Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics in Meat Research Antibiotics in Meat Research Antibiotics are medications that are effective in destroying or slowing down the growth of bacteria. They are only effectual and approved for use to prevent a bacterial infection or to treat bacteria. Various antibiotics work differently on various types of bacteria, but for one aim. By definition, antibiotics are ineffective against viruses and thus prescribing antibiotics when unnecessary or ineffective encourages increase in antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. About eighty percent of all antibiotics available are used in agriculture, for the purpose of fighting infections and for promoting unhealthy but profitable weight gain... ...
Antibiotics
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...Antibiotic resistance: the case of MRSA. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is commonly found on human skin and in the nasal passages where it can exist for years without causing any problems at all. If, however, the bacterium reaches internal areas through a breach, or if the immune system is for any reason impaired, the bacterium can cause very serious infections to the deeper tissues, and to the heart, which can be fatal if not treated. In 1941, the antibiotic agent Penicillin G was found to be effective against almost all strains of Staphylococcus aureus but by 1944 the bacterium had begun to develop resistance to the penicillin, and nowadays more than 95% of the strains are resistant... ...
Betalactam Antibiotics
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...ANTIBIOTICS BE USED TO TREAT TUBERCULOSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 2. The beta lactam antibiotics a. b. Classification c. Mode of action 3. The challenge of tuberculosis treatment 4. Review of the Literature a. Mechanistic and genetic studies b. Susceptibility studies 5. Discussion a. Why the beta-lactams have not been used in tuberculosis treatment b. Taking a second look: a case for the use of beta-lactam drugs in tuberculosis management c. A rational approach to the use of beta-lactams in tuberculosis management 6. Conclusion Abstract Beta-lactam antibiotics are a widely utilised class of antibiotics in clinical treatment. However, they have not been associated with the treatment... CAN BETALACTAM...
Tetracycline Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics Tetracycline antibiotics were obtained after systematic screening of soil samples from all parts of the world for microorganisms capable of producing antibiotic substances (Goodman & Gilman, 2001). Chlortetracycline was the first compound from this class which was successfully used to treat diseases of bacterial origin. They are one of the most widely used classes of antibiotics today and several thousand of varieties have been synthesized till date (Aleksandrov & Simonson, 2008). They are broad spectrum in action and are effective against a number of gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria, rickettsiae and Chlamydia. Chlortetracycline... of the tetracyclines into them by the...
antibiotics resistant superbugs
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...ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE SUPERBUGS Antibiotic Resistance Superbugs Continued use of antibiotics results to resistance thereby making it impossible for antibiotics to have the required effects on bacteria. In some instances, bacteria may form great resistances such that there is a wide range of antibiotics that cannot have influence on them. This makes it extremely hard to get rid of such bacteria and they are commonly referred to as superbugs. Some of the commonly encountered superbugs include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) among others....
The history of Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics The emergence of different diseases led to the research and experimentation in search of cures for these pathological conditions that affected the human beings. Antibiotics serve as one such breakthrough of research that has helped to save many precious human lives. Diseases and pathological conditions that were considered to be incurable have been treated with the advent of these drugs. Antibiotics, also known as antimicrobial drugs are the drugs used in the treatment of infections caused by the microorganisms called bacteria. There are millions of different types of bacteria, each one causing a different sort of illness or infection. Thus the drugs to treat these infections... History of...
Chemotherapy and Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics Introduction Cancer is the abnormal production of the cells of an organism which are proliferated in an uncontrolled way and sometimes spread. Cancer is commonly used for all types of malignant tumors, which is the swelling of any tissue of the body caused by inflammation, which are studied in Oncology. Neoplasm is defined by a British oncologist Willis as “Abnormal mass of tissue, the growth of which exceeds and is uncoordinated with that of the normal tissue and persists in the same excessive manner after cessation of the stimuli which evoked the change.”(Willis 5). The types of cancer are more than 100 because there are more than 100 different types of cells... or any other...
