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A Reflection Paper on Animal Minds
2 pages (500 words)
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...Animal Minds The excerpt from the "Animal Minds" tackles the reality of animal consciousness. Even though there is no definite conclusion on whether animals possess consciousness, the article explores and gives insight by citing particular situations where animal cognition is exhibited. It stresses that animals "experience simple thoughts, although these thoughts are probably different from any of ours" (Griffin 3). Recognizing the complexity of human consciousness, it is not appropriate that it be directly compared to animals. However, the article also stresses that it is also unwise to assume that animals have no capacity or even the ability to think at all... 7 February 2007 A Reflection Paper on...
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Take a position...Are Animals Conscious
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Animal Consciousness Introduction Possession of a feeling of self-definition within the inanimate and animate universe should attract a sense of awareness by an organism. Consciousness denotes the entire control of the feelings and interactions that a being has with the world around it. One of the most important aspects of possession of consciousness is the control of the mind and making decisions that denote a systematic course of action. Knowing about certain information and eventually utilizing calculated mental output to formulate a specific cause of action complement such control of actions in an...
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Animal Rights
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Animal Testing be banned? An Ethical Exploration Introduction One of the most debated topics in modern animal right discourses is whether animals should be used for scientific test or not. There is always a group of scholars and common people who are dead against the animal test. On the other hand, considerate people opine that animals can be used in scientific experiments, if such experiments are meant for the betterment of humanity and animal kingdom. Some of those who are against animal-testing argue that those animals which possess consciousness and a certain level of rational capability should have the right not to be used for scientific experiment. Another group argues... that the...
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Animal Rights
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Animal Testing be banned? An Ethical Exploration Introduction One of the most debated topics in modern animal right discourses is whether animals should be used for scientific test or not. There is always a group of scholars and common people who are dead against the animal test. On the other hand, considerate people opine that animals can be used in scientific experiments, if such experiments are meant for the betterment of humanity and animal kingdom. Some of those who are against animal-testing argue that those animals which possess consciousness and a certain level of rational capability should have the right not to be used for scientific experiment. Another group argues... that the...
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Elements of Consciousness
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Consciousness helps us to segregate between the good and evil. Many people are of the view that animals other than human do not have consciousness and that is the reason why they lead an immoral life. Other animals have no guilty consciousness in any of their activities because of the absence of consciousness. There are animals which eat their own offspring. It is quite possible that an animal engage in sexual intercourse with its offspring. In other words, consciousness is what prevents us from performing immoral or illegal things. “Descartes equated the soul with consciousness and said only human have conscious control over their behaviour” (LeDoux, 2002, p.16). All states of consciousness...
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Animal welfare
4 pages (1000 words)
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...animal should be used (Spedding 54). The methods of slaughtering have improved tremendously in the past decades and the most notable improvement has been the use of the stunning method. The method involves making the animal lose consciousness before the slaughtering process begins (Council of Europe 55). In the case of integrating religious laws in the slaughtering of the animals, it is important to take into consideration the religious views and at the same time the welfare of the animals. It is ethical to take into consideration the common good of the society and as well the animal welfare. Less inhumane ways can be chosen and a good example is the Moslems of New Zealand; slaughter... Animal Welfare ...
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Animal Rights
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Animal Conflict in Animal Right Issues Introduction The question whether animals should have rights is one of the most debated topics in modern age. It has been viewed and examined from many perspectives. But scholars have failed to reach any unanimous conclusion. Anyway, while deciding whether animals should rights or not, the debaters mainly focus on several factors such as animal ability to learn, to use language, the level of their consciousness, their ability to feel pain, etc. A school of debaters of animal rights claim that whether animal should have rights should be decided on which characteristics of animals have been taken into consideration. But most often some... A Critical Analysis of...
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Mind and Consciousness Questions
5 pages (1250 words)
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...consciousness is one of the issues that John Searle seeks to clarify. He argues out that consciousness is subject to some human or animal. All conscious states according to him have first person ontology and not third person ontology therefore they can only exist when experienced by some human or animal agent and it is therefore subject to the existence of a human or animal. I.e. it is dependent on the existence of an agent (human or animal) (Searle, 1980). Searle also points out that consciousness is purely a biological process in that is exclusively caused by...
