aspirin
2 pages (500 words) , Assignment
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...Aspirin Aspirin Aspirin is one of the major and oldest pain killers used in the medical science. It is assumed that almost 40000 tonnes of aspirinare consumed every year worldwide. It has many other medical uses in the treatment of fever, inflammation, swelling rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, and mild infection. Even though the discovery or isolation of Aspirin took place in 1897 through a German chemist; Felix Hoffmann, many scientists worked behind the curtain from 1826 onwards to identify a pain relieving drug. In 1828, Johann Buchner, professor of pharmacy at the University of Munich, isolated a tiny amount of...
Aspirin
14 pages (3500 words) , Download 10 , Coursework
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...Aspirin is one of the most widely used compounds in the world. It is used for a number of reasons in the medical community, including as ananalgesic and for its blood thinning properties. Due to its popularity, there are several different brands of aspirin on the market, all of which will have different amounts of salicylic acid as their active ingredient. Using the determination of this purity as a base, the experiment will compare the effectiveness of different purification methods, as well as exploring several important chemical ideas, such as concentration and theoretical yields. The whole experiment has been risk assessed to ensure complete safety in the laboratory during the process... ...
Aspirin
7 pages (1750 words) , Term Paper
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...Aspirin, which is also known as acetylsalicylic acid. This paper presents detailed medical properties of it. Additionally this paper examines the various circumstances when Aspirin is prescribed by doctors and the typical patient profile for such drugs. Aspirin is synonymous for acetylsalicylic acid, which functions mainly as pain and fever reliever, and as an anti-inflammatory treatment. Aspirin decreases prostaglandin production which results in decrease in prostaglandin which alleviates inflammation and pain. As with all drugs, aspirin also has side-effects, details of which are discussed in the paper below. Lastly this summary of the literature... You’re 2-Sep-16 This paper is based on the study of...
Synthesis of Aspirin
1 pages (250 words) , Research Paper
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...Aspirin The purpose of the experiment is to synthesize aspirin form salicylic acid and acetic anhydride according to the following reaction: Figure 1: Synthesis of aspirin (Clayden, et al., 558). A round bottom flask was charged with 1 g (0.0072 mol) of salicylic acid, 3 ml (0.03 mol) of acetic anhydride and 4 drops of 85% phosphoric acid as catalyst. It was equipped with a reflux condenser, heated to 100 F and stirred vigorously. After 15 minutes of boiling 1 ml of water was added to convert all unreacted acetic anhydride to acetic acid. The reflux condenser was removed after 3 minutes to allow all the produced acetic acid to evaporate. The reaction mixture was cooled... Your Module Synthesis of...
Target market and branding (Bayer Aspirin case)
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 4 , Essay
...Aspirin can be of immense importance to the profitability of any health care organization. Bayer Aspirin has been in the market for more than 100 years (Christensen, 2012). In fact, current research indicates that no other pain killer has been around for a long time as Bayer aspirin. Apart from treating pain related illnesses, Bayer Aspirin is used in treating heart attack (Christensen, 2012). Aspirin help in reducing damage to the human heart. In addition, low dose of Bayer... ? Marketing School Affiliation Introduction Marketing plays a particularly significant role in managing a developing organization (JFP, 2009). It involves communicating the values of products or services to potential customers....
Preparation of Acetyl Salicylic Acid (Aspirin)
8 pages (2000 words) , Lab Report
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...Aspirin) 13th December Introduction: Aspirin is the most widely used over the counter non-prescription drug in the United States. The drug is an effective analgesic that can reduce nerve pain, toothache and headache. It also acts as an antipyretic drug where it reduces fever and an anti-inflammatory agent capable of reducing the swelling and redness associated with inflammation. Due to its ability to acts as an anticoagulant, aspirin is an effective agent in the prevention of strokes and heart attack. In the following experiment we embark to acquaint ourselves with a simple laboratory protocol for the synthesis of aspirin. This procedure will use acetic... anhydride and sulfuric acid as the...
