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Stroke
Stroke
5 pages (1250 words)
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...antidepressant medications, despite their lack of depression improved their chances of living longer. People who received antidepressant treatment had an increased chance of survival in relation to cardiovascular events than those who did not receive antidepressant drugs (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). Post stroke changes in blood pressure are crucial, as there is an occurrence of impairment in cerebral auto regulation, which under conventional conditions, serves to uphold constant cerebral blood flow in spite of changes in systemic BP. Both the systolic and diastolic BP rates are elevated following a stroke attack, where it seems... ? The physiological changes that take place...
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What are the effects of Herb drug interactions
What are the effects of Herb drug interactions
36 pages (9000 words)
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...antidepressants. The extrapyramidal effects of neuroleptic drugs intensified with betel nut (Areca catechu). Tricycylic antidepressant increased hypertension risks with yohimbine... A Review of Literature on Herb-Drug Interaction TABLE OF CONTENTS p. 2 Introduction 3 Results 4 Herbal medication: potential for adverse interaction with analgesic drugs Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug interactions with Kava (Piper methysticum Forst. f.) Herb-drug interactions Herb-drug interactions: Review and assessment of report reliability Herb-drug interactions: Interactions between Ginkgo biloba and prescription medications Evidence-based drug–herbal interactions Herb-drug interactions: Focus on pharmacokineti...
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Treatment of Unipolar Depression
Treatment of Unipolar Depression
4 pages (1000 words)
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...antidepressants (chloripramine and imipramine) - the most effective drugs for treating depression until the development of the SSRIs. The studies found 5-HTP to be at least as effective as these drugs in treating severe depression, while displaying fewer side effects. In severe cases, 5-HTP... Section A - Focus of and reasons for the study and research questions Working - Is 5 hydroxytriptophan as effective as fluoxetine (Prozac) in the treatment of unipolar depression. Describe what you would like to do - your focus Trials were searched in computerized general (Medline, Psychlit, and Embase) and specialized databases (Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials Register, Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anx...
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Drug Marketing and Psychiatry
Drug Marketing and Psychiatry
6 pages (1500 words)
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...antidepressant drugs by the pharmaceutical industry has served to promote more depression in the society. This is owing to the fact that the more people tend to rely... Drug Marketing and Psychiatry Grade (April 2, Drug Marketing and Psychiatry Introduction The relationship existing between psychiatry as a discipline and the pharmaceutical industry has become controversial in the modern day. Psychiatry as a field involved with the treatment of mental disorders has been found to persistently collude with the pharmaceutical industry, in endorsing and subsequently prescribing the drugs produced by the big pharmaceutical companies for mental health problems treatment (Moynihan, Heath & Henry, 2002). The...
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Significance Of Admission To Adult Acute Psychiatric Wards
Significance Of Admission To Adult Acute Psychiatric Wards
16 pages (4000 words)
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...drug. To avoid non-conformity to the prescribed medication, GPs should consider other cheaper options such as zopiclone (£1.64) or Zolpidem (£1.73). After examining the prevalence rate of using off-label antidepressant drugs on patients with insomnia, Lai, Tan and Lai (2011) found out that paediatricians and neurologists are most likely to prescribe antidepressant drugs (45.1%), z-hypnotics (43.2%) and Benzodiazepines (11.7%) as compared to psychiatrists and that people who are capable of paying for their own medications are most likely to be prescribed with these drugs as compared to those patients who are heavily relying on the use of private insurance. Even though patients... Significance Of...
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Drugs
Drugs
1 pages (250 words)
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...Drugs Drugs Chapter is generally an overview about drugs. The chapter covers principles related to drug use. On the principles, the chapter addresses the user history on drugs and the perception the user might have concerning the drugs. On the other hand, there is coverage on important terms related to the topic. In the chapter, there is also coverage on the history of drug and use. The section shows reasons in the past for the drug use. The chapter also addresses the challenges that exist in determining the extent of drug use. One of the...