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Dualism
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
...Consciousness: A Case for Ethical Treatment of Animals Animal sentience and the ethical debate over what constitutes abuse of animal rights has been the subject of scientific and philosophical writings since the time of Aristotle. It’s a subject that has for centuries raised questions about the ability of animals to feel and manifest states such as pain, fear and anger. In modern times, the issue has polarized scientists and ethicists, framing as it does the argument over whether science has the ethical right to experiment on animals, particularly if experimentation causes pain and results in death. Are medical researchers within their rights to experiment on animals... ). Ultimately,...
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Consciousness
3 pages (750 words)
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...Consciousness [The of the will appear here] [The of the will appear here] Facts Cortex is the main organ for consciousness and isolating the cerebral hemispheres surgically alters consciousness; 2. Consciousness is the most vital part of our living and it makes life worth living. It gives value to our lives as it gives meaning to the different parts of our lives; 3. Apart from humans, some animals also experience consciousness to some extent because they are capable of exhibiting emotions; 4. However, Consciousness is difficult to define because it is not physical. It is...
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Animal Rights
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 2
...animal abuse is now in the public’s consciousness and enough laws are in place to deal with violators of animal cruelty laws. It is said that every state in the United States and the District of Columbia has a law prohibiting cruelty to animals. The laws may not entitle animals to rights like humans, for only humans have rights by virtue of their free will, but the laws afford animals some protection against violence, maltreatment and cruelty by humans in any form. The penal provisions range from fines to imprisonment of up to five years (Cruelty Law). Another insight that could be drawn from the Vick’s case is that it would seem relatively... ?#591304 Animal Rights Introduction It is not unusual that...
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The Brain and Consciousness
2 pages (500 words)
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...Consciousness Explained. Little Brown and Co. Dennett, D, (1998). The myth of double transduction. In S.R. Hameroff, A.W. Kaszniak, and A.C. Scott (eds) Towards a Science of Consciousness: The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press Povinelli, D.J. (1998) Can animals empathize Maybe not. Scientific American, 9, 67-75 Retrieved from: www.zoosemiotics.helsinki.fi/ Can Animals Empathize - MAYBE NOT.doc Searle, J. (1997). The Mystery of Consciousness. New York review of Books... The Brain and Consciousness Brain stem The brain stem connects the nerves flowing up from the brain stem in the back bone to the functioning centersof the brain. While the brain stem is broken down into many different...
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Consciousness
5 pages (1250 words)
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...consciousness has intrigued human beings from the times of the earliest civilisations and forms the foundation of self-consciousness. Socrates expressed the unsettling idea that the only thing we can certainly know is that we know nothing. This was unsettling because our relationship to the world is determined by our knowledge of it: not being able to know anything has disastrous implications for our ability to act. Altered states of consciousness: for example dreams and trances and the consciousness of children or the insane: are disturbing because 1) these forms of consciousness arise from the same physical reality as more normal consciousness... How Do We Know The relationship between thought and...
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Animal rights
7 pages (1750 words)
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...animals would live in a far more natural environment. Presence of natural environment ensures safe and strong animal health which is necessary for humans. A healthy animal meat can be beneficial for human health and thrive. The farms created in factory are not appropriate for animals as vigorous nurture cannot be insured there. The usage of meat must be reduced too so that killings of animals would be minimal. The essence however remains consciousness among masses. Research indicates the raising animals in the human established farms report that animals have a sound mental and physical health... Animal Rights Animal Rights Defining the Issue: A propagation of contemplation insisting that all the animals ...
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Critically Assess the Claims That Animals, Particularly Chimpanzees, Have a Humanlike Understanding of Mental States
9 pages (2250 words)
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...animals Autism and theory of mind Consciousness Animal consciousness Conclusion Chimpanzees and humans are almost 99% similar in their genetic make-up. They are known to be our common ancestors. Besides obvious lifestyle differences the only other two qualities that set us apart from chimpanzees are our perception of smells and what we eat.1 Yet what about the inner workings of a chimpanzee? Are they aware, like us, of a self? Observation dictates that humans have the ability to make sense of daily social... Critically assess the claims that animals, particularly chimpanzees, have a humanlike understanding of mental s Summary: For years psychologists have studied the minds of humans and animals...