Infectious Diseases and Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics Infectious diseases or communicable diseases caused by the growth of microorganism such as a virus, bacterium, prion, protozoa or fungus in human body. One of the major problems associated with infectious diseases is the ability of such diseases to spread from one person to another within in a short period of time. Antibiotics are normally used in the treatment of infectious diseases. This paper analyses the classification, transmission, prevention, diagnosis and therapy of infectious diseases, the history, types and effectiveness of vaccines and the functioning of vaccines in human body. Classification, transmission, prevention, diagnosis and therapy... disease is often done with...
The history of Antibiotics
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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...Antibiotics The emergence of different diseases led to the research and experimentation in search of cures for these pathological conditions that affected the human beings. Antibiotics serve as one such breakthrough of research that has helped to save many precious human lives. Diseases and pathological conditions that were considered to be incurable have been treated with the advent of these drugs. Antibiotics, also known as antimicrobial drugs are the drugs used in the treatment of infections caused by the microorganisms called bacteria. There are millions of different types of bacteria, each one causing a different sort of illness or infection. Thus the drugs to treat these infections... History of...
The Effects of Antibiotics
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...antibiotics and antiseptics were invented. Both of these are chemical agents but differ in mode of actions Antibiotics are either bacteriostatic, which means they stop bacterial multiplication or they are bactericidal, meaning they kill the bacteria. To understand the actions of antibiotics a test called Kirby-Bauer is conducted. (merckmanuals.com) Materials and Methods The Kirby-Bauer or disc diffusion method is conducted which tests antibiotic susceptibility... . In this method inhibition of bacterial growth is measured closely. The requirements for this test are a culture medium and filter discs containing antibiotics. Procedure The discs are impregnated with a...
antibiotics and nephrotoxicity
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...Antibiotics are drugs that are mostly cleared by renal excretion and can be highly nephrotoxic. Explain the mechanisms of nephrotoxic acute renal failure with some antibiotics. One of the main dangers of antibiotic use is the potential to cause nephrotoxicity in some susceptible patients. This can occur through a number of mechanisms, which will be outlined here. One of the most common groups of antibiotic, the aminoglycosides, cause kidney damage in around 10-25% of patients. The main cause of this is tubular obstruction, caused by alterations in the tubular cells. Additional causes of reduced glomerular filtration can...
When the Antibiotics Quit Working.
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...Antibiotics Quit Working With the advance in technology, the field of medical sciences and health has also made great leaps and moved ahead. The world has moved a step further and it has made human beings capable of overcoming many diseases which were previously not curable and were left untreated. Antibiotics have proven to be one of the very beneficial pharmacological products which have assisted in the treatment and cure of many illnesses. But with everything good, there is always a drawback and this is also the case with antibiotics. Under certain conditions the functioning of the antibiotics does not prove beneficial but rather it presents with great health hazards. An antibiotic... When the...
superbugs and misusage of antibiotics
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...antibiotics By 04 December Superbugs and misuse of antibiotics Currently, there exist several types of antibiotics. Some of these antibiotics have been developed to provide resistance to bacteria, virus, fungus, and parasites. However, there exists a difference between antibiotics. For example, there those with wider action are known as broad-spectrum antibiotics while those that are effective to only few organisms are known as narrow spectrum antibiotics (American Academy of Paediatrics 2013). However, the common used of antibiotics is for bacterial resistance. The discovery of antibiotics was only possible in the 19th century (History Learning Site 2013). One of the main... ?Superbugs and misuse of...
Misuse and Abuse of Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics The development of drugs those are able to prevent and cure bacterial infections has undoubtedly contributed to human quality of life by countering an infective process, and this is considered one of the major advancements of Medicine and pharmaceutical science in this era. Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in clinical practice in USA and other parts of the world. Used appropriately and with ample rationality and clinical sense, these drugs are lifesaving on the face of a life-threatening infective disease. However, indiscriminate use of these agents drives up cost of healthcare, leads to many side effects, and most importantly... Misuse and Abuse of...