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Critique of one journal article/professional article of a topic related to pscyhopharmacolgy and its use for treating depression
Critique of one journal article/professional article of a topic related to pscyhopharmacolgy and its use for treating depression
2 pages (500 words)
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...drug company-funded studies that produce unfavorable results are simply not reported or published--which produces a drug-friendly bias in the literature (Angell, 2004; Levine & Fink, 2006; Murray, 2006). Finally, authors have challenged the validity of meta-analyses comparing antidepressants and counseling, noting that they compare a large range of variables--such as different drug classes, therapy types, kinds of depression, and measurement tools--that can exceed the heterogeneity normally assumed for valid meta-analysis (De Maat et al., 2006; Franklin, 2005; Klein, 2000; Streinbrueck et al., 1983). Issues with the Measurement of Depression Another considerable methodological... ?  Tablets or Talk? A...
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Personal Belief on Depression and Counseling
Personal Belief on Depression and Counseling
8 pages (2000 words)
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...antidepressant drugs to treat depression caused by chemical imbalance in the neurotransmitters and hormonal changes that causes the disorder. Structured counseling sessions are effective methods of treating the disorder. They include counseling sessions such as cognitive behavioral therapy. According to Williams (1992), cognitive explanation... ?Introduction Depression is one of the leading mental health disorders affecting over 121 million people globally (WHO . The disorder exhibits unique clinical, physical and behavioral symptoms in different individuals, which mental health specialists apply to treat and manage the condition. Depression is a curable disorder that is easily diagnosed in primary care...
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Drugs
Drugs
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...drugs in society has been documented back to ancient times. Sometimes, the uses of drugs were used for recreation and in others it served a spiritual purpose such as being able to communicate with the deities of their religion. In these times, these drugs were developed from that of natural derivatives such as flora and fungi. As human society progressed and gained a more scientific understanding of how drugs affect our body, we were able to learn how to synthesize synthetic versions of the drug. Some of these were deemed for medicinal purposes, but soon other parts of the population began synthesizing recreational versions of the drug. Legislation... was then passed and the creation of the...
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Applied Biological Principles in Mental Health
Applied Biological Principles in Mental Health
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
...Antidepressant medication is used to correct the imbalances in the neurotransmitter dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed drugs for depression; they block the reuptake of serotonin. This results in an artificial increase in serotonin levels. Serotonin then becomes available for neurotransmission and effects of reduced serotonin levels are overcome. (NAMI, 2001) Drugs that are SSRIs include fluoxetine (Prozac) sertraline, (Zoloft), paroxetine (paxoil), and infalopram. (Celexa) and fluroxamine (Luvox) (Norman, 1999). Tricylic Antidepressants are hardly used as treatment for depression... Unipolar depression also referred...
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Mental Disorder and Medical Disorder
Mental Disorder and Medical Disorder
8 pages (2000 words)
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...antidepressant drugs are prescribed to ensure that potentially unsafe drug exchanges are circumvented. In certain instances, a mental health expert that focuses in treating patients with depression and accompanying bodily illnesses such as diabetes may be accessible. The acute care of BD entails the management of symptoms such as aggression, functional disability... The Comparison of Collaborative Care for a Patient With a Mental Health Disorder versus a Patient With a Medical Disorder in the Acute Care Setting Student’s Name Professor’s Name Nursing Essay April 8, 2015 Introduction Healthcare professionals are charged with promoting the health of patients, which may involve the management of mental or me...
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COMMUNITY PLACEMENT (Describe the chosen individuals background and history to date)
COMMUNITY PLACEMENT (Describe the chosen individuals background and history to date)
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
...antidepressant drugs are causing. She is supposed to have follow-up checks about 4 times a week but she sometimes refuses to allow the office such visits. Home visits are conducted about three times a week to check her progress and ensure medication compliance. Orientation: Her... ?COMMUNITY PLACEMENT Community Placement This essay will evaluate the nursing practice and the improvements implemented to the patient’s situation while establishing a therapeutic consideration to a client being cared for by the Assertive Outreach Team where I’m undertaking my semester 5 placement. In this critique, my client will be confidentially referred to as Ms. B. Her identity will be protected in accordance with the code ...
