Avian influenza
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Avian influenza Avian influenza Avian influenza Avian influenza was not expected to cause disease in human beings. However in 1997, an influenza epidemic broke out in Asia and North East Africa (WHO, 2011). The avian subtype H5N1 had been incriminated for the several human diseases and deaths and was known to occur from infected poultry birds and farmyard animals as influenza A (CDC, 2009).
Pandemic avian influenza
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A global disease outbreak is known as a pandemic. A flu pandemic takes place when a new influenza virus surfaces for which there is little or no immunity for humans, and for which no vaccine is available. Influenza viruses are highly unstable, genetically adaptable, and well prepared to elude host defenses.… Each combination represents a different subtype. All…
H5N1 Avian virus
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Avian Influenza or Bird Flu, as it commonly referred to, is an infection which is caused by the H5N1 virus. The natural hosts of this virus are wild birds, in particular water fowls, who carry these viruses in their intestines while themselves remaining asymptomatic.… Moreover, this virus also has the ability to undergo antigenic drifts and antigenic shifts.…
H5N1 Avian virus
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The natural hosts of this virus are wild birds, in particular water fowls, who carry these viruses in their intestines while themselves remaining asymptomatic. Recently,… Moreover, this virus also has the ability to undergo antigenic drifts and antigenic shifts. The emergence of new strains of Avian influenza virus is of major public health concern because of…
Disscusion
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According to the CDC (2014), cases of human infections with the new avian influenza A (H7N9) virus were original described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as having occurred in China in March 2013. In its report on the virus, the WHO cited that it believed that the 132… The CDF (2014) affirms that no cases of the new H7N9 virus have been detected in…
Bird Flu Research Paper
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Bird Flu Description of Bird Flu Bird Flu, also known as avian influenza or avian flu is a disease caused by a strain of influenza virus that mainly affects birds; both wild and domesticated birds. Infected birds shed the virus in their droppings, saliva and nasal secretions.… Only a few strains of three subtypes of the virus are highly pathogenic in human…
Avian Flu Virus
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Introduction: The avian influenza virus is normally an infective strain to the birds only; however, the world now faces the threat of a human influenza pandemic arising from the recently emerged avian influenza H5N1 virus. Although of avian origin, H5N1 is of particular concern since it has recognised ability to be transmitted directly from birds to human.…
Type A Influenza Virus And Why The Biology Of This Virus Is A Threat To Human
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Influenza is an acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract which occurs in sporadic, epidemic and pandemic forms. The name 'influenza' is said to have been given by Italians during the epidemic of 1743, which they ascribed to manevolent influence of heavenly bodies or of inclement weather. … This is of great importance in the epidemiology of the…
Influenza Pandemic
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A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. A flu pandemic takes place when a new influenza virus emerges for which people have little or no immunity, and for which there is no vaccine. An influenza pandemic occurs when a new subtype emerges that has not formerly circulated in humans.… The research explained how the next influenza pandemic may arise and its…
Bird flu
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Bird flu or also known as the Avian Influenza is a disease of viral etiology that ranges from a mild or even asymptomatic infection to an acute, fatal disease of chickens, turkeys, guinea fowls, and other avian species, especially migratory waterfowl that can infect several species of mammals (What is avian influenza 1).… The H5N1 type of avian influenza virus…
Avian flu
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Although communications is a broad science and an imperfect art, it is impossible to effectively manage a crisis without effective communications. The nature of crises differs and whereas a terrorist related blast or an industrial accident is likely to be a high speed spontaneous event.… Avian flu has devastated wildlife species, but although it is difficult…
Ecology paper
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Crowl, Crist, Parmenter, Belovsky, & Lugo (2008) explained in the article, "The spread of invasive species and infectious disease as drivers of ecosystem change" that the invasive species on the earth’s surface, pathogens and diseases causing organisms affect the biodiversity… The focus of study in the article was to understand how invasive species, pathogens…
Biology2.1
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It is imperative to posit that these viruses occur naturally in birds and do not typically infect human beings. This virus in other words can be transmitted from animals to… sion of the virus to humans occurs as a result of human contact with an already infected fowl as well as contaminated surfaces (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, par. 13). By…
