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Anthrax
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anthrax type, how early the condition is diagnosed, bacteria strain, age of the patient and the patients general health (Uptodate.com, 2014). Remarkably, doctors prediction may not come true concerning the outcome. Vaccination Safety among those who are exposed is a possibility through vaccine and use of antibiotics. Antibiotics such as the Ciprofloxacin can be given to patients who do not show any symptoms yet but have been exposed to the bacteria (Plotkin & Grabenstein, 2008... Anthrax Anthrax Poor relations and hatred among individuals and nations in the world today has driven peopleto great lengths with the aim of inducing harm on others. Using the advanced technology people have generated...
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Bio-Terrorism
2 pages (500 words)
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...anthrax spores through the mail. It has impacted several states in America, but the total number of fatalities and illnesses resulting from the attacks have been limited. Extensive measures have been implemented by the CDC to protect the health of the public, with the cooperation of the citizens. References Alcabes, P. (2004). The bioterrorism scare. American Scholar, 73(2): pp.35-45. Brachman, P. S. (2003). The public health response to the anthrax epidemic. In Levy, B. S. & Sidel, V. W. (Eds). Terrorism and public health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people. New York: Oxford University Press. Chapter 6:...
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Assignment for HS 110
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Anthrax were found, investigators believed that he lived in that area or had a connection to it. One of the serious problems that occurred in the aftermath of the infections by mail was that the vaccination for Anthrax became in short supply. Getting the vaccination had to be allotted due to “quantifiable risk” meaning that those who the FBI felt had a greater risk would have access to the limited supply (CDC). In fear of the mail being tainted, the public began to want the vaccine so that even those outside of the risk criteria would be safe from the potential problem. Fear had won over the American public once more. The Department of Defense... Client’s Anthrax: Terror at the Mailbox In the fall of ...
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Research paper on bioterism: Anthrax
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Anthrax and Its Potential for Bioterrorism Bacillus anthracis pose a threat not only to animals but to man as well. It has a potential to be used as a weapon for bioterrorism because a kilo of anthrax spores is highly portable, relative cheap to produce, and has the capacity to kill at least 30,000 people. There are clinical signs associated with anthrax in both animals and humans. One good news is that it is not impossible to manage and cure a person from infection by anthrax. Vaccines are available and, provided exposure to anthrax has been detected early enough, it is possible to...
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Anthrax
2 pages (500 words)
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...Anthrax is one disease which is deadly. Bacillus anthracis is a certain type of bacteria which is mainly responsible for causing this fatal disease. This paper will shed more light upon how Anthrax spreads and how it can be cured and avoided. “This disease mainly affects animals like sheep, goats, cattle and so on but human beings can also contract anthrax when they come in contact with affected animals and it can also spread from one human being to another which makes it even more dangerous, it is a communicable disease and this is precisely why it is considered fatal by many people.” (Causes of Anthrax) “The bacteria can easily... Client’s 29 October Some diseases are more dangerous than the others;...
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Anthrax
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Vaccine for Anthrax: BioThrax or popularly known as AVA (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed)- produced by avirulent strain of anthrax bacterium. It is produced by BioPort Corporation and is FDA- licensed. It is administered in six-doses0, 2, 4, weeks followed by 6, 12, 18 mths and annual booster doses to maintain immunity of the person (http://www.webmd.com). Site Cleanup: The spore-forming ability of the causal organism is paves the way for its endurance. It becomes evident to overcome this fortitude by keeping the anthrax-contaminated sites clean... Anthrax Introduction: Anthrax is known to be one of the oldest soil-borne bacterial diseases of ruminants and grazing animals. It is known to affecthuman beings...
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Vaccination
2 pages (500 words)
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...Vaccination and Autism s In human history, in order to prevent the severity of disease infection vaccines were developed. Lombard, Pastoret, and Moulin (2007) argue that vaccination entails the giving of an antigenic material with an aim of stimulating a person’s immune system so that the body develops adaptive immunity to pathogen. The Centers for Disease Control suggest that children 0 to 6 months of age should receive 28 doses of vaccines. However, there are no federal regulations in the United States that mandate vaccination. Contrarily, most of the states have a requirement of particular vaccination for kids who are entering public learning institutions. On the contrary... Ethical Dilemma in...