Preparation of Acetyl Salicylic Acid (Aspirin)
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...Aspirin) 13th December Introduction: Aspirin is the most widely used over the counter non-prescription drug in the United States. The drug is an effective analgesic that can reduce nerve pain, toothache and headache. It also acts as an antipyretic drug where it reduces fever and an anti-inflammatory agent capable of reducing the swelling and redness associated with inflammation. Due to its ability to acts as an anticoagulant, aspirin is an effective agent in the prevention of strokes and heart attack. In the following experiment we embark to acquaint ourselves with a simple laboratory protocol for the synthesis of aspirin. This procedure will use acetic... Preparation of Acetyl Salicylic Acid...
Role of the kidney and urinary pH in aspirin poisoning
1 pages (250 words) , Download 0 , Research Paper
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...aspirin poisoning Also known as acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin is a mild nonnarcotic analgesic useful for the relief of headache and muscle and joint aches. It is also an effective drug for the relief of fever, inflammation, and swelling and consequently it has been used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, and mild infection (Marx, 2006). Aspirin functions by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, body chemicals that are necessary for blood clotting and are noted for sensitizing nerve endings to pain (Marx, 2006). Due to its ability to inhibit the coagulation of blood it has also been used as an anticoagulant in the treatment... of such conditions as unstable...
Aspirin Use and Pancreatic Cancer Mortality in a large United States Cohort
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin Use and Pancreatic Cancer Mortality in a Large United s Cohort – A Summary Your institute’s Aspirin Use and Pancreatic Cancer Mortality in a Large United States Cohort – A Summary Aspirin use has often been associated with the prevention of many types of cancer. This paper attempts to look into the relationship of aspirin use with deaths by pancreatic cancer. Many studies have been conducted in this regard; however, they have not reached a firm conclusion yet. Some point at there being an inverse relationship present, others conclude that there is a direct relationship, while still others show little to no...
Phosphoaspirin (MDC-43) a novel benzyl ester of aspirin, inhibits the growth of human cancer cells
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...Aspirin – A Summary Your institute’s Phosphoaspirin (MDC-43) Inhibits the Growth of Human Cancer Cell Lines More Potently than Aspirin – A Summary Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), specifically aspirin, have been shown to prevent colon cancer and a few other forms of cancers, however, their effect is weak and there are many side effects associated with their persistent use. Therefore, improved forms of aspirin are constantly being monitored for their role in cancer prevention. A study by Rigas et al. (2008, as cited in Zhao, Mackenzie, Murray, Zhang, and Rigas 2009, p. 512) showed that a new... Phosphoaspirin (MDC-43) Inhibits the Growth of Human Cancer Cell Lines More Potently than...
Does Aspirin Affect the Risk of Developing Myocardial Infarction in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome.
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...aspirin affect the risk of developing myocardial infarction in patients with acute coronary syndrome? Your al affiliationAbstract Myocardial infarction is serious coronary disease and there are many risk factors associated with it. These factors are; age, gender, positive family history of MI, high blood pressure, obesity, high levels of cholesterol, lack of physical activity, diabetes, stress, hypertension, increased serum triglycerides, excessive intake of saturated fats, salt and carbohydrates. Those drugs which are selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and those that are nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, have been shown to increase the risk of reinfarction. This study... will...
Determination of the relative proportions of caffeine and aspirin in proprietary analgesics by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
2 pages (500 words) , Coursework
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...From the graph of caffeine y = 513930X –5000000 From the table Y = 69124507.67 This implies that: 69124507.67 =513930X -5000000 X = (69124507.67+5000000)/ 513930 Thus x= 144.2307 2. y= 13698X+84489 From the table Y = 3498180 This implies that: 3498180= 13698X+84489 X = (3498180-84489)/ 13698 Thus x= 249.21 From graph of ethyl-2-acetoxybenzoate 3. y = 540290X –4000000 From the graph Y = 71959867 This implies that: 71959867=540290X -4000000 X = (71959867+4000000)/ 540290 Thus x= 168.69 4. y= 38480X+33693 From the graph Y = 6270026 This implies that: 6270026= 38480X+33693 X = (6270026-33693)/38480 Thus x= 162.067 Why calibration standards are always analyzed in increasing order... the graph of caffeine y ...
