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Yasser Arafat and Tawakel Karman: The Struggle for Peace
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Arafat and Tawakel Karman: The Struggle for Peace Introduction The twenty-first century has witnessed major conflicts all around the world, especially in the Islamic world. And in these conflict-ridden regions emerge great leaders, like Yasser Arafat and Tawakel Karman, who received the internationally acclaimed award—the Nobel Peace Prize. Looking at the life and works of these leaders shed light on the reasons why they were chosen to receive the prestigious award. Arafat and Karman were both activists who spent much of their time, resources, and effort to promote the interests of their country and their people. This essay discusses and analyzes the achievements of Yasser Arafat and Tawakel...
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Assess the role of the United States in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Has it been a blessing A curse A mixed-bag What, if anything, should change
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Arafat on July 5, 2000, to come to Camp David to continue their negotiations on the Middle East... U.S. IN THE MIDEAST The United s’ involvement in the Mideast conflict has been a mixed bag. There have certainly been great benefits to some parties to the conflict, for example, Israel, Egypt, and Jordan, but in some ways its involvement has extended the crisis perhaps unnecessarily. The major players are too dependent on the U.S., which is sometimes quite fickle and lacking attention about its role in the region. One of the biggest times in recent history that the U.S. has tried to mediate this conflict was in 2000. President Clinton announced his invitation to Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Arafa...
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Significant Events in the Middle East After 1850
5 pages (1250 words)
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...ARAFAT Yasser Arafat was born in 1929 in the city of Cairo by a Palestinian father with an ancestry of Egypt and his mother was a Palestinian. His mother died while he was just 5 years of age. Subsequently, he moved to live with a material uncle in the city of Jerusalem. After living in Jerusalem for four years, his father took him back to the city of Cairo to be taken care of by an elder sister alongside other siblings. he never attended his fathers funeral in the year 1952. While in Cairo, before age 17, Arafat used to smuggle fire arms to Palestine with the aim of their being used against the Jews... Running Head: MIDDLE EAST PART 1916- Correspondences of McMahon between the Cairos High...
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Conflicts
9 pages (2250 words)
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...Arafat helped bring about these political changes (Schanzer 2009: 30). As Khomeini remained in exile in France, Arafat’s Lebanon-based guerrilla network, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) supported the former by giving military training and weapons (Schanzer 2009: 30). The first members... ? Israel and Iran: Cold War Years 23 October ISRAEL AND IRAN: COLD WAR YEARS Iran and Israel do not have common borders, have not attacked each other in a war and have no problems with territorial claims, and yet they are now in a sensitive state of cold war years (Menashri 2006: 109). Furthermore, in the Pahlavi era, as well as since the 1960s, the two countries established close ties, close enough to be...
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Reasons for the Failure of Camp David of 2000
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
...Arafat. This is why most of the people associated the failure of the talks to Arafat who did not make any positive response. The whole process of negotiations ignored the fact that they should have established the history of the conflict. In order to resolve any conflict or problem, it is always important to establish first how it started and the factors that led to it. A problem is better attacked from its roots. They should have also established the relations... Task Reasons for the Failure of Camp David of 2000 Introduction The Camp David summit was an assembly that involved the United States, Israel and Palestine. It involved the leaders of those countries coming together to discuss the way forward...
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Oslo Agreement of 1993
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Arafat's perception that his lack of concrete gains was enhancing the strength... Running head: Outline the main provision of the Oslo Agreement of 1993 and evaluate critically the responses to it of the main actors in the Middle East Outline the main provision of the Oslo Agreement of 1993 and evaluate critically the responses to it of the main actors in the Middle East [The name of the writer appears here] [The name of institution appears here] Introduction Since the signing of the September 1993 Oslo agreement, the Israel- Palestine 'peace process' has been punctuated by a series of dramatic developments. (Finkelstein, 1996). The security environment in the Middle East has becom...