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Animal Rights
4 pages (1000 words)
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...animals and that we need to shift to vegetarianism. Michael Pollan essentially believes that we have moral or ethical responsibilities towards animals. This evident in his point of view when he tries to argue that it is just fine to consume meat from animals for as long as humans must implement the entire process with consciousness, ceremony and respect that these concerned animals deserve (Pollan). In other words, Polan believes that animals have certain rights... number: Day-to-day survival with plants and animals There are many people in the United s with varying views concerning animal rights. Some of them believe that we have moral or ethical responsibilities towards animals, leaving us the...
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Animal/Human Cultures
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Animal/Human Cultures Several things make humans different from animals. These include burying of the dead by humans out of respect, humans evolving to stop relying primarily on instinct, humans being aware of themselves, the feeling of wrong and right sense, as well as evil and moral, complex languages and methods of communication by humans, human use of the brain in exceedingly complex ways compared to animals, and human ability to advance technology. The premise of this paper is to delve into the consequences of these differences. The paper will study moral behaviour, human uniqueness, and consciousness or lack of...
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Understanding Human Consciousness: A Physiological Approach
3 pages (750 words)
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...Animals in research and education: Ethical issues. Retrieved from http://bioethics.georgetown.edu/publications/scopenotes/sn40.pdf Cells of the nervous system (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.albany.edu/faculty/cafrye/apsy601/Ch.02cellsofthenervoussystem.html How neurons communicate, (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.gwinnett.k12.ga.us/LilburnES/PromoteGA/biochemistry/Neuron_communication.html Natural selection, (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/natural+selection Origins of behavioural neuroscience, (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pearsonhighered.com/assets/hip/us/hip_us_pearsonhighered/samplechapter/0205790356.pdf Sarkar, B. (2012)....
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Animal Rights in Islam
38 pages (9000 words)
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...animal unkosher or unsuitable for eating. There are mixed opinions among the experts about the brutality of this method of killing. According to some experts, in this method, animals lose consciousness before the brain can distinguish any hurt There are other people who believe that animals remain conscious long enough to feel the extreme pain32. The secular method of killing animals include ‘stunning’ them before killing, but this method is not approved by the Jews in Israel33. This is because animals have to be injured to stun them, and injuries are not allowed in Jewish custom at the time of killing. However, the Jews believe that animals lose consciousness... Animal Rights in Islam – Animal Law...
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ANIMAL ETHICS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
6 pages (1500 words)
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...animals benefitting from the ecosystem. The concept of consciousness or sentience is based on the fact that their interests should be felt and perceived. Through failing to adequately recognize the sentience of these creatures, for instance, the kangaroos, the policy and laws in operation pay insufficient regard to the ethical needs of kangaroos as conscious beings. However, the notion that there is a conflict between animal rights and environmental ethics chiefly relies on a number of misconceptions... Animal Ethics and Environmental Ethics Josh Mills SUNY Empire College Animal Ethics and Environmental Ethics Introduction The environmental ethics vs. Animal rights ethics debate is a historical concern,...
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Animal / Human Cultures
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Animal/Human Cultures Several things make humans different from animals. These include burying of the dead by humans out of respect, humans evolving to stop relying primarily on instinct, humans being aware of themselves, the feeling of wrong and right sense, as well as evil and moral, complex languages and methods of communication by humans, human use of the brain in exceedingly complex ways compared to animals, and human ability to advance technology. The premise of this paper is to delve into the consequences of these differences. The paper will study moral behaviour, human uniqueness, and consciousness or lack of...
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Scientific Experimentation & Animal Welfare
8 pages (2000 words)
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...animal welfare. Nonhuman primates like apes and chimpanzees have extensive, remarkable social, cognitive, and emotional capabilities and are especially vulnerable and at risk of mental anguish in controlled environments (Savage-Rumbaugh et al. 10). This could also be true to other species but inadequate number of studies has been conducted to conclusively verify this. The degree of awareness, consciousness, and intelligence of nonhuman primates raise ethical issues concerning their involvement in aggressive scientific study (Committee on Well-Being... Scientific Experimentation of Nonhuman Primates Introduction Scientific research on nonhuman primates did not draw much of the attention of scientists...