Logics in Computer Science
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin / alcohol and lomotil need to be administered to all the three. Step 2: X cannot aggravate peptic ulcer. This rules out aspirin. Therefore, Peter is administered alcohol for pain and lomotil for Diarrhoea. Y cannot impair lever-function. This rules out lomotil. Therefore, Mary is administered either aspirin or alcohol. Z cannot aggravate eczema. None of the medicines under consideration do that. Therefore, Frank can be administered any of the two pain killers... Logics in Computer Science Question Backward Chaining Method Final target is Peter X 2. Mary Y 3. Frank Z Where X, Y and Z are the variables for the medicine administered. Step 1: X, Y and Z should suppress pain and / or Diarrhoea. Aspir...
Drug Combination
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...Aspirin given before Ibuprofen, the mean % inhibition of platelet aggregation is 100% at the end of 2 hr and there is no considerable decrease at the intervals of 4, 6, 12 and 24 hrs. At the end of 24 hrs the mean % inhibition of platelet aggregation falls only up to 97.9%.This is appears to the safest combinations as there is no considerable fall in the platelet aggregation and hence the anti platelet activity of aspirin is not lost. Moderate Combinations: The other combinations like Aspirin before Rofecoxib, Rofecoxib before aspirin and Diclofenac before aspirin2x daily are similar in sense... that as all of the three have good mean % inhibition of platelet aggregation (99.8%, 97.3 and...
Research Activities
7 pages (1750 words) , Research Paper
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...Aspirin, a history of advertising and review of businesspractices and use Bayer Aspirin has been a household name for 112 years; this product has been shown to be useful for many health reasons and is a long standing staple of many people’s medicine cabinets. The use of advertising for this product and consequently understanding its sales appeal is important to understanding the business practices of Bayer. In the following paper the company history, the product history, advertising history and marketing practices surrounding Bayer Aspirin will be addressed. The journey through highly successful advertising practices and the obvious benefits attached... Here Here with and number here here Bayer Aspirin, ...
Technical Definition and Description
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin Works Introduction The basic concern in pharmacology is the causal-effect of different drugs. The notion behind it is that every drug must have an effect on the person using it, by exerting an influence on body cells or a component of the cell. This notion has been under criticism for a long time, but various medical researchers have proven that drugs in deed have an effect on the users. When one seeks to investigate how a drug works, he or she must first unveil how the drug binds on cells or components of the cell. This informs the person about the processes that occur as a result of binding, leading to the drug effect. A renowned scientist, Paul Ehrlich concluded that drugs cannot... ? How...
Research Activities
7 pages (1750 words) , Research Paper
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...Aspirin, a history of advertising and review of business practices and use Bayer Aspirin has been a household name for 112 years; this product has been shown to be useful for many health reasons and is a long standing staple of many people’s medicine cabinets. The use of advertising for this product and consequently understanding its sales appeal is important to understanding the business practices of Bayer. In the following paper the company history, the product history, advertising history and marketing practices surrounding Bayer Aspirin will be addressed. The journey through highly successful advertising practices and the obvious benefits attached... Here Here with and number here here Bayer...
Thin-Layer Chromatographic Analysis
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, salicylamide, and caffeine. Figure 1: Structures of aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, salicylamide and caffeine (Clayden et al. 558). 3. Aspirin... Your Module Thin-Layer Chromatographic Analysis The following questions can be answered prior to the experiment if so desired: 1. What is the fundamental question in this experiment? The fundamental question of the experiment is to determine what drug is causing the observed overdose. Here it is necessary to carry out the thin layer chromatographic analysis to identify the compounds present in the swallowed tablets and, using this composition, to establish the name of the analgesic drug. 2. Draw the structures of aspirin,...
Product Formulation Portfolio; Evaluation pro-forma 5 (PFPE5)
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin) + C2H4O2 (Acetic acid)  Pyridine New Formula: C7H6O3 (Salicylic acid) +C2OH3Cl (acetyl chloride) C9H8O4 (Aspirin) + HCl (hydrochloric acid) Old Ingredient Amount New ingredient Amount Justification of new ingredient amount is it suitable for this formulation (for example some chemicals can only be used... Product Formulation Portfolio; Evaluation pro-forma 5 (PFPE5) Table 5 How new formula does defer from the old formula including amount for ingredients (include the full list of new formula) Old Formula: C7H6O3 (Salicylic acid) + C4H6O3 (Acetic anhydride)  C9H8O4 (Aspiri...