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Women's Sufferance in Military Conflicts
12 pages (3000 words)
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...vaccinations are clearly not to be given to pregnant soldiers, while use of anthrax vaccine on expectant moms is, militarily anyway, up for debate. The Army and Navy, for example, are at odds over the risks. A 2002 Navy study "identified a possible relationship between maternal anthrax vaccination in the first trimester and higher odds of birth defects," according to a summary of the findings. (Anderson, 2004, p. 56) Nonetheless, keep in mind that massive human injection programs are not controlled studies that determine the true efficacy of a medicine. 'Anthrax' vaccine is neither recommended nor licensed... Do women always suffer worst in conflict and war and why Do women always suffer worst in...
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Smallpox Vaccination
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...vaccination be used Introduction Smallpox is a highly contagious disease unique to humans which is caused by either of two virus variants named Variola major and Variola minor. V. major. Among the two the second one is the deadlier form and has a mortality rate of 3-35%, while V. minor causes a milder form of disease called alastrim and kills only about 1% of its victims (Ryan and Ray 525-7; Behbehani 455-509). With the help of vaccines, this disease is completely eridicated and there is no outbreaks that occurred after the last occurrence in 1977 in Somania. However, after the 9/11 attacks it is feared that smallpox viruses could be used as biological weapons if it reaches the hands... Should smallpox...
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Cancer Vaccination
6 pages (1500 words)
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...vaccinated against cervical cancer which is noted to have killed at least 30% of the women population during the past few years as per noted through the statistical data collected by their organization. About the Public Health Issue in Concern Through the effective use of surveys and deep research regarding the matter, the researcher was able to come up with two major collected results... . And these are as follows: Vaccinations for Cervical Cancer should be given to young girls ranging from 12 years old and above. More likely, parents might have doubts and preemptions that this would only encourage their children to become sexually exposed at such an early age. However, the...
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Bio-Terrorism/Anthrax outline
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...Anthrax is lethal after only a small time period. Anthrax can be treated and a vaccine exists. Despite the scare, bombings and crashes like the plane into the World Trade Center caused many more casualties and long-lasting health effects (Bowman, 2002). Terrorists are likely to choose anthrax because it is lethal. Terrorists generally want “lots of people watching, not lots of people dead” because their goal is to make a political impact by causing harm, which is undermined by killing large quantities of people. A few high... ?OUTLINE: Anthrax as a Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD) Points about anthrax as a WMD Possible opposing arguments Anthrax is easy to obtain, produce,and disseminate. According to...
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Vaccination Controversy
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Vaccination Controversy Introduction Vaccination has been used by health personnel since nearlyhundred years to artificially induce an immune response for the prevention of subsequent infections. Since the very beginning, vaccination has been surrounded by numerous controversies. In most health settings, vaccination constitutes one of the most controversial medical procedures. The central theme of vaccination controversy is the fact that the medical procedure interferes with core biological functions vital for survival. Vaccines are manufactured using either killed or attenuated organisms...
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Vaccination debate
1 pages (250 words)
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...Vaccination Debate By 24 September Vaccination debate In United s, there has been a serious debate regarding vaccines. Most of the people have begun being cautious of various vaccines offered to the children. The doubt has been high among mothers. The controversy had been the increasing number of autism cases at the period when vaccination gained greater acceptance in the society (Nature Publishing Group (NPG) 2014). The rise of cases has led to the conclusion by many people that autism is caused by vaccination. As a result, many parents have been worried of the increased dependence on...
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HPV Vaccination
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Vaccination Influence Sexual Activity in Adolescent Females (A proposal for study) In partial fulfillment of the work submitted by: Mary Van Alstyne BS.RN. State University of New York Institute of Technology Nursing Research Methods Dr. Marylou Wranesh-Cook Spring 2007 Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States, with 20 million individuals currently infected with HPV and 6.2 million new cases each year (Cates). HPV is the main cause of cervical cancer and genital warts. To control HPV, A new vaccine has recently been approved for girls' ages 9-26 years old that will decrease the spread of HPV infection. But, before... Does HPV...
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Name two diseases caused by spores, their symptoms and treatment, and how they are spread
3 pages (750 words)
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...anthrax involved and other factors pertaining to health (CDC). Perhaps it is important to note that anthrax in its incipient stages is treatable by antibiotics but advanced inhalation anthrax may pose some challenges during treatment. However, the combination of antibiotics and antitoxins has proved to be very successful in the treatment of anthrax over the years (WHO). Causes, spreading, and Symptoms of Tetanus Caused by Clostridia tetani, tetanus is quite different from other diseases that can be prevented through administering of vaccines to potential victims... Anthrax and Tetanus as Diseases Caused By Spore-Forming Bacteria Although the public may not be aware of the existence of bacteria that form ...