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Major Depressive Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
6 pages (1500 words)
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...antidepressant drugs and electroconvulsive therapy. This will help them understand and prepare for any adverse reactions Isabel might experience from the treatments (Varcarolis, 2006, p.339). As she is a high... aSSESSMENT case study on major depressive disorder scenario Isabel templar Introduction: This case study concerns Isabel, a 28-year-old mother of two, who was hospitalised with depression when her second child was six months old. He is now two and severe symptoms have returned, necessitating further hospital treatment. Her history and symptoms indicate a wide range of treatments and the need for support from all relevant agencies. As her nurse, my role is to establish a therapeutic...
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Outcome studies of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Intervention
Outcome studies of a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Intervention
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 1
...antidepressant drugs. In conclusion, outcome studies demonstrating effectiveness of CBT intervention gave a great deal... ?Outcome Studies of A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Intervention in Generalized Anxiety Disorder Everybody experiences anxiety in everyday life, and the level of anxiety and manifestations vary from one person to another. While mild level of anxiety may positively affect the person in terms of motivation and increased learning process, in severe case however, it may be detrimental to one’s health. When anxiety becomes persistent, excessive, and out of control, where the person already experiences unrealistic worrying about everyday things, it is more likely associated with generalized...
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Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers
Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers
14 pages (3500 words)
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...antidepressant drugs. Therefore there is a positive role of legislation limiting sale of prescription drugs. There are certain factors that are predictive of future self-harm behaviour. Alcohol or substance abuse, prior mental illnesses, unemployment, and low social status all promote self-harm behaviour. Therefore, following injury or poisoning, these patients must be screened for any... What is the relationship between eating disorders, cutting behaviour and alcohol and drug abuse in teenagers in Australia Introduction Cutting behaviour is self-mutilating, and this is a type of self-harm behaviour. This is known to occur among a subgroup of individuals with eating disorders. From a clinical...
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The Ethics of Marketing Prescription Drugs
The Ethics of Marketing Prescription Drugs
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Drug Ads Ruled Out) and the UK has maintained this stance. Because they encourage people to feel sicker than they are, throw doubt on the ability of the medical industry, encourage the industry to focus on profiting on illness rather than altruistically working toward a healthier society, and give consumers the impression they are more knowledgeable than their doctors, there are significant ethical concerns when prescription drugs such as the antidepressant medication Paxil are directly marketed to the public. Psychological studies have continued to demonstrate that when people see a commercial... ?The Ethics of Marketing Prescription Drugs In recent years, television in the U.S. has become increasingly...
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Borderline Personality Disorder: Theory and Practice
Borderline Personality Disorder: Theory and Practice
6 pages (1500 words)
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...antidepressant drugs, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotic drugs. In conclusion, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is an essential personality disorder defined in DSM-IV which requires crucial psychiatric treatments and assistance. References "Borderline Personality Disorder." (2009). The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Retrieved 19 March 2010, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/borderline-personality-disorder-fact-sheet/index.shtml Cohen, Bruce J. (2003). Theory and practice of psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press US. p 307. Corelli... Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been one of the most important personality disorders...
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Drugs
Drugs
2 pages (500 words)
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...Drugs Should drugs be legal or illegal It is hard to determine a stand for the topic, as this is a highly controversial topic. Drugs can have both negative and positive effects. I personally take a stand to make drugs legal on the issue, and my thinking goes to reflect the stand made by United States which is captured in this statement ""United States was the creation of men who believed that each man has the right to do what he wants with his own life as long as he does not interfere with his neighbor's pursuit of happiness" (Vidal 385). I totally agree with this view, which guarantees that a person can act and think with freedom until it interferes with someone else's freedom. The easy... ...
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Drugs
Drugs
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Drugs Should drugs be legal or illegal? It is hard to determine a stand for the topic, as this is a highly controversial topic. Drugs can have both negative and positive effects. I personally take a stand to make drugs legal on the issue, and my thinking goes to reflect the stand made by United States which is captured in this statement ““United States was the creation of men who believed that each man has the right to do what he wants with his own life as long as he does not interfere with his neighbor’s pursuit of happiness” (Vidal 385). I totally agree with this view, which guarantees that a person can act and think with freedom until it interferes with someone else’s freedom. The easy... ...
