Anterior cruciate ligament injury
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Anterior cruciate ligament injury Introduction: Anterior cruciate ligament injury represents one of the most common injuries of the knee. This injury is more common among athletes that take part in sports such as soccer, football, and basketball. Surgery may be required in case of such injuries, depending on the severity of the injury (Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries). The Injury: Mechanism of the Injury – When ligaments are injured, they are considered as sprains which can be graded depending on the severity of the sprain (Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries; Hyde and Gengenbach, 114-118). Sprains of...
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the major stabilizing ligament of the knee. Located in the center of the knee joint, the ACL runs from the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone), through the center of the knee. The primary function of the ACL is to prevent a buckling type of instability to the knee. For people who are active in sports, the ACL is a particularly important ligament, and can often be problematic in that the ligament can easily be torn, and will then require treatment. The tearing of the ACL usually occurs due to a sudden direction change, or when a deceleration force crosses the knee. "The patient often feels... A Complete Analysis of the...
Assessment of Anterior Knee Pain due to Maltracking of Patella
9 pages (2250 words) , Essay
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...Anterior Knee Pain due to Maltracking of Patella Introduction: In view of the frequent problems involving the patellofemoral joint, it is interesting and remarkable that for much of the time, the articulating surfaces of this joint are not in contact with each other. While there is no bone-on-bone contact with the femur in full knee extension or while standing or walking on the level ground, the extent of contact between the patella and the femur appears to vary depending on a number of factors, such as, the angle of knee flexion, the location of the contact, the surface area of contact, and the patellofemoral joint reaction force (Ficat and Hungerford, 1977, 85-109). Background... Assessment of...
Use of the slit-lamp for anterior segment examination of the eye
6 pages (1500 words) , Case Study
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...Anterior Segment Examination of the Eye Introduction In my clinical placement in the Ophthalmology, I hada chance to examine a patient who presented complaining of decrease in vision. For confidentiality and ethical reasons, the identity of this patient remains undisclosed. However, this 65-year-old gentleman presented to the clinic, and when I was instructed to do a slit-lamp examination, it felt that it was an opportunity to use academic learning in practice, and I was very excited. History This gentleman complained of progressive loss of vision and requirement of frequent changes in glasses over a period of last 1 year, more so over the last 6 months... Reflective Report: Use of the Slit-lamp for...
Use of forced eruption to enhance the Pontic site in the anterior maxilla
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...anterior maxilla Over time, periodontics has metamormphisized in order to provide functional as well as aesthetic results for patients. For any periodontal therapy, the main objective is the restoration of the normal health of the periodontium. In many cases, periodontal therapy starts with an extraction of teeth which demands an implant. Tooth loss is often results in migration of other adjacent teeth and deficit of hard and soft tissues. Implant therapy has over the years become an alternative to replacing missing teeth following an extraction since extraction results in migration of other adjacent teeth as well... ?First Lecture’s Homework Use of forced eruption to enhance the Pontic site in the...
The main aim of this study is to establish of the effectiveness of neuromuscular training to prevent of non contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in female athlete (a systematic review)
1 pages (250 words) , Literature review
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...Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Female Athlete Flow Chart of the Literature Search References Andrew, D. L. et al., Consensus criteria for defining ‘successful outcome’ after ACL injury and reconstruction: a Delaware-Oslo ACL cohort investigation. Br J Sports Med, 49(5), pp. 335-342. Button, K., Deursen, R. v. & Price, P., 2005. Measurement of functional recovery in individuals with acute anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Br J Sports Med, 39(11), pp. 866-871. Carolin, H., 2012. The relationship between ACL injuries and physical fitness in young competitive ski racers: a 10-year longitudinal study. Br J Sports Med, 46(15), pp. 1065-1071. Dafne, P. N. & Christine, L. C... Preventing Non-Contact...
Radiography Skills
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...anterior or posterior? A shoulder is said to have dislocated when the humerus head gets out of the glenoid cavity. Anterior dislocations are more common than the posterior dislocations. One can use different views to view the different dislocations. AP (Anteroposterior) views and Y-view images have to be acquired to determine both the anterior and posterior dislocations. The AP view will indicate the occurrence of an anterior dislocation while an inverse sign of Hill-Sach will show occurrence of posterior dislocation. On the other hand, the Y-view image will indicate a cut or an injury... Radiography Skills Radiography Skills What view would you take if you want to know if a shoulder dislocation is...
