Quantum mechanics of atoms
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This is a point whereby various concepts and theories were learnt. These concepts were very interesting because of their flexibility and practical nature [1]. So as much as one can be in a position of learning and… This paper hence sets basis on the comprehensive and extensive discussion of the concepts behind this entire topic. It tries to bring out the…
Electrons in Atoms
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Compared to the size of the core of an atom, electrons are much smaller. Their orbits are also known as energy levels. These orbits are… This paper sought to study electrons in atoms; their history, science and applications. Both case study and descriptive research designs were employed r. Secondary sources were the main data sources used in this study. The…
Atoms of metals and LIDAR
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Atoms of Metals and LIDAR Introduction Every day, one hundred metric tons of meteor debris enters the Earth’s atmosphere – generally in the form of metallic sodium, iron, silicon, potassium, magnesium, and calcium particles less than 1mm in diameter. When combined with high temperature in the upper atmosphere, these particles vaporize and form the Atomic Metal Layers located 80 to 105 kilometres above the Earth’s surface (ATHENA Research and Innovation Centre n.…
Atoms of metals and LIDAR
8 pages (2000 words)
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Every day, one hundred metric tons of meteor debris enters the Earth’s atmosphere – generally in the form of metallic sodium, iron, silicon, potassium, magnesium, and calcium particles less than 1mm in diameter. When combined with high temperature in the upper atmosphere,… pag). Majority of observations on atomic metal layers have been through ground-based…
The Electronic Structure of Atoms
2 pages (500 words)
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It determines orbital angular quantum. It also determines the shape of the orbital. Magnetic quantum number is a whole number that describes the orientation of an… According to this principle, electron are filled in shells of the atom that they get most stabilized. The electron are filled in increasing order of orbitals energy. Hund’s rule states that if…
Anything related to energy ,anything related to electricity, anything related to waves, anything related to atoms, atomic particles, or spectroscopy
4 pages (1000 words)
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The article by Bidisha Mukherjee, “The Relationship Between Magnetism and Electricity”, discusses the link between electric and magnetic fields, and the way one can be produced and effected by the other. It states that a changing electric… This phenomenon has been put to use in many devise which work on the principle of changing fields. The…
Ionic and covalent Bonding
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In order to gain stability, atoms combine with other atoms, either of the same element or of a different element, in a bonding process. Different types of bonds exist and ionic and covalent bonds, which… The element that loses electrons forms cations while the element that gains electrons forms anions and the opposite charges form the ions to constitute the…
Democritus
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The issues illustrates that if change does not occur in real, then how does it take place in the observable world? Democritus addressed the issues by illustrating the presence of specific cosmos elements, which are real… The reality account is the most superior among the presocratists, in addition to being very close to explaining the current scientific…
Democritus
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The central point of Democritus’ theory of reality is that sensible things such as smell and color are unreal because they only exist by convention. Rather, the only things that exist in reality are atoms and void. He notes that humans lack the capacity to determine the… Atoms and void alone exist in reality.” The Democritus theory of reality posits that…
How the scientific method is illustrated by the development of the atomic model
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This theory was proposed by John Dalton, and it explains that matter comprises of tiny, unchangeable, and indestructible atoms. These atoms normally pass through… Nevertheless, atomic model is an important concept that helps in illustrating a scientific method. Take for example; it is very easy to illustrate the stoichiometric process, by the use of atoms, as…
Chemistry chemistry
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Intramolecular forces operate within the molecules or fundamental units of a substance. This would include the attraction between positive and negative ions in a crystal of an ionic compound, the covalent bonds in a molecular substance as well as the covalent bonds linking atoms in a network structure, such as that of carbon (diamond).Metallic bonds are also classified as intramolecular forces (Frederick, 1979, P.63)Intermolecular forces operate between, rather than within, the molecules of a covalent substance.…
Ionic and Covalent Bonding
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These bonds are different in terms of structure and property. Covalent bond is formed when two or more molecules share electrons, binding the two atoms in a fixed position (Atkins 2009, p.5). In… Formation of ionic bond takes when an electron is transferred from a non metal to metal making the two atoms have partial positive and negative charge hence they…
Reflection on Chemistry