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Drugs
Drugs
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
...Drug Abuse Theories Drug Abuse Theories of Drug Abuse Theories Introduction Drug abuse remains themost important problem facing adults and teenagers in the United States of America. Most crimes are committed when the criminal in under the influence of drugs or needs funds for drugs. Drug abuse remains the most important problem facing adults and teenagers in the United States of America. Research has found that the majority of Americans have tried an illicit drug before graduating from high school. Drug abuse remains a major problem as it is directly linked to crime. Research has found that Drug users are more prone to perpetrate crime. Further the report states that prolonged drug... Running Head: Drug...
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Research Paper
Research Paper
7 pages (1750 words)
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...drug modifies the way human mind feels pleasure. The sedative drug causes physical alterations to some neurons. These neurons utilize chemicals known as neurotransmitters to correspond. The consequence of the inclusion of drugs into the innate processes of reward and motivation alters chemical signaling, distorts gene expression and modifies the biochemical framework of the mind. These alterations in the brain, are not characteristic to prohibited drug use, but also happen with off the counter antidepressant drugs. So the neuroscientists may define addiction as neuroadaptation that generates ‘negative consequences’ (Munzar, 2003). So... ? Drug Addiction Katherine Mooney...
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Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in the United States of America
Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in the United States of America
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Drug Use and Health. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and. Gibbons, R. D., Hur, K., Bhaumik, D. K., & Mann, J. J. (2005). The relationship between antidepressant medication use and rate of suicide. Arch Gen Psychiatry , 62 (2), 165-172. Jones, P., Bradbury, L., & LeBoutillier, S. (2011). Introducing Social Theory. Polity. Lauer, R. H., & Lauer, J. C. (2011). Social problems and the quality of life (12 ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. (2012). Misuse of prescription drugs. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Washington DC: Office of Applied Studies.... ? Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in US Effects and Abuse of Prescription Drugs in US...
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Major Depression Disorder
Major Depression Disorder
12 pages (3000 words)
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...antidepressant drugs, it was proved to have a higher sustained remission rate than them (Neu et al, 2006; Lind et al., 2009). Mrs. X. was already on several treatment regimens for her diabetes and other underlying conditions; therefore the doctors found it best for her if she was to be mirtazapine since had considerably reduced side effects compared to other antidepressants (Neu et al, 2006). In addition, since she had never used it before, she was unlikely to develop resistance as she had for other antidepressants (Rihmer and Akiskal, 2006). She was required to take two pills every day, one in the morning and one at...
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THE EFFECT OF DRUGS ON PEOPLE WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER
THE EFFECT OF DRUGS ON PEOPLE WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER
3 pages (750 words)
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...DRUGS ON PEOPLE WITH BIPOLAR DISORDER The drugs have multifarious effects on the people with bipolar disorders.It is therefore, pertinent to examine the bipolar disorders before an attempt is made to find out the drug effects and the usual medication prescribed to counter such disorders. It would also be appropriate to probe into the data available for the efficacy of such drugs before making a final analysis. Before we discuss the effects of drugs in people with Bipolar Disorder, it would be appropriate to understand as to what are the bipolar disorders. Let start with Bipolar disorders is one of various medical considerations... THE EFFECT OF...
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The Pathophysiological Treatments of Alzheimers Disease
The Pathophysiological Treatments of Alzheimer's Disease
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Antidepressant drugs can be effective in this case. Neuropletics are also excellent in dealing with the delusions and psychotic symptoms common amongst patients with AD. The only side effects of these drugs are those related to individual reactions, and are good in lessening the impact of the disease amongst patients (Ballard, et al., 2011: 1022). Conclusion Pathophysiology allows for future studies that will enhance the proper understanding of the disease as a whole. A proper understanding of the β... The Pathophysiological Treatments of Alzheimer's Disease Abstract Even in modern times, the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is dependent upon the symptomatic effects of cholinesterase inhibitors as w...