When the antibiotics quit working.
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...ANTIBIOTICS QUIT WORKING When Antibiotics Quit Working al Affiliation WHEN ANTIBIOTICS QUIT WORKING Abstract The antibiotic resistance and factors provoking this phenomena were studied in the context of the given visual research task. In the course of time, the population (but not a single individual) can acquire resistance to some chemicals, such as antibiotics and pesticides. The emergence of drug resistance within the populations of organisms is a logical consequence of the theory of evolution. Thus, antibiotic is a substance of microbial, animal or plant origin, which can suppress the growth of microorganisms, or cause their death. Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent... ?Running head: WHEN...
BIOLOGY GENETICS PROBLEMS AND ANTIBIOTICS
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...ANTIBIOTICS Answer the following questions as fully as possible, justifying your answers (typed) with the use of diagrams (typed or drawn) as required Q1 a) Antibiotics are 'secondary metabolites' what does this mean -Secondary metabolites means that they are produced by microbes, plants and animals, but not by all of them. (wikipedia) b) Name the organisms which would be used in the industrial manufacture of i... OPTION: BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT2 GENETICS PROBLEMS SECTION -A Answer the following questions as fully as possible, justifying your answers (typed) with the use of diagrams (typed or drawn) as required. Q1. Tall, cut-leaved tomato plants are crossed with dwarf, potato-leaved plants giving in the F, g...
BIOLOGY GENETICS PROBLEMS AND ANTIBIOTICS
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...ANTIBIOTICS Answer the following questions as fully as possible, justifying your answers (typed) with the use of diagrams (typed or drawn) as required Q1 a) Antibiotics are ‘secondary metabolites’ what does this mean –Secondary metabolites means that they are produced by microbes, plants and animals, but not by all of them. (wikipedia) b) Name the organisms which would be used in the industrial manufacture of i) Penicillins – named after mold Penicillium notatum (wikipedia) ii) Streptomycin – named after an actinobacterium Streptomyces griseus... OPTION: BIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT2 GENETICS PROBLEMS SECTION –A Answer the following questions as fully as possible, justifying your answers (typed) with the use of...
Using Antibiotics on Dairy Herds
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...Antibiotics on Dairy Herds There is increased concern in tearing of daily herds with antibiotics. There are opponents who view this as administering these antibiotics to the humans who later consume these products, and the opponents have called for restricted control of antibiotic treatment of daily herds with the antibiotics. However, there are many bacterial strains that continuously affect daily herds that are as well transmitted to humans through consumption of the respective products. Besser et al (4218) elaborates that one of this pathogen is Salmonella Eterica that is a common zoonotic pathogen, and a leading cause of food borne bacteria especially in the US. About 1.3 million human... Using...
The advantages and disadvantages of using antibiotics
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...antibiotics Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacteria and viruses, either by killing the invading bacteria or by weakening them so that the immune system can fight and kill them more rapidly. Most of antibiotics are bacteria fighters; although there are millions of viruses, there are only half-a-dozen or so antibiotics available. Bacteria, on the other hand, are more complex (while viruses must "live" in a "host" (us), bacteria can live independently) and so are easier to kill (Reddy, 2005). The history of antibiotics began seventy-six years ago with the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming. The sulphonamides were introduced in 1936... Advantages and disadvantages of using...
The advantages and disadvantages of antibiotics
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...antibiotics were prescribed to cure infectious disease; it was a great discovery in that time since it helped people in a significant way. Antibiotic or antibacterial agents cause inhibition in bacterial growth or destroy bacteria (Media News Today, 2009). It blocks the vital process in bacteria, thereby stopping them from multiplying, and this encourages the body’s natural immune system to fight the disease (Garbutt, 2012). There are several forms of various antibiotics each... ? Teacher: Introduction In 1929, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, which was used at the beginning as antiseptic. Prior to this moment, bacterial infection was a reason to many sudden deaths. In the late 1930s, the first...