Learning Experiences 1 (Personal Training)
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...anterior surface of the clavicle and anterior surface of the coastal cartilage of the ribs. Its insertion is the groove of the humerus. It has intended action of internal rotation and extension while exercise is the bench press. The second involves Latissimus Dorsi. It originates from ileum and sacrum. Its insertion is medial side of the inter-tubular grove of humerus. Intended action is addition and rotation, and lat pulldowns as exercise. Third is Tricebs Brachii, originates from scapula. Its insertion is olecranon... Learning Experiences Personal Training) Affiliation Learning Experiences Personal Training) One of the vital muscleslocated in the body is the Pectoralis Major. It originates from the...
Lab #7 and #9
2 pages (500 words) , Assignment
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...Anterior Cingulate Gyrus Dysfunction and Selective Attention Deficits in Schizophrenia: [15O]H2O PET Study During Single-Trial Stroop Task Performance. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154:1670-1675. Summary Selective attention can be defined as the capability of an individual to perform a task relevant to its goals without interfering irrelevant things. This is very important for the success of the everyday activities. Scientists believe that the Anterior Cingulate Gyrus is the area of the brain which is mainly activated during selective attention. However structural and functional abnormalities have been observed... Lab # 7 Article: Carter, C. S., Mintun, M., Nichols, B.S.T, and Cohen, J. D. (1997)....
Biomechanics
3 pages (750 words) , Case Study
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...Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Anatomy of Anterior Cruciate Ligament The Anterior Cruciate Ligament is responsible for the movement of the tibia and resists the range to tibial motion. The ACL is made up of two types of bundles the posterolateral bundle and the anterolateral bundle. Both of these bundles originate on the posteromedial bundle of the lateral femoral condyle and gets inserted anterior intercondylar tibial eminence.The medial geniculate arteries supply the blood to the ACL and the ACL is made up of collagen fibers (Gabriel et al, 2004). Biomechanics of ACL Injury Forces that are transmitted through the ACL vary according to the knee joint positions and the greatest forces... ...
Body directions, terms and definitions
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Anterior is the front side of a body d. Posterior is the opposite of anterior. It is the back side of the body e. Medial is the midline of the body structure f. Lateral is on the outer side away from the midline of a body Q2. Body Planes Body... College    Year: Q1. Directional terms In human anatomy, these directional terms used to describe precisely where one body structure is in relation to another when the body is in an anatomical position. Anatomical position is when the body is in a standing position with feet slightly apart, arms at the side and palms facing frontward. These terms are: a. Superior which is the upper part of the body structure b. Inferior is the lower part of the structure c. A...
Acute Knee Sprain Assessment
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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...Anterior to the joint line is a large sesamoid bone which is known as patella. The lateral collateral ligaments... ? Acute Knee Sprain Assessment 26-01-12 Acute Knee Sprain Assessment Pathophysiology: Being the largest joint in the body, the knee is extremely susceptible in certain individuals to injury from trauma, arthritis and degenerative changes. Being a hinge joint, the knee has a joint line that exists between the femoral condyles and the tibial plateaus. The lateral and medial miniscal cartilage is cushioned between the boney surfaces of femoral condyles and tibial plateaus. The miniscal cartilage has tremendous tensile strength and during weight bearing it functions as a shock absorber. Anterior ...
Case Study Endocrinology
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Anterior pituitary gland GH I (IGF-I); below 1ng/ml soft tissues and bones cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth (Mader, 2001) Abnormal (Hypersecretion) Adenomatous anterior pituitary gland < GH < I (IGF-I); 1ng/ml to 100ng/ml < soft tissues and bones Morbidity and mortality (Cook et al, 2004) From Jessica's adenomatous anterior pituitary gland, hypersecretions of growth hormones took place. The substantially increased level of growth hormones which were directly secreted to the circulatory... Order#309062 ENDOCRINOLOGY Case: Jessica Sex: Female Age (Years) Weight (lbs) Height (Inches) Remarks 20 155 71 23 Intensifying migraines; impaired working ability as always tired; ...