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Animal
3 pages (750 words)
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...Animal In the year 2146, the world will have faced diverse climatic change. This change, is believed to be caused mostly by increased human activities and industrialization, has affected not only the vegetation, human beings but also animals. This includes domestic, wild animals, both land and aquatic animals. In my case, I will discuss on Cycopus Bear (Kingsolver, 56). This is a fiction animal that temperate climatic conditions especially along the equatorial regions. This mammal has being biologically created by United Nations random animal generator machine. The Cycopus Bear is a hairy mammal, in the family of Ursidae. Its body is not large as the common bear. The male bear has brown... Fictional...
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Opposing sides of Animal rights
7 pages (1750 words)
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...animal rights activists nor their counterparts who advocate a reduction in animal rights rules and practice can definitively prove that consciousness exists within animals and therefore is worthy of a level of respect. With respect to this brief analysis, the author will propose an opposing viewpoint with regards to the inherent belief that animals should engender further rights and protections under law. Whereas it should not be noted that this analysis will take... ?Outline: Introduction: I:The evolution Argument A: Humans as the most highly evolved B: Discussion of what this “dominion” or evolutionary status denotes II: Rights A: The origins of rights B: Thinking and self actualization a uniquely...
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Are human the only animals with theory of mind
3 pages (750 words)
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...animals cannot take the position of the other; when such statements are made or such questions are raised it is to be kept in mind that we are dealing with animal consciousness or experience. Making such statements is not quite acceptable because, we really do not know what other animals actually experience. Here, first, we should question ourselves, if at all we have the complete competency to study animal mind. We do not know what it is like... ? Are humans the only animals with theory of mind? According to “Theory of mind ToM proposed by George Herbert Mead, the human mind comprises ofseveral mental states like beliefs, emotions, desires, intentions, perceptions, knowledge , etc which the mind uses to ...
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Animal Ethics and Environmental Ethics
6 pages (1500 words)
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...animals benefitting from the ecosystem. The concept of consciousness or sentience is based on the fact that their interests should be felt and perceived. Through failing to adequately recognize the sentience of these creatures, for instance, the kangaroos, the policy and laws in operation pay insufficient regard to the ethical needs of kangaroos as conscious beings. However, the notion that there is a conflict between animal rights and environmental ethics chiefly relies on a number of misconceptions... ? Animal Ethics and Environmental Ethics Josh Mills SUNY Empire College Animal Ethics and Environmental Ethics Introduction The environmental ethics vs. Animal rights ethics debate is a historical...
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Conversation Essay
3 pages (750 words)
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...Animal Rights." Society & Animals 19.4 (2011): 393-406. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. Daugherty, Phyllis. "Cruel Hunting 'Blood Sports' Make Animals' Lives 'Hell on Earth" in Ireland." Cruel Hunting 'Blood Sports' Make Animals' Lives 'Hell on Earth" in Ireland. N.p., 17 Oct. 2012. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. . Dennett, Daniel C. "Animal Consciousness: What Matters And Why." Social Research 62.3 (1995): 691-710. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. Pollan, Michael. "An Animal's Place." New York Times 10 Nov. 2002, 27th ed.: 58-68. Print. Singer, Peter. In defense of animals : the second wave. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub, 2006.... Section/# Animal Rights: A Case...
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Animal abuse in circuses
10 pages (2500 words)
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...consciousness in humans, these steps could prohibit them from exercising cruelties on the animals. Moreover, severe punishments must e announced on applying tortures on the animals, which should also be advertised at public scale. The news of such punishments and penalties on exercising cruelties on animals could turn out to be beneficial in respect of discouraging ill-treatment of animals. Another important step taken towards this direction includes the projection and promotion of the literature like Black Beauty by Anna Sewell... Module Module ID: Animal Abuse in Circuses Introduction: The present paper looks for exploring the maltreatment of the animals in the circus shows and exhibitions at the...