Antibiotics may make Fighting Flu Harder
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...Antibiotics May Make Fighting Flue Harder Summary of the Article The specific article under examination is Ichinohe et al. . Microbiota regulates immune defense against respiratory tract influenza a virus infection. From an overarching perspective this article indicates that taking antibiotics may not help one’s flu symptoms, and in some situations it may actually make it worse. There are a number of background considerations within this area of investigation. One of the most prominent considerations relates to the nature of antibiotics. In these regards, antibiotics are medicinal drugs that target and kill bacteria in the...
The Molecular Mechanism That Make Staphylococcus Aureus Resistant To Antibiotics
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...Antibiotics ID Introduction, An antibiotic is asubstance that kills bacteria by disrupting a critical function, usually coded by a definite protein in the bacteria. Once this critical function is affected the bacteria cannot carry out its normal functional roles, and it is eliminated from the ecosystem. Antibiotics bind to proteins making them lose theirs capacity to carry out normal functions. Proteins normally replicate DNA, resulting in cell walls for bacteria or proteins for definite purposes. According to Talaro (2006), these processes are extremely vital in the functioning of bacteria. On the other hand, if bacteria develop... ? The Molecular Mechanism That Make Staphylococcus Aureus Resistant To...
Discuss the microbial production of non Beta lactam antibiotics?
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...Antibiotics Actinomycin Actinomycetes are phylogenetically related from the evidence of 16S ribosomal cataloguing and DNA:rDNA pairing studies and they are gram-positive bacteria, with high guanine (g) plus cytosine (c) ratio in their DNA above 55% by mole (Goodfellow and Williams, 1983). “Actinomycetes” came from the Greek “atkis” (a ray) and “mykes” (fungus), and that has features of both Bacteria and Fungi (Das et al., 2008). They are soil organisms which have same characteristic as those for bacteria and fungi and yet possess significant distinctive features to delimit them into a distinct category in the strictly taxonomic sense. Actinomycetes are bound... Microbial Production of Non-Beta Lactam...
Overuse of antibiotics and the developement of resistant bacterial strains
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...Antibiotics and the Development of Bacterial Strains Introduction Mankind has seen exponential progress in the past decades. The modernization provided by numerous technological advancements has really improved and opened new frontiers in communication, entertainment, warfare and medicine. Nowadays, it is possible to have face to face communication with friends and loved ones even without the actual physical presence through the latest mobile phones. Likewise, chatting on the internet has evolved from mere text messages to voice and then suddenly chat mates become almost face to face with the web cam. It seems that boundaries and distances have been shattered through these advancements... ? Overuse of...
can betalactam antibiotics be used to treat tuberculosis?
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...ANTIBIOTICS BE USED TO TREAT TUBERCULOSIS? TABLE OF CONTENTS 2. The beta lactam antibiotics a. b. ification c. Mode of action 3. The challenge of tuberculosis treatment 4. Review of the Literature a. Mechanistic and genetic studies b. Susceptibility studies 5. Discussion a. Why the beta-lactams have not been used in tuberculosis treatment b. Taking a second look: a case for the use of beta-lactam drugs in tuberculosis management c. A rational approach to the use of beta-lactams in tuberculosis management 6. Conclusion Abstract Beta-lactam antibiotics are a widely utilised class of antibiotics in clinical treatment. However, they have not been associated with the treatment... of tuberculosis....
The Addition of Steroids and Antibiotics in Food.