Major Surface Muscles
3 pages (750 words) , Download 2 , Essay
...anterior lateral third of clavicle and its insertion is in deltoid tuberosity of humerus. Weights training for deltoid raise make it strong. 4. Brachioradialis: It is a forearm muscle that helps in flexion... Major Surface Muscles “A muscle is a bundle of fibrous tissue in a human body that has the ability to contract, producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body”, as defined in Google dictionary. The major muscles help in actions like flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, elevation, inversion and rotation. This write up briefly describes below the origin, insertion, intended actions and preferred exercises of some major surface muscles located in our body. 1. Triceps Brachi...
Controversay project
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...anterior-posterior and the medial-lateral position differences of men and women (as cited in Sullivan, Rose, Rohlfing, & Pfefferbaum, 2009, p. 794). On the other hand, Collins et al. (1995) assert that the major components of postural system could be accountable to postural imbalances (as cited in Sullivan, Rose, Rohlfing, & Pfefferbaum, 2009, p. 795). The components involve the open-loop and close-loop. The former requires one to maintain an erect or upright style of posture for short-term interval while... ?Postural Image Controversy Analysis for the Reason of Choosing the Topic The topic that sounds so endlessly controversial is about the demographicaldifferences about the health of young versus old...
Interdiction to Psychology
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...anterior hippocampus is a part of the brain that is crucial for learning and the formation of memory. The size of the hippocampus tends to decrease with age thus it is associated with memory decline. Aerobic exercise training is effective at reversing hippocampal volume loss and is accompanied by an improved memory function. Erickson and colleagues (2001) carried out a research study on 120 older adults to prove that aerobic training exercise increases the size of the anterior hippocampus thus leading... Question 3. As a volunteer at a local community center for older adults, you have often observed a group of adults walking in laps around the center or practicing tai chi. You wonder if these sorts...
An investigation into radiation dose received by the female gonads and breasts during adolescent idiopathic scoliosis plain radiographic examination
24 pages (6000 words) , Essay
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...anterior-posterior (AP) or posterior-anterior (PA) position of the whole spine. These projections are significantly important in term of evaluation, diagnosis of the spine deformity, patient management and decision making pre and post... An investigation into radiation dose received by the female gonads and breasts during adolescent idiopathic scoliosis plain radiographic examination    Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a disorder of the spinal column seen in children aged between 10-16 years (Cassar & Eisenstein 2002). Is predominately in girls and occur during their puberty (Warren T.K et al 2007), as the ratio of female-to- male is 4:1(Christopher and Steven 2004). AIS results in the abnormal c...
Article Two
1 pages (250 words) , Article
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...anterior forearm of each subject was exposed to the continuous-wave ultrasound for 5 minutes at a dosage of 1.5W/cm2 with the contralateral forearm as the control. Venous occlusion plethysmography was used to measure forearm blood flow and skin blood flow was measured using cutaneous laser-Doppler flowmetry. Muscle blood flow was calculated as the difference between forearm blood flow and skin blood flow. The result of the study indicates that forearm, skin and muscle blood flow was not significantly different between the ultrasound... Article Two This article reports the results of a study carried out to determine the effects of a continuous-wave ultrasound on muscle blood flow, skin and forearm. The...
"The lens is an excellent model for the study of fibrosis". Describe the evidence to support this statement.
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...anterior epithelium has been available since the formation of the cell vesicles during embryogenesis. It is also worthwhile to note that cell division, as well as cell death, is quite small in this population. But, the cells found in the peripheral epithelium can undergo cell division, migrate, and differentiate into the lens fibrer cells, which certainly are the majority in the lens. The cellular compartments markers... ? The Lens as a Model for Fibrotic Disease The Lens as a Model for Fibrotic Disease Fibrosis is associated with contraction, cell transdifferentiation, matrix modification, and hyperprolification (Radisky & Przybylo, 2008). Evidently, fibrosis affects a number of organs. Following this,...