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Bio-Terrrorism Medicine Essay
3 pages (750 words)
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...anthrax, that require immense networks of laboratory and public healthinfrastructures. In fact, the threat is so varied that adequate response is nearly impossible in terms of resources. While adequate legislation came into being early in history, when the pathogens were first recognized, systems for dealing with bioterrorist threats, such as the Laboratory Research Network (LRN), took much longer to appear. This is largely because of the huge amount of manpower, technology, and resources required for this infrastructure to address low-probability bioterrorism risks. Additionally, bioterrorism is a hot issue, one... -produce and stockpile these supplies has required a huge influx of resources....
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Early Influenza Vaccination
3 pages (750 words)
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...vaccination Impacting decreased infection rate and mortality" The study was carried out to develop a deep understanding about the impact of early Influenza vaccination to decrease major cause specific mortality and related ailments like stroke, renal disease, diabetes mellitus, pneumonia, malignancy and heart disease. Introduction Influenza is the most widespread viral disease and turns out to be one of the considerable causes of global morbidity and mortality. The potentially dangerous, debilitating and disruptive abilities of the virus, enables and broadens its spread in the population. This fetches a considerable burden on individuals, society, families, on business... and primarily to...
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Bio-Terrorism and Anthrax as WMD
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...Anthrax has been well studies for over 150 years; however, the re3cent threat of anthrax as a bioterrorism agent has necessitated improvements in pathogen detection methods (Popoviv, 2005). Because anthrax spore are hardy, highly infectious, and easily airborne, environmental detection of the pathogens in facilities and public areas is particularly necessary. Many research activities and political actions have been taken to improve the reliability and speed of anthrax detection through sampling of bioagents on-site as well as in-lab culturing and confirmation of bioagents in collected samples. Following the anthrax letter attacks of 2001, the United States Postal service, and other public... ...
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Bio-Terrorism and Anthrax as WMD
3 pages (750 words)
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...Anthrax has been well studies for over 150 years; however, the re3cent threat of anthrax as a bioterrorism agent has necessitated improvements in pathogen detection methods (Popoviv, 2005). Because anthrax spore are hardy, highly infectious, and easily airborne, environmental detection of the pathogens in facilities and public areas is particularly necessary. Many research activities and political actions have been taken to improve the reliability and speed of anthrax detection through sampling of bioagents on-site as well as in-lab culturing and confirmation of bioagents in collected samples. Following the anthrax letter attacks of 2001, the United States Postal service, and other public... ...
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Vaccine and vaccination
1 pages (250 words)
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...vaccination Vaccination is of critical importance since it provides protection to the body against infections. Accordingly, such infections are primarily caused by the prevalence of over 70 viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites that pose a threat to human health (Mackay and Rosen 1042). Consequently, the development and administration of vaccines, helps induce immunity that provide protection against such pathogens. 2. What would you tell one of your clients who is considering NOT vaccinating his daughter due to vaccine safety issues? Foremost, I would inform the client that clinical scientific data has not produced concrete evidence showing that administration of vaccines... What is the point of...
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Debate on vaccination
7 pages (1750 words)
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...vaccination is an injection that produces immunity in the body against an organism that has either been killed orweakened and contained in that particular injection. Consequently, a vaccine can be said to be the product contained in the vaccination. Several types of vaccines exist depending on the type of disease it is best suited to prevent. Scientists choose the type of vaccine to developing based on the characteristics of the infecting microbe to make the safest vaccine. Vaccines may contain either live viruses that have been weakened to render them harmless, the...
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Vaccination of children
5 pages (1250 words)
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...vaccination of children is an important function of government. Only governments have the ability to require vaccinations that keep children safe from harmful diseases. This fact has been shown to be true over the past century, as we have seen the complete eradication of some of the most deadly diseases (“Five Important Reasons to Vaccinate…,” 2013). Yet some parents resist the sound advice to vaccinate their children against disease. They offer many reasons for this reluctance. Some feel that vaccinations are a plot by the government to weaken their children in some way. This is especially true among minority groups living under the control of authoritarian governments. Other parents feel... ? The...