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...antibiotics use in livestock and Organic food certification should be mandatory for them. Farm factories are unable to risk their business when it comes to the diseases and growth issues related to animals. Only in USA 3.1 million head of cattle are slaughtered to fulfill the beef requirements of the country over 120 days, until September 2011 (U.S Cattle Feed, 2011) . According to the reports, two third of the cattle slaughtered daily, is being injected with steroidal growth hormones to increase the growth rate, weight and milk production by the use of some genetically engineered... of the Teacher’s Number: Meat and Dairy product industries should ensure the avoidance of unnecessary steroids and...
Microbial physiology and culture (Practical 1 Antibiotics and Agar Diffusion)
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...Antibiotics and Agar Diffusion Insert (s) Agar plate diffusion methods are increasingly being used in the study of the antibiotic effects on various microorganisms. The methods primarily involve the quantification of the ability of a particular antibiotic to inhibit bacterial growth. This practical involves three experiments which were carried out to quantitatively analyze and measure antibiotic susceptibility of various microorganisms. The first experiment investigates the effects of variables such as agar depth, presences of salt and inoculums size on the size of inhibition zones. On the other hand, experiment 2 attempts to investigate the repeatability of the essays using two different... ? Practical...
Long-Term Effects of the Over-Use of Antibiotics on Pathogen Resistance
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...Antibiotics Assess the Long-Term Effects of the Over-Use of Antibiotics on Pathogen Resistance The 20th century can be described as a period of greatest discoveries. One of those discoveries has been on antibiotics. These drugs have been used to control disease-causing organism. The antibiotics are typically used to contain bacteria infection in human beings and other domestic animals (Engelkirk et al., 2011). However, some of infections caused by the bacteria have been able to evade the use of antibiotics in both human and animals. This has been a key area of concern in the 21st century. This has...
Scientific paper: Comparing the effect of different antibiotics on Gram-Negative bacteria culture
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...antibiotics on Gram-Negative bacteria culture Distinguishing between Gram +ve and Gram -ve bacteria is very important for a doctor to find a cure for any infection. A survey by the New York Times showed that antibiotics have a greater effect on bacteria (POLLACK). The report indicates that most of the gram-negative bacteria show a lot of resistance to antibiotic drugs. Germ falls in a category of bacteria, which has killed millions of people in the world. Gram negative has effects on the bacteria due to its nature of staining (Baron S). While taking an account of the cell structure, we can easily distinguish between gram positive and gram negative staining... . The gram-negative cell...
Effects of six selected antibiotics on plant growth and soil microbial and enzymatic activities
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...antibiotics on plant growth and soil microbial and enzymatic enzymes, published in Environmental Pollution (157) during 2009. Because microbes and plants are proven to have a symbiotic relationship, antibiotics from animal wastes seeping into soil and reaching plant roots may be expected to be phytotoxic and adversely affecting the soil. According to several studies, sulfonamide concentration in animal manure ranges from 10 µg/kg to 91 mg/kg, while that of tetracyclines ranges from 29 to 46 mg/kg. However, different antibiotics have different effects on a plant, while different plants react differently to a certain... This writing critically analyzes the journal article en d, Effects of six selected...
The use of antibiotics and the concerns of creating strains of microbial resistant organisms.
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...Antibiotic Resistance School Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotics have been increasingly used in the last six decades for the treatment ofinfectious diseases caused by microbes and bacteria. One of the most obvious causes of the increase in the expectancy of average life over the years is the antimicrobial chemotherapy. Nevertheless, microbes which are resistant to the therapy of antibiotic drug and yet cause the disease expose the people to a lot of health problems. Diseases which can not often be treated by the antibiotics include but are not limited to gonorrhea, pneumonia, wound infections, septicemia and tuberculosis. This can partly be attributed to the fact that microbes and bacteria... ...
The Health Risks to Humans of Using Antibiotics, Steroids and Hormones in Meat Products
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...Antibiotics, Steroids and Hormones in Meat Products There is considerable division between the scientific research community, The Food and Drug Administration, and various meat producers about the potential health risks of using steroids, hormones and antibiotics in the meat production process. Why this alleged division? Food producers have considerable risks to their profit objectives when consumers and research professionals raise questions as to the viability of these practices in promoting accelerated growth in cattle as it relates to human health issues. Further, the Food and Drug Administration is designed to be an objective... HERE HERE YOUR HERE HERE The Health Risks to Humans Related to using...