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How effective is cognitive behaviour therapy compare to other psychological therapies and pharmacological options in treatment o
How effective is cognitive behaviour therapy compare to other psychological therapies and pharmacological options in treatment o
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
...antidepressant drugs on nursing infants’, Journal of American Board of Family Practice, vol.16, pp.372-382. Horowitz, JA & Goodman, JH 2004, ‘Identifying and treating postpartum depression’, JOGNN, vol.34, no.2, pp.264-273. Miller, LJ 2005, ‘Postpartum depression’, JAMA, vol.287, no.6, pp.762-765. Moses-Kolko, EL, Berga, SL, Kalro, B, Sit, DK & Wisner, KL 2009, ‘Transdermal estradiol for postpartum depression: A promising treatment option’, Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology... ? HOW EFFECTIVE IS COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY COMPARED TO OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES AND PHARMACOLOGICAL OPTIONS IN TREATMENT OF POSTNATAL DEPRESSION by [Author’s Name] 06 December 2011 How Effective Is Cognitive Behavioral...
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Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder
Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Drug Therapy Drug therapy for Bipolar disorder is considered to be the first-line treatment for bipolar disorder and the commonly used mood stabilizers include lithium, Valproate, Carbamazepine and Lamotrigine. However, other drugs are also used such as antidepressant drugs such as Fluoxetine or its generic name that is Prozac. Many clinicians also advise their client to use... Running Head: Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder s ] [Course name] [Date] Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder Bi-Polar disorder or Bi-Polar affective disorder is classified as a mood disorder in DSM-ID TR and was previously known as Manic-depressive disorder. It is a ...
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Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder
Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Drug Therapy Drug therapy for Bipolar disorder is considered to be the first-line treatment for bipolar disorder and the commonly used mood stabilizers include lithium, Valproate, Carbamazepine and Lamotrigine. However, other drugs are also used such as antidepressant drugs such as Fluoxetine or its generic name that is Prozac. Many clinicians also advise their client to use anti-anxiety drugs as well and the most commonly used... ? Running Head: Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder s [Course name] [Date] Course, Cause and Treatment of Bi-Polar disorder Bi-Polar disorder or Bi-Polar affective disorder is classified as a mood disorder in DSM-ID TR and was...
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Depression as a mental health condition
Depression as a mental health condition
12 pages (3000 words)
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...drugs, which suppressed these neurotransmitters to induce depression. Further observations indicated that a majority of effective antidepressants acted by boosting one or more of the three monoamine neurotransmitters, which is evidenced by the mode of action of most antidepressants on the current market. Antidepressant drugs are as popular as they are controversial which is evidenced by the number of people under this medication owing to various mental and psychological conditions that they suffer. Modern antidepressants work by blocking the re-uptake of monoamines... ?Mental disorders are caused by a myriad of reasons; some that can be avoided while others cannot be controlled in any way. As a result,...
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Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness
Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness
15 pages (3750 words) , Download 1
...antidepressant effects. Subsequent placebo controlled trials failed to replicate these results. Fluoxetine also demonstrated its use in the treatment of cocaine abuse (Nunes & Quitkin, 1998). Antidepressant treatment in opiate addiction Several studies have demonstrated that TCAs had a positive anti-depressant effect in opiate addicts but there was no effect on drug abuse outcome. These findings show that depression can be isolated and treated... ?Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness This is a research paper discussing the comorbidity aspects of substance abuse and accompanying mental illness. Reverse case also is true. The paper has discussed the various obstacles in isolating mental...
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An Action Plan: Understanding and Implementing Person Centered Dementia care and practice
An Action Plan: Understanding and Implementing Person Centered Dementia care and practice
12 pages (3000 words)
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...antidepressant drugs manage all these conditions. Antipsychotics manage all behavior problems that are associated with dementia. This makes the work of health care providers easier and efficient. Conventional antipsychotics have shown widespread efficacy in treating behavioral disorders like delusions and hallucinations. Conventional anti-psychotics include haloperidol and chlorpromazine. However, they have serious side effects including movement disorders, sedation and enhanced confusion. These drugs also have extra-pyramidal... ? Dementia Management; An Action Plan Outline 0 Overview……………………………………………………………………………………...3 2.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………...4 3.0 Forms of...