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Bioterrorism and Anthrax, October 2001
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Anthrax, October 2001 Introduction Terrorism nowadays is a broad concept. Many research and studies in different fields are devoted to the study of terrorism effect and its impact on different aspects of human activities. Bioterrorism is not less scaring and dangerous for the modern society than military terrorism. Nowadays the world’s community is struggling against the expansion of hazardous biological agents. The main emphasis is made on control, prevention and protection of society’s health in the face of bioterrorist attacks. In accordance with Gaudioso (2011): “Microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types... Bioterrorism and Anthrax,...
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Bio-Terrrorism /Anthrax as a WMD
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...anthrax a potent bioterrorism threat. The anthrax threat is not new in international news. Some historians believe that anthrax was responsible for the fifth biblical plague described in Genesis of the Old Testament, and anthrax was described by the Greeks and Romans who coined the name based on the black appearance of the anthrax vegetative form. Anthrax has been recognized as a biologic warfare agent in contemporary times, seen first in the Gulf War. Large scale production of over 8500 L of anthrax was reportedly produced in Iraq during this period. In response, the United States vaccinated over 150,000 military... ? Anthrax is one of the oldest recorded pathogens and one that is of particular concern...
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Bioterrorism Essay
3 pages (750 words)
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...anthrax develops symptoms relating to cold and flu. Early use of antibiotics can prevent anthrax but the vaccination formulated has not yet been circulated among general public2. Albeit the small pox has been eradicated throughout the world, the stock of these viruses in the hands of terrorists is still under question. In 1977 there was reports of small pox in Somalia. Initial symptoms of small pox such as fever, fatigue and rash are liable to be overlooked. But the small pus-filled blisters on face and arms indicate the onset of small pox vividly. Plague causing bacteria Yersinia pestis are spread through rats, squirrels... BIOTERRORISM Bioterrorism is now a worldwide nightmare. Spreading...
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Bio-terrorism and Anthrax as a WMD
3 pages (750 words)
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...anthrax as a potential WMD in a bio-terrorist attack is the availability of vaccines against it. If detected and diagnosed early, it can be treated quite easy using penicillin and other readily-available antibiotics such as doxycycline (DoD, 2003, p. 1). An infected area which is the direct source of the anthrax can also be easily cleaned using simple chemicals like chloride solutions, pesticides and other common household cleaning agents. This is another reason why anthrax would not be a preferred weapon for terrorists. But perhaps one of the strongest reasons of not using anthrax is it defeats the purpose of terrorists, which is to have a lot of people pay attention... ? ANTRAX AS WMD IN BIO-TERRORISM...
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Pneumococcal Vaccination research paper
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Vaccination Topic Value-Based purchasing is a payment strategy that rewards the quality of health care production by paying incentives and having transparency in the healthcare system. Value in the healthcare industry can be considered as the production of quality, efficiency, cost effective and safe health care services. In Value-Based purchasing (VBP), the healthcare providers are held responsible for the provision of quality and the cost of the healthcare services to people. The system is rewarded and can suffer from the consequences of providing substantial health care services. Incentives are put so that they can be able to discourage unwanted and unnecessary expensive health care... ? Pneumococcal...
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Importance of Immunizations
4 pages (1000 words)
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...vaccine in the United States. (DOH, 2007) Anthrax vaccine side-effects Getting anthrax disease is much more dangerous than any risk from the vaccine. Like any medicine, a vaccine is capable of causing serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. The risk of anthrax vaccine causing serious harm, or death, is extremely small. Mild Problems Soreness, redness, or itching where the shot was given (about 1 out of 10 men, about 1 out of 6 women) A lump where the shot was given (about 1 person out of 2) Muscle aches or joint aches (about 1 person out of 5) Headaches (about 1 person out of 5) Fatigue (about 1 out of 15 men, about 1 out of 6 women) Chills... "Importance of Immunizations" There are certain ...