Study appraisal and synthesis
1 pages (250 words) , Research Paper
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...Aspirin and Simvastatin Combination for Cardiovascular Events Prevention Trial in Diabetes (ACCEPT-D design of a randomized study of the efficacy of low-dose aspirin in the prevention of cardiovascular events in subjects with diabetes mellitus treated with statins 1. If the study methods were appropriate and adequate to answer the research question The study assesses a specific criterion of type 1 and 2 diabetes patients who have no history of cardiovascular events, are not already being treated with aspirin and who are already on treatment with statins or are candidates to start treatment. The study methods are therefore appropriate and adequate to fulfil the aims... Step Appraisal and Synthesis...
Power Point Research Proposal
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin Regimen within three months? Speakers Notes Speakers Notes Slide 1: Background Heart attack is one of the killer diseases that diseases that affect women particularly elderly women aged between 45-75 years. It is estimated that one out four American women dies from heart diseases with most of the highest percentage being older women. Heart attack is a condition that has a number of modifiable risk factors and the lifestyle adopted by women determine their risks to a heart attack (Kokkinos, 2012). A commonly used method to prevent attack in women is the Aspirin... Evidence-Based Practice In women aged 45-75years, does lifestyle modification decrease the risk of a heart attack compared With...
Your task is to develop a model which could be used to inform an economic evaluation
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...aspirin. Both warfarin and aspirin are anti-coagulants, which are administered to prevent the clot formation in the blood vessels of heart, which may lead to cardiovascular diseases. Warfarin and aspirin were administered in patients at risk of developing heart problems. Risk category included obese patients, patients with diabetes mellitus. It may seen that, the cost spent for visit of general practitioner without the administration of any medication and with the prescription of aspirin was the same... REPORT ON HEALTH ECONOMIC EVALUATION IN PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCLUAR DISEASES Cardiovascular diseases are one of the third most common diseases that results in death. This report validates the...
Product Strategy, Pricing, and Distribution
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...Aspirin, a health care product, in terms of product strategy (including product life cycle and branding), price, and distribution. Product strategy Aspirin as an external and internal analgesic... is an example of OTC substance that is approved in the United States and manufactured by Bayer. The products strategy of Bayer Aspirin is that they sell their products through retail channels. They aim at attracting and retaining customers by appealing to them to continue using the products in case it works for them (Rogers, 2001). The company boasts of the best and most effective external and internal analgesic. In the introduction state of product lifecycle, Bayer...
assignment
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...aspirin, and ibuprofen are some of the commonly used drugs that belong to the NSAIDs class. In today’s societies, with increased use of pain relievers, it is indeed very difficult to determine which of the available options best suits a particular situation. In such circumstances, NSAIDs and Acetaminophens are the most common drugs used in pain relieving incidences... NSAIDs NSAIDs refer to Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which constitute a of drugs working as analgesic, antipyretic, and whenever taken in higher doses, equally work as anti-inflammatory effects (Arcy and Marmo 18). Analgesic drugs are those that have pain reducing effects whereas antipyretics work in reducing of fevers. Naproxen,...
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
2 pages (500 words) , Download 0 , Essay
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...aspirin and ibuprofen This paper [...] will show the development of NSAID [...] from 1829 where it was started [...] up to the present From the [...] simple salicin to a more complicated [...] but effective COX 1 and COX [...] 2 History of NSAID In the [...] mid 1700s Reverend Edmund Stone wrote... EXAMINATION PROTOCOL PLAGIARISM-FINDER (www.m4-software.com) Examination of the document "C:Documents and SettingsCyberMy Documents158808_order 158808.doc" Time Created 5/28/2007 6:36:02 PM Time last modified 5/28/2007 6:36:02 PM Time last accessed 5/28/2007 6:36:02 PM Number of words 824 Author User Keywords Last author User ANALYSED ORIGINAL SOURCE (extracts) The contribution of Non-Steroidal Anti-Infla...