"The lens is an excellent model for the study of fibrosis". Describe the evidence to support this statement.
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...anterior epithelium has been available since the formation of the cell vesicles during embryogenesis. It is also worthwhile to note that cell division, as well as cell death, is quite small in this population. But, the cells found in the peripheral epithelium can undergo cell division, migrate, and differentiate into the lens fibrer cells, which certainly are the majority in the lens. The cellular compartments markers... The Lens as a Model for Fibrotic Disease The Lens as a Model for Fibrotic Disease Fibrosis is associated with contraction,cell transdifferentiation, matrix modification, and hyperprolification (Radisky & Przybylo, 2008). Evidently, fibrosis affects a number of organs. Following this, it...
Human Anatomy and Physiology
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...anterior sacroiliac ligaments while insertions are at the tendon of psoas major and the body of the femur, inferior to the lesser trochanter (“Muscles of the Hip and Thigh”, 1998). These muscles are the strongest flexor muscles of the thigh and work to maintain erect posture at the joints as well as to raise the trunk from a flat (lying down) position. The gluteal muscles originate on the outer surface of the ileum and, in the case of the gluteus maximus, also on the sacrum, coccyx and the sacrotuberous ligament. The insertion point is the greater... Human Anatomy and Physiology Human Anatomy and Physiology By studying the movements required for the execution of a kick in a football game, one can...
Anatomy in MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)
22 pages (5500 words) , Essay
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...anterior face of scapula. 4. Where, and via what structure... Fundamental Musculoskeletal Magnetic Resonance Imaging What is a synovial joint? Ans- Synovial jointis a joint in which the opposing bone ends are covered in articular cartilage and separated from each other by a joint cavity containing synovial fluid. E.g. shoulder joint, hip joint, ankle and knee joint. 2. Name 2 regions in the body where fibro-cartilaginous discs are found Ans- Fibro cartilaginous discs are found at the menisci of knee joint and vertebral column wherein vertebras are connected by fibro-cartilaginous discs. 3. Where does the Subscapularis muscle arise? Ans- Subscapularis muscle arises from the sub scapular fossa on the...
Delayed Suprachoroidal Haemorrhage
3 pages (750 words) , Article
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...anterior chamber intraocular lens. Few other predisposing factors have been identified. These are old age, diffuse arteriosclerosis, glaucoma itself, suprachoroidal haemorrhage in the fellow eye, and a very short axial length or high myopia. However, the most significant causal factors has been identified to be postoperative hypotony. This may result from sudden inordinate decompression of the eye on the face of glaucoma, particularly when the surgery is initiated when the intraocular pressure has yet not been stabilised... Delayed Suprachoroidal Haemorrhage Following Glaucoma Surgery: An Evidence-Based Review Introduction: The suprachoroidal space, normally, is a dead space where choroid...
ACL Injuries Prevention, Rehabilitation and Risk factors.
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...anterior cruciate ligament tear: a case control study. Arthroscopy, 26(7), 901-6. Sterett WI, Briggs KK, Farley T, Steadman JR. (2006) Effect of functional bracing on knee injury in skiers with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a prospective cohort study. Am J Sports Med. Oct;34(10):1581-5. Epub Jul 26.... Injuries Prevention, Rehabilitation and Risk factors ACL Injuries Prevention, Rehabilitation and Risk factors Introduction Several, studies have been evaluating the efficacy of different training exercise training programs I patients with injury. Exercise program conducted thrice a week with three sets of repetitions. Patients are dividing into two groups. A desired goal of rehabilitation is ...
Assignment
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Proposal
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...anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are about 46 %, while medical collateral ligament (MCL) tears make up about 29% of the serious non-fracture knee injuries. Posterior... Review 4 T MRI Knee protocol at the Wesley Hospital in Brisbane/Australia. Introduction Musculoskeletal trauma of the knee joint remains the mostcommon cause of long-term disability. A significantly low percentage (10%) of the injuries recorded annually, were low-severity injuries, and serious non- fracture knee injuries also remain relatively rare, recorded at approximately 1 out of 50 injuries. Ligament tears form the large amount of serious non-fracture knee injuries at about 40%. Among the serious non-fracture knee injuries...