Pharmacological Effects of Antibiotics in Management of Sinusitis and the Nursing Implications
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...Antibiotics in Management of Sinusitis and the Nursing Implications Lecturer’s Institution Date Abstract Sinusitis is an acute bacterial infection that affects the mucosal surfaces of the Para nasal sinuses and the nasal sinuses. It normally results as a secondary infection to an upper respiratory tract infection and as well develops from other factors such as swimming in contaminated water, introduction of a foreign body in the nasal cavity or from a dental infection. It results from an increased colonization of microorganisms such as H influenza, S pneumonia and M catarrhialis. Apart from bacteria, virus and fungi can also cause the condition... RESEARCH PAPER- NURSING Pharmacological Effects of...
Using antibiotics on dairy herds. Im going in favor of this process
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...Antibiotics on Dairy Herds There is increased concern in tearing of daily herds with antibiotics. There are opponents who view this as administering these antibiotics to the humans who later consume these products, and the opponents have called for restricted control of antibiotic treatment of daily herds with the antibiotics. However, there are many bacterial strains that continuously affect daily herds that are as well transmitted to humans through consumption of the respective products. Besser et al (4218) elaborates that one of this pathogen is Salmonella Eterica that is a common zoonotic pathogen, and a leading cause of food borne bacteria especially in the US. About 1.3 million human... Using...
Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections
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...antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections? An analysis of evidence-based nursing research Sheila Johnson Nursing Research Nur: 430 Dayle Comar May 2nd, 2011 Introduction Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications of surgery, characterized by a constellation of clinical findings occurring within 30 days of surgery and mainly due to Gram-positive bacteria (Bucher, Warner & Dillon, 2011). Prophylactic antibiotics treatment is delivered to patients, since overwhelming evidence demonstrates that this practice lowers the incidence of SSI. Although research-based guidelines for infection prevention in surgery have been published... ? Does the use of prophylactic...
Over use of antibiotics. Over use of antibiotics and hormones in animal feed. Lifting the veil on our nation's food industry, exposing how our nation's food supply is now controlled by a handful of corporations.
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...Antibiotics and Hormones in Animal Feeds Introduction The development of science and technology has brought immense advantages to the society. At the same time it brought lot of problems also. The main problem associated with most of the scientific achievements is that these achievements are implemented of applied in human life without proper evaluations about the consequences. For example, the introduction of plastic as a precious material was accepted with both hands by the public because of the immense convenience and assistance it provided to the human life. But now science is trying to reduce the use of plastic because of the negative impacts it causes to the environment. In other... Over Use of...
The use of prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the instances of surgical site infections
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...antibiotics to reduce the instances of surgical site infections A Stetler Model Approach Omitted] [Insert College Here] ABSTRACT Surgical site infection continues to be a concern for all involved in surgery and post-operative care. In many hospitals great care and staffing are assigned to ensure that infectious outcomes are limited via adequate administration, cross checking, and backup protocols. Through the Stetler Model, we will apply nursing techniques and applications to design a model for a smaller community hospital setting using current research models to write nursing guidelines for surgical antibiotic immunoprophylaxis. We will write a plan for the implementation... ? The use of prophylactic...
Does giving Antibiotics within 1 hour before surgical incision to pre operative orthopedic patients decrease rate of infection compared to patients who do not receive antibiotics within 1 hour?
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...antibiotics prior to surgical procedures as a way of minimizing infection to orthopedic patients. In this particular research study, the clinical question of whether giving antibiotics within 1 hour before surgical incision to pre-operative orthopedic patients decreases the rate of infection as compared to those who do not receive antibiotics within the 1 hour will be addressed. A number of articles will also be used. The significance of this question will also be addressed in the course of this study. A summary will then be provided of the types of studies retrieved in addition to an algorithm of the research... NURSING It has freshly come to the interest of medical experts that it is possible to give...