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Hajj The Pilgrimage to Makkah
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat and Makkah, about 4 miles east of Makkah. The pathway into this plain passes through a hill called Aqaba. Pilgrims must reach this place before noon so that prayers may be offered. On way to Mina and in Mina pilgrims should continue to recite religious prayers like Durud, Kalma and Talbiah. 6F. Journey to Arafat... Hajj The Pilgrimage to Makkah HAJJ: Hajj also known as the pilgrimage to Makkah constitutes the fifth and the last act of worship prescribed by Islam. Literal meaning of Hajj is the will and desire to visit, but in the terminology of Islamic law or Shariah, it means to visit the Holy Kaabah which was built by Prophet Adam for the worship of God (Allah). Pilgrimage to the house of God ...
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Narrative of a Pilgrimage By Abdellah Hammoudi
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Arafat, in circumambulating the Ka'ba, and in running between Safa and Marwa (pg. 49). He entered the territory wearing a clad as a pilgrim (be 'ihram... A Season in Mecca: Narrative of a Pilgrimage By Abdellah Hammoudi The pilgrimage to Mecca is the fifth pillar of Islam, and it has been performed byMuslims every year for the past fourteen centuries. According to Abdellah Hammoudi, "I am a Muslim", he writes, "Who continually questions the religion's fundamentals but fiercely maintains its ethos". In his own words, "I was leaving my home to go to my mythological home, the only one I could inhabit, and the one that accepted me as a being adrift in the world: a home of eternity where I have always been, ...
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Development Of Saudi Arabia
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Arafat and Muzdalifah.” (Wikipedia) Railways is also being developed in the country, this is another good step towards progress and this will give the people of Saudi Arabia several options. Railways is a very good way to travel from one place to another and if the people of Saudi Arabia find the roads to be too congested, they can travel by railways, this will give them a very good experience and this will also give them great satisfaction. Works Cited Roads (2009). Asia Trade Hub http://www.asiatradehub.com/saudiarabia/roads.asp (Accessed on 27 November 2009) Transportation (2009). Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_Saudi_Arabia (Accessed on 27 November 2009)... Roads: “With the...
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Palestinian Islamic Jihad
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Arafat and Barak in order to end all the hostilities with the terrorist group in Paris. This meeting included... PALESTINIAN ISLAMIC JIHAD First 16-04 No.JS133S11 PART PALESTINIAN ISLAMIC JIHAD PROFILE Palestinian Islamic Jihad. COUNTRY: It was formed in Egypt, In 1987, the PIJ was exiled to Lebanon and kept their operations running in Gaza. In Collaboration with the Lebanese organization the group became well trained by Hezbollah during the stay in Lebanon. Hence, in 1989 PIJ shifted to Damascus and staying there to date (Oritz, 2010). YEAR FORMED: This organization was formed in late 1970s (Oritz, 2010). LEADERSHIP: Fathi Shaqaqi and Abdul Aziz Awda developed PIJ, later on was led by Ramadan A...
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Israeli-Arabs Peace Negotiations
3 pages (750 words)
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...Arafat and the refugees demanding to be redressed. Arafat had no option, but to break the peace accord. The Abu Ala felt challenged. They were not impressed with the accord that gave the Palestine less autonomy over their own land and the fact that it was just signed by a few leaders (Laura & Neli 145). Rabin and Perez... Israeli-Arabs Peace Negotiations The unsuccessful attempts to resolve Arab-Israel conflict for over centuries challenges the tenability and inherent optimism of the assumption that all conflicts can be resolved. Both Israelis and Palestinians have defined their national goals and expressed beliefs, which even appear incompatible when, set down side by side. Up to the recent times, both ...
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Hajj
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat to stand in the open praising Allah. It is believed that the Prophet Muhammad delivered his... The fifth pillar of Islam, hajj Hajj, the 5th pillar of Islam and a fundamental Islamic practice, is the pilgrimage to Mecca and the most imperative manifestation of Islamic faith and unity in the world. It is welcomed as an outstanding spiritual gathering of over four million Muslims from all over the world. Apparently, being a once in a lifetime obligation, although millions of Muslims attend it severally, Muslims consider it as a fundamental obligation that they always strive to fulfill. It also culminates as the ritual that the Prophet Muhammad performed during his last pilgrimage. The Hajj is...