Crusiate Ligaments Sprain
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...anterior crusiate ligament (ACL) which serves to prevent the tibia from sliding forward and rotating during various agile activities such as jumping. Opposite to the ACL is the posterior crusiate ligament (PCL) which prevents the tibia from sliding back. The crusiate ligaments regulate movement as the centre of rotation changes during movement. The presence... CRUCIATE LIGAMENT SPRAINS Introduction The knee joint is a complex structure that is susceptible to a variety of injuries through an individual's routine participation in athletic activities both professionally as well as on a normal fitness level and it is not limited to any particular age group although in some cases of older individuals it may...
Ophthalamic Disorders Case Study
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (Kumar, 2008). The eye is surrounded by numerous tissues, veins and blood vessels that have a duty to aid in the circulation of blood from one eye point to the next. In the event that the flow of blood to the optic nerve is tampered with, the eye suffers from a stroke. This is an urgent attack that is not easily noticed and develops into a fully blown condition in no time. This is because the optic nerve suffers from lack of oxygen... Ophthalmic Disorders The eye is an extremely sensitive organ in the body. There are very many threats and issues that create a highly hostile environment for the eye and its functions. Some of these threats may be hereditary,...
Breast anatomy and medical imaging for breast
2 pages (500 words) , Term Paper
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...anterior, rectus... Anatomy of the Breast and Medical Imaging Breast is basically made up of glandular and fatty tissue that function to produce milk. It is locatedbetween the second and sixth ribs over the pectoralis major. It is anchored onto the muscle with the help of the deep fascia and ligaments, the pectoralis fascia. The fascia is not taught and thus allows for natural motion of the breast. The ligaments run through the breast tissue and the deep fascia. Inferomedially, the breast overlies the rectus abdominis. The nipple overlies the inframmmary line, at the level of the 4th rib. It is lateral to the mid clavicular line (Gabriel, 2011). Muscles underlying the breast include serratus anterio...
Analyzing the place kick in tackle football to determine the factors that achieve highest foot velocity at ball impact.
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...anterior deltoid, supraspinatus Sagittal 3 The Right hip Internal rotation and hip flexion Tensor fascia lata, psoas, rectus femoris, iliacus, Sartorius, adductor group Longitudinal and Transverse 4 The left Hip Extension movement of the left hip Gluteus maximus, adductor magnus , hamstring group Transverse 5 The Right knee Extension movement of the left knee Quadricep group Transverse 6 The left knee Extension movement... analyzing the place kick in tackle football to determine the factors that achieve highest foot velo at ball impact. This paper presents an analysis of the ‘place kick’ in tackle football with the aim of determining the factor, which achieve the highest foot velocity at the ball...
Biology with citation
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...anterior, lateral and posterior heads. The anterior head is attached to the humerus, the lateral originates on the collarbone and the posterior head originates on the scapula. The deltoid muscle is a mover and a stabilizer, as it lifts the arm up and it also helps press the end of the upper arm bone into the shoulder socket. Since it has got three heads, the muscle can easily extend and flex the arm. http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MEdEd/GrossAnatomy/ue/main_act.html http://instruct.westvalley.edu/peters/Bio48F09HO08.pdf 3. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a poisonous chemical found mostly within the liver, ovaries, intestines and skin. This chemical is found in Fugu – a puffer... 1a.When I went to the top floor...
Temporomandibular Joint Surgery
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...anterior to the ear that attaches the lower jaw, or mandible, to the skull. It has an important function in feeding as a principal body part for mastication. It also facilitates speech among humans. Pain on and dysfuntion of the jaw, associated muscles and ear, as well as clicking and popping sounds upon jaw movement are indicative of temporomandibular joint disorder, which may necessitate surgery. This report summarizes the anatomy that is affected by the disorder, explains the surgical procedure fixing the disorder, and the other treatments for such a debilitating disease. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) TMJ is a complex of hinge... to treat TMJ disorder. Most surgical access is through...