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Mental Health Problems During Pregnancy
Mental Health Problems During Pregnancy
16 pages (4000 words)
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...antidepressants in early pregnancy. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1999;55:503-8. 19. Nulman I, Rovet J, Stewart DE, Wolpin J, Gardner HA, Theis JG, et al. Neurodevelopment of children exposed in utero to antidepressant drugs. N Engl J Med 1997;336:258-62. 20. Kulin NA, Pastuszak A, Sage SR, Schick-Boschetto B, Spivey G, Feldkamp M, et al. Pregnancy outcome following maternal use of the new selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: a prospective controlled multicenter study. JAMA 1998;279:609-10. 21. Dolovich LR, Addis A, Vaillancourt JM, Power JD, Koren G... Mental Health Problems During Pregnancy "At the beginning of the twenty-first century, your chances of a healthy life still depended on what job you do,...
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The most effective way of treating depression is through regular exercise discuss
The most effective way of treating depression is through regular exercise discuss
15 pages (3750 words)
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...drugs in treating depression may not be effective as some of the drugs used may have negative side effects. For instance, the use of antidepressants may have negative effects such as dizziness. This is contrary to the use of exercises while treating depression since exercises that are well moderated do not have a negative impact. Besides, exercises, unlike drugs, release chemicals that do not harm the body. Thus, exercises can be regarded as a healthy way of addressing the issue of depression (Johnson 2010, p. 3). Exercises play an essential role in the boosting and improvement... The most effective way of treating depression is through regular exercise. Discuss. Introduction Over the years, depression...
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Assignment in medicine
Assignment in medicine
2 pages (500 words)
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...drug adherence and psychological behavior, which require systematic protocols to identify them. For instance, the researchers included “patients taking nontricyclic antidepressants” and no other kind (Brook, Hout, Stalman, Nieuwenhuyse, Bakker, Heerdink, and Haan 487). EXERCISE 2 The article is under social & administrative pharmacy. The research topic... Pharmacy Medicine EXERCISE The study is explorative. The researchers use the word “evaluate” to simplify the entire procedure undertaken. The inclusion of a control experiment further proves that the article is explorative. A controlled test reveals its methodical nature, which was essential for this study. In addition, the study focused on changes in...
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Role in the meeting user needs in my placement
Role in the meeting user needs in my placement
10 pages (2500 words)
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...drug free environment was being worked on, there was also a fear that the need for us practitioners would end soon. However, even with the presence of antidepressant drugs, the need for us practitioners is still there as the input required can only be attained by us. When it comes to treating an individual, it has been my observation that pills will never be effective if physical treatments along with the psychology needs are ignored. Also, for users of age, it is necessary to build trust between the user and practitioner that makes a bond aiding... ?Nursing Role in the meeting user needs in my placement Over the years I have come to realize that the people who have come across during my placement have...
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The Philosophic Solution for Self-realisation
The Philosophic Solution for Self-realisation
12 pages (3000 words)
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...antidepressant drugs, as detection of depressive disorders did not found associate with long term outcome. (Anderson I.M., D.J.Nutt, J.F.W.Deakin, 2000). The case study of Peter is difficult to be discussed in the absence of any information like his mental status, Conversation styles, and intelligence. However a history of cross-gendered behaviour in adolescence is doubted to have caused... The Philosophic Solution for Self-realisation Feeling alone amidst crowd may be philosophic solution for self-realisation. But when we look into Maslow’s need theory and the pyramid of needs to be satiated for achieving the apex position of self-actualisation, it becomes obvious that loneliness is illness rather tha...
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Effects of Drugs Used by Parents on Infants or New Born Babies
Effects of Drugs Used by Parents on Infants or New Born Babies
6 pages (1500 words)
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...drugs rejected by the mother’s body may enter the body of the infant through breast milk. It is impossible for the infant body to clear out these harmful substances with the help of their immature immune systems. Thus, the negative effects of drug abuse by the mothers may cause more harm to the baby than to the mother. “A recent Google search, using the key words antidepressants, pregnancy, and birth defects... ? Effects of drugs used by parents on infants or new born babies Effects of drugs used by parents on infants or new born babies Drug abuse is one of the major social problems in all parts of the world, especially in western countries. It has lot of moral, social and ethical dimensions. Many people ...
