Antibacterial
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...Antibacterials Search for compounds that has the potential of killing or retarding the growth of bacteria is an exciting area of chemical research. Such compounds known as antibacterial can be isolated from living organisms, obtained via chemical modification of natural compounds, or synthesized. The mechanism of action allowed classification of these compounds into two groups known as bactericidal antibacterials and bacteriostatic antibacterials. The former class kills and eliminates the bacteria while the later class retards the growth or reproduction of the bacteria. Their benefit in the medical field and personal...
Antibacterial and biomedical applications of gold nanoparticles and graphene composite
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial through transcriptomic and proteomic approaches by changing the membrane potential hence inhibiting binding activities.it also is used in chemotaxis in the early phase reaction to fight cancer (2333) the information is fortified by Prema & Thangapandiyan who say that gold nanoparticle are small in size but offer a large surface area volume ration this makes them... Chemistry Essay Chemistry Essay Introduction According to Yang et al. , Graphene appears as a single two layer of hybridizedcarbon atoms. It is the building block of other carbon like graphite. Some of its properties include having a high surface area, good electricity conductivity; it also has substantial mechanical strength....
Pharmaceutical Industry Assignment
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...antibacterial drug research:Anti infective drug research is a specialized branch of drug discovery unit in a Pharmaceutical industry. For acquiring the role of a leader a basic qualification of Microbiology or Biotechnology (undergraduate or post graduate) is essential. The scientist has to undergo a few years of extensive training on job as a research scientist in antibacterial drug research. A Ph.D. scientist in the relevant field may be absorbed directly as a leader. Before we look at the role of a leader we must understand the need of the antibacterial drug research. Antibacterial... Organization: Pharmaceutical Industry, New Drug Discovery Research Unit, Anti-bacterial Drug Research Introduction of...
Pharmaceutical Industry, New Drug Discovery Research Unit, Anti-bacterial Drug Research
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial drug research: Anti infective drug research is a specialized branch of drug discovery unit in a Pharmaceutical industry. For acquiring the role of a leader a basic qualification of Microbiology or Biotechnology (undergraduate or post graduate) is essential. The scientist has to undergo a few years of extensive training on job as a research scientist in antibacterial drug research. A Ph.D. scientist in the relevant field may be absorbed directly as a leader. Before we look at the role of a leader we must understand the need of the antibacterial drug research... . Antibacterial drugs have been the most effective of all medicines. Their success is reflected by...
Household Cleaners
7 pages (1750 words) , Lab Report
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...antibacterial properties. But for handwashing shampoo, detergent and dish cleaning liquid, they contain -hydroxy-2',4,4'-trichlorodiphenyl ether (commercially known as triclosan), a common antibacterial ingredient used in liquid soap (Wikipedia, 2007). This compound inhibits fatty acid synthesis in bacteria, thus preventing the reproduction of the bacteria. Fatty acids... Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to identify the most effective agents to clean off germs on hands from the following: a. handwash shampoo b. detergent c. lemon juice d. dish washing liquid I got this idea when I appreciated that mom needed a clean hand to prepare our food. So, I hope to find a good way to clean our hand to pre...
Take home assignment
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...antibacterial antibacterial /an·ti·bac·te·ri·al/ (-bak-ter?e-al... Response to Questions Response to question A crop refers to a plant that can be cultivated. The purpose of cultivating cropsvaries in accordance to the necessities of the cultivators. Spencer Wells illustrates these necessities to be ranging from sustenance based to medicinal purposes. However, the key reason behind the embrace of agriculture was the level of competition that was developing over the acquisition of food via hunting and gathering techniques. These competitions were calculated from the swelling populations, as well as development of unique tastes among the populations. The population of both plants and animals evolved in...
Clinical practice guideline: Diagnosis and management of acute otitis media.