Does the use of prophylactic antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections
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...antibiotics ensure the prevention of surgical site infections? An analysis of evidence-based nursing research Sheila Johnson Nursing Research Nur: 430 Dayle Comar May 2nd, 2011 Introduction Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications of surgery, characterized by a constellation of clinical findings occurring within 30 days of surgery and mainly due to Gram-positive bacteria (Bucher, Warner & Dillon, 2011). Prophylactic antibiotics treatment is delivered to patients, since overwhelming evidence demonstrates that this practice lowers the incidence of SSI. Although research-based guidelines for infection prevention in surgery have been published... Does the use of prophylactic...
The Benefits and Risks of Food Steroids, Antibiotics, and Sprays in the Eye of the Food Manufacturers and the Consumers
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...Antibiotics, and Sprays in the Eye of the Food Manufacturers and the Consumers Dakota Wood English Comp. II Bethanie Frank 19 October 2012 Outline I. Introduction II. The benefits derived by food manufactured in using food steroids, antibiotics, and sprays. A. Production cost is low. B. Food-animals are healthier and more robust. C. Supply of food-animals in the market is abundant. III. Public health advocates argue that food manufacturers are killing the consumers by using food steroids, antibiotics, and sprays in their manufacturing process A. Diseases that can be acquired from eating processed foods with food steroids, antibiotics, and sprays. 1. Cancer 2... ? The Benefits and Risks of Food Steroids,...
In females with recurrent bacterial vaginosis, do prophylactic antibiotics, compared to no treatment, reduce the recurrence rate?
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...antibiotics,compared to no treatment, reduce the recurrence rate? Background information The recurrent or persistent vaginal infections are associated with episodic or continuous symptoms of burning, irritation or itching (Bope, Kellerman, & Rakel, 2012). Not all women persistently produce discharge from the vagina. In fact, research supports that almost five percent of women are likely to suffer from recurrent or persistent infections. Bacterial vaginosis depicts a change in the vaginal ecosystem. It is not a real infection but represents an inequality in the bacterial setting (Center... PICOT Question and Search Strategies PICOT Question In females with recurrent bacterial vaginosis, do prophylactic...
Recent biotechnological approaches that have been used to enhance the yield and diversity of amino acids, vitamins, antibiotics
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...antibiotic sensitivity of the algae. This produced greater quality of Haemococcus than the particle bombardment method that was tried in the past. (Kathiresan and Sarada 2009). The Secondary metabolites are produced mainly by the filamentous fungi. Hence strain improvement of fungi can lead to the increase in the product yield. The strain improvement is performed by using random mutagenesis, screening and protoplast fusion. Genetic engineering and protein engineering are also used for the refinement of the products. Post translational modification of the gene, screening these genes by using a specific medium are the well... ? Recent biotechnological advancements The process of production and enrichment...
I'm attaching a document. Read the background information about bacteria, antibiotics, and the evolution of antibiotic resistance at this site
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...Spoiled food and poor personal hygiene – these factors determine the majority of gastrointestinal infections. In the described case (see pdf file) wecan suppose intestinal infection. There is a difference between the microbial food poisoning and classic infection. Protamine poisoning depends on the presence of huge amount of bacteria in spoiled food whereas usual intestinal infection could be spread also through drinking water, dirty hands or table dishes. Actually infection can be disseminated if three conditions are available: source of infection (sick person or spoiled food, or polluted environment), way of transmission (e.g. water or food) and susceptible person. If any of these factors... food and...