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The Pilgrimage to Mecca
3 pages (1000 words)
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...Arafat waiting for the ninth day where we performed wuquf which is ritual carried out while standing. After this, we went back to Muzdalifa to spend the night. The days spent at Arafat are probably the best moments during the Hajj. Arafat... Personal Pilgrimage Essay The Pilgrimage to Mecca As I grew up, I dreamt of making the pilgrimage to Mecca. I heard stories and details about Mecca and as a Muslim faithful this was an exciting event that was significant to the life of any Muslim. Among the five pillars of Islam is that every Muslim should at least once in their lifetime make a pilgrimage to Mecca the Holy City of the Muslim religion. Mecca is a very significant location for the Muslim faithful as...
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Palestinian Islamic Jihad
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Arafat and Barak in order to end all the hostilities with the terrorist group in Paris. This meeting included the French President Jacques Chirac and UN Secretary General Kofi Anna... ? PALESTINIAN ISLAMIC JIHAD First 16-04 No.JS133S11 PART PALESTINIAN ISLAMIC JIHAD PROFILE Palestinian Islamic Jihad. COUNTRY: It was formed in Egypt, In 1987, the PIJ was exiled to Lebanon and kept their operations running in Gaza. In Collaboration with the Lebanese organization the group became well trained by Hezbollah during the stay in Lebanon. Hence, in 1989 PIJ shifted to Damascus and staying there to date (Oritz, 2010). YEAR FORMED: This organization was formed in late 1970s (Oritz, 2010). LEADERSHIP: Fathi Shaqaqi...
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Why did the Oslo Peace Process of the 1990s fail to deliver the promise of a just and lasting peace between Israel and the Pales
34 pages (8500 words) , Download 1
...Arafat dated on the 9th (Arafat) and 10th September (Rabin). In Arafat’s letter to Rabin he pledged to “recognize Israel’s right to live in peace and security” and to “renounce the use of terrorism and other acts of violence” (Shlaim, 1994, p. 25). Although more elaborate in press... ?Reasons Why The Oslo Peace Process Of The 1990s Failed To Deliver The Promise Of A Just And Lasting Peace Between Israel And The Palestinians By Student Name Course Institution Date Abstract The Oslo Accords of the 1990s promised to bring an end to the conflicts over control of Palestine. Just when the world thought the tensions were about to be contained and a bi-lateral agreement would ensure that Israel and Palestine...
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Evaluate the changes in Israeli policy towards the Palestinians and account for the recognition it finally gave the PLO in 1993
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Arafat became the most popular Palestinian terrorist group. This group would evolve into much more than a mere terrorist group, however in the beginning the PLO was just a terrorist organization. In the 1970’s some of the PLO terrorists acts are as follows: The 1970 Avivim school bus massacre by Palestinian militants, killed nine children, three adults and crippled 19. In 1974 members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP), another faction affiliated with the PLO, seized a school in Israel and killed a total of 26 students... War and Peace in the Middle East" The conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis is deeply rooted. The current conflict can be d back a century when...
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The conflict in the Middle East
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Arafat and Israel’s Yitzhak Rabin who made an attempt at finding peace by agreeing to a framework to eventually lead to peace (Crocker 539. The main result of the accord was Arafat admitting the right of Israel to exist as a state and Israel committing itself to withdrawing from the Palestinian territories. The second attempt at sorting this issue was the Camp David Summit (20002), in which the then US president Bill Clinton brought together Israeli Prime minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat but it bore no fruit. Several organizations or parties having military... Teacher: due: One of the complex issues in the world today and of interest to both enemy and foe as well as the rest of...