The contribution of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) to our understanding of developmental advances in the pharmaceutical sciences
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...aspirin and ibuprofen This paper [...] will show the development of NSAID [...] from 1829 where it was started [...] up to the present From the [...] simple salicin to a more complicated [...] but effective COX 1 and COX [...] 2 History of NSAID In the [...] mid 1700s Reverend Edmund Stone wrote... EXAMINATION PROTOCOL PLAGIARISM-FINDER (www.m4-software.com) Examination of the document "C:\Documents and Settings\Cyber\My Documents\158808_order 158808.doc" Time Created 5/28/2007 6:36:02 PM Time last modified 5/28/2007 6:36:02 PM Time last accessed 5/28/2007 6:36:02 PM Number of words 824 Author User Keywords Last author User ANALYSED ORIGINAL SOURCE (extracts) The contribution of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflam...
MKT302 Mod 5 Case: The Marketing Mix: Price
3 pages (750 words) , Coursework
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...aspirin will be illustrated to identify the influences caused by the variables on price determination. In this context, canned vegetables can be categorized as non-basic goods and aspirin as a basic good. Pricing Method of Canned Vegetables In relation to the pricing method of canned vegetables, the availability of substitutes can be observed prevailing at a high degree than that observed in the case of aspirin. Canned vegetables as a non-basic good is often observed to be highly influenced by demand fluctuation in the consumer market owing to various aspects such as economic volatility, consumer awareness and availability of sophisticated vegetable-packaged goods... ? MKT302 Mod 5 Case: The Marketing...
Vascular Dementia
1 pages (250 words) , Research Paper
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...aspirin are prominently used. These drugs... Vascular Dementia A) Explain to the family what is occurring with the client The patient is undergoing transient ischemic attack commonly referred to as TIA, usually, lasts for twenty-four hours. It is a neurologic dysfunction which results from blood deprivation of one or more parts of the brain. It causes blurred or loss of vision, dysarthria, aphasia and mental confusion associated with loss of memory. The formation of thrombus or clot in the blood supply and alarming rate of vasoconstriction may lead to Ischemia. The patient was diagnosed with heart disease six months previously and presently with vascular dementia which is the loss of memory caused by...
Pharmacology
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin... ?Pharmacology Question 1. Glyceryl trinitrate is a vasodilator that has an effect on both veins and arteries. Nitro lingual Pump spray is a dose spray that is metered and contains Glyceryl trinitrate. Each metered dose has a delivery of 400µg for every spray emission and the product conveys Glyceryl trinitrate as spray droplets below the tongue. No inhalation of the spray should take place. An initial one-metered dose ought to be sprayed below the tongue at an attack’s onset, followed by another metered dose within a period of five minutes should pain relief not occur. It is recommended that it should not exceed two metered doses. To prevent exercise-induced angina and other...
acute Myocardial Infarction/ Stroke
2 pages (500 words) , Article
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...aspirin, heparin, enoxaparin, nitrates, beta-blockers and clopidogrel. Aspirin reduces the possibility of mortality, reinfarction and stroke. Combining heparin/enoxaparin in conjunction with aspirin and reperfusion therapy is not universally accepted, but it appears to enhance patency. All patients with AMI should be given chewable aspirin as soon as it is possible and continued indefinitely. For patients unable to take aspirin, clopidrogel is the alternative. When the probability of urgent coronary... Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) Pathophysiology Figure Summary of the pathological processes involved in AMI Plaque Formation V Plaque Rupture : V Thrombosis : V Myocardial Ischemia : V Myocardial Infar...
Medication Management
2 pages (500 words) , Case Study
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...Aspirin could only be used to solve transient ischemic attack, for the patient's worsening ischaemic heart disease, a maintenance drug such as Nifedifine (Calcigard) should be prescribed assured non-sensitive to it. However, blood pressure must be monitored because it is contraindicated to those with low systolic blood pressure. It should also be taken into consideration that Aspirin can worsen poor kidney function and breathing problems... 1. What further questions, if any, would you like to ask the doctor, and the patient Explain reasons for these questions. To the patient: Would she adhere with her son's suggestion to consult a naturopath It must be considered that alternative medicine may also have a...