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Psychology Mental illness
Psychology Mental illness
18 pages (4500 words)
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...antidepressants are recommended and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are suggested because their side effects are less strong than those of the other types of antidepressants. Antidepressant drugs are commonly used to treat depression. They liaise with the chemical messengers in the brain to bring about some relief. They don’t cure depression but they surely help get rid of the symptoms so that the person may be able to do something on own later on. The disadvantage of taking antidepressants... in the market to treat phobias, but they generally help to only reduce the symptoms of anxiety, and not get rid of them altogether. Antidepressants do not take effect overnight;...
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The Effects of Antidepressant Treatment in Prenatally Stressed Rats
The Effects of Antidepressant Treatment in Prenatally Stressed Rats
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Antidepressant Treatment in Prenatally Stressed Rats Support the Glutamatergic Hypothesis of Stress-Related Disorders Course Date Abstract Introduction: Evidence suggests that abnormalities in hippocampal glutamatergic transmission contribute in the pathophysiology of mood and anxiety conditions. Conversely, exposure to chronic stress in adults leads to the production of enhanced glutamate in the hippocampus. This suggests that for adolescents, the effect of chronic stress on glutamatergic transmission will vary in comparison to adults. This explains why some of the prior studies use both male and female rats in their investigation. Therefore, age plays an influential role... Review: The Effects of...
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Health for community and people across lifespan
Health for community and people across lifespan
13 pages (3250 words)
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...antidepressant drugs or Alcohol to release their tension instead of smoking because these two ways have no negative affect over the surrounding environment. They should also try to engage their selves in other social activities, i.e. organizing small parties and get together at their homes, which will minimize their tension and also release her sense of deprivation (Barigye, at .el 2010). Conclusion and recommendation On the basis of the above... Health for community and people across lifespan Introduction The importance of an expert possessing both moral and professional obligation to meticulously carry out his/her duties are self- evident and should never be undermined. In the view of this,...
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Psychosocial interventions and cognitive behavioural therapy. A Case Study
Psychosocial interventions and cognitive behavioural therapy. A Case Study
14 pages (3500 words) , Download 1
...antidepressant drugs but a positive response to psychotherapy" (Areán and Alexopoulos 2007: 100). Knight and Poon (2008) suggest that therapists should also look at aspects of adult lifespan when working with the elderly. Their study created a variety of tasks to see how the elderly dealt with them in later life. They found that culture, cohort membership and historical experience play a large part in how psychotherapy works for the older adult. Psychotherapy... Psychosocial Interventions and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. A Case Study The psychiatric community has found a variety of issues in the last few years that they have had little assistance with in the past. Today, the incidences of depression...
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Illict Drugs
Illict Drugs
2 pages (500 words)
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...drugs and family engagements Illicit drugs Most reports from the United s and most parts of the world have come to an agreement that any substance taken illegally pose some negative effects to the user. However, the level of negativity associated by taking illegal drugs depends on several factors including peers and family relationship to the user. It has been pointed out that the majority especially teenagers engaged both in licit and illicit drugs negatively as an experimental activity only to develop persistence in attitude until consumption distorts the mentality and life in general. Whatever the drug a person consumes inappropriately, the relationship to the family members still becomes...
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Drugs abuse
Drugs abuse
2 pages (500 words)
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...Drugs Abuse Over the years, the laws against the access of prescribed drugs were minimal. The factor increased the abuse of prescribed drugs across the country. For instance, a person could easily walk into a doctor’s office and say they suffer from anxiety and they could be easily provided with Xanax or Vicodin enough for 90 days (Belz 1). With the increasing trend numerous states have developed law that hinder the access of prescribed drugs. The laws provide for both abusers and medical practitioners (Trust for America’s Health 1). Moreover, the laws are tough enough at the same level as laws for drugs such as marijuana. In the article by Belz Tennessee has enacted... Legal Concerns on Prescribed...
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Legalizing drugs
Legalizing drugs
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...drug violence in Mexico has become a fixture of the daily news, in which thousands have lost their lives to this ‘’war on drugs’’’. He claims Mexico and US responses to the violence (i.e. more troops, police and increased boarder control) are ineffective at dealing with the ‘drug issue’ because drug prohibition is the cause of the violence, e.g. it drives the drug market underground. ‘This means buyers and sellers cannot resolve their disputes with lawsuits, arbitration or advertising, so they resort to violence instead’ (Miron, 2009). This led Miron to controversially conclude ‘the only way to reduce violence... 15th April Jeffery Miron (2009), an economist, claims that ‘over the past few years, drug...