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Does outside interference from international players by providing foreign aid & accommodation impede or promote democracy based on their own political interests at the expense of the quasi-states, their populations and potential for successful democracy
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Arafat (El-Hassan 26). Criticism piled... International Interference to Quasi s Aid offered to Palestinian and Kurdish government ities impede domestic governance. The domestic situations in Iraq and Palestine demand foreign assistance, which come at some price. United Nation and United States among other international players use the aid they offer to these nations to institute policies, which are against the will of the Palestinian and Kurdish governments. The players send their representatives who lobby for certain policies. For instance, Palestinian conflict with Israel has attracted interest of United States and other western countries, which back peace process that restricts the action of the...
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Reasons for Israels Invasion to Lebanon in 1982
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Arafat), their presence in the country would further deteriorate. The agreement between the IDF and the Christian Phalanges was a pivotal success in the fight against the Syrians and the PLO from Lebanon. After seizing Beirut, the PLO and the Syrian forces began moving out... . The PLO leader, Yasser Arafat, agreed in principle to the ceasefire treaty to leave the country at first, but later refused to go to any other country. Bashir Gemayel, a Christian leader, became the president of Lebanon. Nonetheless, he was killed a few weeks later in Beirut, which led to the entering of IDF in Western Beirut. According to the agreement between the Christian Phalanges and the IDF, the...
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Arab-Israeli Peace Process
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Arafat, President Bush perceived Arafat as a corrupt... Arab-Israeli Peace Process During 1947 to 1982 five major Arab Israel wars have taken place since UN detachment of Palestine and the formation contemporary Israel state in 1948. A number of sporadic clashes have also been there. In1979, a peace treaty was signed by Israel and Egypt and in 1994 the war between Jordan and Israel came to an end. Somewhere else, the resentment among Israel and its neighboring Arab countries turned complex because of the insist of Palestinian Arabs for an self-governing state in the region occupied by Israel. Operation Peace for Galilee As stated by Ovendale, on June 6, 1982, Israel launched a full-scale invasion of Leb...
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Persian Gulf Wars of 1991 & 2003
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Arafat and his legacy Yasir Arafat is known as a revolutionary Palestinian leader who achieved international recognition for his contribution to the Palestinian cause and his failure to bring peace, victory, and independence for his people (Rubin & Rubin, 2005). His legacy is seen in his contributions towards shaping the Palestinian state and giving it an independent identity and statehood. It is apparent in the giant strides taken in the form of participation of the two countries in the peace process, despite its eventual failure and his unrelenting efforts in creation of the Palestinian state. (Del Testa, Lemoine, and Strickland, 2001; Goldschmidt Jr... ?Persian Gulf Wars of 1991 and 2003 Introduction: ...
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Mecca
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat; a small hill on which Muhammad is believed to have delivered his final sermon to his followers. Instead of representing rituals only, Mecca is meant to be a place... the Muslim tradition, the importance of Mecca cannot be underestimated. Ultimately, Mecca is the towards which all Muslims are directed to pray during their 5 daily prayers. Moreover, it is believed by Muslims that Mecca, and specifically Ka’ba (the first piece of earth every created according to Muslims) was also the site in which Abraham supposedly built the first mosque. However, if this is not enough, Mecca is also the site of the Hajj; a yearly trek that leads hundreds of thousands of Muslims to Mecca as a ritual that all...
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Ethno Nationalist Terrorism
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Arafat.4 It became increasingly radical as Israel continuously achieved military success, and more uncompromising about returning territories seized from the Arabs. Even more radical factions formed within the PLO, such as the Palestinian Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Black September. These factions argued that the best way to force Israel to hand back the occupied territories was through terrorist activities.5 The Islamic Resistance Movement, or, Hamas, was the offspring of the intifada, which signified the onset of the real political... dear client, please do not submit this to your I have to revise this according to APA format. I am also revising the content because I misunderstood...
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What the Arab States Can Do To Help Bring About Perpetual Peace between Israel and the Palestinians
20 pages (5000 words)
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...Arafat’s Fatah guerrilla organization in a bomb explosion in Cyprus. The PLO alleged that these officers had been assassinated by the Israeli secret service and this allegation was denied by Israel. In the midst of these developments in February 1988, UN proposed a resolution... No: Table of Contents Problem Definition 2 Research questions 2 Methodology 3 Several peace agreements and interventions have been put in place to help solve the problem, for instance, between the period of 1993 and 2001, Israel, the Palestine liberation organization (PLO) and the Palestinian authority (PA) had signed various peace agreements. This was to enhance peace-making process and terminate the long lasting conflict but...