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Effective Ways to Prevent Animal Abuse
6 pages (1500 words)
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...consciousness of the protection of animals against abuse, and those children who would otherwise have grown up into animal abusers would instead become the greatest advocates of the prevention of such abuse. References Beirne, P. (2011). Animal abuse and criminology: Introduction to a special issue. Crime, Law and Social Change, 55(5), 349-357. Flynn, C. P. (2011). Examining the links between animal abuse and human violence. Crime, Law and Social Change, 55(5), 453-468. Girardi, A., & Pozzulo, J. D. (2012). The significance of animal cruelty in child protection investigations. Social Work Research, 36(1), 53-60. Lofflin, J... ? Effective Ways to Prevent Animal Abuse Animal abuse is among the most...
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Animal Minds - how they think and communicate
5 pages (1250 words)
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...animals think because they understand appropriate actions and choose the ones they believe will make them get what they need, while avoiding what can cause them harm. This shows that animals have conscience like humans. However, they have less developed self-awareness compared to humans. Consciousness is the awareness of things and events. Human beings are aware of things and events because they think. This implies that animals also think because they acknowledge events such as danger (Griffin 2001). Methods The researcher will gather information through direct observation. Observation is the most effective data collection methods in this research. This is because one can study... ? Animal Minds - how...
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What is the place of reason in relationship to understanding animal life Coetzee
2 pages (500 words)
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...animals should be eaten and which should not be eaten, we need a deep understanding of animal life. Understanding animal life also establishes if there is any form of relation ship that exists between human being and animals. Coetzee, asks whether human beings have anything common with animals. Do they reason like animals? Do animals have self-consciousness found in human beings, or a soul? According to this lecture (Coetzee, 119) if animals are like human beings then they deserve to be treated like human beings whose life are protected due to its sanctity. According to the lecturer’s arguments, animals deserve to be treated in the same way human beings... What is the place of reason in relationship to ...
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Human and Animal Interrelationships from Domestication to Present
5 pages (1250 words)
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...animal rights activists nor their counterparts who advocate a reduction in animal rights rules and practice can definitively prove that consciousness exists within animals and therefore is worthy of a level of respect. With respect to this brief analysis, the author will propose an opposing viewpoint with regards to the inherent belief that animals should engender further rights and protections under law. Whereas it should not be noted that this analysis will take a contrary in view of the fact that animals are important, should be respected, and preserved for future... Many individuals seek animal rights as an extension of the rights that have been granted thus far during the 20th and 21st centuries....
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Consciousness & Coma
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Consciousness and Coma Introduction                                                                                                                       The consciousness or state of mind of an individual might range from being absolutely stable to a state where the level of response comes down such that one cannot react to the external stimuli. To state the situation of coma patients whether they are able to perceive the environment round him or remain totally in a state of unawareness one must take into consideration the psychological and the scientific background. The words ‘consciousness’ and ‘coma’ are two different states of mind. If defined from a broader perspective, consciousness... ...
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Human and Animal Interrelationships from Domestication to Present
5 pages (1250 words)
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...consciousness (Beauchamp). This means they are not able to make sound decisions, moreover they cannot think independently hence they should be treated less of human beings are they do not form part of the moral community hence they have no rights to be protected (Palmer). Despite that, the theories do not encourage animals to be harmed as they possess a sense of sentiment thus their feelings should be respected. Direct theories are those that accord animals moral considerations but the moral status that is accorded to animals is limited in nature since animals are unable to recognize the rights of other...
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Do Animals Feel
6 pages (1500 words)
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...animal consciousness or self-awareness. Pet psychics stated that animals have some distinct identities compare to other animals surrounding them making human and animal consciousness not understood fully. Meanwhile, scientists disagree on whether animals are conscious or self-aware as there was no evidence that would prove that animals have self-awareness (Wilson, n.p.). Reproduction is normal in nature and one of the most and unique characteristics of living organisms... Do Animals Feel? Animals were termed as the “boatmen’s” in 19th century specifically the donkeys, mules and the horses because they are used as canal boats. The said animals are best of choice during the British Army a hundred years...
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Twentieth-century Marxism. Georg Lukcs and the problem of consciousness
72 pages (18000 words)
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...consciousness of its own 'modernity': . . . the vision of history as the unstoppable march of les luminaires; a difficult, but eventually victorious straggle of Reason against emotions or animal instincts, science against religion and magic, truth against prejudice, correct knowledge against superstition, reflection against uncritical existence, rationality against affectivity and the rule of custom. Within such a conceptualization, the modern age defined itself as, above all, the kingdom of Reason and rationality; the other forms of life were seen, accordingly... ?LUKACS AND THE PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS Georg Lukacs stands as a dominant figure in twentieth-century Marxism. The publication of his History ...