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...antibacterial therapy” decision. Despite being a broad ranged report, the evidence is more focused toward the appropriate diagnosis and initial treatment of a child suffering from AOM. The “observation option” (watchful waiting) for AOM refers to delaying antibacterial treatment in selected children for a time period of 48 to 72 hours and restraining treatment to only management, for a symptomatic relief. The decision to watchful waiting or treating with antibiotics depends on the child’s age, diagnostic certainty... ?Acute Otitis Media A. Review the sources of evidence listed above and do the following: A1. Type of source of evidence The first article (excerpt) ‘Ear nose and throat’ is a filtered source ...
New deveopment in textile industry - article summary
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...antibacterial properties to the fabrics, as an added bonus! Across the globe a tremendous amount of research is taking place in electrospinning techniques. The spun, polymer-based nanofibres can be loaded with different additives which could be nanoparticles, enzymes, drugs or catalysts. Some combinations can be antibacterial and sprayed on to wounds as a kind of healing web, others can be conductive or even form filters... Key Facts Underlined The textile industry is an early adopter of new ideas and technologies. Textiles are not only for the fashion conscious - they have important applications in the aerospace, automotive, construction, healthcare and sportswear industries. Already on the market are...
Appeal letter
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial infections. Many times within the span of these three years I had to go through medical examinations usually owing to intense discomforts triggered by pharyngeal swabs (2007, 2008 and 2009), antifungal and antibacterial treatments (December 2007, October 2008) iontotherapy 2008) inhalations (2008) antibiotic treatments ( November 2006, April 2007, October 2007, December... Since I moved to Oxford (September 2006) I suffered recurrent bouts of chronic infections owing to lowered immunity. As the attached certificates show I had severe recurrence of pharyngitis and laryngitis, and was diagnosed with chronic pharyngotonsillitis due to a medical condition of very low immunity to antiviral and...
Problem, search and selection
10 pages (2500 words) , Research Paper
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...antibacterial activity, none consider its potential in fighting antibiotics resistant bacteria. III.Clinical evidence showing honey’s effectiveness. Modern clinics have attempted trials to establish how the oldest wound dressing material operates (Henrique et al., 2006, p.773: French, cooper and Molan, 2005, p.228). Too many honey... ? Running head:Research Paper, Nursing The use of honey to treat diabetic foot or ulcer foot Lecturer The use of honey to treatdiabetic foot or ulcer foot I. Introduction The number of diabetes patients has been on the rise and is estimated to double in the next 20 years worldwide. Diabetic people are likely to be admitted in hospital more due to foot complications. Fifteen...
Do silver ions kill bacteria
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...antibacterial actions of silver. The protein became inactivated and DNA lost its ability to replicate after the treatment of silver (Feng et al 2000 p.662-668). The anti-bacterial action of silver is based on the release of silver (Ag+ ions) that act by displacing essential ions of metals such as Zn+ or Ca2+. A study by Dowling et al using anti-bacterial silver coating deposited on heat sensitive polymeric substrates deploying a combination of neutral atom beam and magnetron sputtering indicates that platinum can be used to increase the release of Ag+ ions from the silver coating. In a galvanic setting platinum exhibits enhanced activity than silver and therefore platinum enhances... Do silver ions kill ...
Homework
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...antibacterial agents. With this in mind, diagnosis and management of the disease has a notable impact on overall antibacterial agents use, cost... of providing care, as well as health of children. The affected age group being mostly children, the analysis is that OM generates indirect costs owing to lost time from school and work creating a significant social burden. A good nurse protocol for otitis media in children aged six to twelve years old should clearly define OM; identify its natural history without antibacterial treatment, measure relative effectiveness of these antibacterial regimens in prevention of clinical failure (Forgie and Zhanel et al.,...
Multicentric study done by Indian medical Association to test the antimicrobial efficacy of photocatalysts
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...antibacterial activity of zinc oxide and manganese doped zinc oxide nanoparticles.” Physica B, vol. 405 no. 2010, pp. 3180–3185. 2 Gamage, J, & Zhang, Z 2010, “Applications... Testing the Antimicrobial Efficacy of Photocatalysts in Indian Medical Association Premises Abstract The advancement in nanotechnology has resulted in the development of photocatalysts, which offer hope in the regulation of various infectious microorganisms through advanced disinfection methods. These led to the study of the antimicrobial efficiency of photocatalysts in Indian Medical Association Premises and hospital set-up. The efficiency was done based on visible light produced by photocatalytic devices using Gram-negative Bacil...