UAB researchers: Inappropriate antibotics use in ERs still a problem
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...Antibiotics Use in ERS Still a Problem Summary/Analysis The newspaper article by Yann Ranaivo establishes that ineffective use of antibiotics to treat viral infections is still prevalent in emergency departments despite the increased concerns about antibiotic resistant conditions by hospitals nationwide (Ranaivo, 2014). Indeed, the article quotes the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data from 2001 to 2010, which reveals that infections including the viral infections are still prone to prescribed antibiotics (Ranaivo, 2014). However, the article reveals that UAB noted that antibiotics are only effective against bacterial infection as acute respiratory... UAB Researchers: Inappropriate...
bacteria resistance to antibiotic
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...Antibiotics Introduction Antibiotics fight against bacteria and microbes, which cause infectious diseases in humans. The invention of antimicrobial chemotherapy has prolonged human longevity. This discovery is a landmark event of the medical sciences in the Twentieth Century. However, over a period of time, these microbes and bacteria have become immune to antibiotic medicines, and this poses a serious threat to the public health (Todar). Antibiotics inhibit the growth of bacteria in humans, animals and plants. Bacteria and microbes cause infectious diseases, and antibiotics can be used against diseases caused by bacteria and viruses. For instance... of the of the of the The Resistance of Bacteria to...
essay 3
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...ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE SUPERBUGS Antibiotic Resistance Superbugs Continued use of antibiotics results to resistance thereby making it impossible for antibiotics to have the required effects on bacteria. In some instances, bacteria may form great resistances such that there is a wide range of antibiotics that cannot have influence on them. This makes it extremely hard to get rid of such bacteria and they are commonly referred to as superbugs. Some of the commonly encountered superbugs include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) among others....
Anthropology of Infectious Disease
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...antibiotics are leading to an emergence/re-emergence of infectious diseases and if it is so to find out remedial measures to curb the situation. Introduction: The emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causing the disease acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its killer sequels have brought into focus the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases. While AIDS is only the trigger, its sequels - diarrhea, tuberculosis, and systemic fungal infections are the bullets that actually kill... Anthropology of Infectious Disease: U.Narayandas. Anthropology of Infectious Disease: Objective: To discuss and analyze whether "Western" ideologies and cultural practices of overusing...
project
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...Antibiotics use in United States meats... is prevalent and this has raised serious health concerns (WGBH Educational Foundation para 1). There is a prevalent about the way the country’s meat is raised today, particularly in regard to the frequent use of antibiotics to keep livestock disease-free in feedlots. Also, antibiotics use in United States meats is used to help livestock grow faster. In order to understand this issue, this paper will investigate the issue and provide analysis of the situation. A federal study by the Federal and Drug Administration in February, 2013 found out that over half of samples of pork chops, ground beef, and ground turkey tested...
Food- Steroids. Anitbiotics. Sprays. Are food manufacturers killing us?
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...Antibiotics, and Sprays in the Eye of the Food Manufacturers andthe Consumers Thesis: The government should implement strict guidelines on the use of food steroids, antibiotics, and sprays in the production process instead of banning their use in order to balance the claims of the food manufacturers as well as the advocates of public health of the benefits and risks of these food enhancers. I. The benefits derived by food manufactured in using food steroids, antibiotics, and sprays. A. Production cost is low. B. Food-animals are healthier and more robust. C. Supply of food-animals in the market is abundant. II. Public... English 11 October Topic Outline: The Benefits and Risks of Food Steroids,...
Antibiotic resistance
3 pages (750 words) , Research Paper
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...Antibiotic Resistance of the Under the guidance of Outline: The focus of this research is prevention of antibiotic resistance. The paper begins with a thesis statement, followed by an introduction which discusses about the importance and need for prevention of antibiotic resistance. This is followed by review of literature and then a conclusion. Thesis statement How can health professionals prevent antibiotic-resistant infection? Introduction Antibiotic resistance may be defined as a type of drug resistance in which the organism survives exposure to the antibiotic that is administered targeting it. In other words, it is "resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine... ? Prevention of...
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