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Legal Consciousness
3 pages (750 words)
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...Consciousness Task: Legal Consciousness Introduction Teachers occasionally find themselves in legal dilemmas, which render them vulnerable to legal consequences. Parkay & Stanford (2007) observe that the worst time in a teacher’s life is never in the classroom, but while in duty. This indicates that teaching is a sensitive career that demands one to maintain a legal conscious mind. As such, every teacher should be knowledgeable on the regulations and policies governing his/her activities to avoid unsuitable consequences. Therefore, this essay presents my experience on the Texas School of Law (TSL) and Education System, thus, presenting an informative piece that explains how teachers need... Legal...
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Diversity Consciousness
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...Consciousness: Introduction Diversity consciousness brings in a perception that is largely not present in work places or learning courses. In many cases, diversity issues are like an afterthought or treated lightly. A general assumption is that individuals learn of diversity in their own way. Unfortunately, humans may comprehend it to mean that it does not contribute to their success or education (Bucher, 2010). This interpretation is unacceptable in many studies in business and education fields. This paper depicts reasons for diversity consciousness. Diversity conscious is learner oriented, success oriented, focuses on empowerment and personal growth, it is research grounded and oriented... Diversity...
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Silver Spring Monkeys Animal Abuse
4 pages (1000 words)
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...animals not to abuse them, but to take care of them. Just because these animals don’t speak the same language as ours doesn’t mean that they can’t think. It is said that consciousness is a result of language. For me, animals do have language, but in a much simpler form. Dogs wag their tails, cats perk their ears, their hair stands on end when afraid, they growl, they whine. From observing pets, they even dream even as they sleep. As for monkeys, they also smile. They also interact in a way that is very similar to us humans. Just because a mute human being can’t speak doesn’t mean he is unconscious... Philosophy 9 December 2008 Silver Spring Monkeys Animal Abuse The Silver Springs Monkeys were macaque ...
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Legal Consciousness
3 pages (750 words)
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...Consciousness Task: Legal Consciousness Introduction Teachers occasionally find themselves in legal dilemmas, which render them vulnerable to legal consequences. Parkay & Stanford (2007) observe that the worst time in a teacher’s life is never in the classroom, but while in duty. This indicates that teaching is a sensitive career that demands one to maintain a legal conscious mind. As such, every teacher should be knowledgeable on the regulations and policies governing his/her activities to avoid unsuitable consequences. Therefore, this essay presents my experience on the Texas School of Law (TSL) and Education System, thus, presenting an informative piece that explains how teachers need... ? Legal...
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Cognitive Capacities of Nonhuman Animals
7 pages (1750 words)
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...animal awareness: Evolutionary continuity of mental experience". Defining cognitive ethology, it is the evolutionary and comparative study of nonhuman animal thought processes, consciousness, beliefs, or rationality (Beckoff, 1995). Cognitive ethology, unlike psychology, is concern with the different solutions that nonhuman animals have found for common problems such as food catching, individual recognition and discrimination, assessments of dominance, habitat selection, mate choice, teaching, imitation, communication... Introduction There has been a great debate in the fields of Psychology and Philosophy whether animals have thoughts despite of lacking speech ability. According to Descartes (1970,...
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The interrelation between thought and language has been a central and enduring issue in philosophy and psychology. Of particular interest has been the possibil
6 pages (1500 words)
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...animal awareness: Evolutionary continuity of mental experience”. Defining cognitive ethology, it is the evolutionary and comparative study of nonhuman animal thought processes, consciousness, beliefs, or rationality (Beckoff, 1995). Cognitive ethology, unlike psychology, is concern with the different solutions that nonhuman animals have found for common problems such as food catching, individual recognition and discrimination, assessments of dominance, habitat selection, mate choice, teaching, imitation, communication... Introduction There has been a great debate in the fields of Psychology and Philosophy whether animals have thoughts despite of lacking speech ability. According to Descartes (1970,...