Toddler Observation Essay
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...antibacterial jell on his palm. On this situation, it seems Marco does not know the use of antibacterial jell as he is observed trying to put it on one of his classmate’s face. As he was pushed, he came to realize the antibacterial jell was not meant for the face but for the hands. This behavior demonstrates Vygotsky’s concept of guided participation which the teacher seemed to have guided Marco through. As the children started their counting and singing again, Marco keeps on looking at me as if he wanted me to stay with him while he does his thing inside the classroom... ? Toddler Observation Introduction This observation was conducted on a toddler who is 28 months old named Marco of Hispanic...
Hand Hygiene in infection control
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...antibacterial soap or by using alcohol based products that contain emollient (PAC and the HICPAC/SHEA/APIC/IDSA, 2002). These alcohol based products do not require water for decontaminating hands. Plain soap and antibacterial soap are more effective in cases where hands are contaminated with soil or visible dirt while alcohol based products are preferred in all other cases. This helps to kill germs that inhabit ones skin and can be spread through contact. These germs are mainly bacteria which can cause... ? Hand Hygiene in Infection Control Hand Hygiene in Infection Control The term hand hygiene describes the process of decontaminating hands through hand washing using either water with plain soap,...
Misuse and Abuse of Antibiotics
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...antibacterial factor from Penicillium mould in 1928. It was a very crude method to start with, and it was extremely difficult to extract the product. Presently, antibacterial agents are chemically synthesized. It began with the discovery of sulfonamides that can destroy bacteria. Following that, technology of chemical synthesis and biological research led to many newer compounds with many activities and side effects. As a result, it demanded specialized knowledge of the physicians who treat infectious conditions (Drews, J., 2000... Misuse and Abuse of Antibiotics The development of drugs those are able to prevent and cure bacterial infections has undoubtedly contributed to human quality of...
Does the effectiveness of hand sanitizer reduce over time?
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...antibacterial effectiveness of the hand sanitizers. Concentration plating technique was also used to quantify the numbers of bacteria colonies on hands before and after applying the sanitizers. The result showed that agar-well method was not suitable for testing an effectiveness of a hand sanitizer. For disk diffusion test, E.coli was susceptible to a hand sanitizer, while S. aureus was resistant to a hand sanitizer. A hand sanitizer... Hand hygiene is one of the simplest and effective ways to prevent the spread of microbial infections. Using alcohol-based hand sanitizers is highly recommended in hospitals and other professional industries where water and hand soaps are not readily available. Although...
Data collection, reliability, and validity discussion
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...antibacterial, antimicrobial, Lucilia sericata and chronic wounds (Blueman, & Bousfield, 2012). The study also accessed literature from National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and Nation... Data Collection, Reliability, and Validity Discussion Data Collection, Reliability, and Validity Discussion The study utilized secondary method of data collection. Some of the sources used for literature review to investigate the effect of larval therapy on bacterial load in chronic wounds include EMBASE, Medline, Athens, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL) and British Nursing Index and Allied. The study conducted worldwide searches of the keywords: larval therapy, maggots, debridement,...
Overuse of antibiotics and the developement of resistant bacterial strains
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
...antibacterial abuse... ? Overuse of Antibiotics and the Development of Bacterial Strains Introduction Mankind has seen exponential progress in the past decades. The modernization provided by numerous technological advancements has really improved and opened new frontiers in communication, entertainment, warfare and medicine. Nowadays, it is possible to have face to face communication with friends and loved ones even without the actual physical presence through the latest mobile phones. Likewise, chatting on the internet has evolved from mere text messages to voice and then suddenly chat mates become almost face to face with the web cam. It seems that boundaries and distances have been shattered through...