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Selling drugs
Selling drugs
1 pages (250 words)
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...drug selling in the workplace is illegitimate. Rationale The NCADD (2014) asserts that drug use causes expensive problems for companies and the entire industry. Predominant deleterious effect of drug use involve fatalities, lost productivity, low employee morale, absenteeism, and increase in employees’ reimbursement costs which burdens the management... . Comprehending the best managerial practices to use in handling the challenge of drug selling in the workplace adeptly prepares me for the challenging managerial environment as well as imparts on me the ethical practices in the workplace. Position of the law The Controlled Substances Act specifies that it is illegal...
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Antiviral Drugs
Antiviral Drugs
1 pages (250 words) , Download 0
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...drugs figure as another area of concern. At present, AIDS treatment is restricted to antiviral drugs which have received the approval of the Food and Drug Administration. More effective and less costly drugs approved by the World Health Organization cannot be used with their first receiving FDA approval, implying both waste of time and the associate waste of resources at the expense of health and lives. Although it couches its criticisms in diplomatic terms, the IOM report clearly outlines the nonsensicality of the stated and strongly urges the adoption into use of WHO... PEPFAR has saved lives but, as the IOM report s, it has the potential to save many more. While not minimizing its achievements, the ...
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Decriminalizing Drugs
Decriminalizing Drugs
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Drugs Thesis Since the current US antidrug policies have been proven not to be effective and have not led to decreased rates of illegal drug use, decriminalizing or legalizing illicit drug use may be a more effective alternative and have a beneficial impact on American society as a whole. Outline Introduction An Argument against Decriminalizing or Legalizing Drugs History of US Drug Laws Current Fallout from Drug Laws - Why we need to Decriminalize/Legalize Hard Drugs Proposed Changes, Alternatives or Modifications to the Current System Examination of Successful Programs Elsewhere Conclusion Introduction In the United States, there is much debate about whether... or not to decriminalize...
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Prescription Drugs
Prescription Drugs
3 pages (750 words)
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...drugs An insight into the rising costs of prescription drugs in US Summer Introduction Health care spending in the United States was 17.6% of GDP in 2009, estimated to be about $2.5 trillion ($8,086 per resident) and is forecasted to grow to 19.2% in 2015 (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 2009). This makes the US the highest spender in terms of actual dollars per capita, as well as Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Prescription drugs amount to 10% of overall healthcare expenditure, about $250 billion in 2009 (GAO, 2011). The following chart outlines the evolution of government spending on prescription drugs. What is fueling the rise in prescription drugs costs? A number of factors... ?Prescription...
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Illegal Drugs
Illegal Drugs
1 pages (250 words)
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...drugs A group of Colombians connects to Chinese counterfeit market to launder money for illegal drug traffickers in the United States, Europe, and Asia. This money travels through many places disguised in companies’ names and involve exchanges that make it hard to link it with the drugs. Some transactions involved getting clean Colombian pesos from dirty American dollars using Black Market Peso Exchange. The arrest of the three men believed to be ringleaders confirm these transactions. The men make profits worth millions of dollars for the cartels and enable them to sell their drugs in the United States (Casey, 1). The...
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DIURETICS DRUGS
DIURETICS DRUGS
2 pages (500 words)
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...Drugs Objectives under the Bloom’s Taxonomy The following Cognitive Domain objectives cover the mental skill and knowledgein relation to the understanding of diuretic drugs. i. To gather information and recognize/recall the information in future. This cognitive domain usually involves the listing, identifying, recognizing or visualizing knowledge that was previously taught or captured. ii. To change attitude and understand ourselves more under the affective domain that deals with the growth both in feelings and emotions. iii. To develop and renew skills which are in manual or physical form after educative sessions on diuretics drugs under the psychomotor domain (Bloom, et. al. 1984). Type... Diuretic...
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