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Reflection on Chemistry Chemistry is a branch of science that deals with the composition, structure and the properties of matter. These aspects can be best described and understood in terms of the basic constituents of matter: atoms and molecules. Due to this, chemistry is often referred to as the science of atoms and molecules.… Chemistry can be divided into…
Chemistry Bachelor Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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… b) Yes, this molecule will have a delocalised orbital. This orbital extends wherever there is a double bond- over the first and second carbon atom, the third and the forth carbon atom and over the carbon atom and oxygen atom. b) Bond order represents a value that is equal to the number of pairs of electrons in bonding orbitals minus the number of pairs in…
Aromaticity
1 pages (250 words)
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Configuration b), Sp2 hybridized, electrons in the lone pair are pi-electrons, All atoms are sp2 hybridized, molecule is planar and conjugated, number of pi-electrons is 6 (4n+2, n=1), so it is aromatic. 3) N possible configurations: a) , b) Configuration b), Sp2 hybridized,… N2 configuration , sp3 hybridization. All atoms within the cycle are sp2…
Astronomy
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Most scientists believed that atoms could emit light and release energy but did not how this energy was released and therefore avoided the topic. Based on the… After the development of quantum theory, many scientists have a devolved mind on accepting the atomic nature of the electromagnetic spectrum. The subject of quantum theory is still speculated upon and…
Classical Physical Science
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All atoms strive to complete their outer shells. Metals have extra electrons so they want to donate, whereas, non metal are deficient so they accept electrons. In the process of loosing or gaining electrons these atoms… Ionic compounds are soluble in water because water being a polar molecule attracts these charged ions forcing them to leave the lattice. When…
Atomic absorption emission
5 pages (1250 words)
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The flame atomic absorption spectroscopy where a beam of light with wavelength that can be absorbed by the ground stately atoms is let through the fire. If a certain portion of the light is absorbed, then, this might lead to inference that the solution has Na+ ions. Next is the… When a graph of the light intensity against Na+ concentration for the various…
Chemistry
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These data are in accordance with the multiple proportion which states that when two elements combines together to form more than one compound, there is a simple numerical ratio between the different masses of one element which will combine with a fixed mass of the other. i)… One expects them to be the same and hence have similar properties which is not the…
John Dalton's Atomic Theory
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Only a handful few were really interested in understanding different phenomena and seek proper explanation. Prior to the introduction of the atomic theory, the world was almost a riddle to… John Dalton, born in the 18th century is known as the father of Atomic Theory and is mainly known for his work on the atomic theory and Dalton’s Law for partial gases…
Opportunity #6
2 pages (500 words)
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Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki of Japan and Richard Heck of United States jointly developed the chemical investigating tool called “Palladium-catalyzed cross coupling in organic synthesis”, which could facilitate the scientists to develop new drugs and electronics. These… This positioning would allow carbon atoms binding together for formation of molecules…
Science project
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It first explains magnetism on the atomic level, and describes what makes a material and magnet. After understanding this, the effect of temperature is described on the molecular… To understand that, we first need to understand what makes such materials into magnets. At the atomic level, materials that exhibit strong magnetic susceptibility have unpaired…
Research paper on radiation
2 pages (500 words)
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There are two basic types of radiation, namely the ionizing radiation and the nonionizing radiation. The ionizing radiation produces ions… Unstable atoms produce the ionizing radiation. Unstable atoms are the atoms with either excess mass or excess energy or both unlike the stable atoms. The unstable nuclei of the atoms provide them with the radioactive…
Examine and discuss the philosophical views developed by Epicurus
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In this regard, philosophical principles related to cosmos, human nature and life in particular should be examined along with the quotes to… They cannot be created or destroyed though there can be added or subtracted to provide different structure. He is of the view that atoms exit in different shapes and he states, “for so many varieties of things as we see…
Organic Chemistry lab Determination of the Structure of a Natural Product in Anise Oil
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Organophilic and hydrophilic characters in the reaction are being transferred to the aqueous and organic phases. The anions of the reactants and the products are transferred across the interfacial region into the organic… The molecule’s index of hydrogen deficiency is 10. This implies that there are 5 rings or double bonds in the structure. Each one would then…
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