Evolution Seminar Unit 8
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...Antibacterial resistance of bacteria and pesticide resistance are good examples of natural selection. Since resistance is a genetic characteristic, not all bacteria had the gene that would induce resistance against an antimicrobial agent. However, a few bacteria did have resistance against the agent and hence nature “selected” them for survival. Therefore the later generation too had this gene carried forward to show resistance against the antimicrobial agent and hence evolution occurred. 6 Charles Darwin died before Gregor Mendel, also known as the Father of Genetics, shared his discoveries... QUESTION AND ANSWERS What are the various forms of evidence for evolution? The various forms of evolution...
Protein
25 pages (6250 words) , Research Paper
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...antibacterial activity against Eschericia coli 0111 using Polymyxin B as the positive control and 0.1% acetic acid as the negative control. Results indicated antibacterial activity to be present in pepsin-digested lactoferrin and F2 sample. Thus, purification of lactoferricin obtained through peptic digestion of bovine lactoferrin was accomplished by fractionation of the hydrolysate using cation exchange chromatography. Introduction Lactoferrin (Lf) is an iron-binding glycoprotein and, as the name suggests, is a constituent of milk... Report Layout Summary Introduction Materials and Methods Results Discussion Future analysis Conclusion References Page No. 3 4 ...
Vitamin C face lotion
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...antibacterial chemical in skin creams and cosmetics. The figure below highlights and shows the figure representing the molecular structure of the above named compound. The compound’s molecular formula is C8H10O2, and has a molecular weight of 138.1638. Additionally, its density of 1.102 g/cm3 and corresponding melting point of 11 to 13 °C... Unit Vitamin C Face Lotion The Vitamin C Face Lotion is a natural skin care ingredient that comprises of the phenoxyethanol compound, which is the focus of this discussion today. It is also known as 2-PHENOXYETHANOL and its utilized in the production of care products, mostly for dermatological purposes, that is, skin care. It is a widely known preservative and...
The effect of manuka honey on elastase production by P. aeruginosa
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...antibacterial activity. This process takes place by honey removing malodor. The anti-inflammatory activity of the manuka honey helps in reducing edema and consequently exudation and minimizing scarring. This process has the potential of stimulating the growth of granules. The granulation in addition to growth of epithelial tissues shows significant improvement in aiding the process of healing. The experiment... ?The effect of Manuka honey on elastase production by P. aeruginosa Discussion Manuka honey is widely used in treatment of wounds. This is a tradition that has been practiced since ancient times. Wide studies have been conducted on the inhibitory effect of manuka honey on P. Aeruginosa. Manuka...
Factors that Affect Detachment of Bacteria from Biofilm and Interactions between Free Bacteria and Those in the Biofilm
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...antibacterial agents . Because of their high level of resistance and stability they are able to provide effective reservoirs for pathogens, as well as survival advantages and potential increases to their virulence. Biofilms have been linked to some human disease and chronic infections, including kidney stones and cystic fibrosis infections of the lungs . More than 99% of all bacteria that is present in the world exists in biofilms , as a consequence the presence of biofilms and their role with pathogenic bacteria is an important area of study. Bacteria within and exterior to biofilms are different than one another in a number of ways. As well as increased resistance to antibacterial... ?Research Proposal ...
Antibiotic Management of Common Respiratory Infections
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...Antibacterial Treatment Common Respiratory Infections Date of Examination: Name of the Patient: Age: Physician: Weight: Blood Pressure: Gender: Respiratory rate: Allergies: Diabetes: X-ray Chest: Recommended/ Not recommended Present Medication... EMPIRICAL ANTIBIOTIC MANAGEMENT OF COMMON RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS IN ADULT Introduction: Antibiotics are the drugs gifted to mankind as a "miracle drug" that can efficiently treat a variety of bacterial infections, which otherwise could be devastating. It is evident that major respiratory infections viz. lower respiratory tract infections (includes, pneumonia, acute bronchitis, lung abscess, emphysema) and...