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Bio terrorism and Anthrax as a WMD
3 pages (750 words)
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...anthrax as a potential WMD in a bio-terrorist attack is the availability of vaccines against it. If detected and diagnosed early, it can be treated quite easy using penicillin and other readily-available antibiotics such as doxycycline (DoD, 2003, p. 1). An infected area which is the direct source of the anthrax can also be easily cleaned using simple chemicals like chloride solutions, pesticides and other common household cleaning agents. This is another reason why anthrax would not be a preferred weapon for terrorists. But perhaps one of the strongest reasons of not using anthrax is it defeats the purpose of terrorists, which is to have a lot of people pay... ANTRAX AS WMD IN BIO-TERRORISM (Summary and ...
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Pros and Cons of Vaccination
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Vaccination Introduction Vaccination is the process through which the human body is made resistant or immune to different infectious diseases using a vaccine. Vaccines prompt the body into producing antibodies, which fight various illnesses, and thus it is the most suitable method of disease prevention. The term vaccination is used interchangeably with immunization. The issue of whether vaccinations are helpful or harmful is one that causes intense debate. It should however, be noted that vaccinations have eliminated the risk of over 16 major diseases in the past 20 years. ‘Three million lives are saved worldwide each year through childhood immunizations’ (Kassianos 27). In the last... Pros and Cons of...
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Should HPV Vaccination Be Mandatory
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Vaccination Mandatory? Human papillomaviruses or simply HPVs are a group of related viruses. Some of the HPVs have the potential to cause cervical cancer and these types of HPVs are called high risk or carcinogenic HPVs. Nearly 40 types of HPVs may transmit from one person to another through sexual contact. Gardasil is a vaccine developed to prevent certain types of HPV related complications including cervical cancer and it has been duly approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Researchers indicate that cervical cancer is more prevalent in women at a younger age. However, mandatory vaccination for cervical cancer can cause a series of consequences. This paper... will discuss why young...
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Weapons of Mass Destruction
15 pages (3750 words)
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...vaccinations. B. Coordination with the Food and Drug Administration to receive approvals to procure Anthrax vaccinations under the Emergency Use Authorization legislation for victims 18 and older. For children, approvals generated by the FDA under the Investigational New Drug protocol. C. Coordination between the Providence Alaska Medical Center and Alaska Native Medical Center to expand and improve triage services. D. Establish isolation units... OUTLINE Emergency Response Plan for Release of Anthrax in Anchorage, Alaska Anchorage maintains the highest population of any major in Alaska, sustaining 291,000 residents as of the 2010 national census (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). This outline...
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Vaccination for Babies 0-6 Months
2 pages (500 words)
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...Vaccination for Babies 0-6 Months I. Objectives: The participants should be able A. Assess their own knowledge/insights, feelings and apprehensions regarding vaccination of babies B. Verbalize the value of vaccination in the well-being of a child C. Prepare a vaccination schedule for their babies II. Participants: Mothers of newborn to one-month old babies III. Lesson A. Nursing Diagnosis The nurse will ask participants to form a group of three and discuss what they know and how they feel about vaccination for babies. These questions will lead to an assessment of participants’ knowledge and feelings about vaccination. Guide Questions: 1. What is the purpose of vaccination? 2... Lesson Plan...
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Flu Vaccination- Benefits and Contra-indications
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Vaccination- Benefits and Contra-indications Flu vaccine Vaccines are biologically prepared immunity solutions thatenable a person’s body to resist the attack of certain diseases. The vaccines basically stimulate the immune system of the body when it comes in contact with the disease bacteria, and initiates the production of antibodies to fight it. Anti-bodies are a part of a human body’s defense mechanism that fights organisms carrying the disease(Boyden, 1966). Vaccination is the process of a person taking vaccines against certain diseases. Once vaccinated, the person is...
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Article Critique on HPV vaccination use in Rural Settings
10 pages (2500 words)
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...vaccination use in Rural Settings Article Critique What are the targeted behavior changes? The article describes a research that was conducted to gauge the impact of social campaigns which are meant, to increase in the number of women who initiate the HPV vaccine for their young daughters at a rural setting. HPV predisposes women to cervical cancer; hence, it is recommended that young girls aged between 11 to 12 years need to be vaccinated against this virus so that they are not predisposed to cervical cancer attacks. The study described in this article seeks to create an awareness concerning the advantages of timely vaccination of young girls against the human papilloma... ? Article Critique on HPV...