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What are the roots of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Arafat accepted... ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: A BRIEF OVERVIEW Introduction The middle-east crisis is thousands of years old conflict from where three oldest and major religions of Christianity, Islam and Zionism originated. The land with an area of about 10,000 square miles east of Mediterranean Sea has been the most crucial factor affecting foreign policies of all major countries of the world. The ownership, demography and area have greatly fluctuated during this long history. Present Israel extends from Jordan river to the Mediterranean, with Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north and Jordan in the east. The identified borders are about 78% while the rest is land occupied during operations like 6-day...
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No State Sponsors, No Terror argument
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Arafat, whom Jasper characterizes as the “Crown Prince of modern terrorism”, mastered this art of deception with the Black September terrorist organization responsible for the terrorist... Introduction Jasper’s article No Sponsors, No Terror argues that terrorism thrives only with the aid of sponsorship and support. Terrorism is by nature a clandestine operation and as such, states will not overtly admit complicity in terrorist activities. In this regard, terrorism represents the epitome of irregular warfare and confirms 6th century B.C. Chinese military general Sun Tzu’s contention that “all warfare is based on deception.”1 This essay analyses Jasper’s No State Sponsors, No Terror and argues that while...
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Listening activity
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat. "Listening Comprehension Problems - Voices From The Classroom." Language In India 12.8 (2012): 1-49. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 3 Feb. 2013.... Section/# Listening Skill As a function of the personal analysis which was performed within the space of the exercise that has previously been completed, I was able to notice more than a few key concerns and opportunities for improvement that were exhibited within the listening abilities that had been measured. This brief analysis will work to attempt to categorize and rank these concerns and opportunities for improvement as well as to state the underlying reasons for why these have taken place as well as a listing of possible...
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Why did the Oslo Peace Process fail
18 pages (4500 words) , Download 1
...Arafat (PLO Chairman), Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin, and President Bill Clinton of the United States of America (Brown, 2003). The documents were also supported and signed by other official signatories, including Mahmoud Abbas for the PLO, Shimon Peres, foreign minister for Israel, the US Secretary of State Warren Christopher for the US as well as Andrei Kozyrev, the foreign minister for Russia (Brown, 2003). The Accord supported the establishment of a Palestinian interim self-government, including the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). This PNA was set to bear responsibility... ?Why Did the Oslo Peace Process Fail? Chapter 2: What was agreed at Oslo (1993-1995) The Oslo I Accord or simply...
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Hamas
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Arafat. (Hajjar, 1993). It was also believed that the success of Hamas as political as well as terrorist organization largely depended on the failure of PLO and Yasser Arafat and that the Oslo agreement between Arafat and Israel, brokered by US, provided Hamas necessary political support in the region to flourish and strengthen its roots. (Kristianasen, 1999). It is also believed that Hamas, having an Islamic Brotherhood beginning, emerged as a new militant movement in the region colored with the Islamic hue and it was because of this that Hamas was able to won the elections. Hamas Objectives Hamas is an organization which seems... Contents Introduction Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamia or Hamas as it is...
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Failure of Oslo Peace Process
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...Arafat begun negotiations that were meant to resolve the conflict. A mutual recognition was granted and declarations of principles were initiated agreeing to establishment of Palestinian self-government in parts of Gaza strip and West bank (Selby, 2003, p. 182). The accord was agreed upon and signed in 1993 where timetables and frameworks of Palestinians transition to self-rule and address border issues, Jerusalem and Israeli settlements and establishment of Palestinian state... ? Failure of Oslo Peace Process Israel and the Palestinians conflict Before European colonized Palestine in1800, there was no Israel-Palestine conflict. Replacement and subsequent immigration of the Zionist into the Palestine...