Benefits Of Ginger In The Treatment Of Colds
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...Antibacterial Activities of Medicinal Plants on Typhoid Fever Organism.” The Internet Journal of Third World Medicine. Volume 7 No. 2. 2009. Web. 10 Feb 2013. Chandra, Suman, Lata Hemant and Varma Ajit. Biotechnology for Medicinal Plants. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2012. Print. Thorne Research. “Zingiber officinale (Ginger).” Alternative Medicine Review. Vol. 8:3. 2003. Print. Rauch, Brigid. “Ginger as a Natural Cough Suppressant.” livestrong.com. 2011. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. Rozen, Annette. “Top 10 Health Benefits of Ginger.” Hubpages. 2012. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. ... Gingers Cures Colds, Flues, Coughs, and Sore Throats Keywords Therapeutic activity – refers to the ability of a remedial agent to restore...
Interaction between water bacteria and the pathogen in particular when they live close to each other in bio-film and factor that induce the detachment of pathogen in the bio-film
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...antibacterial agents . Because of their high level of resistance and stability they are able to provide effective reservoirs for pathogens, as well as survival advantages and potential increases to their virulence. Biofilms have been linked to some human disease and chronic infections, including kidney stones and cystic fibrosis infections of the lungs . More than 99% of all bacteria that is present in the world exists in biofilms , as a consequence the presence of biofilms and their role with pathogenic bacteria is an important area of study. Bacteria within and exterior to biofilms are different than one another in a number of ways. As well as increased resistance... to...
Bacteriocins and Their Impact on Our Lives and Agriculture
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...antibacterial activity can vary from narrow spectrum, with confined inhibition of closely related bacterial species or broad to include several of the other bacterial species (Joerger, 2003). Bacteriocins from gram positive bacteria are associated with the broader range of antibacterial range of activity. While initial studies were focused on colicins from E-coli... ?Bacteriocins and Their Impact on Our Lives and Agriculture Introduction Bacteriocins consist of a wide range of diverse ribosomally synthesized antimicrobial peptides that are produced either by bacteria or by archea. Our understanding of bacteriocins is still limited, yet growing, and the indications are that bacteriocins have the potential ...
SIlver dressings modality
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...antibacterial properties with excellent exudate management. Еvidеncе for efficacy of thе trеatmеnt Lansdown (2003) present that silver coated dressing is regarded as the most efficacious against a wide range of bacteria. Butcher (2010) compared a sliver dressing changed daily, with the standard procedure of wound care and covering... ? Evidence Based Silver Dressing Modality Evidence based Modality Introduction This paper aims at discussing modality of silver dressing on a patient diagnosed with a non-healing ulcer on the right foot and type II diabetes. The case was reviewed for a period of three months in order to allow for an accurate follow-up of the case. This was done under the permision of the...
Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome
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...antibacterial response as bacterial contamination of tissues and extracellular fluids is very rapid. It has been proposed that MRLS also includes an immunosuppressive mechanism which predisposes the affected horses to opportunistic bacterial... Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome Mare Reproductive Loss Syndrome is characterized by early as well as late term fetal losses in mares whose etiology was a mystery for quite some time. According to the Merck veterinary manual, an explosive increase in abortions in mares of all breeds of horses was noticed in the state of Kentucky in 2001. Foals who aborted at an early stage of gestation, usually at 35-90 days of gestation died within the uterus before abortion....
Chemistery
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...antibacterial properties. Usnic acid can be readily formed from compound 11, which can be prepared from compound 13 by a sequence of reactions. (Note: compound 13 is a minor tautomer of compound 13a.) a) Give suitable reagent(s) and conditions in steps 1 and 2 for the transformation of 13 to 11. Usnic acid is a yellow-coloured crystalline compound,13 a derivative of dibenzofuran, existing as two enantiomers differing by the position of the angular methyl group (b) Compound 13 can also be prepared from compounds 14 and 15. (i) Carry out a retrosynthetic analysis of compound 13, showing that 14 and 15 are the starting reagents. Your retrosynthetic analysis should clearly...