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Consciousness and Mind
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Consciousness and Mind Phenomenology Introduction When Descartes argues, "I think, therefore I am" (Hatfield, ), he lays significant emphasis on the faculty of reasons to decide and conclude on the issues that bother mankind. When Descartes or for that matter other philosophers were characterizing states of thought, perception and imagination, they were essentially practicing phenomenology. While reasoning became a key discipline of philosophy to understand the consciousness, phenomenology, as a first-person perspective, surfaced as an important aspect of philosophy of mind. Phenomenology "as the study of structures of experience, or...
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Mind and Consciousness
2 pages (500 words)
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...Consciousness Syntactic knowledge comprises data which an individual must store in mind in order to be able to make use of a system. Use of a programming language can not be made without sufficient syntactic knowledge of the same. People that have stored the syntactical rules in their mind are able to write programs with least inconvenience. Syntactic knowledge puts the user under a lot of pressure. Syntactic knowledge should be applied in the least possible time. Otherwise, the individual may not be able to recall it. For example, I am able to use MS Excel because of my syntactic knowledge. Syntactic knowledge is, to much an extent, dependent upon the system. The same action may have... Mind and...
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Sleep and consciousness
2 pages (500 words)
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...consciousness and interaction also referred to as being in a vegetative state. Some scientist and philosophers have defined death based on the functioning of the circulatory system as a state when there is irreversible cessation of circulation. Since different definitions have been given to explain death, there are several criteria’s that are used to determine death. In case of whole brain damage complete cessation of all clinical functions is a major criterion which could be demonstrated as coma. Similarly irreversible cessation of brainstem functions with absence of brainstem reflexes. Other criteria include absence of any other confounding factors, absence of motor...
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States of Consciousness
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Consciousness Introduction Consciousness constitutes one of the central issues of psychological investigation as involves questions of thought, knowledge, and our very being. There has been much investigation into the nature of consciousness, as well as what can be termed conscious behavior in animals or other sentient beings. In addition to these investigations, researchers have explored questions of altered consciousness, as cultures throughout the globe have explored avenues of altered consciousness for both recreation and ceremony. This has lead researchers to argue that there may be a...
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Consciousness and cognitive control
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Consciousness and Cognitive Control Consciousness and Cognitive Control Conventional studies show that cognitive control is directly associated with individual consciousness. According to these studies, human beings exerts control over their behaviours if they are aware of the outcome of their actions, the reasons for their actions as well as the manner in which an action can successfully attains its intended objective and goal. Although it is in professional domain that an individual has full control over their behaviours, various professionals have come up with suggestions that contradict the traditional school of thought. Traditional...
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Animal Equality
1 pages (250 words)
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...Animal Equality Animal Equality is an organization of international stature which strives to give the animal the rights which they should have. Itwas formed in 2006 in the city of Madrid and is currently working in countries of United Kingdom, Spain, Peru, Venuzuela and Colombia. Animal Equality strives to aware people about the harshness that the animals are facing these days and control the inhumane deaths of these species. They try to do this by educating individuals about speciesism and veganism. They carry out activities which would help the general public to know the truth about what is...
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States of Consciousness
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Consciousness: Sleep and Dreams: Sleep and dreams are the two most common alternative s of consciousness of the human brain. The subject of sleep and dreams is a one about which many myths and misconceptions prevail. One myth for instance is that everyone needs at least 8 hours of sleep every night to maintain good physical and mental health. The truth, however, is that some people get by on an incredible 15-20 minutes of sleep every night while some people may require 11 hours of sleep to maintain good physical and mental health (Huffman). There are 3 basic determinants of when we fall asleep. They are: 1. Circadian Rhythms 2. Environmental Arousal 3....
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Self. Consciousness and awareness
3 pages (750 words)
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...Consciousness and Awareness According to John Locke In his Essay Concerning Human Understanding John Lock discussed the notions of identity in general, and the identity in regards to the self, in particular. First of all, Locke defines the term “self”, by which he means a consciousness that “can consider itself itself” Locke states that Self is defined by consciousness. Locke’s view on personal identity does not rely on substance, but rather on consciousness. He is the theorist of memory and consciousness. Locke interchanges the term “person” with the term “self”. By person he means: “a thinking intelligent Being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider it self as it self, the same... Self....
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