiments should not be allowed as there are alternatives. Despite not being the best alternatives to animals, they can be used to reduce the numbers of animals used as well as the level of their suffering during experimentation. Replacements could be; cell cultures, which reduce the, number of animals used, use of statistics, which uses comprehensive data to gauge the spread... April 21 Should animal experimentation be permitted? Animal...
Cell Biology
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...cells. They found out that when antibodies of GRASPs were introduced, daughter cells resulting from mitosis had improper stacking of cisternae membranes. Nonetheless, the findings have been inconclusive due to other studies using equally logical and accepted techniques. The studies conducted by other scientists employing gene knockout (removal of gene responsible for GRASP production) and siRNA depletion on animal cells, such as that of Behnia et al (2007), have shown that proper stacking occurred even... Submitted] Article: KinsethMA; AnjardC; FullerD; GuizzuntiG; LoomisWF; MalhotraV."The Golgi Associated Protein GRASP is Required for Unconventional Secretion during Development". Cell. 2007;...
Stem Cell Research Legislaion
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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...Cell Research Legislation School Total Word Count (excluding bibliography, heading, header, in-text citations, etc): 1,270 Stem Cell Research Legislation 1. What is the history of stem cell research legislation in the United States? Stem cell research began during the 19th century when it was found that certain cells in the body had the potential to transform into other cells and by the early 20th century greater research was being carried out on these potential cells. Stem cell research have been conducted on human as well as animal cells, and in general, stem cells are of 3 types namely, totipotent cells, pluripotent cells and multipotent cells. However, actual research... ? RUNNING HEADING: Stem Cell...
Are cell phones dangerous?
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...cell phone, “increased the number of worms that go on to produce eggs” (5). The same energy and heat emitted by cell phones have caused these animals to become more fertile. This study suggests that it is possible that cell phone has radiation levels that are high enough to warming cells or to induce some cellular level of changes. Such a study cannot be ignored, because it provides evidence that cell phones emits radiation that can also affect human cells and tissues. Walsh interviews Dariusz Leszczynski, a research professor at Finland's Radiation and Nuclear Safety... May 4, Possible Dangers from Cell Phone Use Around 270 million Americans and 4 billion people around the world are using cell phones...
Stem Cell Research
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...Cells Research Introduction Stem cells are cells in an organism that have the ability to develop into different types of cells. They are the progenitors of all body cells found in both animals and human beings. There are three types of progenitor cell, embryonic stem cells produced from fertilized eggs, adult stem cells found all over the bodies of adults and children and foetal stem found in the umbilical cord and placenta of embryos older than eight weeks. Stem cell research seeks to develop stem cells...
Cons of Cosmetic Animal Testing
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...animal experiments for cosmetics despite the presence of reliable non-animal tests. Recently, research experts have proven that manufacturers can use 3-D human cell generated tissues to measure how long a chemical takes to burn the rabbit eye’s cornea. The chemical is dropped by the researchers onto the structures, and the necessary observations made and recorded. Alternatively, the manufacturers can grow skin cultures that are then sold to experts for skin-related irritation testing. Such tests... Cons of Cosmetic Animal Testing Cons of Animal Testing Introduction Cosmetic animal testing refersto the use of superficial measures on animals, other than human beings, in research and development projects in ...
Biomedicine pre study
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...cell from the surrounding environment. The remaining portion of the cell except the nucleus or the knuckled region is the cytoplasm and consists of cytosol and various organelles essential for the functioning of the cell. Ribosomes are simple organelles in which protein synthesis occurs (Kent, 2000). 3. Describe the differences between a plant and an animal cell The cell wall of plant cell is made up of cellulose while that of animal cell is made up of phospholipids. Such a cell wall allows the plant to take in large amounts of water through osmosis without being destroyed. Plant cells synthesise energy by means of photosynthesis during which sunlight is converted to energy... Biomedicine Describe...
Stem Cell Research
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...cells are introduced to the affected organ in a bid to induce repair or regeneration. With stem cell research, the effects of drugs and medicine can be tested on particular populations of cells thus eliminating the use of animals and human testers. This involves simulating the effects of a drug on the targeted cell line to establish any adverse effects. Stem cell research provides an opportunity to make cells and tissues for use in medical therapy. Tissues and organs can be grown in laboratories from stem cells for use in transplants since the number organ transplant needs exceeds the number of organs available transplantation. This could also help in future transplants as the patient... ?Stem Cell...
Why Animal Experimentation Should be Banned? Alternatives to Animal Experimentation.
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...animal testing. In the 1980s, the drug company Merck was in the process of developing protease inhibitors for use in AIDS treatment. The inhibitors were tested for toxicity in dogs and rats, and were found to be highly toxic to both species. For this reason, clinical trials of the new drugs were delayed by four years, because scientists felt that it would be unethical to test the drugs on humans when the effects on animals were so severe. (Tatchell par 6) In 1993, Merck began clinical trials of a protease inhibitor based on results using in vitro experiments that examined interactions between HIV and human tissue cells. These experiments showed the drug was safe to use... Why Animal Experimentation...