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Israel and Gaza
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Arafat and the Palestinians refused this framework for peace. In 1994, the implementation of Palestinian self-government in Gaza and Jericho a began in earnest and later that year Israeli... In early January 2009, Israel launched a deadly assault into Gaza. It has been suggested that a two solution would end the conflict inGaza where Palestinians would have a separate state along Israel in the West Bank and Gaza strip. This paper will argue that to understand the suggested two-state solution for Israel and the Palestinians, one must first understand the origins of the conflict. An overview of the history is presented between the Arabs and Israelis up until the present conflict. Arguing that...
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Seeds of the Peace
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat they did not find any leader who can project the problems of the region in front of the world in and efficient and effective manner. Palestinian also cleared their point of view regarding the suicide bombing. They suggested that although it is a reaction towards the action... “Seeds of the Peace” Despite the critical situation existing in Palestine and Israel thereare many people at both sides of the border who are interested in bringing peace and harmony in their region. One such example is the graduates of Seeds of the Peace. These graduates are working together to convert the dream into reality. Among the proponents of the concept is Mahmoud Jabri, a photographer and journalist from west bank...
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Ritual Dimension: MALCOLM X'S HAJJ
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat, while “crying in unison” was an event in the following day and prayer and chanting followed from noon till evening (160). Lifting hands in “prayer and thanksgiving” marked the end of the pilgrimage (160). God’s Judgment on White America What is the answer to the race problem, according to Malcolm X? Malcolm’s answer to the race problem is the change in social context in which the ex slaves are isolated from their ex master and in which the ex slaves lives in “peace and security” among the same people (286). Compare and contrast Malcolm Xs message in this selection with Jerry Falwells sermon after 9-11 that we read earlier in the semester.... Ritual dimension: Malcolm X’s HAJJ Carmody Book  What...
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Why did the Oslo Peace Process fail (Dissertation Introduction)
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat in Washington on September 13th, 1993, appeared to denote a dream come true – two hitherto sworn enemies, Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), officially recognised each other and put their signatures under a peace agreement, aka the Declaration of Principles (Selby, 2003, p.4; Mattar, 2005, p.66). The Declaration was intended to set the framework and timetable as well for further bilateral negotiations and agreements that shortly thereafter gained currency as the Oslo Accord; which, in turn, suggested the possibility of peace between Israel and the Palestinians being... Introduction After eight rounds of secret talks, the famous handshake between Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser...
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International Legal Personality
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Arafat who was on exile in Tunisia was able to reform and take control. According to Michael Kelly premises but never peace article "Arafat's entry into Gaza was an object lesson... Order 194033 International legal personality (international law) Concept of International Legal Personality. The concept of International Legal Personality has had mixed opinions from various quarters. However with time the concept has almost become accepted universally. International Legal Personality Initially was thought to be possessed by only recognized states, but with lapse of time some International Organizations have also been recognized as International Legal Personalities. In clear terms an International Legal Pe...
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Political sciences
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Arafat, who was the undisputed leader of Palestine the Palestinian side has been divided by conflict between the two major factions: Fatah and Hamas. The unity of Palestine has lost after the death of their beloved leader Arafat. Now there is not a single leader in Palestine who can derive respect from the entire Palestine community. Moreover at present Hamas is controlling Gaza Strip and Fatah is controlling the West Bank which made the things even worst. Any solutions reached for this conflict must be recognized by these two factions. Possible solutions for Palestine – Israel conflict Though many international organizations has suggested many solutions for this conflict, nothing... Palestinian...
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History
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat died. He was leader... Week 15 Assignment: Ch. 29 – Challenges of Nation-Building in Africa & the Middle East Due Saturday, April 23rd, by midnight *All assignments must be typed, single spaced, & submitted on the Moodle website. *Please use spell check to correct spelling and grammar mistakes. Read Chapter 29 and answer the following: (worth 15 points each) 1. Compare and contrast the Six-Day War – its’ events and results – with the Yom Kippur War – its events and results. The Six Day War was caused by border skirmishes between Israel and their Arab neighbors. The Palestinian partisans were funded and backed by the Arab neighbors. On May 1967, Nassar (Egypts President) had the UN withdraw from...