Therapies for Stroke
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...aspirin has been... THERAPIES FOR STROKE Introduction The major manifestation of cerebrovascular disease is called as Stroke or brain attack, which is also referred to as the sudden onset of a focal neurological deficit. Any type of pathophysiologic vascular disease of the brain is referred to as cerebrovascular disease. Abnormality of the vessel, blood flow or quality of the blood describes a pathology. Many processes such as developmental defects, arteritis, aneurism, hypertensive disease, vasoconstriction and atherosclerosis describes abnormalities of the vessel. The disease of the vessels or the thrombotic or embolic processes may affect the blood flow. Decrease in blood flow, which can sometimes...
Research Ppaer
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...aspirin for preventing recurrent venous thromboembolism,’ authored by Brighton et al. and published in The New England Journal of Medicine’s November 2012 publication. The study investigated effects of low dose aspirin on recurrence of venous thromboembolism among patients with first episode of unprovoked venous thromboembolism and following exposure to first anticoagulant treatment. The study applied experimental design with 822... ?This is a masters level health research paper critiquing the peer review and the medical imp, actions involved of the topic string medical evidence to dispute or agree with the article..I a, requesting th a writer with a health and medical background write this as this does...
cast study- Iron Deficiency Anemia
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...aspirin after every 3 or 4 hours for six days during her menses increases the chances of further blood loss. Additionally, the ingestion of Aspirin to reduce the stiffness in her joints while playing golf is dangerous to her well-being. Aspirin is non-steroidal in nature and it can trigger gastrointestinal bleeding. According to Burke and Deakin (1998) adolescent females that engage in endurance training bear higher risks of developing iron-deficiency anemia. Medical studies also identify that athletes who go through endurance training are more likely to develop iron-deficiency anemia. It is high likely that the use of more iron that that which is taken in or loss of iron from the body leads...
Discussion Question Week 2-1D
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin results in the development of blood cancer for diabetic patients. Research Question: How blood cancer and excessive Aspirin application are related in diabetic patients? Null Hypothesis: There will be around 70 out of 100 blood cancer patients with history of excessive Aspirin application during diabetic conditions. References Gliner, J.A. & Morgan, G.A. (2000): Research Methods in Applied Settings, Routledge Publications. Taylor, B. & Kermode, S. (2006): Research in Nursing and Health Care: Evidence for Practice, Cengage Learning Australia.... Difference – Research Question & Hypothesis ment: The basic difference between a hypothesis ment and research question is latter’s association with...
Product Formulation Portfolio; Evaluation pro-forma 4 (PFPE4)
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin) + HCl (hydrogen chloride) Old Ingredient New ingredient Why replacing the old one (is it better? more natural? Less toxic?) Chemical Characteristic Role in the formulation Acetic anhydride (CH3CO)2O) Acetyl chloride(C2OH3Cl) The old ingredient (Acetic anhydride) is replaced because it is a less vigorous acylating agent as compared to the new... Product Formulation Portfolio; Evaluation pro-forma 4 (PFPE4) Table4. New formula (including new ingredients/replacement ingredients) formula evaluation Pyridine New Formula: C7H6O3 (Salicylic acid) +C2OH3Cl (acetyl chloride) C9H8O4 (As...
Myocardial Infarction
3 pages (750 words) , Research Paper
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...aspirin, sublingual nitrate, betablockers and pain relief using morphine. Administration of aspirin in the prehospital phase or even after immediate arrival to the hospital has shown to decrease mortality and chances of reinfarction. Those allergic to aspirin must... ?Case Study: Myocardial Infarction Pathophysiology Myocardial infarction occurs as a result of imbalance between the demand and supply of oxygen to the muscles of the heart that is critical enough to result in necrosis of the myocardium. This occurs due to rupture of a plague in coronary artery leading to sudden reduction of blood supply to the portion of myocardium supplied by the coronary artery. Plagues are deposits of cholesterol over...
Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs: Actions and Effects
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...aspirin, an NSAID. These are commonly used to treat mild to moderate pain such as headaches and menstrual cramps and it is also given to patients with fever and minor inflammation. Not just that, it is also a mild pain reliever, and with this they not only attack pain but the source of pain as well as it is said to be anti inflammatory. As these are the main benefits of NSAIDS, they also offer other health benefits. The use of NSAIDs in minimal doses may also help prevent heart attack and stroke. With the Aspirin having that effect on clotting, they may... Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs: Actions and Effects What are NSAIDs all about What can be their effects and side effects What could possibly...
Factors in primary care that influence the recognition and evolution of stable angina into acute myocardial infarction
12 pages (3000 words) , Essay
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...aspirin stabile angina 1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=aspirin%20angina%20pectoris 2. 1187 results Factors in primary care... ?In this study we used National library of medicine (NCBI) website (http www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) and its subcategory - PubMed Central: free, full text journal articles located online at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/. We present the keywords and results from our research: KEYWORD: stabile angina pectoris 1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gquery/?term=myocardial%20infarction%20first 2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=stabile+angina 3. 14302 results KEYWORD: gender angina pectoris 1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term=gender+angina+pectoris 2. 1043 results KEYWORD:...
period pain
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...aspirin or other NSAIDS or are taking other medicines containing naproxen, aspirin or other NSAIDS?1 3- Are you breastfeeding?1 4- Do you have asthma, or a history of high blood pressure, liver, or kidney disease, or are taking any other medications at present?1 5- Are you taking anticoagulant therapy?1 Main counselling points 1. Do not take Naprogesic if you have a stomach ulcer or any other stomach disorder2. Naprogesic is an NSAID and NSAIDs are known to block prostaglandin production3. These prostaglandins help maintain the integrity of the stomach lining, without... Naprogesic for Period Pain Questions to ask Do you have a stomach ulcer or other stomach disorder 2- Are you allergic to Naproxen,...
Non-steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs
8 pages (2000 words) , Book Report/Review
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...aspirin, in use since the last century before the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was formed. For this reason aspirin has always been an over-the-counter drug. The other NSAIDs are prescription drugs except ibuprofen (Advil, Nuprin, and others), ketoprofen (Orudis KT, Actron), and naproxen (Aleve). Other NSAIDs must be approved by the FDA for use in people with arthritis. Acetaminophen (Tylenol and others) is considered a painkiller only and is also sold over the counter. The NSAID group includes aspirin, ibuprofen (marketed under... A systematic review on the effectiveness of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs) on pain relief for patients suffering with stomach cancer Introduction This i...
Failed Products
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin is another example of product failure. Thus having a famous name behind a product that is new does not guarantee success-at times it can... Marketing: Failed products The following 3 examples illustrate companies that recalled failed products; New coke-this product was launched by Coca-Cola in mid-1980s flopped greatly and is taunted as the best example of brand missteps and product flops. It was introduced in the market in an effort to assist the soda company beat competition during the notorious “cola-wars”. However it turned out to be annoying to consumers. This product flopped because of the nasty way in which it was introduced which made regular drinkers of Coke look as if they mattered less ...
cardiovascular disease
10 pages (2500 words) , Research Paper
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...aspirin are least likely to suffer one. Furthermore, the function of the degree of obesity as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases was reported by Hubert, et al, (968) stating that the incidence of experiencing angina, stroke, congestive... Cardiovascular Disease: Causes and Controls of the Chronic Illness Cardiovascular disease is a of disease ofcritical importance not only to medical practitioners but to patients and candidate patients as well. According to the World Health Organization, “Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death and disability in the world. Although a large proportion of cardiovascular disease is preventable, they continue to rise mainly because...
An evaluation of the planning and delivering of nursing care
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 2 , Essay
...aspirin with warfarin (in any dosage) is better than the use of adjusted-dose... ? An Evaluation of the Planning and Delivering of Nursing Care - The Case of a Patient who is at the Risk of Developing Transient Ischaemic Stroke - Student’s Name Student ID Number Course Title & Code Instructor’s Name Date Total Number of Words: 3,000 Introduction Ischaemic stroke, a.k.a. cerebral vascular accident (CVA) is pertaining to “a sudden loss of brain function resulting from a disruption of blood supply to a pert of the brain” (Johnson, 2004, p. 235). Basically, this study will focus in analyzing the case of a 52-year old patients who is at risk of suffering from ischaemic stroke. Considering the case of the...