Cost and fear of bird flu
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Why is it that every time there is bird flu, the whole world seems to be in panic as though the disease is beyond the available resources to contain it? Whenever there is an outbreak of bird flu, it receives wide media coverage than the deadly diseases such as cancer, which have… This essay explores these issues in depth with a focus on avian influenza haze.…
Veterinary Care Essay
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Animal rights advocates have been campaigning for the proper treatment and care of every being other than man. One of the most popular advocacies is the crusade against the use of fur as wardrobe that well-known fashion models have been supporting. It is also known all over that dog-fighting is highly discouraged.… Understanding the term and its etymology will…
H7N9 disease
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H7N9- Disease Description and Epidemiological findings The H7N9 group of viruses is a subgroup of a larger group of avian influenza virus A H7. These viruses are usually found in birds and the source for the H7N9 virus is currently being investigated with many studies pointing to infected birds from poultry houses.… The viral sequences of the strain are being…
How Influenza A causes Epidemics and Pandemics
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The pandemic has been estimated to reoccur after every 50 years on average. The epidemics take place more regularly where seasonal influenza occurs yearly in many parts of the globe at… The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic which was the most distressful outbreak of influenza in history and considered as one of the most critical disease pandemics ever experienced…
Climate change and H5N1
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A lot of negligence has been however, towards the effect of climate as a risk factor of the spread of this condition. The climate change over the world has been analyzed towards the effects it… This subtype virus was first discovered in 1960 in china. It was then discovered in Hong Kong as a direct transmission of the virus from birds to humans. Recent studies…
Pandemic
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A few years back, massive panic spread throughout the world especially in Asia when the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS scare broke out. Massive panic buying of masks was rampant on the streets of major cities. While other protective measures were enforced as an epidemic was feared to ensue.… There is an argument that it is not anymore a question of…
How Influenza A causes Epidemics and Pandemics
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HOW INFLUENZA A CAUSES EPIDEMICS AND PANDEMICS Name Institution Introduction Influenza pandemics has for a long time been known to affect millions of people worldwide. The pandemic has been estimated to reoccur after every 50 years on average. The epidemics take place more regularly where seasonal influenza occurs yearly in many parts of the globe at times in epidemic fractions (Bernstein & Shelov, 2012).…
Bird Flu
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The main hosts of the bird flu are birds, as well as humans if they have caught the disease. The influenza is carried in the intestines of the… Bird flu in humans is similar to the average influenza, so detecting it and diagnosing it can be, at times, difficult. Symptoms can be a bit more harsh than a typical flu and can sometimes lead to death in those with a…
Policy, Power and Politics in Health Care
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H1N1 was just news when it first arrived and it was dealt with quickly but the virus has mutated and is back to claim more lives in a much quicker fashion. At the same time is the SARS virus and H5N1 which… People are presently refusing the vaccine which is necessary in preventing a large outbreak and it will need to be made mandatory. There are also specific…
Ongoing Participation with On Line Postings and Discussion Forum
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Problems such as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), Avian Bird Flu and E coli infections resulting from contaminated food, can be regarded as consequences of the global food system. This is because when a human being eats food contaminated or with above disease, they get… This disease has an incubation period of four to five years, but is ultimately fatal…
Containing and eradicating a pandemic
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(2009) find that H5N1 avian influenza (A1) infection associates with direct contact with infected poultry. Avian Influenza Viruses envelope in a single stranded negative sense belongs to the Orthomyxovindae family. The virus has eight different RNA segments that have… Yee et al. (2009) identify sixteen HA and nine NA subtypes. Low pathogenic AIVs cause…
SARS( biology essay)
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It has created panic and emerged as one of the most dreaded infectious viral diseases (Kamps and Hoffmann). The virus is defined to be… SARS virus originated in bats (Cornell researchers), then attacked civets (weasel-like mammals) in Chinese markets followed by invasion in humans. Other members of the coronavirus group are known to cause common cold and croup…
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