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Politics in the Arab world
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Arafat who was synonymous with the Palestine struggle and the PLO. Arafat succeeded in achieving a Palestinian... Understanding the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: A Primer by Phyllis Bennis Violence in the Middle East The two sides are responsible for the violence with each side culpable in its own way. On one hand, the Israelis continued military occupations against the Geneva Conventions exacerbate the violence. Conversely, some Palestinians use violence against military targets in Israel although international law recognizes it as lawful (Bennis). Nevertheless, the importance role of the region in religion and Washington’s policy, which is at the expense of taxpayer’s money, are two reasons why people...
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Oslo Peace Initiative
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Arafat. Though the United States entered the scene and made it a personal agenda to restore peace in the Middle East, only limited progress was made in the 1978 Camp David negotiations because of mutual distrust and suspicion between the two parties. Even though this eventually brought about the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty, dissatisfaction and stalemate in the situation led to the First Intifadaor the Arab Revolt in 1987-91 in Gaza Strip and West Bank. There was change... Why has the Oslo Peace Initiative failed to achieve lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians In order to understand the failure of the OsloPeace Accord (1993) between Israel and Palestine, it is imperative to know a brief...
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Palestine/Israel conflict
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Arafat; and the group joined the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in June of 1964. Yasser Arafat who headed a vast assortment of guerilla commandos and fighters initiated many aggressive and brutal acts of terror and violence upon Israel and Israeli assets and personnel all over the world. Israel retaliated in several different ways, which included commando operation of their own against the PLO, the murders of leading PLO figures... Full [March 07, Palestine/Israel conflict History mapping:             The 10,000 square miles that is Palestine and Israel is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean. It is the place where the most important historical events took place and changed the very...
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Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 2
...Arafat and the PLO in 1994 and Israel was agreeable to gradually transfer land to this authority. However, theOslo peace processgot slowed down as both the parties did not stick to agreements they made and the leadership on both sides failed to build confidence and to prepare their own people for the necessary compromises. Thus, confrontations continued and the peace process gradually dragged on towards the negotiations on Camp David in 2000 which was also... Political Sciences The Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the ongoing dispute between the Israelis and the Palestinians, has been comprehended as a prototype of a conflict in the phase of peace consolidation and several pertinent issues lie beneath the...
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Dick cheney's influence on foreign policy in the white house
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Arafat as a precondition for U.S. support... Dick Cheneys influence on foreign policy in the White House The Vice Presidency of the United States is a position that has wielded little power throughout the course of history. After the president, the Secretary of State and the White House national security adviser traditionally hold the most influence regarding foreign policy. Administration officials and other Washington insiders claim that the current Vice President, Dick Cheney, has taken control of foreign affairs in the Bush administration. The buck seems to stop with Cheney on matters of foreign policy decisions. According to Douglas Brinkley, a presidential historian at the University of New...
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Politics of the Contemporary Middle East
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Arafat and Prime Minister Rabin of Israel signed the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government as applicable to the people of Palestine (Amin, 1989). The Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government basically pertained to being a program of negotiations that were to be carried out under a tight schedule. It provided that Israel would withdraw from Gaza in four months. Internal security would be maintained by Palestinian forces while Israel retained the complete responsibility of foreign affairs and external security. Israel would transfer authority to Palestinian authorities in areas of tourism, direct taxation, social welfare, health and education and Palestine... ? Politics of the...
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History / current events
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat genuinely sought peace. “By two to one, Europeans take the Palestinians’ side. Fewer and fewer Europeans see Israel’s existence as sacred.” (Ottolenghi 2004). Anti-Jewish violence in France often centers around the most obviously observant Jews. Many Europeans, still vastly sympathetic of the Holocaust, yet deny the right of an Israeli state as do many Americans whose government supports sovereignty... As Long as Israel Exists Middle East Peace Will Not Israel has existed as a nation for nearly 63 years. The Arab nations voiced immediate opposition following the formation of Israel and vowed to fight what they view as the stealing of Muslin lands in a struggle that continues to this day. Though...