Hyperthyroidism
1 pages (250 words) , Research Paper
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...anterior pituitary gland which binds to specific receptors on the thyroid gland and triggers the release of the thyroid hormones. Increased amount of the thyroid hormones in the blood is referred to as hyperthyroidism. This can result due to many causes which include over activity of the thyroid gland as in Grave’s disease or due to neoplasias... of the thyroid gland which include adenomas and carcinomas. It can also occur due to an adenoma in the anterior pituitary which leads to increased secretion of TSH which results in overstimulation of the thyroid gland and hence increased release of the thyroid hormone. Inflammation of the thyroid gland can also result in...
Kingdom animalia phylum platyhelminthes
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...anterior ganglia with two nerve cords, interlinked by transverse nerves, going through the whole length of the creature. These nerve cords form a ladder-like structure. The digestive tract is branched and does not have an anus, hence it is incomplete. Platyhelminthes are triloblastic because of the three germ layers called ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm. The ectoderm is the base of the outer epithelium. The endoderm becomes the lining of the gut tract. The mesoderm is the tissue between the ectoderm and the endoderm. Mesoderm consists of muscle and undifferentiated cells called parenchyma. Platyhelminthes are also called acoelomate because there is no body cavity between...
I will put the things in the file
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...anterior surface of the maxilla, while the Asians angulation tends to be intermediate. Nasal bridge: Africans tend to be having an arching, ”Quonset hut” shape, as the Asians tend to have low nasal bones with a slight angulation. Subnasal prognathism: Africans tend to have maxillae that project more anteriorly (prognathic) below the nose while the Asians tend to have less projecting. Zygomatic form: Asians have anteriorly projecting... Cranial comparisons of Asians and Africans The African shape of the eye orbits, as viewed from the front, tends to be more rectangular shaped, while the Asians’ are more circular. Nasal sill: Africans tend to lack a sharp angulation dividing the nasal floor from the anteri...
Cognitive control
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...anterior... Cognitive Control Number May 11, Faculty Cognitive Control Prefrontal cortex in the anatomy of the mammalian brain is the cerebral cortex that covers the frontal lobe from the front part (Mars, 2012). Recent researchers have explained the integral link between the functions of the prefrontal cortex and the personality of an individual. The prefrontal cortex, a brain region has been indicated to have a critical role in personality expression, planning complex cognitive behaviour, moderation of the social behaviour and in decision-making. The orchestration of actions and goals in line with the internal goals are a basic role played by this brain part. Research shows that the destruction of the...
HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY QUESTION ASSIGNMENT
5 pages (1250 words) , Assignment
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...Anterior pituitary Tissue growth TSH Anterior pituitary Secretion of thyroid hormone ACH Anterior pituitary Stimulate adrenal cortex T3&T4 Thyroid gland Regulate metabolism Calcitonin Thyroid gland Calcium secretion in urine Parathyroid hormone Parathyroid gland Calcium reabsorption into blood Glucocorticoids (cortisol) Adrenal cortex Glucose metabolism Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone) Adrenal cortex Water and salt balance Epinephrine & Norepinephrine... Human Reproductive Biology Assignment Q1. General characteristics of a hormone Hormones are potent i.e. physiological body functions require only a small amount of hormone. Hormones produce prolonged effects on target cells Hormones are metabolic regulat...
Temporomandibular Joint Surgery
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...anterior to the ear that attaches the lower jaw, or mandible, to the skull. It has an important function in feeding as a principal body part for mastication. It also facilitates speech among humans. Pain on and dysfuntion of the jaw, associated muscles and ear, as well as clicking and popping sounds upon jaw movement are indicative of temporomandibular joint disorder, which may necessitate surgery. This report summarizes the anatomy that is affected by the disorder, explains the surgical procedure fixing the disorder, and the other treatments for such a debilitating disease. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) TMJ is a complex of hinge and gliding... ? Temporomandibular joint surgery is needed when the joint...