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Persuasive argument should vaccination be mandatory or voluntary
2 pages (500 words)
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...VACCINATION Vaccination: mandatory or voluntary VACCINATION Vaccination: mandatory or voluntary Scientific researches suggest that vaccination in general brings rather good results than harm. The higher the number of vaccinated individuals from infection is the lower the probability of disease among unimmunized and debilitated people is. Generally, making vaccination, we not only care about our health and the health of our children, but also contribute to the common struggle of humanity against infections. However, it is believed that mass immunization is more often considered as “evil” than the benefit of mankind and I am really ready to join to this group of people. It should be noted... Running head:...
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MOD 5 Discussion Determining Which Agency Should Command an ICS Post
1 pages (250 words)
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...anthrax (HS, 2013). The infectious disease and chemical contamination are both hazardous to public health and require emergency... Answer Emergency Medical Services personnel are important facilitators for safeguarding public health and provide immediate aid to the patients with infectious diseases including victims of bio-terrorism (cdc, 2004). But in case of announced release of bio-terrorism or major chemical contamination or infectious diseases like smallpox, ICS or Incident Command System personnel should be handed over the command by EMS rather than police or fire fighting department. ICS is well equipped to handle disaster situations including medical emergencies and acts of bio-terrorism like...
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Should vaccination for HPV be mandated for teenage girls
3 pages (750 words)
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...Vaccination for HPV Man d for Teenage Girls Vaccination for HPV Man d for Teenage Girls The U.S government enacted a legislation that mandates teenage girls aged between 11 and 12 years to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine through an executive order (Rettner, 2011). Despite this legislation, many teenage girls do not receive this vaccine subject to a raging debate about the safety of the vaccine, the morality of the mandate, and the cost of the vaccine. Ideally, there is no argument about the significance of the vaccine in that civilians and medical...
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HPV Vaccination: Should it be Required or Recommended
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Vaccination Should be Required and Recommended Total Number of Words: 2,013 Introduction Affecting almost 20 million people throughout the United States, the genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered as one of the most common sexually transmitted virus (CDC, 2008b; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Since cervical cancer caused by HPV infection can lead to the untimely death of thousands of women each year, the U.S. government and other related health care authorities should study and consider the need to make HPV vaccination mandatory among the school-age children. After discussing the target audiences and the main purpose of the study, a literature review... will be...
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Medical microbiology
9 pages (2250 words)
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...vaccine Haemophilus influenzae (Hib) vaccine Varicella zoster (Var) vaccine for chickenpox Rotavirus (Rv) vaccine for infant diarrhea (new) Recommendations for vaccination of adults depend on the risk group. Vaccines for meningitis, pneumonia, and influenza are often given to groups living in close quarters (e.g., military recruits) or to individuals with reduced immunity (e.g., the elderly). Depending on their destination, international travelers are also routinely immunized against such endemic diseases as cholera, yellow fever, plague, typhoid, hepatitis, typhus, and polio....
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Medical Statistics: the MMR vaccination and the onset of autism
8 pages (2000 words)
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...vaccination and the onset of autism. This was identified as an important issue due to the concerns which had been raised over safety after the link was suggested. The objectives were to assess whether those with autism were more likely to have received the MMR vaccination and to determine whether there was any association between the timing of the vaccination and the onset of symptoms of autism. The paper presented a primary study as the research was new rather than an integration of previous studies. The data was collected through a survey... which was distributed to all parents identified on the General Practice Register Database (GPRD) as having an autistic child. The study was also...
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Assignment
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Anthrax, Influenza, Mumps, Rabies, Tetanus, Typhoid, etc (Department of Health, 2014). Furthermore, for purposes of turning this vaccination policy into a success, the Government of North Carolina has developed a vaccination schedule that all health care agencies must follow while vaccinating children under the ages of 18 years. This schedule contains the identification of the ages in which children are supposed to be given certain doses of the vaccine, and identifies the type of vaccine to be administered. These vaccination schedules do not only identify the vaccination programs of children, but they also identify the vaccination programs of adults... The Position of North Carolina on...
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MMR Vaccination
3 pages (750 words)
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...vaccine debate that occurred in the late 90s, the analyst can quickly interpret that a large part of this conflict was born not as a result of an individual that was attempting to be deceptive or fraudulent to his audience; but instead, the controversy was brought about as a result of the way in which the media operates as compared to the way in which scholarly journal articles are research, analyze, published, reviewed, and in some cases discredited. Essentially, modern media is focused on sensation and rapidly moves from one topic to the next as a means of captivating stakeholder interests and reporting... Section/# The MMR Debate and a Review of Scholarship Best Practices Looking back at the MMR...