Stem Cell Legislation
6 pages (1500 words) , Term Paper
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...cell research, and Belgian scientists successfully extracted stem cell lines from cloned embryos in 2005.” (Ralston, 2008). The United Kingdom is the leading country in Europe regarding biomedical research mainly due to its early start in this field. “Scottish scientist Ian Wilmut and his team created the world's first successfully cloned animal, Dolly the sheep, in Scotland in 1996.” (Ralston, 2008). The UK was third in the world to permit the cloning and research of human stem cells in 2004 and in 2006 Parliament formally allowed scientists to perform experiments using animal-human hybrid embryos. Swedish law permits therapeutic cloning. The country enjoys both political and public support...
Animal tesing in medical research
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...Animal testing also helps in preservation of the environment. Animals are treated in a humane manner during the course of experimentation. Although animal testing is not a flawless method to guarantee success, it nevertheless reduces the risk of experimentation on human body by ensuring a reasonable possibility of success (Khan, 2011, p. 202). Since human body is an extremely complicated machine, it is necessary for medical researchers to use tools that replicate this complexity. Human body has trillions of cells that work in incredible precision for proper working of all organ systems. In spite of various innovations such as cell cultures and computer models which are strong... ? Animal Testing in...
Should Stem cell research be federally funded?
12 pages (3000 words) , Essay
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...cell lines that were derived from animal studies, compliance with the requirements of allowable stem cells, genetic sufficiency of the cell lines to support diverse applications, safety of the cell lines in human applications, and availability to researchers and cost of stem cell sourced externally. (“New Limits” 29) In March 2009, President Obama signed EO 13505, which annulled the date restriction that was implemented during the previous administration. As an initial component of the directive, the NIH drafted and then finalized the guidelines for stem cell research on humans in July 2009. The guidelines provide that researches qualify for federal funding if the stem cells... Full (day month year)...
Stem Cell Research Legislation
6 pages (1500 words) , Research Paper
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...cells of human with that of another species to come up with animal depicting human characters has been flouted as breach of species lines (Schechter, 2010). In the reports by Schechter (2010), a portion of the US citizens have strong opposition to use of federal... ?Stem Cell Research Legislation Health care and general well being are the greatest of all issues that disrupt life of human beings. Today, scientists and health care professionals are conducting various researches into the treatment of different tormenting diseases. In that aspect, this paper is going to present in-depth research on stem cells and facts surrounding the stem cells. The paper will also analyze legal views of various countries...
Animal System
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...cell walls into carbohydrate fractions hence producing volatile fatty acids, such as acetate for fat synthesis, priopionate for glucose synthesis and butyrate. The volatile fatty acids are used for energy (Hall, 10). The reticulum is also known as the “honeycomb” because of the appearance of its lining, and it is located next to the heart. There is no enzyme secretion in the reticulum. It collects the smaller digesta particles and moves them to the omasum while the larger particles remain in the rumen for further digestion. The reticulum, also known as the “hardware stomach”, catches and collects metal, hardware, heavy and dense objects like a nail, wire, or any other...
Are Cell Phones Hazardous to Human Health?
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...animal cells on the molecular level. These electromagnetic radiations emitted by cell phones are dangerous for human, especially for pregnant women. It is a fact that all cell phones emit some amount of electromagnetic radiation and these can be absorbed by tissues closest to where the phone is held. We have two types of electromagnetic radiation- Ionizing radiation and Non-ionizing radiation. The Ionizing radiations are the radiations emitted by cell phones and exposure to this radiation is known to increase the risk of cancer. Given the close proximity of the cell phone and the head, it...
Stem Cell Research Legislation
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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...animal exhibiting human characters has been viewed as breach of species lines (Schechter, 2010). According to Schechter (2010), some of the US citizens have battled the federal funding on stem cell research seeing the activity as embezzlement of public funds. The steaming debates... ? Stem Cell Research Legislation \ This paper is an in depth research on the issues surrounding stem-cell research. The paper will analyze legislative standpoint in various countries with regard to the stem-cell research. In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the issue of stem-cell research and analyze the merits and demerits of stem-cell research. The paper will conclude with an elaborate...
Stem cell research
4 pages (1000 words) , Research Paper
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...cells to the medical field have been greatly worried, though, since stem cell research has suffered great harm on account of lack of accessible or quality stem cell lines. Following the ban by the U.S. federal government of embryonic stem cell research in August 2001, only those stem cell lines that came into existence before August 9, 2001 remained unconstrained by the ban. However, those cell lines have become possibly contaminated with animal pathogens, while some cell lines have suffered genetic abnormalities thereby making their use in clinical trials potentially hazardous to health... Why is embryonic stem cell research so controversial? Stem cells are a special type of cells that have the...
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