ORIF of the Tibia and Fibula
14 pages (3500 words) , Research Paper
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...anterior, tibialis posterior, and the flexor digitorum longus are attached to the tibia. On the other hand, the fibula does not have a weight- bearing function. It is attached to the tibia through the interosseous membrane... ?ORIF of the Tibia and Fibula By Fractures of the tibia and fibula may occur at any age but is most common during adolescence and active adulthood. Among all fractures in the long bones, the highest incidence of nonunion occurs with tibial shaft fractures. In addition, open tibia fracture also has the highest rate of infection. Furthermore, an isolated fracture of either fibula or tibia is uncommon, although it can occur with a direct blow to the side of the lower leg or as an...
Man is but a worm: Chordate origins
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...anterior feature is the existence of a serotonergic nerve net in the anterior apical tuft of some echinoderm and hemichordate tornaria larvae. Although the larvae of echinoderms and hemichordates have many shared morphological characteristics, the larvae of ptychoderid hemichordates have distinctive prominent eyespots in the tornaria larvae which are seen to systematically become vestigial as metamorphosis continues. This eyespots, according to morphological analysis are suggested to be rhabdomeric pigment cell cup photoreceptors that were apparently lost by the echinoderm ancestry. In addition, tunicate and Lancelet larvae both haveciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor... ? Man is but a Worm Man is but...
Muscle movement
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Anterior tibialis and gastrocnemius muscles: This pair is located in the lower leg. When a person rocks forwards... John J. So&so Science 344 16 March 2008 Muscle Movements The muscles in the body are divided into three categories, the skeletal muscles, smooth muscles and the cardiac muscles. Only the skeletal muscles are in the voluntary control of the living beings. The smooth and the cardiac muscles are usually under autonomic control i.e. they are controlled by neurotransmitters and other mediators automatically. The skeletal muscles also known as the striated muscles work in conjunction with the bones to impart movement to the body. They do so by alternate contraction and relaxation. Bones provide t...
The differences and similarities between voluntary and reflex nerve actions
3 pages (750 words) , Download 3 , Assignment
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...anterior lobe and the posterior lobe. Most... ?Biology Describe the differences and similarities between voluntary and reflex nerve actions. Our body carries out mainly 2 types of actions and they are voluntary actions, involuntary actions or reflex actions. Both the actions involve stimuli, impulse, neurons and effector organs. Voluntary action is nothing but an anticipated, may or may not be conscious, goal oriented movement. It is initiated in the cerebral cortex of the brain and the impulse passes into the motor area of the cerebral cortex and then to the spinal cord. From here, impulse is passed to motor neuron and then to the muscle making it contract (Barrett, 2010). Example of voluntary action is ...
An Investigation into Radiation Close Receieved by the Female Gonads and Breasts during Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Radiogra
16 pages (4000 words) , Dissertation
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...anterior-posterior (AP) or posterior-anterior (PA) position of the whole spine. These projections are significantly important in term of evaluation, diagnosis of the spine deformity, patient management and decision making pre... ? An investigation into radiation dose received by the female gonads and breasts during adolescent idiopathic scoliosis plain radiographic examination    Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a disorder of the spinal column seen in children aged between 10-16 years (Cassar & Eisenstein 2002). Is predominately in girls and occur during their puberty (Warren T.K et al 2007), as the ratio of female-to- male is 4:1(Christopher and Steven 2004). AIS results in the abnormal...
The arterial and venous blood supply of head, neck and upper limbs
6 pages (1500 words) , Research Paper
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...anterior, and posterior cerebral arteries. The vertebral arteries not only supply the medulla but they also fuse to form the basilar artery which further splits into the posterior inferior cerebral artery and the superior cerebral artery (Blood Supply). In the head there are superficial veins which drain blood from cerebrum into sinuses and the deep veins draining blood... ? 16 November The arterial and venous blood supply of head, neck, and upper limbs: This paper is primarily based on contemplating the phenomenally important arterial and venous blood supply to head, neck, and upper limbs. Mentioning the curving aortic arch here would be a worthwhile effort as it is the aortic arch basically which...
Argumentative Thesis
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...anterior cruciate ligament is located in the knee. In case there is irreversible damage infliction to this ligament, a surgery namely, Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction (ACL) is performed to replace the ligament. In ACL, a graft is used is replace the ligament and the surgeons have a choice between an allograft and an autograft. An allograft is obtained from a deceased donor , who had given prior consent for his/her deceased body to be used for medical purposes and who has been thoroughly monitored for infectious diseases, while an autograft is obtained from the patient’s own body tissues, either... An Autograft Surgery s Abstract The anterior ...