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Health law
3 pages (750 words)
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...anthrax which were linked to a letter mailed all over US. The contaminated letters forced the official to take action to prevent the spread of contagious diseases. These acts highlighted the need to protect citizens from domestic bioterrorism. The bioterrorist threat urged the public agencies and officials at all levels of government to give some coordinated response. In this paper we analyze North Carolina communicable disease control laws highlighted in the article of Moore Responding to Biological Threats: The Public Health Systems Communicable Disease Control Authority. In North... Health Law 2006 Outline: A) The regulations highlighted by Moor in his article. B) Communicable disease control rules. ...
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Micro biology 100
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...vaccines. She is remembered for having advanced the fight against killer diseases such as whooping cough, typhoid, cholera, anthrax, conjunctivitis, and meningitis. Apart from identifying the cause of whooping cough, Margaret also developed an improved vaccine for the disease. She was also the first woman to be in charge of the lab the NIH. Margaret also served as a World Health Organization consultant for cholera, in addition to being a leader in the standardization of vaccines. Margaret is also remembered for having... ? Microbiology 22nd, January Great Microbiologists of the Past It is without doubt that Edward Jenner was an influential microbiologist, considering the discoveries he made, and their...
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Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anthrax. Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis, the main route of whose exposure is inhalation. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, shortness... Grade Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents Exposure to chemical, biological and nuclear materials is possible in multiple ways like inhalation, drinking contaminated water or physical contact with contaminated surfaces. Dispersion may be carried out through simple methods like putting a container in some busy area, using ordinary spray devices or through advanced methods like detonating an explosive device (Irvine). In case of chemical incidents, there is an immediate onset of symptoms, while in case of exposure to biological or nuclear agents,...
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HPV Vaccination and consent: What are the issues for School Nurses
16 pages (4000 words)
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...VACCINATION: WHAT ARE THE ISSUES FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NURSES? A literature review. ...whether or not a child is capable of giving the necessary consent will depend on the child’s maturity and understanding and the nature of the consent required. The child must be capable of making a reasonable assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment proposed, so the consent, if given, can be properly and fairly described as true consent." Lord Fraser 1985 INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE: In 2007 the Scottish Government announced that it was to introduce the new vaccine against the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) to be delivered to all girls between the ages of 12-18yrs. For Public... CONSENT AND THE HPV...
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Critical Analysis of Outbreak of Varicella at a Day-Care Center Despite Vaccination Galil Karin
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Vaccination" Galil Karin and et al. The New England Journal of Medicine in an article named "Outbreak of Varicella at a Day-Care Center Despite Vaccination" stated that "Although the vaccine affords excellent protection against moderate and severe Varicella, a modified form of Varicella develops in some vaccinated persons after exposure to someone with an infectious case. By definition, these breakthrough cases occur more than 42 days after vaccination and are usually caused by wild-type virus." This implies that a modified form of Varicella may develop in a vaccinated person... Kona Vishnu Critical Analysis 19 November 2005 Critical Analysis of "Outbreak of Varicella at a Day-Care Center Despite...
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Vaccination of children. The importance of parents need to vaccinate their children
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Vaccination of children Vaccination of children About 7 million children that are not immune die each year from the six child killers: Diphtheria, measles, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, tuberculosis and tetanus. Immunization protects children against some of the most dangerous diseases of childhood and without immunization any children die or become disabled (Howitzer, 2011) “Babies are born with some natural immunity which they get from their mother and through breast-feeding. This gradually wears off as the baby's own immune system starts to develop” (What is immunization and how does it work?, 2011). According to the U.S. Centers for Disease...
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Measles and the two vaccination shots given to ensure the child will never catch Measles
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...Vaccines are preventive agents that contain viral molecules to activate the AAI, so that when the virus is encountered in the environment, large amounts of specific antibodies are already present to act against it. Both humoral and cell-mediated immunity play a role in developing AAI (Levinson and Jawetz 353). This writing tries to explain the reasons behind the timing and the number of dosages of vaccines, particularly measles and diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccines. In particular, basics on immune response and immunization are provided, before a detailed discussion on vaccines is given. BASICS OF IMMUNE RESPONSE Innate immunity Although their mechanisms are different, innate immunity... INTRODUCTION ...
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