SMART goal for activities of daily living care plan of MRs.X
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...aspirin must be available with the patient always in case of emergency). 2. Orthopedist (For arthritis) : Medicines like non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), anti-malarials and corticosteroids may be useful) 3. Pathologist (For testing stage of necrosis of skin ulcer) 4. Dermatologist (For skin ulcer) 5. Gastroenterologist (For constipation) : Medicines like Fybogel orange and Dulco Ease that act like facilitators of bowl movement and balanced diet are useful) 6. General Physician (For general check up) 7. Yoga therapist (For training in Yoga and meditation) 8. Psychiatrist (For psychological counseling) 9. Neurologist (For treating unconsciousness)... SMART goal for activities of...
poloypharmacy in the elderly
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...aspirin, panadol, cold tablets and bowel drugs he is taking three prescribed drugs lasix, slow k and catopril. Catopril is the one that he believes is causing his unwell feeling. Introduction Polypharmacy means "many drugs" or the use of more medication than... Polypharmacy in the elderly Case history Your neighbor Mr. Smith who is a 78 year old pensioner is chatting to you over the fence. He mentions briefly that he hasnt been feeling too good the past few days. He is just wondering if it is the effects of a new prescription that his GP ordered last week. He invites you into his house and shows you his medications that he is taking. Among the other over the counter medications such as...
Nursing Portfolio
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Aspirin Use... ? Proquest is the database I am finding all my randomized control trials. I am going to rate six articles using the Pedro Rating Scale. The Pedro scale consists of 11 questions. The questions are criteria that must be achieved that provide a total of 10 if all criteria are met. There is a Pedro Database already in existence, however I am going to use the Pedro Scale for the six articles found on Proquest instead. The overall rating is from 0 - 10 where 9 - 10 = excellent; 6 - 8 = good; 4-5 = fair; and < 4 = poor. Evidence level measures also exist where 1b = good quality randomized controlled trial; 2b = poor quality randomized controlled trial. Usually if a Pedro rating is not...
Weight Management. Dietary Supplements.
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 0 , Research Paper
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...Aspirin are all included in the daily supplemental regiment taken by one individual on a daily basis. Some of these vitamins and minerals were recommended by a doctor and communication about each supplement has occurred with the general practitioner. Benefits and Consequences Vitamin E is an antioxidant in oil form that has healing properties, which can reduce and sometimes eliminate scar... Dietary Supplements The use of vitamin and mineral supplements has been available for numerous years to individuals of all ages. Some physicians have recommended supplements to patients for improvement to personal health, while other people may have started a supplement regiment through self-diagnosis of dietary...
Research Proposal Project
6 pages (1500 words) , Research Proposal
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...aspirin Regime. Life style modification requires the subject to be subjected to a normal environment, but controlled eating habits, exercise, and daily routine; hence, the setting will include subjects perspective homes, a gym, and a healthcare facility where the subjects will be screened for their possibility of a heart attack. Access to the potential subjects will be through consultation... towards the participation in a research of determining whether lifestyle modification compared to Aspirin regimen in women aged 45-75 years decrease the risk of a heart attack. The research team hopes to establish whether modified lifestyle can serve better to decrease heart attack...
Analytical chemistry assignment 12 questions
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...aspirin next to their bed. According to the instructions on the packet, the concentration of aspirin should be 6.70 mM... ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY ASSIGNMENT due Explain the problems encounter when making chemical measurements, define the terms analyte, matrix and interferent (5 Marks). Some of the problems encountered when making chemical measurements include the complexity of the measuring equipment and the expertise of the personnel. Some procedures may not produce reliable results without complicated measuring equipment while others may require highly trained staff to perform the procedures. An analyte can be defined as the substance or component that is of interest in a chemical analysis procedure. It is...
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