Provide an overview of the role nutrition can play in the prevention / management of bacterial and viral infections
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...antibacterial agent. Researchers believe that antibacterial activity of honey and found that “natural unheated honey” acts as an antibacterial agent against ‘pathogenic bacteria’ ‘oral bacteria’ and ‘food spoilage bacteria’ among others (Mandal & Mandal, 2011). Correspondingly, green tea, scientifically known as “Camelia sinensis”, also has certain considerable medicinal benefits. People who drink green tea regularly are deemed to be less vulnerable to cancer and other viral diseases, which further depicts the importance of dietary elements in preventing diseases (Zhang & et. al., 2013). Hence, it is quite apparent that proper intake of diet... Provide an Overview of the Role Nutrition Can Play In the...
Community Acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
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...antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. These natural occurring naphthoquinones showed a lower minimum inhibitory concentrations than semi... Community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or al affiliation Community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) was first recognized in 1960. The disease takes mostly the form of skin and soft tissue infections. In many parts of the world, it is the most common nosocomial bacterial pathogen. In the past, CA-MRSA infections occurred in patients who frequently had contact with health care or in specific group of patients such as intravenous drug users. Currently, CA-MRSA also affects healthy people that have no...
Antibiotic Management of Common Respiratory Infection in Adult
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...Antibacterial Treatment Common Respiratory Infections Date of Examination: Name of the Patient: Age: Physician: Weight: Blood Pressure: Gender: Respiratory rate: Allergies: Diabetes: X-ray Chest: Recommended/ Not recommended Present Medication... EMPIRICAL ANTIBIOTIC MANAGEMENT OF COMMON RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS IN ADULT Introduction: Antibiotics are the drugs gifted to mankind as a "miracle drug" that can efficiently treat a variety of bacterial infections, which otherwise could be devastating. It is evident that major respiratory infections viz. lower respiratory tract infections (includes, pneumonia, acute bronchitis, lung abscess, emphysema) and...
Research Paper
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...antibacterial medication prices will increase, which will prevent low-income people from receiving treatment that will help them survive drug-resistant diseases. To know more about the effects of superbugs on society and their historical development, I used the keywords “superbug drug resistance” in searching for relevant articles in EBSCOHost databases. I limited the publication years to 2009 to present and came up with 525 articles... 19 July Superbugs: How They Became Super and What Super Responses Look Like After Megan McArdle narrated the life and death of George Orwell, who died from tuberculosis, I cannot forget her words: “It seems a medieval end for a very modern man” (474). Her words unnerved...
Care analysis Acute Appendicitis of a 77 year old woman
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...antibacterial therapy. Azactum is aztreonam and is effective against gram negative bacteria hence is given to cover for microbials in appendicitis (Craig, 2010). Furosemide is not recommended in appendicitis. Infact, studies have shown that it can cause complications... ?Case Study on Acute Appendicitis A. Pathophysiology of acute appendicitis 2 page) Sudden onset of inflammation of the appendix is known as acute appendicitis. The main cause for appendicitis is obstruction of the lumen of the appendix. Obstruction can occur either due to hyperplasia of the lymphoid follicles or due to fecoliths, parasites or tumors. Appendix is basically a blind pouch and any obstruction to its lumen allows accumulation...
Effectiveness of maggot therapy for chronic wounds
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...antibacterial properties on the wounds, which failed to respond to convenient treatment at the early stage of treatment. Public interest in bio-surgery is increasing and based on the evidence in treatment of arterial and venous leg ulcers, diabetic foot syndrome and pyoderma gangrenosuin, patients refer... Introduction The treatment of the chronic wounds is the challenge for the modern healthcare. The removal of sloughy, necrotic tissue to prevent the wound infection and delayed healing is known as the maggot therapy. Maggot therapy is part of the Biosurgery and is based on using living maggots on wounds to remove devitalized tissue and improve the process of healing. Maggot therapy is not new in...
How does the immune system response to V.cholerae infection
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...antibacterial immunity is readily available in the market, the body plays a crucial role in fighting the pathogen (Todar... ? How does the immune system response to Vibrio Cholerae infection The first response for all infectious diseases is the innate immune response. The response is nonspecific in nature and attacks any pathogen introduced in the body. Common symptom for this reaction inflammations accompanied by fever, redness and some pain; the response leads to secretion of natural defenses mediators which entail metabolites, prostaglandins, and arachidonic (Rollwagen, 2009). It is significant to note that the response is not specific in nature and does not target specific pathogens. In the first...