Transphenoidal Hypophysectomy
12 pages (3000 words) , Essay
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...anterior lobe and a posterior lobe. (Davidson 1952 ed. John 2002). The anterior lobe has two parts, the pars anterior and the pars intermedia.(Marieb,Mallatt2004). The anterior lobe, the adenohypophysis develops as an outpouching of the roof of the mouth called the Rathke's pouch. (Gray 1918, ed. Lewis 2000). The posterior lobe, the neurohypophysis develops... Post Operative Nursing Care of Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy Abstract Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is a surgery performed by a neurosurgeon for pituitary tumours and the care for this patient involves an understanding of the functions of the pituit...
Conduct a head-to -toe physical examination on an adult client. Document the findings as an appendix. Critically appraise your performance of physical examination in terms of the following:1approach,2examination technique,3instrumentation,4documentation
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...anterior chest to check the shoulder level, the symmetry of the breasts, and rib margins. I also observe the respiratory movement, that is, the rising and falling of the chest wall with each inhalation and exhalation. I observe the posterior chest for the same respiratory movements and the positioning of the spinal code. After this, I palpate Laura’s anterior chest to look for any abnormal formations. The next step is to listen to the respiratory system, in particular to any sounds coming from the lungs or the heart. I place a stethoscope at Laura’s anterior chest and then ask her to take a deliberate deep breath through the mouth. Breast... Head-to-toe physical assessment of an adult patient al...
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...anterior and middle scalene muscles, the brachial plexus trunks and the sympathetic trunk. The thoracic inlet region can be subdivided into 3 anatomic spaces, each of which can be the site of compression of the structures therein. The spaces and their associated compression syndromes include: the proximal (1) interscalene triangle, associated with the "scalenus anticus syndrome," a TOS without a bony abnormality and due to compression of the brachial plexus and/or vasculature between hypertrophied anterior and middle scalene muscles. There is also... Introduction The complex of signs and symptoms caused by compression of the brachial plexus and subclavian vessels in the cervicoaxillary region is known as ...
Dislocated Shoulder
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...anterior or forward dislocation that often occurs at the sub... Dislocated Shoulder Dislocated Shoulder Dislocated shoulder often occurs when the top or the humerus head is moved forcefully from the socket in the glenoid fossa. The motions of the shoulder are usually in the greatest range; thus, are susceptible to dislocation and subluxation (Kuehl and National Association of EMS Physicians (U.S.), 2002). More often, the rugby players are at greater risk of born dislocation since they sometimes land with their shoulder subjecting them to utter collision with either their fellow players or playing ground during the game. There are three ways through which a shoulder can be dislocated including the anterior...
AMI progression in terms of ECG changes
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...anterior, lateral, inferior, posterior) that has suffered the ischemic... ? AMI progression in terms of ECG changes of the Health sciences and medicine of the July 20. Discuss AMI progression in terms of ECG changes. How does each change reflect depolarisation movement in the affected myocardium? Your answer needs to specifically address ion movements during the action potential. AMI progression in terms of ECG changes Introduction ECG is recommended as the first diagnostic test that should be performed in a patient with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (O'Connor et al, 2010). It is immediately available, inexpensive and easy to perform. Also, it can point towards the region of myocardium...
Using Evidence from Research to Inform your Practice
3 pages (750 words) , Case Study
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...anterior circulation syndrome, partial anterior circulation syndrome, or lacunar... Using the provided article, a comparative study of admitting Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients to a Stroke Care Monitoring Unit Versus a Conventional Stroke Unit, is undertaken. Using Evidence from Research to Inform your Practice A Comparative study SCMU/CU Using Evidence from Research to Inform your Practice A Comparative study SCMU/CU . Purpose - to assess the outcome and mortality of patients suffering with stroke in two different approaches that is stroke care monitoring unit and conventional stroke unit. The study was undertaken at a hospital in Birmingham, which regularly houses ...
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