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Article review of Can Hamas Be Tamed
3 pages (750 words)
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...Arafat, Hamas rolled itself as a political party and took part in the elections and subsequently won the election also. This participation by Hamas was however, not welcomed by both Israel and US... ?Introduction This article d “Can Hamas Be Tamed” has been written by Michael Herzog and appeared in the “Foreign Affairs” Magazine March 2006 edition. This article discusses as to whether the participation of Hamas in the regular electorate process within the region will help to evolve to the position of respectability and thus gradual weakening of its terrorist ideologies. Author argue that evidence suggest that those organizations which have also actively took part in the electorate process along with...
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Leadership Profile Paper (communication)
3 pages (750 words)
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...Arafat against strong criticism and opposition from world superpowers is unique. United States also earned him a reputation of being a fearless leader who stands for the truth all the time. His good... Analysis of a Familiar Leader: Nelson Mandela Institution Analysis of a Familiar Leader: Nelson Mandela The Nelson Mandela is the first South African black president and the most renowned and respected African leader. Mandela is famous for his fight against South African apartheid. At that time, the racial discrimination from the blacks and the whites took all forms of attention from the existing state. Mandela’s struggle for the freedom and liberation of South Africa from the yoke of colonialism lead h...
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State sponsors of Terrorism
2 pages (500 words)
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...Arafat who was the most prominent leader of Palestine. Another active state sponsored terrorist example is of Pakistan’s support to the militant groups operating Kashmir against Indian forces. Pakistan provides funds and training to these groups using which they carry out attacks on Indian forces. Their main cause is to gain independence from Indian occupation and Pakistan has... SPONSORS OF TERRORISM goes here] [Your goes here] [Due the paper] Different Types of Sponsors of Terrorism Terrorism is one of the most critical issues being faced by almost every country of the world. In general, terrorism is known as some sort of violent act against unarmed civilians committed by the non-state actors. As...
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Failure of democracy in developing countries
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...Arafat, former President of Palestine, the US exerted pressure on the Palestinians to conduct nationwide democratic elections which brought Hamas, a radical militant political party which is known to be involved in many terrorist attacks in Israel, into the power. As this wasn’t the result which the Western power expected, quickly the result was declared devious and financial sanctions were imposed in Palestine, provoking further tensions between the West and Muslim world over Israel-Palestine conflict. Invalidity of the Democratic Peace Theory Paradox of Democracy Conclusion (Continue)... Failure of Democracy in Developing Countries al Affiliation Failure of Democracy in Developing Countries...
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Leaders and the Arab-Israeli Conflict: a Comparative Study
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Arafat... ?Arab and Israeli Leaders: A Comparative Study The Palestinian-Israeli conflict is one of the oldest and most complicated conflicts in the world. This conflict is so complicated that it is usually referred to as an Arab-Israeli conflict rather than just a conflict between two countries. Historically, this conflict started with the Sykes-Picot agreement and Balfour Declaration in 1917 and it witnessed a breakthrough in the Arab-Israeli relations when Egyptian President Anwar Sadat made an unprecedented, historic visit to Israel in November 1977 and addressed the Israeli people with words of reconciliation and peace. His visit marked the first time an Arab leader made significant overtures to the ...
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What were the status and the roles of Jews under Islamic Rule Discuss 3 issues
3 pages (750 words)
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...Arafat tried... JEWS UNDER ISLAMIC RULE Jews were always seen as enemies in most of the countries, the reasons might be anything, might be their intelligence, their economic power, their ability to handle difficult situations, etc. The Jews were known not only for their marketing abilities and also inventive skills, and were always successful in whatever career they have chosen. Jews were seen as enemies in many societies. During the Second World War it seemed as perfect situation for those people who always hated the Jews and used their forces to suppress them. The war has witnessed thousands of Jews being brutally murdered and thrown out of their respective countries. The Nazi forces had committed many ...
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