Report about this paper "In Vitro Activities of Synthetic Host Defense Propeptides Processed by Neutrophil Elastase against Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens"
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...antibacterial activity against bacteria where they interfere with the cell membrane; the stud aims at utilizing neutrophil elastase processing activity to deploy a peptide with antibacterial activity against two representative of cystic fibrosis lung bacteria... Host defence peptides (HDPs) are an integral part of the innate immune response in mammalian immunity. This is because HDPs play diverse and complex roles in immune response from mediating the killing of invading microorganisms to being potent antimicrobial peptides at modest concentration [1]. In addition, mammalian HDPs also play a number of immunomodulatory functions such as altering host gene expression, inhibiting lipopolysaccharides induced ...
HUNTING THE NIGHTMARE BACTERIA
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial drugs that were developed after the Second World War have always had the threat of becoming inept, as bacteria acquired resistance. However, none of the health officials had estimated the drastic health damage that simple infections could bring about. As newer varieties of bacteria surfaced after acquiring resistance from several medicines, the diseases they spawned started becoming untreatable. The ‘hidden epidemic’ as experts have called it seems to have silently crept up into the lives of people across the globe and is being transmitted at a pace which no one is able to control. Bacterial infections long before... HUNTING THE NIGHTMARE BACTERIA Hunting The Nightmare Bacteria The...
Nanomaterials in Consumer Products
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...antibacterial in household appliances(Suh et al., 133). Zinc... Introduction Na chnology is the way through which matter at a supramolecular, molecular or atomic scale to develop useful products in the industry. It involves manipulation of data with at least one dimension, 1 to 100 nanometres for macro level and fabrication products. Using this technology, the scientists will be able to come up with, materials having myriad applications. For example, it can include, medicine, biomaterials for energy production, and various other consumer products. However, on the other hand, nanotechnology has raised eyebrows on safety to both the human beings and the environment. At the same time in the business...
History Of Aromatherapy
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...antibacterial properties, he urged people to burn these as protection when plague broke out in Athens. Later, the Romans also imported aromatic products from the Far East13. The Romans mastered the art of aromatics, and discovered that while some fragrances were stimulating and uplifting, others had relaxing sedative effects. During the European plague of the 14th century, over eighty million people across Europe died within the span of a few years. The antiseptic and antibacterial properties of essential oils were important during this time14. Frankincense, pine and aromatic herbs were... The History of Aromatherapy Plants have been used to cure disease for as long as the human race has existed, and...
Otitis media
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial treatment... appropriate way of managing uncomplicated AOM is watchful waiting. This takes place in the first few days around 48 to 72 hours and it entails observation and pain management by treating the symptoms. The option is recommended to healthy children between six months to two years or older. The evidence provided in the article shows that the option is quite appropriate with listed benefits. The option prevents the likelihood of development of antibacterial resistance. It also considers the economic factor and with the increasing costs of purchasing antibiotics, the parents do not entail any costs (AAP, 2004). The patient therefore recovers with...
Assigment annotated bibliography
1 pages (250 words) , Annotated Bibliography
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...Antibacterials. Br J ClinPharmacol. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12356. Targeting Virulence not Viability in the Search for Future Antibacterials is a research paper... Annotated Bibliography Botello-Morte L., Bes, M. T., Heras, B., Fernández-Otal, Á., Peleato, M. L & Fillat, M.F. (March 20, . Unraveling theRedox Properties of the Global Regulator FurA from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: Disulfide Reductase Activity Based on Its CXXC Motifs. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 20(9): 1396-1406. This is a scientific article written by Botello-Morte, Bes, Heras, Fernández-Otal, Peleato, and Fillat. The aim of this scholarly work is to critically evaluate the supposed contribution of CXXC motifs to FurA’s redox properties. This re...
Medical/Surgical Ways of Caring and Treating Decubitus
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...antibacterial drugs and antiseptics are used to kill the source of infection i.e. bacteria. Hydrogen peroxide is the most recommended antiseptic, while systemic antibacterials are being discouraged because they can lead to drug resistance. In bed ridden patients, development of the sores can be prevented... ? Medical/ Surgical Ways of Caring and Treating Decubitus As a healing strategy, lying down is used to rest different body parts in a patient. When the patient rests in such a position for a long time they run the risk of developing bedsores called ulcer decubitus. This is caused by three types of forces on a tissue. These are pressure, shear force and friction. It develops through four stages. The...
Bad breath
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...antibacterial properties. Chewing the gum, therefore increases saliva flow as well as kill some bad-breath microbes... Scientific American Current Issues in Microbiology Article: “The Science of Bad Breath” Due 11:59 PM on Monday, February 27th Each question isworth 1 pt. 1. Millions of people have had bad breath, and American consumers spend hundreds of millions of dollars on breath fresheners. Other than the economic impact and the sociological implications, why should physicians and dentists be concerned about halitosis? Physicians and dentists are concerned about halitosis because mouth is the home to hundreds of bacterial species with various nutritional preferences. Most of them prefer proteins ...
Essential Oils as Aromatherapy Medicines
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...antibacterial control (Durante & Malerba, undated). In a process called aromatogram, French doctors first culture a sample of infected tissue... Essential Oils as Aromatherapy Medicines: Evidence of Their Importance In Health and Social Care Mounts Introduction Aromatherapy is the medicinal use of plant extracts as scent, massage oil or pharmacological preparation, which is at the heart of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). As key component of complementary and alternative practice, it suggests that aromatherapy is not to be dispensed on its own but as an adjunct to conventional medicines or treatments and then only for palliative care requirements. For example, when the drug statin is presc...
Discuss the microbial production of non Beta lactam antibiotics?
14 pages (3500 words) , Assignment
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...antibacterial antagonistic activities produced by these strains clearly indicated that marine environment harbours many broad spectrum antibiotic producing actinomycetes. According to Gopalakrishnan et al. (2010), actinomycetes are potential sources for the production of antibiotics. Six eight actinomycete strains were isolated from marine sediment samples of Indian EEZ and were screened for the anti-vibrio activity. The pathogenic vibriosselected for study were Vibrio harveyi, V. cholerae, V. proteolyticus, V.nereis, V. parahaemolyticus, V. alginolyticus, V... Microbial Production of Non-Beta Lactam Antibiotics Actinomycin Actinomycetes are phylogenetically related from the evidence of 16S ribosomal...
Teaching science to children
16 pages (4000 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial soap. To do this, filter papers of the same size were used. Then, 0.05 and 0.1g of soap were added on top of the filter paper. A weighing scale was used to measure the desired amount of soap. Filter disk paper was placed first onto... Teaching Science in Schools Table of Contents: 3 Introduction 4 2. Materials and methods 5 2 Lesson plan 5 2.2 Lessons 5 Theory 5 Microscope 6 Fingerprinted agar plates 6 Soap sensitivity experiment 7 Yeast experiment 7 3. Results 7 3.1 Lesson observation 7 3.2 Lesson plans 8 3.3 First lesson 9 Theory 9 Practical 9 3.4 Second lesson 10 Fingerprint plates 10 Soap sensitive plates ...
Alchohol as a Fuel
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...antibacterial wipes. Ethanol is a god solvent, hence greatly used as a base for different categories of paints and perfumes (Smith & Snyder, 2008). On the other hand, methanol is mainly used in the generation of other chemicals like... Methanol and Ethanol In certain cases, things which are similar are actually very different. This is so, when methanol is compared to ethanol. These substances look and sound the same. However, mistaking one for the other can result in mistakes that can be fatal. The comparison and contrast between methanol and ethanol is analyzed in terms of usage, physical and chemical properties. The physical appearance of ethanol shows that it is a colorless substance in liquid form....
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